Persée (Philidor)

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Persée ( Perseus ) is an opera by the French composer François-André Danican Philidor first performed at the Académie Royale de Musique, Paris (the Paris Opera) on 24 October 1780. It takes the form of a tragédie lyrique in three acts. The text is a reworking, by Jean-François Marmontel, of a libretto by Philippe Quinault, originally set by Jean-Baptiste Lully in 1682. Philidor's version was not a success.



RoleVoice typePremiere cast
Céphée (Cepheus), King of Ethiopiabasse-taille (bass-baritone)Moreau
Cassiope (Cassiopeia), wife of Céphée soprano Françoise-Claude-Marie-Rosalie Campagne (called Mlle Duplant)
Andromède (Andromeda), daughter of Céphée and Cassiopesoprano Rosalie Levasseur
Persée (Perseus), son of Jupiter haute-contre Joseph Legros
Phinée, prince of Ethiopiabass-baritone Henri Larrivée
Mercure (the god Mercury) tenor Étienne Lainez
Méduse Medusa, a GorgonsopranoMlle Duranci (also spelled Durancy) [1]
Euryale, a Gorgon (travesti)haute-contre Jean-Joseph Rousseau  [ it ] [2]
Stenone, a Gorgon (travesti)?Perré
Orcas, an Ethiopianbass-baritoneAuguste-Athanase (Augustin) Chéron
Proténor, an Ethiopiantaille (bari-tenor) François Laïs (or Lays)
Un cyclope (a cyclops)bass-baritoneDurand
A Triton ?Perré
Vénus (the goddess Venus)sopranoChâteauvieux
Une nymphe guerrière (a warrior nymph)sopranoJoinville


  1. Stage name of Madeleine-Céleste Fieuzal (or Fieusacq) de Frossac
  2. Sources traditionally report only the initial letter (J.) of this singer's name; full details, however, can be found in "Organico dei fratelli a talento della Loggia parigina di Saint-Jean d'Écosse du Contrat Social (1773-89)" (list of the members of this Masonic lodge), reported as an Appendix in Zeffiro Ciuffoletti and Sergio Moravia (eds), La Massoneria. La storia, gli uomini, le idee, Milan, Mondadori, 2004, ISBN   978-8804536468 (in Italian).


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