Peng Yuxing

Last updated
Peng Yuxing
彭宇行
Vice Governor of Sichuan
In office
September 2017 April 2019
Governor Yin Li
Party Secretary of Mianyang
In office
June 2015 December 2017
Preceded byLuo Qiang
Succeeded byLiu Chao
Party Secretary of Neijiang
In office
November 2013 June 2015
Preceded byZeng Wanming
Succeeded byYang Songbai
Personal details
BornNovember 1962 (age 5657)
Qianwei County, Sichuan, China
Political party Communist Party of China (expelled)
Alma mater Sichuan University
Pierre and Marie Curie University
Peng Yuxing
Chinese 彭宇行

Peng Yuxing (Chinese :彭宇行; born November 1962) is a Chinese chemist and former politician. He served as President of the Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry and Vice President of the Chengdu branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. After entering politics, he served as Party Secretary of the cities Neijiang and Mianyang, and became Vice Governor of Sichuan province in 2017. In April 2019, he came under investigation by China's anti-graft agencies and was stripped of his government posts. He was expelled from the Communist Party of China in October 2019.

Chinese language family of languages

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the ethnic Chinese majority and many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language.

Chengdu Prefecture-level & Sub-provincial city in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which serves as the capital of the Chinese province of Sichuan. It is one of the three most-populous cities in Western China, the other two being Chongqing and Xi'an. As of 2014, the administrative area housed 14,427,500 inhabitants, the largest in Sichuan, with an urban population of 10,152,632. At the time of the 2010 census, Chengdu was the fifth-most populous agglomeration in China, with 10,484,996 inhabitants in the built-up area including Xinjin County and Deyang's Guanghan City. Chengdu is considered a World City with a "Beta +" classification, according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.

Chinese Academy of Sciences academy of sciences

The Chinese Academy of Sciences, is a Chinese research institute. It has historical origins in the Academia Sinica during the Republican era and formerly also known by that name, is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Collectively known as the "Two Academies (两院)" along with the Chinese Academy of Engineering, it functions as the national scientific think tank and academic governing body, providing advisory and appraisal services on issues stemming from the national economy, social development, and science and technology progress. It is headquartered in Xicheng District, Beijing, with branch institutes all over mainland China. It has also created hundreds of commercial enterprises, Lenovo being one of the most famous.

Contents

Early life and education

Peng was born in Qianwei County, Sichuan, in November 1962. He entered Sichuan University in September 1978 and graduated four years later with a bachelor's degree in chemistry. He earned his master's degree in polymer chemistry from the same university in 1985. [1]

Qianwei County County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Qianwei County is a county in the central part of Sichuan Province, China. It is under the administration of Leshan City.

Sichuan Province

Sichuan is a landlocked province in Southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south. Sichuan's capital city is Chengdu. The population of Sichuan stands at 81 million.

Sichuan University One of best Universities in Chengdu, Sichuan, China

Sichuan University is a university in Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, China. It has a long history and many predecessors, of which the earliest one was founded in 1740 with the origin in BCE 141. It was transformed to be a modern university in 1920s and the name National Sichuan University (國立四川大學) was adopted in 1931.

In July 1985, he was assigned to the Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, as an assistant research fellow. In 1990, he went to France to study at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris, and earned his PhD in polymer materials two years later. He subsequently spent more than a year conducting postdoctoral research at Exxon in France. [1]

Pierre and Marie Curie University Former french university existing from 1971 to 2017

Pierre and Marie Curie University, titled as UPMC from 2007–2017 and also known as Paris 6, was a public research university in Paris, France from 1971 to 2017. The university was located on the Jussieu Campus in the Latin Quarter of the 5th arrondissement of Paris, France.

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts. The City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France, or Paris Region, which has an estimated official 2019 population of 12,213,364, or about 18 percent of the population of France. The Paris Region had a GDP of €709 billion in 2017. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, after Singapore, and ahead of Zürich, Hong Kong, Oslo and Geneva. Another source ranked Paris as most expensive, on a par with Singapore and Hong Kong, in 2018.

Exxon American chain of gas stations and a brand of motor fuel and related products

Exxon is the former brand name of oil and natural resources company Exxon Corporation, prior to 1972 known as Standard Oil Company of New Jersey. In 1999, Exxon Corporation merged with Mobil to form ExxonMobil. The Exxon brand is still used by ExxonMobil's downstream operations as a brand for certain gas stations, motor fuel and related products. Standard Oil Company of New Jersey was one of the Seven Sisters that dominated the global petroleum industry from the mid-1940s to the 1970s.

Career

In December 1993, Peng returned to the Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry as a research professor. He became Vice President of the institute in February 1997, and President in June 1999. He joined the Communist Party of China in June 1995. In April 2001, he was appointed Vice President of the Chengdu branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. [1]

Communist Party of China Political party of China

The Communist Party of China (CPC) is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China. The CPC is the sole governing party within mainland China, permitting only eight other, subordinated parties to co-exist, those making up the United Front. It was founded in 1921, chiefly by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao. The party grew quickly, and by 1949 it had driven the nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) government from mainland China after the Chinese Civil War, leading to the establishment of the People's Republic of China. It also controls the world's largest armed forces, the People's Liberation Army.

In December 2009, Peng became party branch secretary of Sichuan Provincial Science and Technology Department, and concurrently served as its head in January 2010. In November 2013 he was appointed Party Secretary of Neijiang City. [1]

Neijiang Prefecture-level city in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Neijiang is a prefecture-level city in the southeast of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China. It is located on the Tuo River and is a transportation and food-processing center. The population of the entire prefecture was 3,702,847 at the 2010 census, and the population of the built-up (metro) area was 1,251,095 in the 2 urban districts of Shizhong and Dongxing.

In June 2015, Peng was appointed Party Secretary of Mianyang, a city that serves as an important research and production base for the defence industry. [2] He was also the chief of the party's working committee for the Mianyang Sciences and Technology City project, responsible for working with researchers to convert military technology into civilian products. [2] In September 2017, he was promoted to Vice Governor of Sichuan and headed the provincial commission for integrated military and civilian development, [3] and was described as a "czar" of China's military-industrial complex. [3] He was also elected a delegate to the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. [1]

Mianyang Prefecture-level city in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Mianyang is the second largest prefecture-level city of Sichuan province in Southwest China. Its population was 5.45 million in 2015 covering an area of 20,281 square kilometres (7,831 sq mi) consisting of Jiangyou, a county-level city, six counties and two urban districts. Its built-up area was home to 1,722,133 inhabitants including the city proper of Mianyang and An County largely being conurbated as urbanisation sprawls. In 2006, Mianyang was ranked as China's third "most suitable city for living" by China Daily, after coastal cities Dalian and Xiamen., but it has since dropped out of the top 10.

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held at the Great Hall of the People, Beijing, between 18 and 24 October 2017. 2,280 delegates represented the party's estimated 89 million members. Preparations for the 19th National Congress began in 2016 and ended with a plenary session of the Central Committee a few days prior to the Congress. In 2016, local and provincial party organizations began electing delegates to the congress as well as receiving and amending party documents.

Investigation

On 28 April 2019, Peng was put under investigation for alleged "serious violations of discipline and laws" by the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI), the party's internal disciplinary body, and the National Supervisory Commission, the highest anti-corruption agency of China. [2] [4] According to The Nikkei, citing overseas Chinese media, Peng was suspected of leaking information on military technology to foreign intelligence agencies. [3] He was formally stripped of his government posts on 12 May 2019. [5]

On 10 October, the CCDI announced its investigation results. It found that Peng had accepted bribes, misspent public funds on excessive travel and dining expenses, and used his power to obtain sexual services. He was expelled from the Communist Party and demoted by several official ranks. According to the announcement, he was given reduced punishment because he confessed to his wrongdoings and returned his illegal gains. [1] [5]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "四川省政府原党组成员、副省长彭宇行受到开除党籍、政务撤职处分". CCDI. 2019-10-10. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  2. 1 2 3 William Zheng; Echo Xie (25 April 2019). "Vice-governor of China's Sichuan province Peng Yuxing taken away in corruption investigation". South China Moring Post. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 Tabeta, Shunsuke (17 June 2019). "Did China's military-industrial-complex czar pass secrets abroad?". Nikkei. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  4. "Vice-governor of Sichuan under investigation". China Daily. 28 April 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. 1 2 Li Hongyang (10 October 2019). "Ex-Sichuan vice-governor removed from post". China Daily. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
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Party Secretary of Neijiang
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Party Secretary of Mianyang
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