Peter Amos Mbiko Siwo (18 March 1931 – 14 February 1998) He was born in Siwo Village beside the Thandiwe Caves, near Chipata in Eastern Province. He was a pupil at Munali Boys Secondary School, Lusaka and became Head Boy, at that time it was the only secondary school for black boys in the then Northern Rhodesia.
He was one of the first black graduates in Northern Rhodesia, and a pioneering civil servant after the country achieved independence as Zambia.
He did his postgraduate studies at Columbia University, in New York.
He was the first black graduate to work at the Luansha Mines. Before independence, he lived in a little house in no man's land in the Copperbelt. They did not want to put him with the black miners in those tiny houses because he was a graduate, but they could not put him in a big house in the white area either because he was black.
He was the first chairman of Zambia Airways. He was Permanent Secretary in the then Ministry of Power, Transport Works and Communications for about five years when UDI was declared. After he left they split it into three different ministries.
He chaired many meetings for United Nations Education committees and Commonwealth Education Conferences and World Bank meetings. He chaired and worked on the Education Reforms in Zambia and was the first Director of Examinations Board.
He married Sheila Gibson McHarrie at Glenluce Abbey, Wigtownshire, Scotland on 20 September 1979.[ citation needed ]
He was often quoted by Times of Zambia. He studied at St Antony's College, Oxford University 1982-83.
Kenneth David Kaunda, also known as KK, is a Zambian former politician who served as the first President of Zambia from 1964 to 1991.
Zambia, which is officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central, Southern and East Africa. Its neighbors are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west. The capital city of Zambia is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the north, the core economic hubs of the country.
Ian Douglas Smith was a Rhodesian politician, farmer, and fighter pilot who served as Prime Minister of Rhodesia from 1964 to 1979. He was the country's first premier not born abroad, and led the predominantly white government that unilaterally declared independence from the United Kingdom in November 1965, following prolonged dispute over the terms. He remained Prime Minister for almost all of the 14 years of international isolation that followed, and oversaw Rhodesia's security forces during most of the Bush War, which pitted the unrecognised administration against communist-backed black nationalist guerrilla groups. Smith, who has been described as personifying white Rhodesia, remains a highly controversial figure—supporters portray him as a man of integrity and vision "who understood the uncomfortable truths of Africa," while his opponents consider him "an unrepentant racist."
Samora Moisés Machel was a Mozambican military commander and political leader. A socialist in the tradition of Marxism–Leninism, he served as the first President of Mozambique from the country's independence in 1975. Machel died in office in 1986 when his presidential aircraft crashed near the Mozambican-South African border.
The University of Zambia (UNZA) is a public university located in Lusaka, Zambia. It is Zambia's largest and oldest learning institution. The university was established in 1965 and officially opened to the public on 12 July 1966. The language of instruction is English.
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Mainza Mathias Chona was a Zambian politician and diplomat who served as Vice President of Zambia from 1970 to 1973 and Prime Minister on two occasions: from 25 August 1973 to 27 May 1975 and from 20 July 1977 to 15 June 1978.
Munali Secondary School is a state-funded secondary school located on the Great East Road, just outside Lusaka, Zambia. Munali was the first secondary school for black students in Zambia's history. Some of its alumni are notable Zambian politicians and public figures:
Harry Mwaanga Nkumbula was a Zambian nationalist leader involved in the movement for the independence of Northern Rhodesia, as Zambia was known until the end of British rule in 1964. He was born in the village of Maala in the Namwala district of Zambia's southern province. He was the youngest of three children and the only son.
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David Abel Ray Phiri was a Zambian businessman who was a former Governor of the Central Bank of Zambia and Chairman of the Football Association of Zambia. He died in Lusaka, Zambia on 16 January 2012 from complications arising from a brain stem infarction he suffered 10 days earlier. He had two sons with Elizabeth Ann Phiri: Sipho Philip Masewera (1967) and Guy David Zingalume (1969). He had two brothers, Dr. Mannasseh Phiri and Chris Phiri, both of whom live in Lusaka, Zambia, and four sisters: Irene Kabwe, Zondiwe Maboshe, Cecilia Phiri and Hlupo Phiri.
Guy Lindsay Scott is a Zambian politician who was the Acting President of Zambia between October 2014 and January 2015 and as the 12th Vice-President of Zambia from 2011 to 2014. Scott was named Acting President upon Michael Sata's death in office on 28 October 2014. He was the first white president of Zambia and the first white president in mainland sub-Saharan Africa since F. W. de Klerk, South Africa's last apartheid-era president, left office in 1994.
Sir Thomas Hugh William Beadle was a Rhodesian lawyer, politician and judge who served as Chief Justice of Southern Rhodesia from March 1961 to November 1965, and as Chief Justice of Rhodesia from November 1965 until April 1977. He came to international prominence against the backdrop of Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from Britain in November 1965, upon which he initially stood by the British Governor Sir Humphrey Gibbs as an adviser; he then provoked acrimony in British government circles by declaring Ian Smith's post-UDI administration legal in 1968.
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