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|• Body||Perunad grama panchayath|
|• Total||82.06 km2 (31.68 sq mi)|
|• Density||270/km2 (700/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||KL-03, KL-62|
|Nearest city||Ranni and Pathanamthitta Thiruvalla|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Pathanamthitta|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Ranny|
Perunad (Ranni-Perunad) is a scenic hilly village in Pathanamthitta district, Kerala state, India.Nearest Railway Station Is Thiruvalla Located At A Distance Of 62 km.It's located on the banks of Pamba River and Kakkadu River.
Perunad is located on the main road to Sabarimala, the Mannarakkulanji-Chalakkayam State Highway. National Highway 183A (Adoor to Vandiperiyar) also passes through Perunad. It is surrounded by the villages Chittar, Vadasserikkara and Naranammoozhy. The road to Gavi, Angamoozhy, Kakki and Moozhiyar passes through the village. A part of the famous Periyar Tiger Reserve is situated in this Panchayat. R-Perunad Panchayath Office is based at Perunad village. Perunad police station, Perunad village office, KSEB office and Community health centre are all situated close to each other near Perunad Ambalam junction.
Perunad is chiefly a plantation village, the important cash crops being rubber, pepper, ginger, coconut and food crops like tapioca, banana, pineapple, Rambuttan. The economy of Perunad has gone for a toss with dip in rubber prices going below 100. People are now moving to newer areas like mixed farming with cattle breeding, fruits yielding trees like rambutan, pineapple, banana, and tapioca.
Perunad comes under the Ranni block of Ranni taluk in Pathanamthitta district. The current president of the panchayath is Sri P.S.Mohanan (CPI-M)
Perunad Sree Dharma Sastha temple, also known as Kakkattu Koyikkal Sree Dharma Sastha temple, is located at Perunad near Ranni in Pathanamthitta District. The annual festival in the shrine is observed for five days starting with Uthiram Nakshatra in Medam month.
The temple, located on the banks of Kakkatu Aru (river), is a Sastha or Ayyappa temple and he is worshipped here with his spouses Purna and Pushkala. There is also a belief that the murti is Vettakkorumakan. The deity faces east.
The main upa devata in the temple is Rakshas.
The Thiruvabharanam which is brought back from Sabarimala Ayyappa Temple after Makaravilakku is adorned on the Sastha murti worshipped in Perunad Sree Dharma Sastha temple.
In ancient times this temple was the Keezhedam of Sabarimala Ayyappa Temple. Perunad is noted for the Kakkattu Koikkal Sree Dharma Sastha Temple. The processions of Thiruvabharanam and "Thanka Anki" - The Royal Ornaments of Lord Ayyappa halt here. The Ayyappa idol in the temple used to get decorated with "Thiruvabharanam" for a day (21 January) during its return trip from Sabarimala to Pandalam palace. This gives an opportunity for the women to witness Lord Ayyappa decorated with Thiruvabharanam as young women do not enter the Sabarimala temple. Thousands of people turn up for this annual event from all parts of south Kerala. Also a temple for Malikapurathamma is situated near the Ayyappa temple in Perunad. Followed by Hrishikesha Temple Madamon (the Lord Krishna Temple) is one of major temple in Perunad.
Bethany Ashram And The Parish (Bethany Pally) was Founded in the same Year 1918, The First Parish in Eastern Area of Malankara Orthodox Syrian church under the Nilakkal diocese. The land for the parish was donated by Bethany ashram foundation stone of the first church was laid in 1918 by Ref. Fr. P. T Geevargheese and Dn. Alexious.
Renovation and Extension of the present Church was started on 23 November 2008 by Very Rev. Fr. Christophorus Remban. Foundation stone was laid by Rev. Fr. F. K Thomas Tharayath on 1 December 2008 and Consecrated by, H. G Mathews Mar Theodosious on 8 March 2009. The Holy Eucharist is offered every Sunday. The church has M. G. O. C. S. M, Prayer Groups, Marthamariam Samajam, Youth League and Sunday school. The parish has a strength of more than 150 families.[ citation needed ]
Perunad is known for its greenery and natural environment.[ citation needed ] Rivers flowing through Perunad are Pamba and Kakkad. Kakkad river joins river Pamba at Pothumoodu junction on its onward journey. Rubber, pepper, banana, coconut, ginger, pineapple, and rambutan are the main cultivations.[ citation needed ]
Perunad Heliport (helipad) is situated in Kuttikayam estate, Mampara road. Which is known as Sabarimala helipad. Chipsan Aviation Pvt Ltd, having service from various location. Most of the Sabarimala pilgrimages are using this heliport.
The nearest railway stations are at Thiruvalla (44 km) and Chengannur (40 km). Nearest busstand to Perunad is KSRTC stands in Pathanamthitta (17 km) and Ranni(13 km). There is a big chain of bus services from private and KSRTC. The KSRTC Pamba buses plies through the village 24 hours to Pamba during Sabarimala season from Pathanamthitta and Chengannur . You can reach perunad in 30–45 minutes by private bus/KSRTC buses from Pathanamthitta[17;km] and in 20–30 minutes from Ranni[13;km].
Trivandrum International Airport (123 km) and Cochin International Airport, at Nedumbassery (130 km), Kochi are the airports most commonly used to reach here.[ citation needed ] Proposed Sabarimala airport project was planning to build in perunad Panchayath at laha Estate which comes around 3 km from Madathummoozhy Junction . But Kerala government given preference to Cheruvally Estate would be the closest airport upon completion, at 10 km away. if it comes up will become the nearest airport in Pathanamthitta & Kottayam district.[ citation needed ]
Madathummoozhy, Perunad Market, Koonamkara, Kolamala, Puthukkada, Kannanumon, Lahai, Mampara, Pambavalley, Thulappally, Valiya palam, Poovathummoodu and Madamon are the major places in this village. Perunthenaruvi [13 km] from Perunad is an important tourist point near Perunad via Athikayam you reach these water falls . You need to walk a little to enjoy these falls. You need to take care from falling into these falls and you have to carry food/water in these unexplored forests. There are 2 hospitals in perunad. 1. Community Health Centre, near Perunad panchayath office 2. Bethany Hospital, near Bethanypally perunad.
Major nationalized banks in perunad is Central Bank of India and Canara Bank at Madathummoozhy and an SBT, SBI and CBI ATM counters at Madathummoozhy. Perunad Sahakarana Bank and Pathanamthitta Cooperative Bank too have offices here so does Muthoot, Mulamootil and a few other non banking finance companies . Akshya E-centre (Paurnami Computers) is an important e-governance centre for people is in Madathumoozhy, Perunad. Nearest petrol/diesel pump between Pampa and Vadasserikkara is at Velliyapalam. . . Vishwanath fuels, Velliyapalam/Perunad. Perunad has offices for state treasury /kerala state beverages corporation outlets.
Community Health Centre, Ranni-Perunad, situated near to Perunad gramapanchayath office, is 17 km away from Pathanamthitta. The institution is under the Department of Health Services, Government of Kerala. It caters to a population of nearly 22, 000. Community health care services are delivered at this centre. The public health sector of the panchayath is solely under the control of community health centre. National health programs like UIP, NPCDCS, RNTCP, IDSP, PMSMA etc. are implemented through the centre.
Like the rest of the state, Perunad has a wet and maritime tropical climate. The region receives most of the rain from the South-West monsoon from June to August and the North-East monsoon during October and November. Although the summer is from March to May, it receives locally developed thundershowers in May. Due to the higher elevation, the climate is cooler towards the eastern area. It's hot and humid throughout the year except for rainy season from June–August. Perunad has cool nights and mornings during October–December, generally it's hot and sweaty in 9-10 out of 12 months in a year. It's difficult to believe but true to learn that Perunad used to be cool place like Munnar or Ponmudi around a century back and Tea used to be the major crop then later on climatic changes led to coffee and much later on to rubber which continues to be the crop in presently hot and humid climate of Perunad.[ citation needed ]
There are two main dams
One Hydal Electric Project is opened here in February 2012. Both government and private hospitals, libraries, recreation clubs are also here.
Hinduism and Christianity are the main religions followed here. People from all communities. Hindus, Christians and Muslims co-exist harmoniously in this village.[ citation needed ]
Pathanamthitta assembly constituency was part of the Idukki (Lok Sabha constituency) but now Pathanamthitta is a separate Lok Sabha constituency. Sri. Anto Antony of Indian National Congress is the MP from Pathanamthitta parliament and Sri. Pramod Narayanan of Kerala Congress is the MLA from Ranni assembly seat. R-Perunad panchayath is a Communist stronghold. President of R-Perunad panchayath is Sri. P S Mohanan of Communist Party of India [Marxist]. Vice President of R-Perunad panchayath Smt. D. Sreekala of Communist Party of India.
Perunad has a history of between 200–300 years of human inhabitation. The first settlers were agriculturists. As of 2011 [update] India census, Perunad had a population of 15018 with 7192males and 7820 females. 88% of people are literate in Perunad however 62% of them are not employed especially women.
The Sabarimala Temple is a temple complex located at Sabarimala hill inside the Periyar Tiger Reserve in the Perinad Village, Pathanamthitta district, Kerala, India. It is one of the largest annual pilgrimage sites in the world with an estimate of over 10 to 15 million devotees visiting every year. The temple is dedicated to a Hindu Brahmachari (Celibate) deity Ayyappan also known as Dharma Shasta, who according to belief is the son of Shiva and Mohini, the feminine incarnation of Vishnu. The traditions of Sabarimala are a confluence of Shaivism, Vaishnavism, and other Śramaṇa traditions.
Mundakayam, is a town in Kanjirappally Taluk in the Kottayam District of Kerala. It is the doorway to the high ranges of southern Kerala, and is at the border of Kottayam and Idukki districts. The next nearest town, Kanjirappally, is 14 km (8.7 mi) & Erumely is 12 km from Mundakayam. Mundakayam has rubber plantations, and greenery. The Manimala River runs through Mundakayam. It is located 48 km east of the district headquarters at Kottayam and 148 km from the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram. The name Mundakayam is said to be derived from the Mundi cranes that used to be seen along the Manimala River banks.
Achankovil is a 128 km long west flowing river in Kerala, India, which flows through Kollam, Pathanamthitta, and Alappuzha districts. The river drains vast tract of fertile plains of Upper Kuttanad in the Alappuzha and Pathanamthitta districts. It also sustains numerous urban settlements along its course such as Konni, Pathanamthitta, Pandalam, Mavelikkara etc.
The Pamba River is the longest river in the Indian state of Kerala after Periyar and Bharathappuzha, and the longest river in the erstwhile former princely state of Travancore. Sabarimala temple dedicated to Lord Ayyappa is located on the banks of the river Pamba.
Ranni or Ranny is a town in the Pathanamthitta district of Kerala, India, and the 16th largest taluk in Kerala, located on both sides of the Pamba River.It Is Located 30 km From Thiruvalla Railway Station & NH 183 in Thiruvalla.Buses Ply Every 5 minutes From Thiruvalla To Ranni & Vice Versa
Pathanamthitta, is a municipality situated in the Central Travancore region in the state of Kerala, India, spread over an area of 23.50 km2. It is the administrative capital of Pathanamthitta district. The town has a population of 37,538. The Hindu pilgrim centre Sabarimala is situated in the Pathanamthitta district; as the main transport hub to Sabarimala, the town is known as the 'Pilgrim Capital of Kerala'. Pathanamthitta District, the thirteenth revenue district of the State of Kerala, was formed with effect from 1 November 1982, with headquarters at Pathanamthitta. Forest covers more than half of the total area of the District. Pathanamthitta District ranks the 7th in area in the State. The district has its borders with Allepey, Kottayam, Kollam and Idukki districts of Kerala and Tamil Nadu.Nearest City Is Thiruvalla,Located At A Distance Of 30 km .Thiruvalla Railway Station Is 30 km via Thiruvalla-Kumbazha Highway.Buses Ply Every 4 Minutes From Thiruvalla To Pathanamthitta & Vice Versa.
Madamon is a village located in Ranni-Perunad Panchayat of Ranni Taluk, Pathanamthitta District of Kerala. It is situated in the Western Ghats and has undulating terrain. The place is blessed with Pamba, a holy river which flows through it.
Padanilam is a town located in Onattukara region of Alappuzha district, Kerala. The word Padanilam means "land of battles". It is located on the banks of river Achankovil. The Padanilam temple is one of the important centres of worship in Kerala. Nooranad is named as the Nandikesha Paithruka Gramam by the Government of Kerala due to its importance in kettukala construction, which is an icon of Onattukara region.
Vadaserikara is a village in Pathanamthitta district, in the state of Kerala, India. It is one of the 11 villages in Ranni and sits at the confluence of the Pamba and Kallar River.Nearest Railway Station Is Thiruvalla,Located At A Distance Of 34 km.
Erumely, also spelt "Erumeli" is a panchayat in the southeast part of Kottayam district in Kerala state, India. Erumely is situated 49 km east of Kottayam town and 133 km North of capital city Trivandrum. It is situated on the way to Sabarimala and also an important halting place (idathavalam) for the Sabarimala pilgrims. Erumely is famed for its religious harmony and prosperity between Hindus and Muslims which existed from the early periods. It is a place which have strong roots in legends and myths associated with lord Ayyappa. A new airport has been proposed in Erumeli. The village is nourished by Manimala River.
Seethathodu is a village in the Pathanamthitta district, state of Kerala, India, near Chittar Town. Predominantly it is a rural region where agriculture being the most important sector. Both state-run and privately operated buses connect Seethathodu to various parts of Pathanamthitta district.
Nooranad is a developing town in Mavelikkara taluk of Alappuzha district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located at a distance of 8 Km south-west of Pandalam, in Kayamkulam route. Padanilam is the cultural centre of Nooranad region. The Padanilam Parabrahma Temple, known for the biggest Shivarathri Kettukazhcha in Kerala, is situated in Nooranad. Nooranad is declared by the Government of Kerala as the Nandikesha Paithruka Gramam due to its importance in Kettukala making, which is an icon of Onattukara region of Central Travancore. Nooranad is also known as Pakshi Gramam of kerala.
Angamoozhy is a village in Pathanamthitta district in the Indian state of Kerala. Angamoozhy is located near the Kakkad power station and the Sabarimala temple. Geographically Angamoozhy is High-range area.
Naranammoozhy is a village and panchayat within Ranni taluk of Pathanamthitta district in Kerala state, India.
Nilakkal, also spelled Nilackal, or formerly Chayal, is a remote ghat region located in the Goodrical range of Ranni forest division in Pathanamthitta District in the Indian state of Kerala.Nearest Railway Station Is Thiruvalla,Located At A Distance Of 71 km. The place is noted mainly as an edathavalam or halting-place for the Ayyappa devotees during Sabarimala pilgrimage. Administratively, it falls under the Perunad grama panchayath in Ranni tehsil. Sabarimala, the famous Hindu pilgrim centre in southern India is located at a distance of 23 km (14 mi) in the north-east hilly region of Nilakkal.
Thulappally is a small village in Perunad panchayath of Ranni tehsil in Pathanamthitta district of Kerala state, India.
Punchavayal is a village in Mundakayam panchayath of Kanjirappally taluk in the Indian state of Kerala. An Aided Arts and science college is present in this village. Punchavayal includes the places nearby Murikkumvayal, Pachima, Pakkanam, Kadamanthode, Kulamakkal and Moonnoly. It is approximately 6 km away by road from Mundakayam the doorway to the high ranges of southern Kerala, and is at the border of Kottayam and Idukki districts.
Vennikulam (വെണ്ണിക്കുളം)is a small town situated in the bank of Manimala River Near Thiruvalla in Pathanamthitta district of Kerala, South India. Town is located midway between Pullad and Mallapally towns. It Is Part Of Thiruvalla Constituency.
Moozhiyar Dam is a small dam located close to Kaki Reservoir in Ranni Forest, Seethathodu Grama Panchayath, Pathanamthitta District, Kerala. The Kakkad Hydroelectric Project is powered by water from the dam. The water level is set at 192.5 meters. KSEB is responsible for the maintenance of the dam and other ancillary works. The Kakkad Hydroelectric Project generates 50 MW of electricity using 2 turbines of 25 MW each year. The annual output is 262 MU. The machine was commissioned on 16 September 1999. Kakkad Hydro electric Project is the second stage development of Pamba river basin. The installed capacity is 50 MW. This scheme utilises the tail race water from Sabarigiri power station and flow received from Moozhiyar and Velluthode rivers. Two dams feed water to the powerhouse. The Moozhiyar Dam creates the main reservoir of this project. Taluks through which release flow are Ranni, Konni, Kozhencherry, Thiruvalla, Chengannur, Kuttanadu, Mavelikara and Karthikappally.
Ranni-Perinad Weir is a diversion dam built in Kakkad river which is a tributory of Pamba River at Mampara in Ranni-Perinad villages of Pathanamthitta district of Kerala, India. The weir is a concrete-gravity type and is a part of Ranni – Perinad Small Hydro Electric Project, a run off the river scheme in Kakkad river in Pamba basin. It envisages the development of power by utilizing the tail race water from the Maniyar Power house, with installed capacity of 4.0 MW. The release of the water from the dam is to Kakkad river which in turn flows and joins Pamba river and flows through Taluks such as Ranni, Konni, Kozhencherry, Thiruvalla, Chengannur, Kuttanadu, Mavelikara and Karthikappally. The Dam is also a part of Ranni-Perinad Water supply scheme.