Pawhuska, Oklahoma

Last updated
Pawhuska, Oklahoma
Pawhuska (1).jpg
Historic Downtown Pawhuska (2005)
OKMap-doton-Pawhuska.PNG
Location of Pawhuska, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°40′9″N96°19′59″W / 36.66917°N 96.33306°W / 36.66917; -96.33306 Coordinates: 36°40′9″N96°19′59″W / 36.66917°N 96.33306°W / 36.66917; -96.33306
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Osage
Area
[1]
  Total3.65 sq mi (9.45 km2)
  Land3.63 sq mi (9.41 km2)
  Water0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation
820 ft (250 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total3,584
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
3,415
  Density940.25/sq mi (363.00/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
74056
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-57600 [3]
GNIS feature ID1096476 [4]

Pawhuska is a city in and the county seat of Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. [5] It was named after the 19th-century Osage chief, Paw-Hiu-Skah, which means "White Hair" in English. [6] The Osage tribal government, which opened offices in Pawhuska in 1872 when its reservation was established in Indian Territory, continues to be based in Pawhuska.

Contents

One of the United States' first Boy Scout troops was organized here in 1909. [6]

History

The town, originally known as Deep Ford, [7] was established in 1872 with the reservation for the Osage Nation, part of Indian Territory. The Osage Indian Agency was located along Bird Creek. One of the three main bands of the tribe settled here. Traders followed, building stores during 1872 and 1873. Pawhuska's first newspaper, the Indian Herald (also known as Wah-Sha-She News.), was founded in 1875 by George Edward Tinker, an Osage who became the father of Clarence L. Tinker, highest-ranking Native American officer in the US Army. [8] The first post office opened in 1876. [6]

The Midland Valley Railroad reached Pawhuska in September 1905. By the time of statehood in 1907, the town population was 2,407. [6]

The first Boy Scout troop is claimed to have been organized in Pawhuska in May 1909 by John F. Mitchell, a missionary priest from England sent to St. Thomas Episcopal Church by the Church of England. [9] On Independence day weekend 2009, the Pawhuska Boy Scout troop celebrated its centennial with a mini-jamboree attended by over 300 Scouts from across the United States.

During the Osage oil boom of the 1910s and 1920s, Pawhuska was the site of big-money public auctions of oil and gas leases under the so-called “Million Dollar Elm” next to the Osage Council House. [10] The population grew to 6,414 by 1920. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad extended its line from Owen, a community in Washington County, to Pawhuska in 1923. As the oil boom declined and the Great Depression set in, the population declined. The steady decline has continued to the present.

Geography

Pawhuska is located at 36°40′9″N96°19′59″W / 36.66917°N 96.33306°W / 36.66917; -96.33306 (36.669194, -96.333048). [11] It is 57 miles (92 km) northwest of Tulsa. [6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2), all of it land.

The Tallgrass Prairie Preserve is north of the town. [6]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 2,776
1920 6,414131.1%
1930 5,931−7.5%
1940 5,443−8.2%
1950 5,331−2.1%
1960 5,4141.6%
1970 4,278−21.0%
1980 4,77111.5%
1990 3,825−19.8%
2000 3,629−5.1%
2010 3,584−1.2%
Est. 20193,415 [2] −4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

Pawhuska is in the Tulsa metropolitan area, which includes part of Osage County.

The population of the city was 3,589 at the 2010 census, a decline of 1.2 percent from 3,629 at the 2000 census. [12]

As of the census [3] of 2000, there were 3,629 people, 1,513 households, and 954 families residing in the city. The population density was 966.4 people per square mile (372.7/km2). There were 1,802 housing units at an average density of 479.9 per square mile (185.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 64.98% White, 2.78% African American, 25.46% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.52% from other races, and 6.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.85% of the population.

There were 1,513 households, out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.8% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,156, and the median income for a family was $31,599. Males had a median income of $25,682 versus $17,690 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,916. About 13.7% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Other than cattle ranches nearby, local employment consisted primarily of a brick plant, a creamery, an ice factory, and a rock crusher. [6] The Osage Nation has opened a gaming casino here, hoping to generate revenue for the tribe.

In 2016, "Pioneer Woman" Ree Drummond opened The Mercantile on Main Street. The establishment includes a store and restaurant which serves up to 6,000 people per day. [13] Drummond operates a boutique hotel, [14] The PW Boarding House, and also offers tours of the blogger-turned-Food Network star's cooking lodge on nearby Drummond Ranch, thus solidifying her place as a major economic force in Pawhuska.

Government

Pawhuska City Hall (2007) PawhuskaCityHall.jpg
Pawhuska City Hall (2007)

Pawhuska has a home rule charter form of government. [6]

Media

KPGM Radio, 1500 AM featuring local news until 8:00am and the Sports Animal Format out of Oklahoma City.

KOSG, 103.9 FM featuring Southern Gospel music.

The local newspaper is the Pawhuska Journal-Capital. [15] Its roots go back to two papers which subsequently merged: The Capital, started on January 30, 1904, and The Journal, established December 10, 1904. [16] The Journal-Capital has been in continuous publication under that name since April 6, 1925. [16]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Pawhuska is served by one U.S. Highway and two state highways.

Pawhuska Municipal Airport, FAA Identifier H76, is a single runway airport located on US-60 and Osage County Road 4291, about four miles west of the city. [17] Runway 35/17 is paved, 3,200-foot-long (980 m) and 60-foot-wide (18 m). [17] The airport opened in September of 1945. [17]

Education

The area is served by Pawhuska High School. [18] The huskies are the team mascot and the team colors are black and orange. [19] In the past there was a federal government run Osage boarding school.

Notable people

Tracy Letts' Pulitzer Prize-winning play August: Osage County (2007) is set in a country house near Pawhuska. The 2013 film August: Osage County was set in Osage County. Terence Malick's film To the Wonder (2012) was filmed in parts of Pawhuska, as well as in Bartlesville and parts of Skiatook.

Sister cities

Related Research Articles

Montgomery County, Kansas County in Kansas

Montgomery County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 35,471. Its county seat is Independence, and its most populous city is Coffeyville.

Pawnee County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Pawnee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,577. Its county seat is Pawnee. The county is named after the Pawnee Nation.

Osage County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Osage County is the largest county by area in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Created in 1907 when Oklahoma was admitted as a state, the county is named for and is home to the federally recognized Osage Nation. The county is coextensive with the Osage Nation Reservation, established by treaty in the 19th century when the Osage relocated there from Kansas. The county seat is in Pawhuska, Oklahoma, one of the first three towns established in the county. The total population of the county is 47,987.

Kay County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Kay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,562. Its county seat is Newkirk, and the largest city is Ponca City.

Creek County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Creek County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 69,967. Its county seat is Sapulpa.

Lexington, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Lexington is a city in Cleveland County, Oklahoma, United States. The city population was 2,152 at the 2010 census.

Drummond, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Drummond is a town in Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 455 at the 2010 census, up from 405 at the 2000 census.

Avant, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Avant is an incorporated community in eastern Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 320 at the 2010 census, a decline of 14.0 percent from 372 at the 2000 census.

Barnsdall, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Barnsdall is a city in Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,243 at the 2010 census, a decline of 6.2 percent from 1,325 at the 2000 census.

Burbank, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Burbank is a town in western Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 141 at the 2010 census, a 9 percent decrease from 155 at the 2000 census.

Fairfax, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Fairfax is a town in Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. The Osage Nation reservation is co-terminus with the County. The population was 1,380 at the 2010 census, down 11.3 percent from 1,555 at the 2000 census. It is notable as the home of world-famous ballerinas Maria and Marjorie Tallchief.

Foraker, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Foraker is a town in Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. It was named for Ohio Senator Joseph B. Foraker. The Tallgrass Prairie Preserve is southeast of town. The official population peaked at 415 in 1910 and has declined steadily since 1930. The population was only 19 at the 2010 census, a 17.4 percent decline from 23 at the 2000 census.

Hominy, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Hominy is a city in Osage County, Oklahoma. The population was 3,565 at the 2010 census, a 38 percent increase from 2,584 in 2000.

Osage, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Osage is a town in Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. Also known as Osage City, it lies within the Osage Reservation on the shore of Lake Keystone. The population was 156 at the 2010 census, down 17 percent from 188 at the 2000 census.

Prue, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Prue is a town in southern Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 465 at the 2010 census, up 7.4 percent from 433 at the 2000 census. The town was named for Henry Prue, who owned the original townsite. Prue was relocated when Lake Keystone was built, and is sometimes called "New Prue".

Shidler, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Shidler is a city in Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 441 at the 2010 census, a 15.2 percent decrease from 520 at the 2000 census.

Webb City, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Webb City is an unincorporated town in northwestern Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 62 at the 2010 census, a 34.7 percent decline from 95 at the 2000 census. It was named for its founder, Horace Webb, on whose land the town was founded. The Webb City post office opened December 16, 1922.

Cleveland, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Cleveland is a city in Pawnee County, Oklahoma. The 2010 census population was 3,251, a decrease of 0.9 percent from 3,282 at the 2000 census.

Copan, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Copan is a town in Washington County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 733 at the 2010 census, a decrease of 7.9 percent from 796 at the 2000 census.

U.S. Route 60 (US-60) is a transcontinental U.S. highway extending from near Brenda, Arizona to Virginia Beach, Virginia on the Atlantic Ocean. Along the way, 352.39 miles (567.12 km) of the route lies within the state of Oklahoma. The highway crosses into the state from Texas west of Arnett and serves many towns and cities in the northern part of the state, including Arnett, Seiling, Fairview, Enid, Ponca City, Pawhuska, Bartlesville, and Vinita. US-60 exits Oklahoma near Seneca, Missouri. In Oklahoma, US-60 has three business routes, serving Tonkawa, Ponca City, and Seneca. The first 60.2 miles (96.9 km) of the route, from the Texas line to Seiling, is also designated as State Highway 51 (SH-51).

References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Jon D. May, "Pawhuska." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed 30 Jan 2010
  7. Jon D. May, "Osage County", Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  8. "Major General Clarence L. Tinker" Archived 2013-02-19 at the Wayback Machine , Retrieved January 17, 2012.
  9. Osage County Historical Museum
  10. "Million Dollar Elm". American Oil and Gas Historical Society. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  11. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. "MuniNet Guide: Pawhuska, Oklahoma". Archived from the original on 2013-10-14. Retrieved 2011-09-25.
  13. "The Pioneer Woman Serves 6,000 People a Day at Her Restaurant". Eater. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
  14. "The Pioneer Woman Boarding House". The Pioneer Woman Boarding House. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
  15. "Homepage". Pawhuska Journal-Capital. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  16. 1 2 "About Us". Pawhuska Journal-Capital. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  17. 1 2 3 "Pawhuska Municipal Airport". AirNav.com. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  18. https://www.usnews.com/education/best-high-schools/oklahoma/districts/pawhuska/pawhuska-hs-16189
  19. https://www.maxpreps.com/m/high-schools/pawhuska-huskies-(pawhuska,ok)/football/team_preview.htm#general_information
  20. "Osage historian, lecturer Louis Burns dies at 92". Pawhuska Journal-Capital. Osage Nation Museum. 2012-05-22. Archived from the original on 2012-07-11. Retrieved 2012-06-09.
  21. "Lucy Tayiah Eads". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 10 April 2014.

Further reading