Pedro Infante

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Pedro Infante
Pedroatodamaquina.gif
Infante in the film Full Speed Ahead (1951)
Born
Pedro Infante Cruz

(1917-11-18)18 November 1917
Died15 April 1957(1957-04-15) (aged 39)
Cause of death Plane crash
Spouse(s)Maria Luisa Leon (1937-1942)
Irma Dorantes (1953-1957 his death)
Partner(s)Lupita Torrentera
ChildrenGuadalupe Infante López, Graciela Margarita, Pedro Infante, Jr., Guadalupe Infante Torrentera, Irma Infante
Musical career
Occupation(s)
Instruments
  • Classical guitar
  • piano
  • violin
  • trumpet
  • drums
Years active1939–1957

Pedro Infante Cruz (Spanish:  [ˈpeðɾo iɱˈfante] ; 18 November 1917 [1] [2] – 15 April 1957) was a Mexican actor and singer. Hailed as one of the greatest actors of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema, he is considered an idol among Latin American people. He along with Jorge Negrete and Javier Solís were styled as the Tres Gallos Mexicanos ("Three Mexican Roosters"). Infante was born in Mazatlán, Sinaloa, but raised in nearby Guamúchil. He died on 15 April 1957 in Mérida, Yucatán, in a plane crash during a flight en route to Mexico City, after an engine failed on takeoff. His remains were later identified by a bracelet found. [3]

Mexicans people of the country of Mexico or who identify as culturally Mexican

Mexicans are the people of the United Mexican States, a multiethnic country in North America.

Golden Age of Mexican cinema

The Golden Age of Mexican cinema is a period in the history of the Cinema of Mexico between 1933 and 1964 when the Mexican film industry reached high levels of production, quality and economic success of its films, besides having gained recognition internationally. The Mexican film industry became the center of commercial films in Latin America.

Latin Americans are the citizens of the Latin American countries and dependencies. Latin American countries are multi-ethnic, home to people of different ethnic and national backgrounds. As a result, some Latin Americans do not take their nationality as an ethnicity, but identify themselves with both their nationality and their ancestral origins. Aside from the indigenous Amerindian population, all Latin Americans or their ancestors immigrated since 1492. Latin America has the largest diasporas of Spaniards, Portuguese, Black Africans, Italians, Lebanese and Japanese in the world. The region also has large German, French, and Jewish diasporas.

Contents

His film career began in 1939 with him appearing in more than 60 films - 30 of them with his brother Ángel Infante, and starting in 1943 he recorded about 350 songs. For his performance in the movie Tizoc , he was awarded the Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 7th Berlin International Film Festival. [4]

Ángel Infante was a popular Mexican actor and singer of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema. He appeared in more than 120 films, 47 of which were great successes. In more than 30 films he appeared alongside his brother, the actor and singer Pedro Infante, who died in an aviation accident in 1957. Ángel Infante was known for having visited Cuba on eight occasions, and even having presented his pistols as a gift to Fidel Castro. His daughter is the TV actress Sonia Infante. He appeared in films such as The Two Orphans, Corner Stop, Women's Prison, Here Comes Martin Corona, My General's Women, Full Speed Ahead, What Has That Woman Done to You?, The Atomic Fireman, and Love for Sale.

<i>Tizoc</i> (film) 1957 film by Ismael Rodríguez

Tizoc is a 1957 Mexican drama film directed by Ismael Rodríguez. It was entered into the 7th Berlin International Film Festival, where Pedro Infante won the Silver Bear for Best Actor. The film also won the Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 15th Golden Globe Awards.

The Silver Bear for Best Actor is the Berlin International Film Festival's award for achievement in performance by an actor.

Childhood and early career

Pedro Infante was the son of Delfino Infante García (24 December 1880 – 17 March 1955), who played the double bass in a band, and Maria del Refugio Cruz Aranda. He was the third of fifteen children, of whom nine survived. Although the Infante Cruz family stayed for some time at Mazatlán, in early 1919 they moved to Guamúchil. In 1920 they moved to El Rosario, Sinaloa. As a teen, Infante showed talent and affection for music. He managed to learn strings, wind, and percussion instruments in a short time.[ citation needed ]

Mazatlán Place in Sinaloa, Mexico

Mazatlán is a city in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. The city serves as the municipal seat for the surrounding municipio, known as the Mazatlán Municipality. It is located at 23°13′N106°25′W on the Pacific coast, across from the southernmost tip of the Baja California Peninsula.

Guamúchil Place in Sinaloa, Mexico

Guamúchil is a city located in the state of Sinaloa. It is 100 km north of Culiacán. The city serves as the municipal seat of the municipality of Salvador Alvarado. In the 2010 census, the city had an official population of 63,743 inhabitants. It is the fifth-largest city in the state in population after Culiacán, Mazatlán, Los Mochis and Guasave, respectively.

El Rosario, Sinaloa Place in Sinaloa, Mexico

El Rosario is a city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. It stands at 22°45′00″N105°22′16″W.

His wife, María Luisa León, who died of cardiac arrest on 27 October 1978, was somewhat well-off, economically. According to her memoir Pedro Infante en la intimidad conmigo (1961) (Pedro Infante in intimacy with me), she convinced him of the need to move to Mexico City where they would find opportunities for this talented young man.[ citation needed ]

Mexico City Capital in Mexico

Mexico City, or the City of Mexico, is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. Mexico City is one of the most important cultural and financial centres in the Americas. It is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft). The city has 16 boroughs.

In Mexico City, he sang the songs of composers including Alberto Cervantes, José Alfredo Jiménez, Cuco Sánchez, Tomás Méndez, Rubén Fuentes, (some of the most renowned composers from the Golden Age of Mexican Cinema) Salvador Flores Rivera (Chava Flores) (better known for his humorous songs), René Touzet and others. His first musical recording El Soldado Raso (The Private ) was made on 19 November 1943, for the Peerless Records Company. Infante first appeared as an extra in the movie En un Burro Tres Baturros (Three Men from Aragon on a Donkey), or the more correct and succinct transliteration, “Three Baturros on a Burro”. His career as an actor in leading roles started with La Feria de Las Flores (The Fair of Flowers), literally translated as "The Flower Carnival," in 1943. In that same year, a friend and neighbor of Infante's wife, Carmen Barajas Sandoval, offered to introduce them to Jorge Negrete, a singer whom he admired. Barajas, who knew people in the business as she was the aunt of the child actress Angélica María, worked then at The Sindicat of Workers of the Movies Production, S.T.P.C. (Workers of the Cinematographic Production Union). She succeeded in convincing Negrete to recommend Infante to the producer Ismael Rodríguez, and others. As a result, he was invited to appear in different pictures, such as Vuelve el Ametralladora (The Machine Gun Returns)

Composer person who creates music, either by musical notation or oral tradition

A composer is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music, instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms. A composer may create music in any music genre, including, for example, classical music, musical theatre, blues, folk music, jazz, and popular music. Composers often express their works in a written musical score using musical notation.

José Alfredo Jiménez Mexican singer

José Alfredo Jiménez-Sandoval was a Mexican singer-songwriter of rancheras, whose songs are considered an integral part of Mexico's musical heritage.

José Refugio "Cuco" Sánchez Saldaña was a Mexican singer, songwriter, guitarist, and actor.

While married to María Luisa León, Infante met the dancer Lupita Torrentera Bablot (b. 2 November 1931), with whom he had three children: Graciela Margarita (26 September 1947 – 20 January 1949, poliomyelitis), Pedro Infante Jr. (31 March 1950 – 1 April 2009, pneumonia), and Guadalupe Infante Torrentera (b. 3 October 1951). Irma Infante (b. 27 March 1955) was born from his marriage to young actress Irma Dorantes.[ citation needed ]

Pneumonia Infection of the lungs

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli. Typically symptoms include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Severity is variable.

Irma Dorantes Mexican actress and singer

Irma Aguirre Martínez, commonly known as Irma Dorantes, is a Mexican actress, singer, and equestrian.

Actor

Infante appeared in such motion pictures as:

A statue of Pedro Infante in Merida Yucatan Estatua del Parque Pedro Infante en Merida, Yucatan (01).jpg
A statue of Pedro Infante in Merida Yucatan

Musical interpretations

Waltzes, cha-cha-chas, rancheras and boleros placed him among the most popular singers of the mariachi and ranchera music. Some of his most popular songs include: Amorcito Corazón (approximately My Little Love and Heart), Te Quiero Así (I Love You Like This), La Que Se Fue (She Who Left), Corazón (Heart), El Durazno (The Peach), Dulce Patria (Sweet Fatherland), Maldita Sea Mi Suerte (Cursed Be My Luck), Así Es La vida (Life Is Like This), Mañana Rosalía (Tomorrow Rosalía), Mi Cariñito (My Little Darling), Dicen Que Soy Mujeriego (They Say I Am A Womanizer), Carta a Eufemia (Letter to Eufemia), Nocturnal, Cien Años (Hundred Years), Flor Sin Retoño (Flower Without Sprout), Pénjamo, and ¿Qué Te Ha Dado Esa Mujer? (What Has That Woman Given You?). He sang "Mi Cariñito" to his frequent on screen grandmother, Sara Garcia, so many times in so many of their movies together, that it was played at her funeral. [6]

The world-famous song Bésame Mucho ("Kiss Me a Lot", or more loosely translated to get its elusive Spanish meaning closer to its English meaning, "Give Me a Lot of Kisses"), from the composer Consuelo Velázquez, was the only melody that he recorded in English and he interpreted it in the movie A Toda Máquina (ATM) (At Full Speed), with Luis Aguilar.[ citation needed ]

Death and homages

Infante's hobby was aviation, which then led to his death. According to Wilbert Alonzo-Cabrera, his biographer, the actor was co-piloting a Consolidated Aircraft X B-24-D (a variant of the B-24 Liberator), which had been converted from heavy bomber war airplane to air cargo in San Diego, California. The plane crashed five minutes after taking off from Mérida, Yucatán, in southeast Mexico. An engine failed on takeoff, causing the plane to spiral to the ground, killing two on the ground as well as all three on the plane. [7]

B-24 Liberator photographed from above Consolidated B-24 Liberator from above.jpg
B-24 Liberator photographed from above

The death of Pedro Infante on the morning of 15 April 1957, was announced by radio personality Húmberto Sánchez-Rodríguez, of radio station XEMH of Mérida, after one of the firefighters discovered the bracelet engraved with the name "Pedro Infante", plus the winged insignia that symbolized his aviator license. This was around 8:15 am; at 11:12 am, Manuel Bernal, of Mexico City radio station XEW, gave the news saying: "this Monday, 15 April 1957, Pedro, our beloved Pedro...this has been confirmed, has died in a tragic accident in Mérida, Yucatán."[ citation needed ]

Pedro Infante's bust in the place he died Busto de Pedro Infante en Merida, Yucatan 04.JPG
Pedro Infante's bust in the place he died

Year after year, Infante attracts a great number of fans of every age to his shrine in the Panteón Jardín of Mexico City, as well as one at 54th through 87th streets in the center of Mérida. Infante died along with mechanic Marciano Bautista, and copilot Manuel Vidal. [8]

Four statues have been erected in his honor. The one in Mexico City was made out of thousands of bronze keys donated by his fans to a Mexico City TV station after a request by TV director Raúl Velasco. For the statue in Mérida another TV presenter (Manuel Pelayo) made a request and received keys. The third statue is in his birthplace, Mazatlán, Sinaloa.

At the Paseo de Olas Altas at Mazatlán there is a statue of Pedro Infante on a motorcycle, in honor of his role in the movie A Toda Máquina ("ATM") with Luis Aguilar and "¿Qué te ha dado esa mujer?" also with Luis Aguilar, Rosita Arenas and Carmen Montejo. The fourth statue is in the town square of Guamúchil, his adopted home town.[ citation needed ]

Legacy

Pedro Infante Statue in Merida, Yucatan Estatua ecuestre de Pedro Infante en Merida, Yucatan 05.JPG
Pedro Infante Statue in Mérida, Yucatán

Infante died intestate. [9] The prime beneficiaries of his legacy were the producers of the extremely successful movies in which he starred, as well as the "Peerless" music company [10]

According to producer Jorge Madrid y Campos, who was also his legal representative, Pedro Infante's fame has increased greatly since his death. The presence of so many admirers at his shrine on the anniversary of his death is remarkable, as are the musical tributes from singers of the ranchera and mariachi genres that pay homage to him. As Mexican American author, Denise Chávez, in her book "Loving Pedro Infante" put it humorously, "If you're a [Mexican], and don't know who he is, you should be tied to a hot stove with a yucca rope and beaten with sharp dry corn husks as you stand in a vat of soggy fideos. If your racial and cultural background or ethnicity is other, then it's about time you learned about the most famous of Mexican singers and actors." [11]

Some fans have speculated that his death was faked. [12] These rumors were fueled by, among other factors, the fact that Infante's body was burned beyond recognition in the airplane crash, and by the appearance, in the 1980s, of a man named Antonio Pedro, who was thought to have resemblance to Infante. [13]

Filmography

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Pedro Infante". IMDb.
  2. "Pedro Infante Cruz".
  3. "Famous People Who Died in Aviation Accidents - 1950s". planecrashinfo.
  4. 1 2 "Berlinale 1957: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2009-12-31.
  5. "La Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León".[ permanent dead link ]
  6. López, René Muñoz (1 May 2008). "El Rincón de la Añoranza: LA ABUELITA DEL CINE NACIONAL... SARA GARCÍA".
  7. "Famous People Who Died in Aviation Accidents-1950s". planecrashinfo.com. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  8. "Refrendan cientos su cariño a Pedro Infante, a 49 años de su fallecimiento". 16 April 2006. Archived from the original on 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2007-04-15.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-04-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Univision.com" . Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  11. Chavez, Denise, "Loving Pedro Infante", Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, (2001), pg. 5.
  12. (Spanish) Jose Ernesto Infante Quintanilla, "Pedro Infante -- El Idolo Imortal", Editorial Oceano de Mexico, S.A. De C.V.(2006) pg. 162.
  13. "Mitos de la muerte de Pedro Infante". Azteca Noticias (in Spanish). TV Azteca. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2015.