The tower of Regaena
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Pervolia (Greek : Περβόλια; Turkish : Bahçalar), also spelled Perivolia (Greek : Περιβόλια), is a village located in the Larnaca District of Cyprus.
In ancient years, Pervolia was a resting place for kings and wealthy people in the area.It was named after Greek word ‘pervoli’ for its abundant gardens, fertile soil, and thousands of productive trees. It used to belong to the royal family of the House of Lusignan during the Frankish Period of Cyprus, which lasted from 1191 until 1489. The last owner of this period was Charles Lusignan, who was persecuted by King James II of Cyprus because he supported Queen Charlotte. King James II of Cyprus took off Pervolia from Charles by issuing a decree. Pervolia was sold to the Podokatares family from Greece during the Venetian Period of Cyprus, and the last owner was Ektoras Podokatoras from 1489 to 1571.
One of landmarks of Pervolia is the Light house of Pervolia. Tower of Regaena is Venetian watchtower, small stone tower built during Venetian occupation 1489–1570.It is used as observation point in order to send messages in case of attacks from sea. One of churches Agios Leontios the Miracle-maker is from 1500. Second church built 1903. is dedicated to the Great Martyr Agia Eirini. Faros beach is situated in Pervolia.
In 1881, Pervolia had 375 residents. This increased to 734 by 1960, followed by 1,144 by 1993, then 1,920 by 2001, and finally 3,009 by 2011.In the summer, the village changes appearance since it is flooded by thousands of local and foreign visitors, with over 5,000 people moving around the village on a daily basis.
Famagusta is a city on the east coast of Cyprus. It is located east of Nicosia and possesses the deepest harbour of the island. During the medieval period, Famagusta was the island's most important port city and a gateway to trade with the ports of the Levant, from where the Silk Road merchants carried their goods to Western Europe. The old walled city and parts of the modern city presently fall within the de facto Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in Gazimağusa District, of which it is the capital.
Kyrenia is a city on the northern coast of Cyprus, noted for its historic harbour and castle. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus.
The Kingdom of Cyprus was a Crusader state that existed between 1192 and 1489. It was ruled by the French House of Lusignan. It comprised not only the island of Cyprus, but also had a foothold on the Anatolian mainland: Antalya between 1361 and 1373, and Corycus between 1361 and 1448.
The House of Lusignan was a royal house of French origin, which at various times ruled several principalities in Europe and the Levant, including the kingdoms of Jerusalem, Cyprus, and Armenia, from the 12th through the 15th centuries during the Middle Ages. It also had great influence in England and France.
The Medieval history of Cyprus starts with the division of the Roman Empire into an Eastern and Western half.
Kantara Castle is a castle in occupied Cyprus. The exact date of its construction remains unknown, the most plausible theory being the Byzantine period. It combines Byzantine and Frankish architectural elements, became derelict in 1525 and was dismantled in 1560. It gave its name to the nearby Kantara monastery.
The Saint Hilarion Castle lies on the Kyrenia mountain range, in Cyprus. This location provided the castle with command of the pass road from Kyrenia to Nicosia. It is the best preserved ruin of the three former strongholds in the Kyrenia mountains, the others being Kantara and Buffavento.
The history of Kyrenia, a city in Cyprus that the Turks have occupied since 1974, dates back to Prehistoric Cyprus and continues into the present.
Buffavento Castle is a castle in occupied Cyprus. The exact date of its construction remains unknown, the most plausible theory being the Byzantine period. It combines Byzantine and Frankish architectural elements. It fell into disuse in the 14th century.
Lefka is a town in Cyprus, overlooking Morphou Bay. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus. In 2011, the town proper had 3,009 inhabitants. It is the capital of the Lefke District of Northern Cyprus, having been a sub-district centre in the Güzelyurt District until the establishment of the district in 2016.
Selimiye Mosque, historically known as Cathedral of Saint Sophia, is a former Roman Catholic cathedral converted into a mosque, located in North Nicosia. It is the main mosque of the city. The Selimiye Mosque is housed in the largest and oldest surviving Gothic church in Cyprus possibly constructed on the site of an earlier Byzantine church.
The Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque, originally known as the Cathedral of Saint Nicholas and later as the Saint Sophia (Ayasofya) Mosque of Mağusa, is the largest medieval building in Famagusta, Cyprus. Built between 1298 and c. 1400, it was consecrated as a Catholic cathedral in 1328. The cathedral was converted into a mosque after the Ottoman Empire captured Famagusta in 1571 and it remains a mosque to this day. From 1954 the building has taken its name from Lala Mustafa Pasha, the Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire from Sokolovići in Bosnia, who served Murat III and led Ottoman forces against the Venetians in Cyprus.
Kyrenia Castle, at the east end of the old harbour in Kyrenia is a 16th-century castle built by the Venetians over a previous Crusader fortification. Within its walls lies a twelfth-century chapel showing reused late Roman capitals, and the Shipwreck Museum.
Angastina is a village in the Famagusta District of Cyprus, located around 20 km east of Nicosia, on the main road to Famagusta. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus. Angastina is perched on a gentle river terrace chalk escarpment over the Pedias river plain at 66 metres above sea level.
The Venetian Walls are a series of defensive walls which surround the capital city of Nicosia in Cyprus. The first city walls were built in the Middle Ages, but they were completely rebuilt in the mid-16th century by the Republic of Venice. The walls are still largely intact, and are among the best preserved Renaissance fortifications in the Eastern Mediterranean. They are a major tourist attraction.
Sarayönü, officially Atatürk Square, is a square in North Nicosia. It is the centre of the Turkish part of the city and was the administrative center of the island for centuries.
Bellapais Abbey is the ruin of a monastery built by Canons Regular in the 13th century on the northern side of the small village of Bellapais, now in Turkish-controlled Northern Cyprus, about five kilometres from the town of Kyrenia. The ruin is at an altitude of 220m above sea level, and commands a long view down to Kyrenia and the Mediterranean sea.
The island of Cyprus was an overseas possession of the Republic of Venice from 1489, when the independent Kingdom of Cyprus ended, until 1570–71, when the island was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.
Sigouri Castle was a medieval castle in Cyprus of which there are no remains. Its location facilitated as a stopover for troops from Nicosia, the medieval capital, on their way to the coastal harbours of either Famagusta or Aliki. Since Turkey invaded Cyprus in 1974, its geographical location lies within territory administered by the Turkish Republic of North Cyprus, which is currently an unrecognised state. The castle was built in 1391 as a frontier fortress, after the Genoese conquest of Famagusta. It fell into disuse after the Venetian take over of the island.
Akaki Castle, also known as the Tower of the Franks is a castle in Cyprus. It served as a retreat for the kings of Cyprus.
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