Pelaw

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Pelaw
Tyne and Wear UK location map.svg
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Pelaw
Location within Tyne and Wear
Population9,100 (2011 Census data for Pelaw and Heworth ward)
OS grid reference NZ 2916 6228
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GATESHEAD
Postcode district NE10
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°57′N1°32′W / 54.95°N 1.54°W / 54.95; -1.54 Coordinates: 54°57′N1°32′W / 54.95°N 1.54°W / 54.95; -1.54

Pelaw ( /ˈplɔː/ ) is a residential area in Gateshead, located around 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne, 11 miles (18 km) from Sunderland, and 17 miles (27 km) from Durham. In 2011, Census data for the Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council ward of Heworth and Pelaw recorded a total population of 9,100. [1]

Contents

Pelaw lies in between the older settlements of Heworth to the west, Bill Quay to the east, and Wardley to the south, with the southern bank of the River Tyne forming the northern border.

Local residents from Pelaw who are thought of as someone who gives a lot to the local community by many of the other residents are given the title; Legend of Pelaw, often abbreviated to LOP.

History

Pelaw came into being due to the huge Victorian factory complexes of the Co-operative Wholesale Society (CWS) which was the manufacturing division of the then burgeoning Co-op company, which grew up along the length of the Shields Road. This mile long stretch of red-brick industry was home to factories making clothing and textiles, furniture, pharmaceuticals, household cleaning products, quilts, books and magazines and the world-famous 'Pelaw' shoe polish.

The factories created Pelaw, and were a significant employer in the area during most of the twentieth century. Due to inevitable foreign competition, the prevailing economic climate, and government policies of the times, the majority of the factories were closed and demolished between the mid-1970s and early 1990s, to be replaced in recent years by modern housing estates.

Only one of the original CWS buildings – the Cabinet Factory – is extant. The Cabinet Factory in Bill Quay, which later became a major Brentford Nylons plant, has been redeveloped, now housing Stonehills Business Park. The last factory to be demolished was the Shirt Factory, the site having since been redeveloped in to a supermarket. [2]

Demography

According to the 2011 Census, the Pelaw and Heworth ward has a population of 9,100. The ward is split into three distinct districts:

52.2% of the population are female, slightly above the national average, while 47.8% are male. Only 2.7% of the population were from a black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) group, as opposed to 14.6% of the national population. [3]

Data from the 2011 Census found that the average life expectancy in Pelaw and Heworth is 79.1 years for men, and 81.1 years for women. These statics compare fairly favourably, when compared to the average life expectancy in the North East of England, of 77.4 and 81.4 years, respectively. [4]

Car ownership is lower than the average in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead (63.5%), but lower than the national average of 74.2% – with 61.1% of households in the Pelaw and Heworth ward owning at least one car. [3]

Demography (data from 2011 Census)
Demographic% of population
Pelaw [3]
% of population
Gateshead [5]
% of population
England [6]
Total population9,100200,21453,012,456
Male47.8%48.9%49.2%
Female52.2%51.1%50.8%
BAME 2.7%3.7%14.6%
Age 65+17.8%17.6%16.4%

In Pelaw, there is a significant contrast between ethnic groups. For example, the five output areas that covering the centre of Pelaw are around 90% White British, with the most ethnically diverse output area being 88.1%. The four output areas on the eastern and western edges of the district are all at least 97% White British, with the least ethnically diverse output area being 99.2%. Pelaw is more ethnically diverse than other districts within Gateshead, such as Leam Lane and Windy Nook, but less so, when compared with Felling and Saltwell.

Education

Pelaw is served by one primary school, St. Alban's Catholic Primary School. [7] In June 2017, the school was rated "good" by Ofsted. Nearby primary schools include Bill Quay Primary School in Bill Quay, The Drive Community Primary School in Heworth, and Wardley Primary School and White Mere Community Primary School in Wardley.

In terms of secondary education, Pelaw is located within the catchment area for Heworth Grange School in Leam Lane. [8] An inspection carried out by Ofsted in January 2017 deemed the school to be "inadequate". [9] [10] [11] St. Alban's Catholic Primary School also acts as a feeder school for Cardinal Hume Catholic School in Wrekenton, rated "outstanding" by Ofsted in January 2014, [12] as well as St. Joseph's Catholic Academy in Hebburn, which was rated "requires improvement" by Ofsted in January 2019. [13] [14]

Governance

Pelaw and Heworth is a local council ward in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead. This ward covers an area of around 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), and has a population of 9,100. [15] As of April 2020, the ward is served by three councillors: Ian Patterson, John Paul Dilston and Rosy Oxberry. [16] Pelaw is located within the parliamentary constituency of Jarrow. As of April 2020, the constituency is served by Kate Osborne. [17]

Gateshead Council Local Elections 2019:
Pelaw and Heworth [18]
CandidatePolitical partyNo. of
votes
% of
votes
John Paul Dilston  Liberal Democrats  1,22251.5%
Jill Green  Labour  72630.6%
Jordan Oliver  UKIP  23810.0%
Nicholas Boldrini  Green  1275.3%
Paul Sterling  Conservative  612.6%

Transport

Air

The nearest airport to Pelaw is Newcastle International Airport, which is located around 10 miles (16 km) away by road. Teesside International Airport and Carlisle Lake District Airport are located around 36 and 57 miles (58 and 92 km) away by road.

Bus

Pelaw is served by Go North East's frequent Crusader 26 and 27 service, which runs up to every 10 minutes from Newcastle, Gateshead and Heworth to Hebburn, Jarrow and South Shields.

Rail

The nearest Tyne and Wear Metro stations is located at Pelaw. The Tyne and Wear Metro provides a regular service to Newcastle, with trains running up to every 6 minutes (7–8 minutes during the evening and Sunday) between Pelaw and South Gosforth, increasing to up to every 3 minutes at peak times. [19] Heworth is the nearest rail station, with Northern Trains providing an hourly service along the Durham Coast Line. [20]

Pelaw is the site of a rail junction located on the original route of the East Coast Main Line. Pelaw Junction was the former meeting point of the Brandling Junction Railway, Leamside Line and Durham Coast Line. Trains continue to serve the Durham Coast Line today, including the Tyne and Wear Metro between Pelaw Junction and Sunderland, an hourly passenger service operated by Northern Trains, and freight services. The Leamside Line closed to passengers in 1964, under the Beeching Axe, and to freight in the 1990s.

Road

Pelaw is served by the A185 – a route linking the area with Heworth, Hebburn and Jarrow. By road, Gateshead can be reached in around 10 minutes, Newcastle in 15 minutes, and Newcastle International Airport in 30 minutes.

People from Pelaw

See also

Related Research Articles

Gateshead Human settlement in England

Gateshead is a large town in Tyne and Wear, England, on the southern bank of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne. Gateshead and Newcastle are joined by seven bridges across the Tyne, including the Gateshead Millennium Bridge. The town is known for its architecture, including the Sage Gateshead, the Angel of the North and the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art. Residents of Gateshead, like the rest of Tyneside, are usually referred to as Geordies. Gateshead's town population in 2011 was 120,046.

Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead Metropolitan borough in England

The Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead is a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, in North East England. The borough forms the south west part of the county. It is named after its largest town, Gateshead, but also spans the towns of Rowlands Gill, Whickham, Blaydon and Ryton; suburban areas include Felling, Pelaw, Dunston and Low Fell.

Bill Quay Human settlement in England

Bill Quay is a residential area in Gateshead, located around 4 miles (6.4 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne, 12 miles (19 km) from Sunderland, and 17 miles (27 km) from Durham. In 2011, Census data for the Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council ward of Heworth and Pelaw recorded a total population of 9,100.

Felling, Tyne and Wear Human settlement in England

Felling is an eastern suburb of Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England. The town was formed when three villages coalesced in the 19th century. Historically part of County Durham, the town was subsumed into the metropolitan borough of Gateshead in 1974. It lies on the B1426 Sunderland Road and the A184 Felling bypass, less than 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Gateshead town centre, 1 mile (1.6 km) south east of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and 10 miles north west of the City of Sunderland. In 2011, Felling had a population of 8,908.

Jarrow (UK Parliament constituency)

Jarrow is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Kate Osborne of the Labour Party.

Heworth Interchange is a transport interchange located in Heworth, Gateshead, consisting of a National Rail station, Tyne and Wear Metro station, and a bus and coach station. It was opened in November 1979 for British Rail services, as a replacement for former stations at Felling and Pelaw, with Tyne and Wear Metro services commencing around two years later, in November 1981.

Pelaw Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

Pelaw is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving the suburbs of Bill Quay, Wardley and Pelaw in Gateshead. The Tyne and Wear Metro station at Pelaw was opened in September 1985, and refurbished in 2006.

Hebburn Human settlement in England

Hebburn is a small town on the south bank of the River Tyne in North East England sandwiched between the towns of Jarrow and Gateshead and to the south of Walker. The population of Hebburn was 18,808 in 2001, reducing to 16,492 at the 2011 Census for the 2 Hebburn Wards. Once part of the private Ellison estate, and made an independent Urban District in 1894, in 1974 it became part of the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear.

Wrekenton Human settlement in England

Wrekenton is a residential area in Gateshead, located around 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne, 11 miles (18 km) from Sunderland, and 14 miles (23 km) from Durham. In 2011, Census data for the Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council ward of High Fell recorded a total population of 6,110.

Bede Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

Bede is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving Jarrow in South Tyneside. The station joined the network in March 1984, following the opening of the line between Heworth and South Shields. The station is named after the Venerable Bede – a monk who established the nearby St. Paul's Monastery during the seventh century.

Hebburn Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

Hebburn is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving Hebburn in South Tyneside. The station joined the network in March 1984, following the opening of the line between Heworth and South Shields.

Low Fell Human settlement in England

Low Fell is a suburb of Gateshead situated in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead in Tyne and Wear, England. Built predominantly on sandstone, grindstone and clay, it is bordered by Sheriff Hill/Deckham to the east, Saltwell/Bensham to the west, Harlow Green to the south and Shipcote to the north. The suburb lies on a major bus route 2.5 miles south of Gateshead centre, 3 miles south of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne and 12 miles north of the historic City of Durham. The principal road in the suburb is the A167. According to the 2001 UK census, the suburb had a population of 8,643, falling marginally to 8,636 at the 2011 census.

Springwell Village Human settlement in England

Springwell Village is a village in the City of Sunderland, located approximately 4.5 miles (7.2 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne, 9 miles (14 km) from Sunderland, and 13 miles (21 km) from Durham. In 2011, Census data for the Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council ward of Washington West recorded a total population of 11,833.

Heworth, Tyne and Wear Human settlement in England

Heworth is a residential area in Gateshead, located around 3 miles (4.8 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne, 11 miles (18 km) from Sunderland, and 17 miles (27 km) from Durham. In 2011, Census data for the Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council ward of Heworth and Pelaw recorded a total population of 9,100.

Transport in Tyne and Wear

Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan area covering the cities of Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, as well as North and South Tyneside, Gateshead and Washington.

Wardley, Gateshead Human settlement in England

Wardley is a residential area in Gateshead, located around 4 miles (6.4 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne, 10 miles (16 km) from Sunderland, and 15 miles (24 km) from Durham. In 2011, Census data for the Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council ward of Wardley and Leam Lane recorded a total population of 8,327.

Leam Lane Estate Human settlement in England

Leam Lane Estate is a housing estate in Gateshead, built in the 1950s and early 60's. Originally made up solely of council-built accommodation and housing association houses. Most of the properties are now privately owned. The estate is located around 4 miles (6.4 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne, 10.5 miles (16.9 km) from Sunderland, and 15.5 miles (24.9 km) from Durham. In 2011, Census data for the Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council ward of Wardley and Leam Lane recorded a total population of 8,327.

Windy Nook Human settlement in England

Windy Nook is an area in Tyne and Wear, England, bordered by Carr Hill to the west, Leam Lane Estate to the east, Felling to the north and Sheriff Hill to the south. It lies on steep, sloping land 2.25 miles (3.62 km) south of Gateshead, 2.75 miles (4.43 km) south of Newcastle upon Tyne and 12 miles (19 km) north of Durham. In 2011, the Windy Nook and Whitehills ward had a population of 9,781. Formerly part of Heworth, it was incorporated into the newly formed Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead on 1 April 1974.

Eighton Banks Human settlement in England

Eighton Banks is a small village in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, which is located around 4.5 miles (7 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne.

References

  1. "Census 2011 Ward Factsheet: Pelaw & Heworth" (PDF). Gateshead Council.
  2. Morton, David (1 September 2016). "The old Pelaw shirt factory in Gateshead: Now a new Lidl store is planned on the site". ChronicleLive. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  3. 1 2 3 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Pelaw and Heworth Ward (as of 2011) (E05001081)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  4. "Health state life expectancy by 2011 Census wards, England and Wales: 2009 to 2013". Office for National Statistics. 7 March 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  5. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Gateshead Local Authority (E08000037)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  6. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – England Country (E92000001)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  7. "School report: St Alban's Catholic Primary School". Ofsted. 15–16 June 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  8. O'Neill, Caroline (July 2019). "Gateshead Local Authority Admission to Secondary School (2020)" (PDF). Gateshead Council. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  9. "School report: Heworth Grange Comprehensive School". Ofsted. 11–12 January 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  10. Graham, Hannah (15 March 2017). "What went wrong at Heworth Grange school as inspectors brand it 'inadequate'?". ChronicleLive. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  11. Graham, Hannah (16 February 2018). "Heworth Grange Ofsted: Head teacher hits out as Gateshead school is rated 'inadequate'". ChronicleLive. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  12. "School report: Cardinal Hume Catholic School". Ofsted. 14–15 January 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  13. "School report: St Joseph's Catholic Academy". Ofsted. 30–31 January 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  14. Harrison, James (18 March 2019). "St Joseph's Catholic Academy in Hebburn told to 'improve the quality of teaching' in Ofsted report". ChronicleLive. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  15. "Pelaw and Heworth Ward Factsheet" (PDF). Gateshead Council. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  16. "Councillors by Ward". Gateshead Council. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  17. "MPs representing Jarrow (Constituency)". UK Parliament. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  18. "Local election results 2019: Pelaw and Heworth". Gateshead Council. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  19. "Timetables and stations: Pelaw". Nexus. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  20. "Train times: Nunthorpe and Middlesbrough to Newcastle and Metrocentre" (PDF). Northern Trains. 15 December 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2020.