Peggy Fleming

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Peggy Fleming
Former U.S. Olympian Peggy Fleming holds a Gold at the Pavilion.jpg
Personal information
Country representedUnited States
Born (1948-07-27) July 27, 1948 (age 70)
San Jose, California, United States
Height5 ft 4 in (163 cm) [1]
Former coach William Kipp, Carlo Fassi
Skating clubArctic Blades FSC, Lake Arrowhead
Broadmoor Skating Club, Colorado Springs
Retired1968

Peggy Gale Fleming [2] (born July 27, 1948) is an American former figure skater. She is the 1968 Olympic Champion in Ladies' singles and a three-time World Champion (1966–1968). Fleming has been a television commentator in figure skating for over 20 years, including several Winter Olympic Games.

Figure skating Ice sport performed on figure skates

Figure skating is a sport in which individuals,ice dance, pairs, or synchronized on figure skates on ice. It was the first winter sport included in the Olympics, in 1908. The four Olympic disciplines are men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dance. Non-Olympic disciplines include synchronized skating, Theater on Ice, and four skating. From Intermediate through Senior-level competition, skaters generally perform two programs which, depending on the discipline, may include spins, jumps, moves in the field, lifts, throw jumps, death spirals, and other elements or moves.

Figure skating at the 1968 Winter Olympics was held at Le Stade Olympique de Glace in Grenoble, France.

The World Figure Skating Championships ("Worlds") is an annual figure skating competition sanctioned by the International Skating Union. Medals are awarded in the categories of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing. Generally held in March, the World Championships are considered the most prestigious of the ISU Championships, which also include the European Championships, the Four Continents Championships, and the World Junior Championships. With the exception of the Olympic title, a world title is considered to be the highest competitive achievement in figure skating.

Contents

Life and career

Fleming was born in San Jose, California, the daughter of Doris Elizabeth (née Deal) and Albert Eugene Fleming, a newspaper journalist [2] and former U.S. Marine. [3] She began skating at age nine [4] when her father took Peggy and her three sisters skating. In 1961, when Peggy was twelve years old, her coach William Kipp was killed in the crash of Sabena Flight 548 along with the rest of the United States figure skating team while en route to the 1961 World Figure Skating Championships. Fleming was subsequently coached by Carlo Fassi. Her unusual style led to five U.S. titles, three World titles and the gold medal in the 1968 Olympics in Grenoble, France.

San Jose, California City in California, United States

San Jose, officially the City of San José, is the economic, cultural and political center of Silicon Valley, and the largest city in Northern California. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,035,317, it is the third-most populous city in California and the tenth-most populous in United States. Located in the center of the Santa Clara Valley, on the southern shore of San Francisco Bay, San Jose covers an area of 179.97 square miles (466.1 km2). San Jose is the county seat of Santa Clara County, the most affluent county in California and one of the most affluent counties in the United States. San Jose is the most populous city in both the San Francisco Bay Area and the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area, which contain 7.7 million and 8.7 million people respectively.

Sabena Flight 548 Fatal crash of Boeing 707 in Belgium, 15th Feb 1961

Sabena Flight 548 was a Boeing 707-329 aircraft that crashed en route from New York City to Brussels, Belgium, on February 15, 1961. The flight, which had originated at Idlewild International Airport, crashed on approach to Zaventem Airport, Brussels, killing all 72 people on board and one person on the ground. The fatalities included the entire U.S. Figure Skating team, who were travelling to the World Figure Skating Championships in Prague, Czechoslovakia. Despite a thorough investigation, the precise cause of the crash remains a mystery; the most likely explanation was thought to be a failure of the tail stabilizer-adjusting mechanism.

Carlo Fassi was an Italian figure skater and international coach whose students included several World and Olympic champions. As a single skater, he was the 1953 World bronze medalist, a two-time European champion, and a ten-time Italian national champion (1945–54).

Peggy's mother played a memorable role in her daughter's Grenoble Olympic medal, as she chose a color for the skating costume, chartreuse, named after the liqueur of that color produced by neighboring Carthusians in their founding monastery, which also gives the name "chartreuse" to the region, thereby perhaps inspiring local French audience support for Peggy's virtually flawless performance [5] . Her award in Grenoble was singularly important for the American athletes and the nation as a whole, for this was the only gold medal that the U.S. Olympic team won in the 1968 Winter Olympics. It signaled a return to American dominance in the sport of women's figure skating following the unprecedented tragedy of the 1961 Sabena plane crash.

Chartreuse is a color between yellow and green that was named because of its resemblance to the green color of one of the French liqueurs called green chartreuse, introduced in 1764. Similarly, chartreuse yellow is a yellow color mixed with a small amount of green that was named because of its resemblance to the color of one of the French liqueurs called yellow chartreuse, introduced in 1838.

Liqueur alcoholic beverage, sweetened and flavored distilled spirit

A liqueur is an alcoholic drink flavored variously by fruits, herbs, spices, flowers, nuts or cream combined with distilled spirits. Often served with or after dessert, they are typically heavily sweetened and un-aged beyond a resting period during production, when necessary, for their flavors to mingle.

Carthusians Catholic Church religious order founded in 1084

The Carthusian Order, also called the Order of Saint Bruno, is a Catholic religious order of enclosed monastics. The order was founded by Bruno of Cologne in 1084 and includes both monks and nuns. The order has its own Rule, called the Statutes, rather than the Rule of Saint Benedict, and combines eremitical and cenobitic monasticism.

After becoming an Olympic champion, Fleming turned professional, performed on TV shows including five NBC specials of her own and toured with many skating shows, like Ice Capades. During the Cold War, Fleming had filmed a TV show in USSR [6] and skated to Butterfly Lovers' Violin Concerto in China. [7] Since 1981, she has been a skating commentator for ABC Sports. [6] In 1993, the Associated Press released results of a national sports study [8] that ranked Fleming as the third most popular athlete in America, behind fellow Olympians Mary Lou Retton and Dorothy Hamill. [9]

Ice Capades entertainment show

The Ice Capades were traveling entertainment shows featuring theatrical ice skating performances. Shows often featured former Olympic and US National Champion figure skaters who had retired from formal competition. Started in 1940, the Ice Capades grew rapidly and prospered for 50 years. A decline in popularity ensued in the 1980s, and the show went out of business around 1995. There have been several attempts to revive the show and its name.

Cold War Geopolitical tension after World War II between the Eastern and Western Bloc

The Cold War was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union with its satellite states, and the United States with its allies after World War II. A common historiography of the conflict begins between 1946, the year U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan's "Long Telegram" from Moscow cemented a U.S. foreign policy of containment of Soviet expansionism threatening strategically vital regions, and the Truman Doctrine of 1947, and ending between the Revolutions of 1989, which ended communism in Eastern Europe as well as in other areas, and the 1991 collapse of the USSR, when nations of the Soviet Union abolished communism and restored their independence. The term "cold" is used because there was no large-scale fighting directly between the two sides, but they each supported major regional conflicts known as proxy wars. The conflict split the temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany and its allies, leaving the USSR and the US as two superpowers with profound economic and political differences.

The Butterfly Lovers' Violin Concerto, along with the Yellow River Piano Concerto, is one of the most famous orchestra works of Chinese music. It is an orchestral adaptation of an ancient legend, the Butterfly Lovers. Written for the western style orchestra, it features a solo violin played using some Chinese techniques.

Peggy Fleming was diagnosed with breast cancer in 1998. The cancer was detected in its early stages, and surgery was successful. She became a breast cancer activist who recommends not procrastinating and advocates for early detection. [10]

Breast cancer cancer that originates in the mammary gland

Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, fluid coming from the nipple, a newly inverted nipple, or a red or scaly patch of skin. In those with distant spread of the disease, there may be bone pain, swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, or yellow skin.

Fleming and her husband, Greg Jenkins, owned and operated Fleming Jenkins Vineyards & Winery in California. The winery produced close to 2,000 cases of wine a year with names as "Choreography" a Bordeaux style blend from Napa Valley and a "Victories Rose" from the San Francisco Bay Syrah. [11] Profits from the "Victories Rosé" went towards charities that supported research towards breast cancer. [11] The winery closed in 2011. [12]

In 1988, a Peggy Fleming all-porcelain doll was made by Franklin Mint Heirloom Porcelain Dolls.

In 2007, Fleming appeared in the movie Blades of Glory as a judge.

In 2010, Art of the Olympians produced a 30-minute documentary. [13] She is also an artist with works on display with the Art of the Olympians. [14]

Along with former Olympian Vonetta Flowers, Fleming was injured and briefly hospitalized after a traffic accident while riding in U.S. Vice President Joe Biden's motorcade at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver. [15]

Personal life

In June 13, 1970, Fleming married her teenage sweetheart Greg Jenkins, a dermatologist and a former amateur figure skater. [16] [17] The couple have two sons, Andy (born in 1977) and Todd (born in 1988), [6] and three grandchildren. [18]

Performance

Peggy Fleming at the 1968 Olympics on a 1983 Paraguayan stamp Peggy Fleming 1983 Paraguay stamp.jpg
Peggy Fleming at the 1968 Olympics on a 1983 Paraguayan stamp
Event1962196319641965196619671968
Winter Olympics 6th1st
World Championships 7th3rd1st1st1st
North American Championships 2nd1st
U.S. Championships 2nd N.3rd J.1st1st1st1st1st

Awards and honors

See also

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References

  1. "Peggy Fleming". Sports-reference.com. July 27, 1948. Archived from the original on June 25, 2014. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  2. 1 2 "Peggy Flemming". Filmreference.com.
  3. "Peggy Fleming (2012) Remembers". youTube.com. Retrieved November 21, 2016.
  4. Woolum, Janet (1998) Outstanding Women Athletes: Who They Are and How They Influenced Sports in America. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN   1-57356-120-7. p. 124
  5. https://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2018/02/peggy-fleming-and-the-1968-winter-olympics/552635/
  6. 1 2 3 Hilton, Lisette (2005). "Fleming launched modern era of figure skating". ESPN Classics.
  7. "Peggy Fleming" (videos). Peggy Fleming's Official Site. 2014.
  8. Wilstein, Steve (May 17, 1993). "Retton, Hammill most popular American athletes". Associated Press.
  9. "Athletes". Archived from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
  10. "American Breast Cancer Guide – Celebrities Inspiration Roundup". Web.archive.org. April 27, 2006. Archived from the original on April 27, 2006. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  11. 1 2 Sports Illustrated, July 2, 2007, p. 87
  12. Hamilton, Marianne L. (January 16, 2012). "Fleming Jenkins tasting room closes for good". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  13. hosted by Fleming
  14. http://artoftheolympians.org/artists/peggy-fleming/
  15. Associated Press (February 14, 2010). "Fleming injured in accident in Biden's motorcade". Team USA. Archived from the original on October 5, 2011.
  16. Borden, Timothy (2004). "Fleming, Peggy". Notable Sports Figures.
  17. Kaminsky, Peter (November 1, 1999). "Picks and Pans Review: The Long Program". People Magazine. Archived from the original on March 28, 2014.
  18. "Peggy Fleming". biography.com. 2014.