Pearston

Last updated

Pearston
South Africa Eastern Cape location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Pearston
South Africa adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Pearston
Coordinates: 32°34′54″S25°08′16″E / 32.58167°S 25.13778°E / -32.58167; 25.13778 Coordinates: 32°34′54″S25°08′16″E / 32.58167°S 25.13778°E / -32.58167; 25.13778
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Sarah Baartman
Municipality Blue Crane Route
Established1859
Area
[1]
  Total32.8 km2 (12.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total4,516
  Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[1]
   Black African 37.4%
   Coloured 59.3%
   Indian/Asian 0.6%
   White 1.9%
  Other0.8%
First languages (2011)
[1]
   Afrikaans 67.6%
   Xhosa 27.9%
   English 2.5%
  Other2.0%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
5860
PO box
5860
Area code 042

Pearston is a small town in the eastern Karoo, in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. It lies between Graaff-Reinet and Somerset East at the foot of the Coetzeesberge, about 160 kilometres (100 mi) north of Port Elizabeth. It falls within the Blue Crane Route Local Municipality and has a population of approximately 4,500 people. [1]

Karoo Natural region in South Africa

The Karoo is a semi desert natural region of South Africa. No exact definition of what constitutes the Karoo is available, so its extent is also not precisely defined. The Karoo is partly defined by its topography, geology and climate, and above all, its low rainfall, arid air, cloudless skies, and extremes of heat and cold. The Karoo also hosted a well-preserved ecosystem hundreds of million years ago which is now represented by many fossils.

Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho, but its two largest cities are Port Elizabeth and East London. It was formed in 1994 out of the Xhosa homelands or bantustans of Transkei and Ciskei, together with the eastern portion of the Cape Province. It is the landing place and home of the 1820 Settlers. The central and eastern part of the province is the traditional home of the Xhosa people.

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Bantu ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European, Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Contents

History

In 1850 John Pears, the minister of the Dutch Reformed Church in the town of Somerset (now Somerset East) began holding services in the open under a large pear tree on the farm Rustenburg, then the property of Mr Casparus Jacobus Lötter, on the bank of the Voël River. [2] [3] In 1858 the church announced its intention to establish a village named Pearston on that location. A portion of the farm was purchased and lots sold, and the village was officially founded on 21 September 1859. [2] It became a town with municipal government on 3 April 1894. [2]

Somerset East Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Somerset East is a town in the Blue Crane Route Local Municipality in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. It was founded by Lord Charles Somerset in 1825.

Government

Pearston falls within the Blue Crane Route Local Municipality, which has its seat at Somerset East, and forms part of the larger Cacadu District Municipality. It is located in the fourth ward of the municipality, which is represented by Councillor Mncedi Mali of the African National Congress. [4]

Blue Crane Route Local Municipality Local municipality in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Blue Crane Route Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Sarah Baartman District of the Eastern Cape in South Africa.

African National Congress political party in South Africa

The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party. It has been the ruling party of post-apartheid South Africa since the election of Nelson Mandela in the 1994 election, winning every election since then. Cyril Ramaphosa, the incumbent President of South Africa, has served as leader of the ANC since 18 December 2017.

Geography

Pearston is located about 160 kilometres (100 mi) north of Port Elizabeth, on the banks of the Voël River. It is situated at an altitude of 710 metres (2,330 ft) on the Camdeboo plain. The Coetzeesberge, a spur of the Sneeuberge (a mountain), lie to the north, and the Groot-Bruintjieshoogte lie to the east. Pearston is the meeting point of two regional roads: the R63 from Graaff-Reinet to Somerset East and Cookhouse, and the R337 from Jansenville to Cradock.

Port Elizabeth Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Port Elizabeth or The Bay is one of the major cities in South Africa; it is situated in the Eastern Cape Province, 770 km (478 mi) east of Cape Town. The city, often shortened to PE and nicknamed "The Windy City", stretches for 16 kilometres (10 mi) along Algoa Bay, and is one of the major seaports in South Africa. Port Elizabeth is the southernmost large city on the African continent, just farther south than Cape Town. Port Elizabeth was founded as a town in 1820 to house British settlers as a way of strengthening the border region between the Cape Colony and the Xhosa. It now forms part of the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality, which has a population of over 1.3 million.

Sneeuberge

The Sneeuberge or Sneeuberg mountain range was historically known as “Sneeuwbergen”, meaning ‘snow mountains’ in Afrikaans and refers to a significant portion of Southern Africa’s Great Escarpment in the Cradock, Murraysburg, Richmond, Graaff-Reinet, Nieu-Bethesda and Middelburg districts of the Great Karoo, most of which are in the Eastern Cape Province.

Graaff-Reinet Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Graaff-Reinet is a town in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. It is the fourth-oldest town in South Africa, after Cape Town, Stellenbosch, and Swellendam. The town was the center of a short-lived republic in the late 18th century. The town was a starting point for Great Trek groups led by Gerrit Maritz and Piet Retief and furnished large numbers of the Voortrekkers in 1835–1842.

Demography

According to the 2011 Census 3,435 people live in Pearston proper, [5] and a further 1,081 live in the adjacent township of Khayanisho, [6] giving the urban area a total population of 4,516. 56.9% of the people described themselves as "Coloured", 39.3% as "Black African", 3.5% as "White" and 0.3% as "Indian or Asian". 64.2% of the people spoke Afrikaans as their first language, while 35.4% spoke Xhosa and 0.4% spoke English.

South African National Census of 2011 Comprehensive census performed by Statistics South Africa, the latest in a series

The South African National Census of 2011 is the 3rd comprehensive census performed by Statistics South Africa.

Township (South Africa) urban living areas reserved for non-whites – black Africans, Coloureds and Indians – in Apartheid South Africa

In South Africa, the terms township and location usually refer to the often underdeveloped racially segregated urban areas that, from the late 19th century until the end of apartheid, were reserved for non-whites, namely Indians, Africans and Coloureds. Townships were usually built on the periphery of towns and cities. The term township also has a distinct legal meaning in South Africa's system of land title, which carries no racial connotations.

Xhosa language Nguni Bantu language

Xhosa is a Nguni Bantu language with click consonants and is one of the official languages of South Africa. It is also an official language of Zimbabwe. Xhosa is spoken as a first language by approximately 8.2 million people and by another 11 million as a second language in South Africa, mostly in Eastern Cape Province. Like most other Bantu languages, Xhosa is a tonal language; the same sequence of consonants and vowels can have different meanings, depending on intonation. Xhosa has two tones: high and low.

Related Research Articles

Cape Province former province of South Africa

The Province of the Cape of Good Hope, commonly referred to as the Cape Province and colloquially as The Cape, was a province in the Union of South Africa and subsequently the Republic of South Africa. It encompassed the old Cape Colony, and had Cape Town as its capital. Following the end of the Apartheid era, the Cape Province was split up to form the new Eastern Cape, Northern Cape and Western Cape provinces, along with part of the North West.

Rondebosch Place in Western Cape, South Africa

Rondebosch is one of the Southern Suburbs of Cape Town, South Africa. It is primarily a residential suburb, with shopping and business districts as well as the main campus of the University of Cape Town.

The following lists events that happened during the 1790s in South Africa.

R63 (South Africa) road in South Africa

The R63 is a tarred provincial route in South Africa that connects Calvinia with Komga via Carnarvon, Victoria West, Graaff-Reinet, Somerset East and King William's Town. It is cosigned with the N10 between Eastpoort and Cookhouse for 24 kilometres.

Laingsburg, Western Cape Place in Western Cape, South Africa

Laingsburg is a town located in the Western Cape province in South Africa. It can be known as the second capital of Karoo.

Aberdeen, Eastern Cape Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Aberdeen is a small town in the Sarah Baartman District Municipality of the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. With its numerous examples of Victorian architecture, it is one of the architectural conservation areas of the Karoo.

Middelburg, Eastern Cape Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Middelburg is a town in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa, in the Great Karoo. It lies in the Upper Karoo, 1 279 m above sea level, with a population of 19,000. It falls under the Inxuba Yethemba Local Municipality, in the Chris Hani District Municipality.

N9 (South Africa) national road in South Africa

The N9 is a national route in South Africa that connects George with the N1 at Colesberg, via Graaff-Reinet and Middelburg.

Rondebosch East Place in Western Cape, South Africa

Rondebosch East is a residential suburb of Cape Town, South Africa, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) south-west of the city centre. As the name suggests, it is located to the east of the neighbouring suburb of Rondebosch. As of 2001 it had a population of approximately 4,600 people in an area of just over 1 square kilometre (0.4 sq mi).

Franskraalstrand Place in Western Cape, South Africa

Franskraalstrand, also known as Franskraal, is a coastal village near to Gansbaai in the Western Cape province of South Africa. As of 2011 it had a population of 1,165 people in 592 households.

Touws River (town) Place in Western Cape, South Africa

Touws River is a small railway town of 6,800 people in the Western Cape province of South Africa. It is located on the river of the same name, about 160 kilometres (100 mi) north-east of Cape Town. The Touwsrivier CPV Solar Project is located just outside of the town and supplies 50 MW to the national electrical grid.

Murraysburg Place in Western Cape, South Africa

Murraysburg is a Afrikaans speaking Colored populated town of approximately 5,000 people in the Western Cape province of South Africa. It is situated in the far northeast of the municipality, about 540 kilometres (340 mi) from the provincial capital Cape Town, and 80 kilometres (50 mi) west of Graaff-Reinet. It is governed as part of the Beaufort West Local Municipality within the Central Karoo District Municipality.

Middleton, Eastern Cape Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Middleton is a hamlet in the Blue Crane Route Local Municipality of the Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. Middleton is situated on the banks of the Fish River off the N10 road and is about 30 km south of Cookhouse.

Provincial routes are the second category of road in the South African route-numbering scheme. They are designated with the letter "R" followed by a number from 21 to 82 formerly with the letter "P" followed by a number from 66 They serve as feeders to the national routes and as trunk roads in areas where there is no national route.

Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality Local municipality in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality is a new local municipality that was established by merging the Camdeboo, Ikwezi and Baviaans local municipalities in the Sarah Baartman District of the Eastern Cape in South Africa. The decision to merge the municipalities was taken by the Municipal Demarcation Board in 2015 but only took effect after municipal elections on 3 August 2016. The new municipality is named after the Afrikaner cleric and anti-apartheid activist Beyers Naudé. Its seat is in Graaff-Reinet.

Brooklyn, Cape Town A suburb of Cape Town

Brooklyn is a suburb of Cape Town, Western Cape with a population of 10,941 people. Brooklyn lies to the north of Maitland, south of the Atlantic Ocean, west of Air Force Base Ysterplaat and to the east of Paarden Eiland. The Black River flows through a section of Brooklyn.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Sum of the Main Places Pearston and Khanyiso from Census 2011.
  2. 1 2 3 "Pearston, Eastern Cape, South Africa" . Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  3. "What is in a name" . Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  4. "Mayor and Councillor Information". Blue Crane Route Municipality. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  5. "Main Place Pearston". Census 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  6. "Main Place Khayanisho". Census 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2015.