Pergamos, Cyprus

Last updated
Pergamos
Cyprus location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Pergamos
Location in Cyprus
Coordinates: 35°2′34″N33°42′25″E / 35.04278°N 33.70694°E / 35.04278; 33.70694 Coordinates: 35°2′34″N33°42′25″E / 35.04278°N 33.70694°E / 35.04278; 33.70694
Country ( de jure )Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus
   District Larnaca District
Country ( de facto )Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus [1]
   District Gazimağusa District
Government
  Mayorİlker Edip
Population
 (2011) [2]
  Total1,196
  Municipality
4,125
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Website Turkish Cypriot municipality

Pergamos (Greek : Πέργαμoς; Turkish : Beyarmudu) is a Turkish Cypriot village in Larnaca District, Cyprus, 4 km north of Pyla, almost surrounded by the British Sovereign Base Area (SBA) at Dhekelia. [3] Pergamos is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus.

Contents

Under Ottoman rule it was in the Caza of Famagusta and initially remained so under British rule. [4] Around 1920 it was moved to Larnaca District. [5] [6]

Name

The origin of the name is uncertain and may be associated with ancient Pergamon in Asia Minor or Bergamo in the Venice region of Italy. Considering the Venetians settled in Cyprus before the Ottomans, it is highly possible they are the ancestors of the Turkish Cypriots of Pergamos. The Turkish Cypriot name became Beyarmudu in 1958, meaning lord's pear. [3] Pergamos was actually called Pergama and is visible on a map which was published by Jacomo Franco in Venice 1570. Origin of word “Bergamot”: French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta, from Ottoman Turkish bey armudu, lord's pear (equivalent to modern Turkish bey armudu) : bey-lord; see bey + armut, armud-, pear (from Persian amrūd, from Middle Persian ūrmōd) + -u, possessive suff.]

Demographics

Pergamos had a population of 87 in 1881 (first British census). [4] During the British period it was almost solely inhabited by Turkish Cypriots, which it remains. [3] In 1960 there were 826 inhabitants, all Turkish Cypriots. [7] In 2011 the population was 1,196, a slight decrease from 1,270 in 2006. [2] Some Turkish Cypriots who were displaced to Pergamos during the 1960s have remained since in the village. [3]

Current conditions

Apart from the area within the SBA, it lies within the Turkish sector under the De facto control of Northern Cyprus, in the new Famagusta district of the Turkish Cypriots. [3]

Pergamos is the site of a Green Line crossing checkpoint. That and the proximity of the SBA has assisted economic development in the area. [3]

International relations

Twin towns – sister cities

Pergamos is twinned with:

Related Research Articles

Famagusta City in eastern Cyprus

Famagusta is a city on the east coast of Cyprus. It is located east of Nicosia and possesses the deepest harbour of the island. During the Middle Ages, Famagusta was the island's most important port city and a gateway to trade with the ports of the Levant, from where the Silk Road merchants carried their goods to Western Europe. The old walled city and parts of the modern city are under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus, claimed by Cyprus. Famagusta is the capital of the Gazimağusa District of Northern Cyprus.

Rizokarpaso Town in northeastern Cyprus

Rizokarpaso is a town on the Karpas Peninsula in the Northeastern part of Cyprus. While nominally part of the Famagusta District of the Republic of Cyprus, it has been under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus since the division of the island in 1974, being administered as part of the İskele District.

Templos is a Turkish Cypriot village in the Kyrenia District of Cyprus, two miles west of Kyrenia.

Kyrenia District District of Cyprus

Kyrenia District is one of the six districts of Cyprus. Its main town is Kyrenia. It is the smallest of Cyprus' districts, and is the only one controlled in its entirety by the unrecognised de facto state of Northern Cyprus, where the same territory is administered as the de facto Girne District, a distinct entity.

Larnaca District District of Cyprus

Larnaca District is one of the six districts of Cyprus. Its capital is Larnaca. It is bordered on the east by Famagusta District, on the north by Nicosia District and on the west by Limassol District.

Nicosia District District of Cyprus

Nicosia District is one of the six districts of Cyprus. Its main town is the island country's capital city, Nicosia. The TRNC-controlled northern part of the district is the Lefkoşa District of the unrecognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

Tymvou is a village in the central Mesaoria plain of Cyprus. Tymvou is occupied by the Turkish Armed Forces and is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus. After 1960, the village was inhabited exclusively by Greek Cypriots; in 1973, they numbered 1,288. The original population fled the village in 1974, following the Turkish Invasion of Cyprus. As of 2011, Tymbou had a population of 384.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lefka</span> Place in Nicosia District, Cyprus

Lefka is a town in Cyprus, overlooking Morphou Bay. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus. In 2011, the town proper had 3,009 inhabitants. It is the capital of the Lefke District of Northern Cyprus, having been a sub-district centre in the Güzelyurt District until the establishment of the district in 2016.

Lefkoniko Place in Famagusta District, Cyprus

Lefkoniko is a town in the Mesaoria Plain under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus, claimed by Cyprus. Lefkoniko is the birthplace of Cypriot national poet Vasilis Michaelides and is known for its lace.

Trikomo, Cyprus Place in Famagusta District, Cyprus

Trikomo is a town in North-Eastern Mesaoria in Cyprus. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus and is the administrative center of the İskele District of Northern Cyprus. It gained municipality status in 1998.

Gönyeli Place in Nicosia District, Cyprus

Gönyeli is a town in Cyprus, near the capital city Nicosia. It is de facto under the control of Northern Cyprus. Over the years the town has merged with North Nicosia, making it connurbated with the city. Its population as of 2011 is 11,671.

Prastio, Famagusta Place in Famagusta District, Cyprus

Prastio is a small village in Cyprus, 19 km west of Famagusta. De facto, it is under the control of Northern Cyprus. It is administered by the municipality of Sinta (İnönü).

Agios Sergios, Cyprus Place in Famagusta District, Cyprus

Agios Sergios is a large village in Cyprus, near the ancient site Salamis. Agios Sergios is de facto under control of Northern Cyprus. As of 2011, it had a population of 3,347.

Gialousa Place in Famagusta District, Cyprus

Yialousa is a town under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus, claimed by Cyprus. Yialousa is located on the Karpas Peninsula, and one of the sub-districts of the İskele District. In 2011, Yialousa had a population of 1,774.

Vatili is a village in the Famagusta District of Cyprus, near Lysi. De facto, it is under the control of Northern Cyprus.

Peristeronopigi Place in Famagusta District, Cyprus

Peristeronopigi or Pigi–Peristerona is a village located in the Famagusta District of Cyprus, 6 km (3.7 mi) south of Lefkoniko, in the Mesaoria plain. Historically, Peristeronopigi consisted of two continuous villages: Peristerona in the south and Pigi in the north. Peristeronopigi is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus. As of 2011, it had a population of 860.

Afania is a village in the Famagusta District of Cyprus, located 8 km (5.0 mi) northwest of Vatili. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus.

Kalopsida is a village in the Famagusta District of Cyprus, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) east of Lysi. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus.

Agios Ilias is a village in the Famagusta District of Cyprus, located 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north-east of Trikomo. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus.

Tavros, Cyprus Place in Famagusta District, Cyprus

Tavros is a village in the Famagusta District of Cyprus, located on the Karpass Peninsula. It is in the southern part of the peninsula between Bogaz and Koma Yialou (Kumyali), 1½ miles from the peninsula's south coast. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus.

References

  1. In 1983, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus unilaterally declared independence from the Republic of Cyprus. The de facto state is not recognised by any UN state except Turkey.
  2. 1 2 KKTC 2011 Nüfus ve Konut Sayımı [TRNC 2011 Population and Housing Census](PDF), TRNC State Planning Organization, 6 August 2013, p. 19
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 PRIO web site http://www.prio-cyprus-displacement.net/default.asp?id=383 retrieved Aug 2018
  4. 1 2 Census of Cyprus 1881, printed by Eyre & Spottiswoode, London, 1884
  5. Report and General Abstracts of the Census of Cyprus 1911, publ. Waterlow and Sons Ltd, London, 1912
  6. Report and General Abstracts of the Census of Cyprus 1921, publ. Waterlow and Sons Ltd, London, 1922
  7. Census of Population and Agriculture 1960, pub.Printing Office of the Republic of Cyprus, Nicosia, 1960; Vol.1, Table IV
  8. Sarıyer - Twin Towns, Sarıyer-City.sk, archived from the original on 2013-10-20, retrieved 2013-10-19
  9. Kepez - Twin Towns, Kepez-City.sk, archived from the original on 2013-10-19, retrieved 2013-10-19
  10. Karaman - Twin Towns, Karaman-City.sk, retrieved 2013-10-19