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פֵּאוֹת (pe’ot)
סִימָנִים (simanim)
Black jew of cochin with peyots.jpg
Halakhic texts relating to this article
Torah: Leviticus 19:27
Babylonian Talmud: Makkot 20a
Mishneh Torah:Avodath Kokhavim 12:6
Shulchan Aruch: Yoreh Deah 181

Pe'ot, anglicized as payot [lower-alpha 1] (Hebrew : פֵּאוֹת, romanized: pēʾōt, "corners") or payes (Yiddish pronunciation:  [peyes] ), is the Hebrew term for sidelocks or sideburns. Payot are worn by some men and boys in the Orthodox Jewish community based on an interpretation of the Tanakh's injunction against shaving the "sides" of one's head. Literally, pe'a means "corner, side, edge". There are different styles of payot among Haredi or Hasidic, Yemenite, and Chardal Jews. Yemenite Jews call their sidelocks simanim (סִימָנִים), literally, "signs", because their long-curled sidelocks served as a distinguishing feature in the Yemenite society (differentiating them from their non-Jewish neighbors).


Rabbinic interpretation


According to Maimonides, shaving the sidelocks was a heathen practice. [1]


The Torah says, "you shall not round off the pe'a of your head (פְּאַת רֹאשְׁכֶם)". [2] The word pe'a was taken to mean the hair in front of the ears extending to beneath the cheekbone, on a level with the nose (TalmudMakkot 20a). [3] The Mishnah interpreted the regulation as applying only to men. Thus it became the custom in certain circles to allow the hair over the ears to grow, and hang down in curls or ringlets. [4] There is considerable discussion in the halachic literature as to the precise location of the payot and of the ways in which their removal is prohibited. [5]

Jewish haircut (1657) Jewish haircut.png
Jewish haircut (1657)

Specifics by communities

As kabbalistic teachings spread into Slavonic lands, the custom of pe'ot became accepted there. In 1845, the practice was banned in the Russian Empire. [4]

Crimean Karaites did not wear payot, and the Crimean Tatars consequently referred to them as zulufsız çufutlar ("Jews without payot"), to distinguish them from the Krymchaks, referred to as zuluflı çufutlar ("Jews with payot"). [6]

Many Hasidic and Yemenite ("Teimani") Jews let their sidelocks grow particularly long. Some Haredi men grow sidelocks, but trim them or tuck them behind the ears. [6]

Even in some communities where peot are not customary among the men, young boys may grow them until the age of bar mitzvah.[ clarification needed ][ citation needed ]


The lengths and maintenance of the pe'ot vary noticeably among Jewish groups.

Yemenite Jews

Hasidic groups

Most other Hasidic groups wear their payot down and curled.

Lithuanian groups

The Lithuanian Jews are less influenced by Kabbalistic practises, but still retain sidelocks to a degree, in a small number of variant styles:

See also

References and notes

  1. Also spelled Peot, peyot, peyes, payes, payos, peyos, peyois, payois.
  1. Shulchan Aruch , Yoreh Deah:181
  2. Leviticus 19:27
  3. "Shaving in Judaism". 2009-06-11. Archived from the original on 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2013-11-10.
  4. 1 2 Jewish Encyclopedia
  5. "Halachos Of Payos Harosh". Retrieved 2013-11-10.
  6. 1 2 Why do some Chassidic Jews have long sidelocks
  7. (Sichot Haran?); The Master of Prayer (from Tales of Rabbi Nachman), where the Master is "not particular about garb at all; see for a video showing a variety of styles among Breslevers.

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