Payyanur

Last updated

Payyanur
Payyanur.jpg
India Kerala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Payyanur
Location in Kerala, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Payyanur
Payyanur (India)
Coordinates: 12°06′27″N75°11′40″E / 12.1076100°N 75.1943590°E / 12.1076100; 75.1943590 Coordinates: 12°06′27″N75°11′40″E / 12.1076100°N 75.1943590°E / 12.1076100; 75.1943590
State Kerala
District Kannur
Region North Malabar
Taluk Payyanur
Municipality Established1990
Government
  TypeMunicipal council
  Municipal chairpersonKV Lalitha
   MLA TI. Madhusoodanan
   Deputy Superintendent of Police K.E Premachandran [1]
Area
  Total54.63 km2 (21.09 sq mi)
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Population
 (2011) [2]
  Total72,111
  Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
670307
Telephone code+91 4985
ISO 3166 code IN-KL
Vehicle registration KL-86
Nearest cities Taliparamba, Kannur
Sex ratio 1159 /
Literacy94.08%
Assembly constituency Payyanur
Lok Sabha constituency Kasaragod
Backwaters in Payyannur Boat jetty of Kavvayi.jpg
Backwaters in Payyannur

Payyanur, IPA:  [pɐjːɐn̺ːuːɾ] , is a municipal town and a taluk, a sub-district administrative unit, in the Kannur district of Kerala, India. [3] On 10 March 2018, Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan inaugurated Payyanur as the fifth taluk in the district. Payyanur taluk comprises 22 villages including 16 de-linked from the Taliparamba taluk and six from the Kannur taluk. The town is situated on the banks of the Perumba River. [4]

Contents

Location

Payyanur is located 36 km North of District HQ Kannur city, 501 km away from State capital Thiruvananthapuram city, 301 km North of Ernakulam city, 126 km North of Kozhikode city, 56 km South of Kasaragod town and 112 km away from Mangalore city. The town lies by the side of three rivers - Perumba River, Punnakka river (Payyanur river) and Kavvayi river (Thattar river). [5]

Demographics

Religions in Payyanur Municipality(2011) [6]
ReligionPercent(%)
Hindu
80.06%
Muslim
17.52%
Christian
2.22%
Sikh
0.00%
Buddhist
0.02%
Jain
0.00%
Unclassified
0.03%
Not stated
0.14%

As of 2011 census, Payyanur had a population of 72,111, with males constituting 46% of the population and females 54%. [7] Payyanur has an average literacy rate of 94.08%. This is higher than the state average of 94.00%. Male literacy is 97.02%, and female literacy is 91.60%. In Payyanur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Etymology

Payyan is an appellation of the Hindu deity Kartikeya and ooru means town or place. Thus Payyanur means the "land of Lord Kartikeya" derived from the presence of the Sri Subramany Swamy temple here.

During the Renaissance era, Payyanur was known to English sailors as Delyn, named after the nearby hill of Ezhimala. [8]

Geography

Payyanur is located at coordinates 12°06′N75°12′E / 12.1°N 75.2°E / 12.1; 75.2 . [9] It has an average elevation of 16 metres (51 feet).

History

Payyanur is one of several extant ancient civilized places in Kerala. [10] The northern town of Kerala claims a rich recorded history. The archaeological remains excavated from Payyanur and nearby places prove the existence of a city in this area centuries ago. [10]

The earliest known mention of this town is in the Brahmanda Purana, when Garga Muni talks about this place to the Pandavas during their exile. [11]

Several notable travelers have described this area in their writings. Ibn Battuta visited Ezhimala in AD 1342 and wrote about the large seaport and the Chinese ships anchored here. Abul Fida in AD 1273, Marco Polo in AD 1293, the Italian explorer Niccolò de' Conti in the 15th century and the Portuguese scholar and traveler Barbosa all visited this place and gave extensive accounts of Ezhimala port, which was then known as "Heli". [10] The scholar and author Hermann Gundert and William Logan, the Malabar District Collector during the British Colonial rule, who wrote Malabar Manual, also visited Payyanur and studied the rich heritage of the area.

Centuries back, Payyanur was a part of the Ezhimala/Mushika/Kolathiri Kingdom. King Nandan was well known as a great warrior and ruler. The books written during the Sangam period describe the area and King. Ezhimala was also under the rule of the Cheras. A famous ruler there was Pazhassi Raja.

Payyanur Pattu, the ballad written by an unknown person belonging to the Chettiar community sometime during the 13th or 14th century, was set here. [12] [13]

Evolution of Payyanur

Payyannur Highway Payyannur stall.jpg
Payyannur Highway

In the past, the city of Kachil Patanam (presently Kavvayi) was the main town due to the proximity of waterways through Kavvayi River and its large seaport. It was both the administrative and business center during that time. According to historians, the ships from China and other countries used to visit this port and were anchored in the nearby river Changoorichal.[ citation needed ] Kavvayi retained its position during the rule of British East India Company also. They established the first Magistrate's court and Registrar's Office in Kavvayi.

Later, Kokkanisseri became the city center. The main road, which starts from Perumba in the east, up to old post office in the west and Kunhimangalam Mana in the south to government hospital in the north is called Kokkanisseri. The south of this town was called Payyanur village and the north of Kokkanisseri is called Moorikkovval village. The business center was called Kokkanisseri Bazaar. Later, the name Payyanur became common and thus the developed city of today came into existence.

Subrahmanya swamy Temple pond
Kokannisseri Kannangattu Temple Pond Payyannur Sree Subrahmanya swamy Temple Pond.jpg
Subrahmanya swamy Temple pond
Kokannisseri Kannangattu Temple Pond Kokanisseri kannangattu temple pond.jpg
Kokannisseri Kannangattu Temple Pond

During the regime of the Kolathiri Dynasty, Payyanur was a part of Kolathu Nadu, ruled by the Kolathiri Rajas based in Chirakkal near Kannur. During British rule, Payyanur was considered as a "farka" which in turn is a part of the Chirakkal Taluk. Until the formation of Kerala State in 1957, Payyanur remained in the Malabar District of the Madras State.

Education

Colleges in Payyanur

Administration

Payyanur Taluk is one among the five taluks in Kannur district which has administration over 22 villages. [15]

Payyanur Municipality is divided into 44 wards covering an area of 54.63 km2 (21.09 sq mi) for which the elections are held every five years. The current ruling party is CPI(M). [16]

Payyanur Assembly constituency is part of Kasaragod Loksabha constituency. The current Payyanur MLA is T. I. Madhusoodanan. [17]

Law and Order

The municipality comes under the jurisdiction of Payyanur police station, established on 13th January 1881 during British raj. [18]

Payyanur is also headquarters of one among the four sub divisions in Kannur rural police district formed on 18.02.2021. It is situated about 500 m west of National Highway 66. The sub division has jurisdiction over five police stations and one control room viz Payyanur, Pazhayangadi, Pariyaram medical college, Peringome and Cherupuzha. Indian Naval Academy at Ezhimala and Central Reserve Police Force Training Camp near Peringome, Pariyaram Govt Medical college and Govt Ayurveda Medical college are situated in Payyanur subdivdison limit. [19]

Court complexes in Payyanur [20]

Transportation

The National Highway 66 passes through Perumba junction. Goa and Mumbai can be accessed on the northern side and Cochin and Thiruvananthapuram can be accessed on the southern side. National Highway 66 is given node for construction of 6 lane road on Payyanur and other stretches of Kerala. [21]

Payyanur has several private and KSRTC buses plying places inside and outside the district. Payyanur is well-connected to its suburbs through several bus services. Payyanur town has three bus terminals — KSRTC Bus terminal, Payyanur on NH-66 road, Old Bus Stand, Payyanur and New Bus Stand, Payyanur on the Main road, Payyanur.

Payyanur is one of the major station that lies in the Shoranur-Mangalore Section of Southern Railway and comes under A category stations under Palakkad division. The station has 3 platforms and 4 tracks. [22]

The nearest Airport Kannur is 57 km (35 mi) away and Mangalore of 115 km (71 mi) away.

Requirements

Social Service

Orator and freedom fighter KP Kunhirama Poduval, who founded Sanjayan Smaraka Grandhalayam at Annur (Sanjayan Memorial Library), is from here. Kelappan Service Center (perhaps the only institution built in memory of Kelappaji, also known as "Kerala Gandhi") and Payyanur Co-operative Stores are among a number of social organizations in the area.

Culture

Vishnumoorthi Theyyam at Payyannur
Bali Theyyam Theyyam at Payyannur.jpg
Vishnumoorthi Theyyam at Payyannur
Bali Theyyam Bali theyyam, Payyannur.jpg
Bali Theyyam
A Masjid at Payyanur Salafi Mosque, Vellur (4601238430).jpg
A Masjid at Payyanur

'Theyyam' and religious festivals (Kaliyattam) of various temples attract people to Payyanur. Poorakkali and kolkali are the major traditional dance ritual performances. Architect Kunhimangalam Narayanan, dancer Vannadil Pudiyaveettil Dhananjayan, the Sanskrit scholar E. Sreedharan, are all from the area. The native place of legendary Kathakali master Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair is not far from this town. Kandoth in Payyanur is famous for pottery. The weaver's streets of various villages around Payyanur contribute to the fame of the handlooms of Kannur.

Pavithra Mothiram

Payyanur Pavithram, or Pavithra Mothiram is a particular ring worn during performing Vedic or holy rituals or during the "pithrubali" (ceremony performed for the well-being of the ancestors or departed souls) in the Hindu tradition. The traditional Pavitram is usually made of "dharba" grass. The formation of Payyanur Pavitram is closely related to Payyanur Sree Subrahmanya Swami Temple. [23]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kasaragod</span> Municipal city in Kerala, India

Kasaragod is a municipal town and administrative headquarters of Kasaragod district in the state of Kerala, India. Established in 1966, Kasaragod was the first municipal town in the district. It is the northernmost district of Kerala and is also known as Saptha Bhasha Sangama Bhoomi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Taliparamba</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Taliparamba is a Municipality in Taliparamba taluk of Kannur district, Kerala, India. The municipal town spreads over an area of 18.96 square kilometres (7.32 sq mi) and is inhabited by 44,247 number of people.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kanhangad</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Kanhangad is a town, located in the Kasaragod District, state of Kerala, India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kannur</span> Metropolis in Kerala, India

Kannur, formerly known in English as Cannanore, is a city and a municipal corporation in the state of Kerala, India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Kannur district and situated 274 kilometres (170 mi) north of the major port city and commercial hub Kochi and 137 kilometres (85 mi) south of the major port city and a commercial hub, Mangalore. During the period of British colonial rule in India, when Kannur was a part of the Malabar District, the city was known as Cannanore. Kannur is the sixth largest urban agglomeration in Kerala. As of 2011 census, Kannur Municipal Corporation, the local body which administers mainland area of city, had a population of 232,486.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ezhimala (hill, Kannur)</span>

Ezhimala, a hill reaching a height of 286 metres (938 ft), is located near Payyanur, in Kannur district of Kerala, south India. It is a part of a conspicuous and isolated cluster of hills, forming a promontory, 38 km (24 mi) north of Kannur (Cannanore). The Indian Naval Academy at Ezhimala is the Asia's largest, and the world's third-largest, naval academy.

Kandankali is a village in Kerala, India. The village is situated about two kilometers south of the town of Payyanur in Kannur district.

Pariyaram is a Grama Panchayat consisting of two villages viz. Pariyaram census town and Kuttiyeri village. Pariyaram is a small town on National Highway between Taliparamba and Payyanur in Kerala state of India. Mini villages of Thiruvattoor, Koran Peedika, Mukkunnu & Chithappile Poyil are parts of Pariyaram.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Valiyaparamba</span>

Valiyaparamba is a coastal island in Hosdurg taluk, Kasaragod district, Kerala state, India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pazhayangadi</span> Town in Kerala, India

Pazhayangadi, is a small township, approximately 23 km (14 mi) north of district headquarters Kannur, 13.6 km (8.5 mi) south of Payyanur and 13.6 km (8.5 mi) west of Taliparamba in the Indian state of Kerala. In the local language of Malayalam it literally means "Old Market". The town is bounded by the Madayi Hills (Madayippara) on the west and by the Pazhayangadi River on the south. Ezhimala, a range of hills, that is believed to be home to a variety of medical herbs including mrithasanjeevini, and a very ancient recorded history, is situated nearly 8 km west of Pazhayangadi. Pazhayangadi town is spread over Madayi and Ezhome Grama Panchayats. Madayi Hill offers a splendid scene of Ezhimala which means a chain of seven mountains, where the Indian Naval Academy is situated.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kavvayi Backwaters</span> Island in India

Kavvayi Backwaters located near Payyanur is the third largest backwater in Kerala and the largest one in north Kerala. The Kavvayi Kayal (backwaters) is dotted with several small and large islands. Valiyaparamba island is the largest among them and stretches over 16 km2..

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kasaragod district</span> District in Kerala, India

Kasaragod is one of the 14 districts in the southern Indian state of Kerala. Its northern border Thalappady is located just 10 km south to Ullal, which is the southernmost portion of the major port city Mangalore, on the southwestern Malabar coast of India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cherupuzha, Kannur</span> Town in Kerala, India

Cherupuzha is a town in Kannur district, Kerala, India. It is the headquarters of the Cherupuzha Panchayat which is a special grade panchayat in Kerala.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kunhimangalam</span> Census Town in Kerala, India

Kunhimangalam is a census town situated in the northern coastal part of Kannur District in Kerala state on the outskirt of Payyanur. The population in 2011 was around 19,000 including Hindus, Christians and Muslim residents. The village lies in an agricultural region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ramanthali</span> Village in Kerala, India

Ramanthali is a village in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala. It boasts the gateway for Indian Naval Academy in Ezhiamala.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thirumeni</span> Village in Kerala, India

Thirumeni is a village in Kannur district in the Kerala state of India. It is known for its hill station Chathamangalam_Hills. The village has several recently migrated families from various parts of the erstwhile political entity (state) of Travancore who settled here in the famed "Malabar migration period" in the Nineteenth Century. Most of the inhabitants of the village reside in the valley of three major hills by name Chathamangalam Theruvamala alias Alumbumala, Kottathalachimala and Thevarkunnumala. Thirumeni is a small junction with a few government institutions, religious institutions and small shops in int. and is subdivided into smaller villages like Kokkadave, Prapoyil, Chathamangalam (Kannur), Thabore, Muthuvom, Korali, Chattivayal, Thannichal, Paruthikallu etc.

There are places of worship considered important in the Kannur district. Kannur District is one of the 14 districts in the state of Kerala, India. The town of Kannur is the district headquarters, and gives the district its name.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pilathara</span> Town in Kerala, India

Pilathara is a town near Payyannur in the Kannur district of Kerala, India. This region is noted for its cultural, traditional and religious characteristics. The Government Medical College, Kannur aka Pariyaram Medical College is just 4 km away from Pilathara. Pazhayangadi and Mathamangalam are located south and north of Pilathara respectively. It comes under Payyanur taluk and Cheruthazham village. Kannur International Airport is the nearest airport of about 50 km away. The nearby railway station is at Pazhayangadi, just 8 km away from Pilathara town.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Kasaragod</span>

Kasaragod District is the northernmost district in the southwestern Indian coastal state of Kerala. The district has a long history starting from pre-historic times to the modern period.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Olayambadi</span>

Olayambadi is a small village about 21 km from Payyanur town in the Kannur district of Kerala state, South India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Payyanur Taluk</span> Tehsil in Kerala, India

Payyanur Taluk comes under Taliparamba revenue division in Kannur district of Kerala, India. Payyanur is one of the 5 taluks in Kannur district established on March 2018 carved out from Taliparamba and Kannur taluks. Payyanur taluk comprises 22 villages including 16 delinked from Taliparamba taluk and 6 from Kannur taluk. It borders Kasaragod district in the north, Taliparamba and Kannur taluk in the south and Karnataka state in the east. Most of the government offices are in Payyanur Mini Civil Station. Payyanur taluk consists of Payyanur Municipality and 11 Panchayats.

References

  1. "Law and Order - Kannur Rural". keralapolice.gov.in.
  2. "Kerala (India): Districts, Cities and Towns - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  3. "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  4. "Payyannur taluk to be a reality this week!". Times of India .
  5. "Payyanur — an ancient town shrouded by hills and rivers". DNA India. 5 February 2012.
  6. "Religion – Kerala, Districts and Sub-districts". Census of India 2011. Office of the Registrar General.
  7. Kerala, Directorate of Census Operations. District Census Handbook, Kannur (PDF). Thiruvananthapuram: Directorateof Census Operations,Kerala. p. 174,175. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  8. A Relation of Some Yeares Travaile, Begunne Anno 1626. Into Afrique and the Greater Asia., by Thomas Herbert
  9. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Payyanur
  10. 1 2 3 "Payyanur Informations : Payyanur Municipality Profile". Payyanur, India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2010.
  11. "Subrahmanya". Archived from the original on 27 November 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
  12. "Payyannur Paattola – Nilakesi's revenge". historicalleys.blogspot.in. 15 August 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  13. "1994 – പയ്യന്നൂർപ്പാട്ട്". ഗ്രന്ഥപ്പുര. 7 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  14. "Higher Education Institutes in Kannur University".
  15. "Village Offices in Payyanur Taluk" (PDF). Government of India.
  16. "Payyanur Municipality - LSGD".
  17. "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2008.
  18. "Payyanur PS". keralapolice.gov.in.
  19. "Payyanur Sub Division". keralapolice.gov.in.
  20. "Judicial Setup of Kannur district". districts.ecourts.gov.in.
  21. "Land acquisition for NH 66 work on track". The Hindu . Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  22. "Railway stations in Mangalore among 15 to get certification". The Hindu . Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  23. "Payyannur Pavithra Mothiram in a Geographical Indication tag ownership tussle". The Times of India.