People's Artist of the USSR

Last updated
People's Artist of the Soviet Union medal People's Artist of the USSR.jpg
People's Artist of the Soviet Union medal

People's Artist of the USSR (Russian : Наро́дный арти́ст СССР, Narodný artist SSSR), also sometimes translated as National Artist of the USSR, was an honorary title granted to artists of the Soviet Union.

Contents

Nomenclature and significance

The term is confusingly used to translate two Russian language titles: Народный артист СССР (fem. Народная артистка СССР), awarded in performing arts and Народный художник СССР, granted in some visual arts.

Each Soviet Republic, as well as the Autonomous Republics (ASSRs), had a similar award held previously by virtually every receiver of the higher title of People's Artist of the USSR.

Republicperforming artsvisual arts
Russian SFSR народный артист РСФСРнародный художник РСФСР
Ukrainian SSR народний артист Української РСРнародний художник Української РСР
Byelorussian SSR народны артыст Беларускай ССРнародны мастак Беларускай ССР
Uzbek SSR Ўзбекистон ССР халқ артистиЎзбекистон ССР халқ рассоми
Kazakh SSR Қазақ КСР-ң халық әртісіҚазақ КСР-ң халық суретшісі
Georgian SSR საქართველოს სსრ სახალხო არტისტი
Azerbaijan SSR Азәрбајҹан ССР халг артистиАзәрбајҹан ССР халг рәссамы
Lithuanian SSR Lietuvos TSR liaudies artistasLietuvos TSR liaudies dailininkas
Moldavian SSR артист ал попорулуй дин РСС Молдовеняскэартист пластик ал попорулуй дин РСС Молдовеняскэ
Latvian SSR Latvijas PSR tautas skatuves mākslinieksLatvijas PSR tautas mākslinieks
Kyrgyz SSR Кыргыз ССР эл артисти
Tajik SSR Артисти халқии РСС Тоҷикистон
Armenian SSR Հայաստանի ՍՍՀ ժողովրդական արտիստ
Turkmen SSR Түркмен ССР-иң халк артистиТүркмен ССР-иң халк художниги
Estonian SSR Eesti NSV rahvakunstnik

As this title was granted by the government, honorees were afforded certain privileges and would often receive commissions from the Minister of Culture of the Soviet Union. Accordingly, artists and authors who expressed criticism of the Communist Party were seldom granted such recognition, if not outright censored.

Performing arts

Maria Yermolova, first People's Artist of the Republic 1920. Yermolova.jpg
Maria Yermolova, first People's Artist of the Republic 1920.

The title was bestowed for exceptional achievements in the performing arts in the Soviet Union. Its recipients included many of the most-acclaimed composers, dancers, singers, film and theatre directors and actors of every Soviet republic. In all, there were 1006 recipients of the award.

The title was introduced in 1936, replacing the earlier title of "People's Artist of the Republic". The first recipients of the title (6 September 1936) were Konstantin Stanislavski, Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Ivan Moskvin, Antonina Nezhdanova, Boris Shchukin, Kulyash Baiseitova and some other actors. The last persons to be honored with the title were Sofia Pilyavskaya and Oleg Yankovsky (21 December 1991).

Originally, the title was bestowed on theatre actors, ballet dancers, and opera singers only. Gradually, it came to be bestowed upon film actors (e.g., Lyubov Orlova), composers (e.g., Arno Babajanian, Dmitri Shostakovich), violinists (e.g. David Oistrakh), pop singers (e.g., Leonid Utyosov), comedians (e.g., Arkady Raikin), and even circus performers such as Natalya Durova and Oleg Popov.

Normally, a person was named the People's Artist of the USSR after 40 years of age. Exceptions were made for dancers, e.g., Nadezhda Pavlova, a ballet artist, received the title at the age of 28, and Malika Kalontarova, a famous Bukharian Jewish folk dancer from Tajikistan, received the title at the age of 34. [1]

The youngest female persons to receive this title were Kazakh opera singers Kulyash Baiseitova (1936) and Halima Nosirova (1937) (at the age of 24). The youngest male person was the Azerbaijani baritone operatic and pop singer Muslim Magomayev (1973) (at the age of 31). Among the actors, the youngest recipient was Sergei Bondarchuk (age 32). The youngest actress to receive the title was Yuri Andropov's daughter-in-law, [2] Lyudmila Chursina, at age 40. [3]

Sofia Rotaru, for example, was named Merited Artist of the Ukrainian SSR in 1973, People's Artist of the Ukrainian SSR in 1976, People's Artist of the Moldavian SSR in 1983, an attained cumulation of People's Artist titles, [4] and finally People's Artist of the Soviet Union in 1988, the first female pop-singer to be honored with this award and the only one with three People's Artists. [4]

Visual arts

The title of People's Painter of the Soviet Union (Народный художник СССР) was awarded for exceptional achievements in certain visual arts: painting, sculpture, drawing, and photography. The lesser title of Meritorious Painter of the Soviet Union (Заслуженный художник СССР) was also awarded for achievement in these fields.

Other honored professions

See also

Related Research Articles

Peoples Artist of Russia Russian performing arts award

People's Artist of the Russian Federation, also sometimes translated as National Artist of the Russian Federation, is an honorary and the highest title awarded to citizens of the Russian Federation, all outstanding in the performing arts, whose merits are exceptional in the sphere of the development of the performing arts.

The State Prizes of the Soviet Republics were each republic counterpart to the USSR State Prize. Each republic granted several different prizes, generally named after writers or artists from the republic, as well as a blanket Komsomol prize for young artists.

People's Artist is an honorary title in the Soviet Union, Union republics, in some other Eastern bloc states, as well as in a number of post-Soviet states, modeled after the title of the People's Artist of the USSR.

Kulyash Baiseitova Soviet-Kazakh opera singer (1912–1957)

Kúlásh Jasynqyzy Báıseıitova ( was a Soviet-Kazakh opera singer ; one of the founders of Kazakh opera, actress of drama theatre, public figure, Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh SSR 1-3-go convening. Knight of the Order of Lenin. One of the first owners of the title "People's Artist of the USSR" and one of the youngest for all his years of the award.

Peoples Artist of the Armenian SSR Award

People's Artist of the Armenian SSR, is an honorary title awarded to citizens of the Armenian SSR in the Soviet Union. It is awarded for outstanding performance in the performing arts, whose merits are exceptional in the sphere of the development of the performing arts.

Merited Artist of the Russian Federation

Merited Artist is an honorary title in the Soviet Union, Russian Federation, Union republics, and Autonomous republics, also in some other Eastern bloc states, as well as in a number of post-Soviet states.

Peoples Artist of Ukraine

People's Artist of Ukraine is an honorary and the highest title awarding to outstanding performing artists whose merits are exceptional in the sphere of the development of the performing arts.

Peoples Architect of the USSR

People's Architect of the USSR, also sometimes translated as National Architect of the USSR, was an honorary title granted to architects of the Soviet Union; it was established on August 12, 1967 by Leonid Brezhnev. It was bestowed by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR owing proposals addressed by the State Construction Committee or by the Soviet Architects' Union. The Supreme Soviet could possibly refuse these designations.

Peoples Doctor of the USSR Award

People's Doctor of the USSR was an honorary title granted to doctors of the Soviet Union; it was established on 25 October 1977 by Leonid Brezhnev and its creation was officialized on the n°44/1977 issue of Supreme Soviet's official journal. Its regulation was later modified and completed by the Supreme Soviet's decree of 22 August 1988.

Peoples Teacher of the USSR Award

People's Teacher of the USSR was an honorary title granted to teachers of the Soviet Union; it was established on 30 December 1977. Following the Dissolution of the Soviet Union (1990) the title was modified to National Teacher of the Russian Federation.

Joseph Serebriany

Jasef Alexandrovich Serebriany was a Soviet Russian painter and stage decorator, who lived and worked in Leningrad, a member of the Leningrad Union of Artists, People's Artist of the Russian Federation, professor of the Repin Institute of Arts, regarded as one of the leading representatives of the Leningrad school of painting, well known for his portrait paintings.

The year 1953 was marked by many events that left an imprint on the history of Soviet and Russian Fine Arts.

The year 1972 was marked by many events that left an imprint on the history of Soviet and Russian Fine Arts.

The year 1988 was marked by many events that left an imprint on the history of Soviet and Russian Fine Arts.

Medal "For Distinguished Labour"

The Medal "For Distinguished Labour" was a civilian labour award of the Soviet Union bestowed to especially deserving workers to recognise and honour high performances in labour or contributions in the fields of science, culture or the manufacturing industry. In just over fifty years of existence, it was bestowed to over two million deserving citizens. It was established on December 27, 1938 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Its statute was amended three times by further decrees, first on June 19, 1943 to amend its description and ribbon, then on December 16, 1947 to amend its regulations, and finally on July 18, 1980 to confirm all previous amendments. The medal ceased to be awarded following the December 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Lyudmila Chursina Soviet actress

Lyudmila Alexeyevna Chursina is a Soviet and Russian film actress. She has appeared in more than 50 films and television shows since 1962. In 1981 she was a member of the jury at the 12th Moscow International Film Festival. At the age of 40, she is the youngest actress to receive the title of the People's Artist of the USSR.

Tankho Selimovich Izrailov was a Soviet Dagestan ballet dancer, a ballet master, a choreographer, and of Mountain Jewish origin. He was awarded the honorary title People's Artist of the USSR.

Peoples Artist of the RSFSR

People's Artist of the RSFSR was an honorary title granted to Soviet Union artists, including theatre and film directors, choreographers, music performers, and orchestra conductors, who showed the outstanding achievements in arts, and who lived in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). This title was next in line after Meritorious Artist of the RSFSR and preceded the title People's Artist of the USSR.

People's Artist of the Lithuanian SSR, is an honorary title awarded to citizens of the Lithuanian SSR in the Soviet Union. It is awarded for outstanding performance in the performing arts, whose merits are exceptional in the sphere of the development of the performing arts.

Vladimir Andreyev (actor) Russian actor and theatre director

Vladimir Alekseevich Andreyev was a Soviet and Russian theater and film actor, theater director, screenwriter and teacher. Laureate of the State Prize of the RSFSR (1980). People's Artist of the USSR (1985).

References

  1. [ permanent dead link ]
  2. ЧУРСИНА Людмила Алексеевна. Актеры советского и российского кино (in Russian).
  3. "Чурсина Людмила". Киноафиша.
  4. 1 2 РЕМИЗОВА, Мария (2009-03-25). "Звездные прокатчики: В кризис собирают аншлаги только Киркоров и Ротару". kp.ru - Сайт «Комсомольской правды». Retrieved 2020-12-01.