Pedro Infante

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Pedro Infante
Pedroatodamaquina.gif
Infante in the film Full Speed Ahead (1951)
Born
Pedro Infante Cruz

(1917-11-18)18 November 1917
Died15 April 1957(1957-04-15) (aged 39)
Cause of death Plane crash
Spouse(s)
Maria Luisa Leon
(m. 1937;div. 1942)

Irma Dorantes (m. 1953)
Partner(s)Lupita Torrentera
ChildrenGuadalupe Infante López, Graciela Margarita, Pedro Infante, Jr., Guadalupe Infante Torrentera, Irma Infante
Musical career
Occupation(s)
  • Singer
  • actor
Instruments
  • Classical guitar
  • piano
  • violin
  • trumpet
  • drums
Years active1939–1957

Pedro Infante Cruz (Spanish:  [ˈpeðɾo iɱˈfante] ; 18 November 1917 [1] [2] – 15 April 1957) was a Mexican actor and singer. Hailed as one of the greatest actors of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema, he is considered an idol in Mexico and other Latin American countries such as Venezuela, Guatemala and Peru. He along with Jorge Negrete and Javier Solís are considered the best ranchera singers.

Contents

Infante was born in Mazatlán, Sinaloa, but raised in nearby Guamúchil. He died on 15 April 1957 in Mérida, Yucatán, in a plane crash during a flight en route to Mexico City, after an engine failed on takeoff. His remains were later identified by a bracelet found. [3]

His film career began in 1939 with him appearing in more than 60 films – 30 of them with his brother Ángel Infante, and starting in 1943 he recorded about 350 songs. For his performance in the movie Tizoc , he was awarded the Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 7th Berlin International Film Festival. [4]

Childhood and early career

Pedro Infante was the son of Delfino Infante García (24 December 1880 – 17 March 1955), who played the double bass in a band, and Maria del Refugio Cruz Aranda. He was the third of fifteen children, of whom nine survived. Although the Infante Cruz family stayed for some time at Mazatlán, in early 1919 they moved to Guamúchil. In 1920 they moved to El Rosario, Sinaloa. As a teen, Infante showed talent and affection for music. He managed to learn strings, wind, and percussion instruments in a short time.[ citation needed ]

His wife, María Luisa León, who died of cardiac arrest on 27 October 1978, was somewhat well-off, economically. According to her memoir Pedro Infante en la intimidad conmigo (1961) (Pedro Infante in intimacy with me), she convinced him of the need to move to Mexico City where they would find opportunities for this talented young man.[ citation needed ]

In Mexico City, he sang the songs of composers including Alberto Cervantes, José Alfredo Jiménez, Cuco Sánchez, Tomás Méndez, Rubén Fuentes, (some of the most renowned composers from the Golden Age of Mexican Cinema) Salvador Flores Rivera (Chava Flores) (better known for his humorous songs), René Touzet and others. His first musical recording El Soldado Raso (The Private ) was made on 19 November 1943, for the Peerless Records Company. Infante first appeared as an extra in the movie En un Burro Tres Baturros (Three Men from Aragon on a Donkey), or the more correct and succinct transliteration, "Three Baturros on a Burro". His career as an actor in leading roles started with La Feria de Las Flores (The Fair of Flowers), literally translated as "The Flower Carnival," in 1943. In that same year, a friend and neighbor of Infante's wife, Carmen Barajas Sandoval, offered to introduce them to Jorge Negrete, a singer whom he admired. Barajas, who knew people in the business as she was the aunt of the child actress Angélica María, worked then at The Sindicat of Workers of the Movies Production, S.T.P.C. (Workers of the Cinematographic Production Union). She succeeded in convincing Negrete to recommend Infante to the producer Ismael Rodríguez, and others. As a result, he was invited to appear in different pictures, such as Vuelve el Ametralladora (The Machine Gun Returns)

While married to María Luisa León, Infante met the dancer Lupita Torrentera Bablot (b. 2 November 1931), with whom he had three children: Graciela Margarita (26 September 1947 – 20 January 1949, poliomyelitis), Pedro Infante Jr. (31 March 1950 – 1 April 2009, suicide), and Guadalupe Infante Torrentera (b. 3 October 1951). Irma Infante (b. 27 March 1955) was born from his marriage to young actress Irma Dorantes.[ citation needed ]

Actor

Infante appeared in such motion pictures as:

A statue of Pedro Infante in Merida Yucatan Estatua del Parque Pedro Infante en Merida, Yucatan (01).jpg
A statue of Pedro Infante in Merida Yucatan

Musical interpretations

Museum Pedro Infante Automobile - Alfa Museo Pedro Infante.JPG
Museum Pedro Infante Automobile – Alfa

Waltzes, cha-cha-chas, rancheras and boleros placed him among the most popular singers of the mariachi and ranchera music. Some of his most popular songs include: Amorcito Corazón (approximately My Little Love, Sweetheart), Te Quiero Así (I Love You Like This), La Que Se Fue (She Who Left), Corazón (Heart), El Durazno (The Peach), Dulce Patria (Sweet Fatherland), Maldita Sea Mi Suerte (Cursed Be My Luck), Así Es La vida (Life Is Like This), Mañana Rosalía (Tomorrow Rosalía), Mi Cariñito (My Little Darling), Dicen Que Soy Mujeriego (They Say I Am A Womanizer), Carta a Eufemia (Letter to Eufemia), Nocturnal, Cien Años (Hundred Years), Flor Sin Retoño (Flower Without Sprout), Pénjamo, and ¿Qué Te Ha Dado Esa Mujer? (What Has That Woman Given You?). He sang "Mi Cariñito" to his frequent on screen grandmother, Sara Garcia, so many times in so many of their movies together, that it was played at her funeral. [6]

The world-famous song Bésame Mucho ("Kiss Me a Lot", or more loosely translated to get its elusive Spanish meaning closer to its English meaning, "Give Me a Lot of Kisses"), from the composer Consuelo Velázquez, was the only melody that he recorded in English and he interpreted it in the movie A Toda Máquina (ATM) (At Full Speed), with Luis Aguilar.[ citation needed ]

Death and homages

Infante's hobby was aviation, which then led to his death. According to Wilbert Alonzo-Cabrera, his biographer, the actor was co-piloting a Consolidated B-24D, which had been converted from heavy bomber to freighter in San Diego, California. The plane crashed five minutes after taking off from Mérida, Yucatán, in southeast Mexico. An engine failed on takeoff, causing the plane to spiral to the ground, killing two on the ground as well as all three on the plane. [7]

B-24 Liberator photographed from above Consolidated B-24 Liberator from above.jpg
B-24 Liberator photographed from above

The death of Pedro Infante on the morning of 15 April 1957, was announced by radio personality Húmberto Sánchez-Rodríguez, of radio station XEMH of Mérida, after one of the firefighters discovered a bracelet engraved with the name "Pedro Infante", plus the winged insignia that symbolized his aviator license. This was around 8:15 am; at 11:12 am, Manuel Bernal, of Mexico City radio station XEW, gave the news saying: "this Monday, 15 April 1957, Pedro, our beloved Pedro...this has been confirmed, has died in a tragic accident in Mérida, Yucatán."[ citation needed ]

Pedro Infante's bust in the place he died Busto de Pedro Infante en Merida, Yucatan 04.JPG
Pedro Infante's bust in the place he died

Year after year, Infante attracts a great number of fans of every age to his shrine in the Panteón Jardín of Mexico City, as well as one at 54th through 87th streets in the center of Mérida. Infante died along with mechanic Marciano Bautista, and Captain Victor Manuel Vidal. [8]

Four statues have been erected in his honor. The one in Mexico City was made out of thousands of bronze keys donated by his fans to a Mexico City TV station after a request by TV host and producer Raúl Velasco. For the statue in Mérida another TV presenter (Manuel Pelayo) made a request and received keys. The third statue is in his birthplace, Mazatlán, Sinaloa.

At the Paseo de Olas Altas at Mazatlán there is a statue of Pedro Infante on a motorcycle, in honor of his role in the movie A Toda Máquina ("ATM") with Luis Aguilar and "¿Qué te ha dado esa mujer?" also with Luis Aguilar, Rosita Arenas and Carmen Montejo. The fourth statue is in the town square of Guamúchil, his adopted home town.[ citation needed ]

Legacy

Replica of Pedro Infante's grave in the offices of the newspaper El Sol de Mexico. Replica de tumba Pedro Infante.jpg
Replica of Pedro Infante's grave in the offices of the newspaper El Sol de México.

Infante died intestate. [9] The prime beneficiaries of his legacy were the producers of the extremely successful movies in which he starred, as well as the "Peerless" music company [10]

According to producer Jorge Madrid y Campos, who was also his legal representative, Pedro Infante's fame has increased greatly since his death. The presence of so many admirers at his shrine on the anniversary of his death is remarkable, as are the musical tributes from singers of the ranchera and mariachi genres that pay homage to him. As Mexican American author, Denise Chávez, in her book "Loving Pedro Infante" put it humorously, "If you're a [Mexican], and don't know who he is, you should be tied to a hot stove with a yucca rope and beaten with sharp dry corn husks as you stand in a vat of soggy fideos. If your racial and cultural background or ethnicity is other, then it's about time you learned about the most famous of Mexican singers and actors." [11]

Some fans have speculated that his death was faked. [12] These rumors were fueled by, among other factors, the fact that Infante's body was burned beyond recognition in the airplane crash, and by the appearance, in the 1980s, of a man named Antonio Pedro, who was thought to have resemblance to Infante. [13]

Filmography

Pedro Infante Statue in Merida, Yucatan Estatua ecuestre de Pedro Infante en Merida, Yucatan 05.JPG
Pedro Infante Statue in Mérida, Yucatán

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References

  1. "Pedro Infante". IMDb.
  2. "Pedro Infante Cruz".
  3. "Famous People Who Died in Aviation Accidents – 1950s". planecrashinfo.
  4. 1 2 "Berlinale 1957: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 31 December 2009.
  5. "La Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León".[ permanent dead link ]
  6. López, René Muñoz (1 May 2008). "El Rincón de la Añoranza: LA ABUELITA DEL CINE NACIONAL... SARA GARCÍA".
  7. "Famous People Who Died in Aviation Accidents-1950s". planecrashinfo.com. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  8. "Refrendan cientos su cariño a Pedro Infante, a 49 años de su fallecimiento". 16 April 2006. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 15 April 2007.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 15 April 2007.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Univision.com" . Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  11. Chavez, Denise, "Loving Pedro Infante", Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, (2001), pg. 5.
  12. (Spanish) Jose Ernesto Infante Quintanilla, "Pedro Infante – El Idolo Imortal", Editorial Oceano de Mexico, S.A. De C.V.(2006) pg. 162.
  13. "Mitos de la muerte de Pedro Infante". Azteca Noticias (in Spanish). TV Azteca. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2015.

Pedro Infante Jr. dead