Paul Ramadier

Last updated

Paul Ramadier
Paul Ramadier en 1947.jpg
Ramadier in 1947.
Prime Minister of France
In office
22 January 1947 24 November 1947
Preceded by Léon Blum
Succeeded by Robert Schuman
Personal details
Born17 March 1888
La Rochelle, France
Died14 October 1961(1961-10-14) (aged 73)
Rodez, France
Political party SFIO

Paul Ramadier (17 March 1888 in La Rochelle – 14 October 1961 in Rodez) was a politician and a French statesman.

Contents

Biography

Son of a Psychiatrist Paul Ramadier graduated in law from the university of Toulouse and started his profession as a lawyer in Paris. Then, in 1911, he gained his doctorate in Roman Law. Mayor of Decazeville, starting in 1919, he served as the first Prime Minister of the Fourth Republic in 1947. He adhered to the socialist party with 16 years. [1] On 10 July 1940, he voted against the granting of the full powers to Marshal Philippe Pétain, who installed the Vichy regime the next day.

Ramadier took part in the Resistance where he used the nom de guerre Violette. [2] His name was included in the Yad Vashem Jewish memorial after the war. Under the government of General De Gaulle (1944–1945), he was Minister for Provisions, earning a reputation as a hardworker, pragmatic and conciliatory politician. [3] It was during his first ministry that the Communists were forced out of the government in May 1947, ending the "tripartisme" coalition between the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO), Popular Republican Movement and Communists. He voted for the Marshall Plan.

From 1956 until 1957, Ramadier was Minister of Finance under Guy Mollet.

Governments

First Ministry (22 January – 22 October 1947)

Changes:

Second Ministry (22 October – 24 November 1947)

Political offices
Preceded by
Pierre-Henri Teitgen
Minister of Justice
1946–1947
Succeeded by
André Marie
Preceded by
Léon Blum
Prime Minister of France
1947
Succeeded by
Robert Schuman

Related Research Articles

Georges Bidault 20th-century French politician

Georges-Augustin Bidault was a French politician. During World War II, he was active in the French Resistance. After the war, he served as foreign minister and prime minister on several occasions. He joined the Organisation armée secrète; however he always denied his involvement.

Léon Blum French politician

André Léon Blum was a French socialist politician and three-time Prime Minister.

Robert Schuman Luxembourgish-born German-French statesman (1886-1963)

Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Robert Schuman was a Luxembourg-born French statesman. Schuman was a Christian Democrat political thinker and activist. Twice Prime Minister of France, a reformist Minister of Finance and a Foreign Minister, he was instrumental in building postwar European and trans-Atlantic institutions and was one of the founders of the European Union, the Council of Europe and NATO. The 1964–1965 academic year at the College of Europe was named in his honour.

Joseph Laniel

Joseph Laniel was a French conservative politician of the Fourth Republic, who served as Prime Minister for a year from 1953 to 1954. During the middle of his tenure as Prime Minister Laniel was an unsuccessful candidate for the French Presidency, a post won by René Coty.

René Mayer 71st Prime Minister of France

René Mayer was a French Radical politician of the Fourth Republic who served briefly as Prime Minister during 1953. He was born and died in Paris. He led the Mayer Authority from 1955 to 1958. He was France's second Prime Minister of Jewish descent.

René Pleven

René Pleven was a notable French politician of the Fourth Republic. A member of the Free French, he helped found the Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance (UDSR), a political party that was meant to be a successor to the wartime Resistance movement. He served as prime minister twice in the early 1950s, where his most notable contribution was the introduction of the Pleven Plan, which called for a European Defence Community between France, Italy, West Germany, and the Benelux countries.

Henri Queuille

Henri Queuille was a French Radical politician prominent in the Third and Fourth Republics. After World War II, he served three times as Prime Minister.

André Marie

André Marie was a French Radical politician who served as Prime Minister during the Fourth Republic in 1948.

Félix Gouin

Félix Gouin was a French Socialist politician who was a member of the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO).

Maurice Thorez former leader of the French Communist Party

Maurice Thorez was a French politician and longtime leader of the French Communist Party (PCF) from 1930 until his death. He also served as Deputy Prime Minister of France from 1946 to 1947.

Congress of Europe 1948 congress on European integration held in The Hague, Netherlands

The Hague Congress or the Congress of Europe, considered by many as the first federal moment in European history, was held in The Hague from 7–11 May 1948 with 750 delegates participating from around Europe as well as observers from Canada and the United States of America.

Popular Republican Movement Defunct political party in France

The Popular Republican Movement was a Christian-democratic political party in France during the Fourth Republic. Its base was the Catholic vote and its leaders included Georges Bidault, Robert Schuman, Paul Coste-Floret, Pierre-Henri Teitgen and Pierre Pflimlin. It played a major role in forming governing coalitions, in emphasizing compromise and the middle ground, and in protecting against a return to extremism and political violence. It played an even more central role in foreign policy, having charge of the Foreign Office for ten years and launching plans for the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community, which grew into the European Union. Its voter base gradually dwindled in the 1950s and it had little power by 1954.

Minister of Labour, Employment and Economic Inclusion (France)

The Minister of Labour, Employment and Economic Inclusion, commonly just referred to as Minister of Labour, is a cabinet member in the Government of France. The minister is responsible for employment, labour legislation as well as the integration of foreigners.

Minister for Solidarity and Health is a cabinet position in the Government of France. The health portfolio oversees the health care public services and the health insurance part of the French Social Security. As French ministerial departments are not fixed and depend on the Prime Minister's choice, the Minister sometimes also has one or some of other portfolios among Work, Pensions, Family, the Elderly, Handicapped people and Women's Rights. In that case, he is helped by one or some junior Minister focusing on one part of the portfolio. The current Minister is Olivier Véran.

Édouard Depreux

Édouard Gustave Depreux was a French socialist journalist, essayist, and politician of the French Fourth Republic; he was born in Viesly and died in Paris.

Charles Tillon

Charles Joseph Tillon was a French metal worker, Communist, trade union leader, politician and leader of the French Resistance during World War II (1939–45).

Paul Coste-Floret was a French politician. He was born and died in Montpellier, France.

Laurent Casanova was a French politician. Born 9 October 1906 at Souk Ahras, Algeria, he died 20 March 1972 in Paris.

Jean Letourneau

Jean Letourneau was a French lawyer and politician. He was a lifelong Christian Democrat. During World War II (1939–45) he was active in the French Resistance. After the war he was a deputy in the national legislature from 1945 to 1956, and held various ministerial posts. His most important office was that of Minister, or Minister of State, for Relations with Associated States. He held office between 1950 and 1953. In this role he was responsible for policy in French Indochina during the struggle of the people of those countries for independence. He was strongly anti-communist and in favor of maintaining French authority in the region.

Ambroise Croizat French politician

Ambroise Croizat was a French syndicalist and communist politician. As the minister of Labour and of Social security, he founded the French Social security system and the retirement system, between 1945 and 1947. He was also the general secretary of the Fédération des travailleurs de la métallurgie CGT.

References

  1. Yvert, Benoît (2007). Premiers ministres et présidents du Conseil depuis 1815. Perrin-Tempus. p. 603
  2. Mee, Charles L (11 February 2015). Saving a Continent: The Untold Story of the Marshall Plan. New Word CIty.
  3. Yvert, Benoît (2007). Premiers ministres et présidents du Conseil depuis 1815. Perrin-Tempus. pp. 603–605.