Pays de la Loire

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Pays de la Loire
Chateau Montsoreau Loire.jpg
Region Pays-de-la-Loire (logo).svg
Pays de la Loire region locator map2.svg
CountryFlag of France.svg France
Prefecture Nantes
Departments
Government
   President of the Regional Council Christelle Morançais (LR)
Area
  Total32,082 km2 (12,387 sq mi)
Area rank8th
Population
  Total3,553,352
  Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code FR-PDL
GDP  (2012) [1] Ranked 5th
Total€101.2 billion (US$130.2 bn)
Per capita€27,775 (US$35,725)
NUTS Region FR5
Website www.paysdelaloire.fr

Pays de la Loire (French:  [pe.i də la lwaʁ] ; lit.' Loire Countries' or 'Loire Lands') are one of the 18 regions of France, in the west of the mainland. It is one of the regions created in the 1950s to serve as a zone of influence for its capital, Nantes, one of a handful of "balancing metropolises" (métropoles d'équilibre)¹.

Contents

Geography

A vine in Brem, Pays de la Loire Vignebrem.JPG
A vine in Brem, Pays de la Loire

Pays de la Loire is in western France, bordered by Brittany on the northwest, Normandy on the north, Centre-Val de Loire on the east, Nouvelle-Aquitaine on the south, and the Bay of Biscay of the North Atlantic Ocean on the southwest.

Departments and Former Provinces

Pays de la Loire comprises five departments: Loire-Atlantique, Maine-et-Loire, Mayenne, Sarthe, Vendée.

Pays de la Loire is made up of the following historical provinces:

Thus the name of the region, chosen by the French central government, was not based on history, but purely on geographical references: Pays ("lands") de la Loire ("of the Loire").

Loire Valley is a UNESCO listed World heritage Site since 2000, it is located both in the administrative regions of Pays de la Loire and Centre-Val de Loire. [2] [3] Although majority of the châteaux of the Loire Valley such as Montsoreau, Angers, Saumur or Brézé in Pays de la Loire are located in the Maine-et-Loire departement, [4] Pays de la Loire has numerous prominent monuments, such as the castles of Laval, and the Nantes Château des Ducs de Bretagne, the Royal Fontevraud Abbey (the widest monastic ensemble in Europe), and the old city of Le Mans. It also has many natural parks such as the Brière and the Marsh of Poitou.

Demography

Evolution of the population listed by departments:

YearPopulation of the departments
Loire-Atlantique department Maine-et-Loire department Mayenne department Sarthe department Vendée departmentTotal Pays de la Loire
1801369,305375,544305,654388,143243,4261,682,072
1851535,664516,197374,566473,071383,7342,283,232
1901664,971515,431313,103422,699441,3112,357,515
1921649,691475,485397,2922,174,150
1936659,428478,404251,348388,519389,2112,166,910
1946665,064393,7872,224,163
1954733,575395,6412,320,177
1962803,372535,122250,030443,019408,9282,440,471
1968861,452585,563252,762461,839421,2502,582,866
1975934,499629,849261,789490,385450,6412,767,163
1982995,498675,321271,784504,768483,0272,930,398
19901,050,539704,668277,748513,280508,9623,055,197
20051,208,761754,997297,854551,971587,1623,400,745

A steep increase in the population was seen particularly as people migrated from all over France to the Loire region due to the rise of Nantes to prominence.

Economy

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 119.1 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 5.1% of French economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 28,200 euros or 94% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 102% of the EU average. [5]

Major communities

Half-timbered houses in Angers Angers Oisellerie.jpg
Half-timbered houses in Angers

The biggest city in Pays de la Loire is Nantes, which is the sixth most populated city in France with over 290,000 people (city proper) and a metropolitan population of almost 900,000.

Angers is another metropolis of the region. It has a metropolitan population of about 400,000 and is the third biggest job provider in north-western France, just behind Nantes and Rennes.

Le Mans is another city in Pays de la Loire. Situated in north-east Pays de la Loire, Le Mans is home to over 300,000 (metropolitan population).

See also

Notes

¹ In the 1960s under the Charles de Gaulle government, eight large regional cities of France (Lille, Nancy, Strasbourg, Lyon, Nantes, Bordeaux, Marseille, Toulouse) were made "balancing metropolises", receiving special financial and technical help from the French government in order to counterbalance the excessive weight of Paris inside France.

Related Research Articles

Brittany Historical province in France

Brittany is a cultural region in the west of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation. It became an independent kingdom and then a duchy before being united with the Kingdom of France in 1532 as a province governed as a separate nation under the crown.

Maine-et-Loire Department of France in Pays de la Loire

Maine-et-Loire is a department in the Loire Valley in the Pays de la Loire region in Western France. Its prefecture is Angers; its subprefectures are Cholet, Saumur and Segré-en-Anjou Bleu. Maine-et-Loire had a population of 810,934 in 2016.

Loire Valley

The Loire Valley, spanning 280 kilometres (170 mi), is located in the middle stretch of the Loire river in central France, in both the administrative regions Pays de la Loire and Centre-Val de Loire. The area of the Loire Valley comprises about 800 square kilometres (310 sq mi). It is referred to as the Cradle of the French and the Garden of France due to the abundance of vineyards, fruit orchards, and artichoke, and asparagus fields, which line the banks of the river. Notable for its historic towns, architecture, and wines, the valley has been inhabited since the Middle Palaeolithic period. In 2000, UNESCO added the central part of the Loire River valley to its list of World Heritage Sites.

Château de Montsoreau Castle in the loire valley france and location of château de montsoreau-museum of contemporary art

The Château de Montsoreau is a Renaissance style castle in the Loire Valley, directly built in the Loire riverbed. It is located in the small market town of Montsoreau, in the Maine-et-Loire département of France, close to Saumur, Chinon, Fontevraud-L'abbaye and Candes-Saint-Martin. The Château de Montsoreau has an exceptional position at the confluence of two rivers, the Loire and the Vienne, and at the meeting point of three historic regions: Anjou, Poitou and Touraine. It is the only château of the Loire Valley to have been built directly in the Loire riverbed.

Loire-Atlantique Department of France

Loire-Atlantique is a department in Pays de la Loire on the west coast of France, named after the Loire River and the Atlantic Ocean.

Mayenne Department of France

Mayenne is a department in northwest France named after the Mayenne River. Mayenne is part of the current region of Pays de la Loire and is surrounded by the departments of Manche, Orne, Sarthe, Maine-et-Loire, and Ille-et-Vilaine.

Sarthe Department of France

Sarthe is a department of the French region of Pays de la Loire situated in the Grand-Ouest of the country. It is named after the River Sarthe, which flows from east of Le Mans to just north of Angers.

Maine (province) Place in France

Maine[mɛːn] is one of the traditional provinces of France. It corresponds to the former County of Maine, whose capital was also the city of Le Mans. The area, now divided into the departments of Sarthe and Mayenne, counts about 857,000 inhabitants.

Laval, Mayenne Prefecture and commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Laval is a town in western France, about 300 km (190 mi) west-southwest of Paris, and the capital of the Mayenne department. Laval was before the French Revolution part of the province of Maine, now split between two departments, Mayenne and Sarthe. Its inhabitants are called Lavallois. The commune of Laval proper, without the metropolitan area, is the 7th most populous in the Pays de la Loire region and the 132nd in France.

Chouannerie

The Chouannerie was a royalist uprising or counter-revolution in 12 of the western départements of France, particularly in the provinces of Brittany and Maine, against the First Republic during the French Revolution. It played out in three phases and lasted from the spring of 1794 until 1800.

Montsoreau Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Montsoreau is a commune of the Loire Valley in the Maine-et-Loire department in western France on the Loire, 160 km (99 mi) from the Atlantic coast and 250 km (160 mi) from Paris. The village is listed among The Most Beautiful Villages of France and is part of the Loire Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site.

This gallery of French coats of arms shows the coats of arms of the Provinces, Régions, and Départements of France, and of certain French cities. They are used to visually identify historical and present-day regions, as well as cities, within France.

Maine-Anjou

The Maine-Anjou is a French breed of domestic cattle, raised mainly in the Pays de la Loire region in north-western France. It was created in the nineteenth century in the historic province of Maine by cross-breeding the local Mancelle dairy cattle with Durham stock from Britain, and was at first called the Durham-Mancelle. In France it has been known since 2004 as the Rouge des Prés, but the Maine-Anjou name continues to be used elsewhere. It was formerly a dual-purpose animal, raised both for meat and for milk, but is now principally a beef breed.

Brains, Loire-Atlantique Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Brains is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France. The commune is a part of historical Brittany, in the traditional region of Retz, and in the historical region of Nantes.

Gétigné Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Gétigné is a commune in the department of Loire-Atlantique in the Pays de la Loire region in western France.

Torfou, Maine-et-Loire Part of Sèvremoine in Pays de la Loire, France

Torfou is a former commune in the Maine-et-Loire department in western France. Inhabitants of Torfou are known as Torfousiens and Torfousiennes.

The Catholic and Royal Armies is the name given to the royalist armies in western France composed of insurgents during the war in the Vendée and the Chouannerie, who opposed the French revolution; hence, they were counterrevolutionary by definition. They were also known as the "Red Army" on account of their emblem: the Sacred Heart.

Loire Longest river in France

The Loire is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world. With a length of 1,006 kilometres (625 mi), it drains 117,054 km2 (45,195 sq mi), more than a fifth of France's land while its average discharge is only half that of the Rhône.

Philippe Méaille

Philippe Méaille is a French author and art collector, and the founder and president of the Château de Montsoreau-Museum of Contemporary Art. Currently, Méaille owns the world's largest collection of Art & Language works.

References

  1. INSEE. "Produits intérieurs bruts régionaux et valeurs ajoutées régionallolà 2012" . Retrieved 2014-03-04.
  2. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2018-02-12.
  3. Tockner, Klement; Uehlinger, Urs; Robinson, Christopher T. (2009). Rivers of Europe. Academic Press. p. 183. ISBN   978-0-12-369449-2 . Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  4. "Loire Valley Chateaux |Castles| visit from our extensive list". www.experienceloire.com. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
  5. "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  6. "Largest Art & Language Collection Finds Home - artnet News". artnet News. 2015-06-23. Retrieved 2018-02-12.
  7. "MACBA banks on History". Artinamericamagazine.com. 2011.
  8. "Art & Language Uncompleted". macba.cat. 2014.
  9. "Chateau de Montsoreau - FIAC". www.fiac.com. 2017-09-23. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
  10. "Practical Information". Château de Montsoreau-Museum of Contemporary Art. Archived from the original on 2019-03-21. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  11. "Snapshots of the Loire The Montsoreau flea market". TVMONDE. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  12. "Discover the World's 500 Best Flea Markets". Fleamapket. Retrieved 2018-09-17.

Coordinates: 47°28′N0°50′W / 47.467°N 0.833°W / 47.467; -0.833