Person of Cultural Merit (文化功労者, bunka kōrōsha) is an official Japanese recognition and honor which is awarded annually to select people who have made outstanding cultural contributions. This distinction is intended to play a role as a part of a system of support measures for the promotion of creative activities in Japan. By 1999, 576 people had been selected as Persons of Cultural Merit.
The Order of Culture and Persons of Cultural Merit function in tandem to honor those who have contributed to the advancement and development of Japanese culture in a variety of fields, including academia, arts, scienceand sports.
The award ceremony, which takes place at the Imperial Palace on the Day of Culture (November 3). Candidates for the Order of Culture are selected from the Persons of Cultural Merit by the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, who then recommends the candidates to the Prime Minister. The final decisions are made by the Cabinet.
The 1951 Law on Pensions for the Persons of Cultural Merit honors persons of cultural merit by providing a special government-sponsored pension. Since 1955, the new honorees have been announced on the same day as the award ceremony for the Order of Culture.
Iou Kuroda is the pen name of a Japanese manga artist.
The Order of Culture is a Japanese order, established on February 11, 1937. The order has one class only, and may be awarded to men and women for contributions to Japan's art, literature, science, technology, or anything related to culture in general; recipients of the order also receive an annuity for life. The order is conferred by the Emperor of Japan in person on Culture Day each year.
Shigeaki Saegusa is a Japanese composer.
The Asahi Prize, established in 1929, is an award presented by the Japanese newspaper Asahi Shimbun and Asahi Shimbun Foundation to honor individuals and groups that have made outstanding accomplishments in the fields of arts and academics and have greatly contributed to the development and progress of Japanese culture and society at large.
Nobuko Takagi is the professional name of Nobuko Tsuruta, a Japanese author. She has won the Akutagawa Prize and the Tanizaki Prize, she has been named a Person of Cultural Merit, and her work has been adapted for film.
Kiri no Hi (霧の火) is a Japanese television drama which originally aired on Nippon Television (NTV) on August 25, 2008. Directed by Nozomu Amamiya and with a screenplay by Yō Takeyama, it starred Etsuko Ichihara and Karina Nose. The production won a TV Drama Award at the 2008 Festival of the Arts of the Japanese Agency for Cultural Affairs.
Makoto Nagao is a Japanese computer scientist. He contributed to various fields: machine translation, natural language processing, pattern recognition, image processing and library science. He was the 23rd president of Kyoto University (1997–2003) and the 14th director of National Diet Library in Japan (2007–2012).
Takafusa Nakamura was a Japanese economist who was a specialist in the Japanese economy.
Bertil Persson (ベアティル・ペアソン) born 1940) is a Swedish Hagi ware potter based in Japan.
Tokiko Iwatani was a Japanese lyricist, poet, and translator.
Act on the Vitalization of Theaters and Halls, also known by the truncated name of Theater Law, is a law in Japan.
Sugako Hashida is a Japanese scriptwriter. She is known particularly for writing the NHK Asadora Oshin, and can be considered Japan's most successful TV drama scriptwriter. She established Hashida Cultural Foundation. Her real name is Sugako Iwasaki.
Shojiro Nishio is a Japanese information scientist and technology scholar and the 18th president of Osaka University. Having co-authored or co-edited more than 55 books and more than 650 refereed journal or conference papers as well as serving on editorial boards of major information sciences journals, Nishio is considered one of the most prominent and influential researchers on database systems and networks.
Sunao Katabuchi is a Japanese screenwriter, storyboard artist, and director. He is an instructor at the college of Art of Nihon University.
Yoshihide Kozai was a Japanese astronomer specialising in celestial mechanics. He is best known for discovering, simultaneously with Michael Lidov, the Kozai mechanism, for which he received the Imperial Prize of the Japan Academy in 1979.
Migishi Setsuko was a prominent Japanese Yōga painter. Migishi is known as a pioneer of the Japanese western style of oil painting.
Setsuko Shinoda is a Japanese writer of genre fiction. She has won the Shōsetsu Subaru Literary Prize for Newcomers, the Yamamoto Shūgorō Prize, the Naoki Prize, the Shibata Renzaburo Prize, a MEXT Award, and the Chuo Koron Literary Prize. Several of her works have been adapted for television.
Tamio Yamakawa was a Japanese biochemist, the first to report the presence of glycosphingolipids on cell membranes. Yamakawa graduated from the University of Tokyo, was an emeritus professor at Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, and a member of the Japanese Academy of Sciences. The molecule was found on horse red blood cells and first called Hematoside. Further testing by Yamakawa led to the discovery that ABO blood group antigens are glycosphingolipids located in the erythrocytes.
Setsuko Tsumura is a Japanese novelist.