Peter Ustinov

Last updated

Sir

Peter Ustinov

Sir Peter Ustinov portrait Allan Warren.jpg
Ustinov in 1986, photographed by Allan Warren
Born
Peter Alexander Freiherr von Ustinov

(1921-04-16)16 April 1921
London, England
Died28 March 2004(2004-03-28) (aged 82)
Genolier, Switzerland
Resting placeBursins Cemetery, Bursins, Switzerland
NationalityBritish
Education Westminster School
London Theatre Studio
OccupationActor, writer, filmmaker
Years active1938–2004
Spouse(s)
  • Isolde Denham
    (m. 1940;div. 1950)
  • (m. 1954;div. 1971)
  • Helene du Lau d'Allemans
    (m. 1972)
Children4, including Tamara Ustinov
Parent(s)
Awards See Awards

Sir Peter Alexander Ustinov CBE FRSA ( /ˈ(j)stɪnɒf/ ; [1] 16 April 1921 28 March 2004) was an English actor, writer, and filmmaker. He was a fixture on television talk shows and lecture circuits for much of his career. An intellectual and diplomat, he held various academic posts and served as a goodwill ambassador for UNICEF and president of the World Federalist Movement.

Contents

Ustinov was the winner of numerous awards during his life, including two Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor, Emmy Awards, Golden Globes, and BAFTA Awards for acting, and a Grammy Award for best recording for children, as well as the recipient of governmental honours from, amongst others, the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. He also displayed a unique cultural versatility which frequently earned him the accolade of a Renaissance man. Miklós Rózsa, composer of the music for Quo Vadis and of numerous concert works, dedicated his "String Quartet No. 1, Op. 22" (1950) to Ustinov.

In 2003, Durham University changed the name of its Graduate Society to Ustinov College in honour of the significant contributions Ustinov had made as chancellor of the university from 1992 until his death.

Family background and early life

Peter Alexander Freiherr von Ustinov was born in London, England. His father, Jona Freiherr von Ustinov, was of Russian, Polish Jewish, German, and Ethiopian descent. Peter's paternal grandfather was Baron Plato von Ustinov, a Russian noble, and his grandmother was Magdalena Hall, of mixed German-Ethiopian-Jewish origin. Ustinov's great-grandfather Moritz Hall, a Jewish refugee from Kraków and later a Christian convert and collaborator of Swiss and German missionaries in Ethiopia, married into a German-Ethiopian family. [2] Peter's paternal great-great-grandparents (through Magdalena's mother) were the German painter Eduard Zander and the Ethiopian aristocrat Court-Lady Isette-Werq in Gondar. [3]

Ustinov's mother, Nadezhda Leontievna Benois, known as Nadia, was a painter and ballet designer of French, German, Italian, and Russian descent. [4] [5] Her father, Leon Benois, was an Imperial Russian architect and owner of Leonardo da Vinci's painting Madonna Benois . Leon's brother Alexandre Benois was a stage designer who worked with Stravinsky and Diaghilev. Their paternal ancestor Jules-César Benois was a chef who had left France for St. Petersburg during the French Revolution and became a chef to Emperor Paul I of Russia.

Jona (or Iona) worked as a press officer at the German Embassy in London in the 1930s and was a reporter for a German news agency. In 1935, two years after Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany, Jona von Ustinov began working for the British intelligence service MI5 and became a British citizen, thus avoiding internment during the war. The statutory notice of his application for citizenship was published in a Welsh newspaper so as not to alert the Germans. [6] He was the controller of Wolfgang Gans zu Putlitz, an MI5 spy in the German embassy in London, who furnished information on Hitler's intentions before the Second World War. [7] (Peter Wright mentions in his book Spycatcher that Jona was possibly the spy known as U35; Ustinov says in his autobiography that his father hosted secret meetings of senior British and German officials at their London home).

Ustinov was educated at Westminster School and had a difficult childhood because of his parents' constant fighting. One of his schoolmates was Rudolf von Ribbentrop, the eldest son of the Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop. While at school, Ustinov considered anglicising his name to "Peter Austin", but was counselled against it by a fellow pupil who said that he should "Drop the 'von' but keep the 'Ustinov'". [8] In his late teens he trained as an actor at the London Theatre Studio. [9] While there, on 18 July 1938 he made his first appearance on the stage at the Barn Theatre, Shere, playing Waffles in Chekhov’s The Wood Demon , [9] and his London stage début later that year at the Players' Theatre, becoming quickly established. He later wrote, "I was not irresistibly drawn to the drama. It was an escape road from the dismal rat race of school". [8]

Career highlights

Ustinov as Nero in Quo Vadis (1951) Peter Ustinov 2.jpg
Ustinov as Nero in Quo Vadis (1951)

In 1939, he appeared in White Cargo at the Aylesbury Rep, where he performed in a different accent every night. [10] Ustinov served as a private in the British Army during the Second World War, including time spent as batman to David Niven while writing the Niven film The Way Ahead . The difference in their ranksNiven was a lieutenant-colonel and Ustinov a privatemade their regular association militarily impossible; to solve the problem, Ustinov was appointed as Niven's batman. [11] He also appeared in propaganda films, debuting in One of Our Aircraft Is Missing (1942), in which he was required to deliver lines in English, Latin, and Dutch. In 1944, under the auspices of Entertainments National Service Association, he presented and performed the role of Sir Anthony Absolute, in Sheridan's The Rivals , with Dame Edith Evans, at the theatre in Larkhill Camp, Wiltshire, England.

After the war, he began writing; his first major success was with the play The Love of Four Colonels (1951). He starred with Humphrey Bogart and Aldo Ray in We're No Angels (1955). His career as a dramatist continued, his best-known[ clarification needed ] play being Romanoff and Juliet (1956). His film roles include Roman emperor Nero in Quo Vadis (1951), Lentulus Batiatus in Spartacus (1960), Captain Vere in Billy Budd (1962), Captain Blackbeard in the Disney film Blackbeard’s Ghost (1968), and an old man surviving a totalitarian future in Logan's Run (1976). Ustinov voiced the anthropomorphic lions Prince John and King Richard in the 1973 Disney animated film Robin Hood . He also worked on several films as writer and occasionally director, including The Way Ahead (1944), School for Secrets (1946), Hot Millions (1968), and Memed, My Hawk (1984).

Ustinov (left) as Hercule Poirot with John Gielgud in Appointment with Death (1988) pytr yvstynvb vsr g'vn gylgvd bsrt mpgSH `m hmvvt.jpg
Ustinov (left) as Hercule Poirot with John Gielgud in Appointment with Death (1988)

In half a dozen films, he played Agatha Christie's detective Hercule Poirot, first in Death on the Nile (1978) and then in 1982's Evil Under the Sun , 1985's Thirteen at Dinner (TV movie), 1986's Dead Man's Folly (TV movie), 1986's Murder in Three Acts (TV movie), and 1988's Appointment with Death .

Ustinov in The Sundowners (1960) Peter Ustinov.jpg
Ustinov in The Sundowners (1960)

Ustinov won Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor for his roles in Spartacus (1960) and Topkapi (1964). He also won a Golden Globe award for Best Supporting Actor for the film Quo Vadis (he set the Oscar and Globe statuettes up on his desk as if playing doubles tennis; the game was a love of his life, as was ocean yachting). Ustinov was also the winner of three Emmys and one Grammy and was nominated for two Tony Awards.

Between 1952 and 1955, he starred with Peter Jones in the BBC radio comedy In All Directions. The series featured Ustinov and Jones as themselves in a London car journey perpetually searching for Copthorne Avenue. The comedy derived from the characters they met, whom they often also portrayed. The show was unusual for the time, as it was improvised rather than scripted. Ustinov and Jones improvised on a tape, which was difficult, and then edited for broadcast by Frank Muir and Denis Norden, who also sometimes took part.

During the 1960s, with the encouragement of Sir Georg Solti, Ustinov directed several operas, including Puccini's Gianni Schicchi , Ravel's L'heure espagnole , Schoenberg's Erwartung , and Mozart's The Magic Flute . Further demonstrating his great talent and versatility in the theatre, Ustinov later undertook set and costume design for Don Giovanni .

In 1968, he was elected the first rector of the University of Dundee and served two consecutive three-year terms.

His autobiography, Dear Me (1977), was well received and had him describe his life (ostensibly his childhood) while being interrogated by his own ego, with forays into philosophy, theatre, fame, and self-realisation. From 1969 until his death, his acting and writing took second place to his work on behalf of UNICEF, for which he was a goodwill ambassador and fundraiser. In this role, he visited some of the neediest children and made use of his ability to make people laugh, including many of the world's most disadvantaged children. "Sir Peter could make anyone laugh", UNICEF Executive Director Carol Bellamy is quoted as saying. [12] On 31 October 1984, Ustinov was due to interview Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi for Irish television. She was assassinated on her way to the meeting. [13]

Ustinov in 1986 Peter Ustinov black & white Allan Warren.jpg
Ustinov in 1986

Ustinov also served as president of the World Federalist Movement from 1991 until his death. He once said, "World government is not only possible, it is inevitable, and when it comes, it will appeal to patriotism in its truest, in its only sense, the patriotism of men who love their national heritages so deeply that they wish to preserve them in safety for the common good". [14]

He was a frequent guest of Jack Paar's Tonight Show in the early 1960s and was a guest on the "upside down" episode of the American talk show Late Night , during which the camera, mounted on a slowly revolving wheel, gradually rotated the picture 360° during the course of an hour; Ustinov appeared midway through and was photographed upside down in close-up as he spoke, while his host appeared only in long shots. Towards the end of Ustinov's life, he undertook some one-man stage shows in which he let loose his raconteur streak; he told the story of his life, including some moments of tension with the society into which he was born. For example, he took a test as a child, asking him to name a Russian composer; he wrote Rimsky-Korsakov, but was marked down. He was then told the correct answer, Tchaikovsky, since he had been studying him in class and was told to stop showing off.

He was the subject of This Is Your Life on two occasions, in November 1977 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at Pinewood Studios on the set of Death on the Nile and a week before, he was surprised at a book signing at book printers Butler and Tanner in Frome, Somerset. This footage was not used, as Ustinov flatly refused to take part and swore at Andrews. His wife persuaded him to change his mind.[ citation needed ] He was surprised again in December 1994, when Michael Aspel approached him at the United Nations headquarters in Geneva.

A car enthusiast since the age of four, he owned a succession of interesting machines ranging from a Fiat Topolino, several Lancias, a Hispano-Suiza, a preselector gearbox Delage, and a special-bodied Jowett Jupiter. He made records like Phoney Folklore that included the song of the Russian peasant "whose tractor had betrayed him" and his "Grand Prix of Gibraltar" was a vehicle for his creative wit and ability at car-engine sound effects and voices.[ citation needed ]

He spoke English, French, Spanish, Italian, German, and Russian fluently, as well as some Turkish and modern Greek. He was proficient in accents and dialects in all his languages. Ustinov provided his own German and French dubbing for some of his roles, both of them for Lorenzo's Oil . As Hercule Poirot, he provided his own voice for the French versions of Thirteen at Dinner , Dead Man's Folly , Murder in Three Acts , Appointment with Death , and Evil under the Sun , but unlike Jane Birkin, who had dubbed herself in French for this film and Death on the Nile, Ustinov did not provide his voice for the latter (his French voice being provided by Roger Carel, who had already dubbed him in Spartacus and other films). He dubbed himself in German as Poirot only in Evil under the Sun (his other Poirot roles being undertaken by three actors). However, he provided only his English and German voices for Disney's Robin Hood and NBC's Alice in Wonderland . [15]

Ustinov in 1992 by Erling Mandelmann Peter Ustinov (1992) by Erling Mandelmann.jpg
Ustinov in 1992 by Erling Mandelmann

In the 1960s, he became a Swiss resident to avoid the British tax system, which heavily taxed the earnings of the wealthy. He was knighted in 1990 and was appointed chancellor of Durham University in 1992, having previously been elected as the first rector of the University of Dundee in 1968 (a role in which he moved from being merely a figurehead to taking on a political role, negotiating with militant students). [16] Ustinov was re-elected to the post for a second three-year term in 1971, narrowly beating Michael Parkinson after a disputed recount. [17] [18] He received an honorary doctorate from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Ustinov was a frequent defender of the Chinese government, stating in an address to Durham University in 2000, "People are annoyed with the Chinese for not respecting more human rights. But with a population that size it's very difficult to have the same attitude to human rights." [19] In 2003, Durham's postgraduate college (previously known as the Graduate Society) was renamed Ustinov College. Ustinov went to Berlin on a UNICEF mission in 2002 to visit the circle of United Buddy Bears that promote a more peaceful world between nations, cultures, and religions for the first time. He was determined to ensure that Iraq would also be represented in this circle of about 140 countries. Ustinov also presented and narrated the official video review of the 1987 Formula One season and narrated the documentary series Wings of the Red Star. In 1988, he hosted a live television broadcast entitled The Secret Identity of Jack the Ripper. Ustinov gave his name to the Foundation of the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences for their Sir Peter Ustinov Television Scriptwriting Award, given annually to a young television screenwriter.

Personal life

Ustinov with Suzanne Cloutier and daughter in the 1950s Peter Ustinov with family 1950s.jpg
Ustinov with Suzanne Cloutier and daughter in the 1950s

Ustinov was married three times—first to Isolde Denham (1920–1987), daughter of Reginald Denham and Moyna Macgill. The marriage lasted from 1940 to their divorce in 1950, and they had one child, daughter Tamara Ustinov. Isolde was the half-sister of Angela Lansbury, who appeared with Ustinov in Death on the Nile. His second marriage was to Suzanne Cloutier, which lasted from 1954 to their divorce in 1971. They had three children: two daughters, Pavla Ustinov and Andrea Ustinov, and a son, Igor Ustinov (de). His third marriage was to Helene du Lau d'Allemans, which lasted from 1972 to his death in 2004. [20]

Ustinov was a secular humanist. He was listed as a distinguished supporter of the British Humanist Association, and had once served on their advisory council. [21] [22]

Ustinov suffered from diabetes and a weakened heart in his last years. [23]

Death

Ustinov died on 28 March 2004 of heart failure in a clinic in Genolier, near his home in Bursins, Switzerland, aged 82. [24] UNICEF Executive Director Carol Bellamy spoke at his funeral, representing United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

Globalism

Ustinov was the president of the World Federalist Movement (WFM) from 1991 to 2004, the time of his death. [25] WFM is a global nongovernmental organization that promotes the concept of global democratic institutions. WFM lobbies those in powerful positions to establish a unified human government based on democracy and civil society. The United Nations and other world agencies would become the institutions of a World Federation. The UN would be the federal government and nation states would become similar to provinces.[ citation needed ]

Until his death, Ustinov was a member of English PEN, part of the PEN International network that campaigns for freedom of expression.

Filmography

Films


Television

Nonfiction

(introduction by Peter Ustinov) (UNICEF) OCLC   1124421105 [33] [34]

Novels, novellas, short stories, and plays

Discography

Awards

Academy Award

BAFTA Award

Berlin International Film Festival

Emmy Award

Golden Globe Award

Grammy Award

Tony Award

Evening Standard British Film Award

Lifework

Other

State honours and awards

Honorary degrees

Ustinov received many honorary degrees for his work.

CountryState/ProvinceDateSchoolDegree
Flag of the United States.svg United StatesFlag of Ohio.svg Ohio1968 Cleveland Institute of Music Doctor of Music (D.Mus.) [40]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 1969 University of Dundee Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)
Flag of the United States.svg United StatesFlag of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania1971 La Salle University Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 1972 Lancaster University Doctor of Letters (D.Litt.) [41]
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg CanadaFlag of Alberta.svg Alberta1981 University of Lethbridge Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) [42]
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg CanadaFlag of Ontario.svg Ontario1984 University of Toronto Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) [43] [44]
Flag of the United States.svg United StatesFlag of Washington, D.C..svg District of Columbia1988 Georgetown University
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg CanadaFlag of Ontario.svg Ontario1991 Carleton University Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) [45]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 1992 Durham University Doctor of Humanities
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg CanadaFlag of Ontario.svg Ontario1995 St. Michael's College
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg CanadaFlag of Ontario.svg Ontario1995 Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies
Flag of Ireland.svg Republic of Ireland 1999 National University of Ireland Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) [46]
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 2001 International University in Geneva

Related Research Articles

Hercule Poirot Fictional detective by Agatha Christie

Hercule Poirot is a fictional Belgian detective created by British writer Agatha Christie. Poirot is one of Christie's most famous and long-running characters, appearing in 33 novels, 2 plays, and more than 50 short stories published between 1920 and 1975.

Alan Bennett English actor, writer, playwright, and screenwriter

Alan Bennett is an English actor, author, playwright, and screenwriter. He was born in Leeds and attended Oxford University, where he studied history and performed with the Oxford Revue. He stayed to teach and research medieval history at the university for several years. His collaboration as writer and performer with Dudley Moore, Jonathan Miller and Peter Cook in the satirical revue Beyond the Fringe at the 1960 Edinburgh Festival brought him instant fame. He gave up academia, and turned to writing full-time, his first stage play, Forty Years On, being produced in 1968.

Kenneth Branagh Northern Irish actor, director, screenwriter, and producer

Sir Kenneth Charles Branagh is a Northern Irish actor and filmmaker. Branagh trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London; in 2015 he succeeded Richard Attenborough as its president. He has been nominated for five Academy Awards and five Golden Globe Awards; he has won three BAFTAs and two Emmy Awards. He was appointed a Knight Bachelor in the 2012 Birthday Honours and knighted on 9 November 2012. He was made a Freeman of his native city of Belfast in January 2018. In 2020, he was listed at number 20 on The Irish Times list of Ireland's greatest film actors.

David Suchet English actor

Sir David Courtney Suchet, is an English actor, known for his work on British stage and television. He played Edward Teller in the TV serial Oppenheimer (1980) and received the RTS and BPG awards for his performance as Augustus Melmotte in the British serial The Way We Live Now (2001). International acclaim and recognition followed his performance as Agatha Christie's detective Hercule Poirot in Agatha Christie's Poirot (1989–2013), for which he received a 1991 British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) nomination.

<i>Agatha Christies Poirot</i> British TV series

Poirot is a British mystery drama television programme that aired on ITV from 8 January 1989 to 13 November 2013. David Suchet stars as the eponymous detective, Agatha Christie's fictional Hercule Poirot. Initially produced by LWT, the series was later produced by ITV Studios. The series also aired on VisionTV in Canada and on PBS and A&E in the United States.

Inspector Japp

Inspector James Japp is a fictional character who appears in several of Agatha Christie's novels featuring Hercule Poirot.

Sean Pertwee English actor

Sean Carl Roland Pertwee is an English actor, narrator and producer with an extensive career since the 1980s in television and cinema productions.

Maurice Denham

William Maurice Denham, OBE was an English character actor, who appeared in over 100 television programmes and films in his long career.

<i>Appointment with Death</i> (film)

Appointment with Death is a 1988 American mystery film and sequel produced and directed by Michael Winner. Made by Golan-Globus Productions, the film is an adaptation of the 1938 Agatha Christie novel Appointment with Death featuring the detective Hercule Poirot. The screenplay was written by Winner as well as Peter Buckman and Anthony Shaffer.

<i>Death on the Nile</i> (1978 film)

Death on the Nile is a 1978 British mystery film based on Agatha Christie's 1937 novel of the same name, directed by John Guillermin and adapted by Anthony Shaffer. The film features the Belgian detective Hercule Poirot, played by Peter Ustinov for the first time, plus an all-star supporting cast that featured Maggie Smith, Angela Lansbury, Bette Davis, Mia Farrow, David Niven, George Kennedy and Jack Warden. The film is a follow up to the 1974 film Murder on the Orient Express.

<i>Evil Under the Sun</i> (1982 film) 1982 film by Guy Hamilton

Evil Under the Sun is a 1982 British locked-room mystery film based on the 1941 novel of the same name by Agatha Christie and directed by Guy Hamilton. Peter Ustinov stars as Hercule Poirot, the Belgian detective whom he had previously played in Death on the Nile (1978).

The Benois de la Danse is a ballet competition held annually in Moscow. Founded by the International Dance Association in 1991, it takes place each year on or around April 29 and is jury-based in its judging. The members of this jury change every year and consists of only top ballet personages.

<i>The True Glory</i> 1945 film by Carol Reed, Garson Kanin

The True Glory (1945) is a co-production of the US Office of War Information and the British Ministry of Information, documenting the victory on the Western Front, from Normandy to the collapse of the Third Reich.

Black Coffee is a play by the British crime-fiction author Agatha Christie (1890–1976) which was produced initially in 1930. The first piece that Christie wrote for the stage, it launched a successful second career for her as a playwright.

Romanoff and Juliet is a play by Peter Ustinov. A comic spoof of the Cold War, it is set in the small mythical mid-European country of Concordia, whose leader is wooed by the United States and the Soviet Union, each one wanting him as an ally. Russia's ambassador, a member of the Romanoff family, has a son Igor who falls in love with Juliet, the daughter of the US diplomat. The two opposing families, one communist, the other capitalist, represent the warring Capulets and Montagues of Romeo and Juliet.

<i>Thirteen at Dinner</i> (film)

Thirteen at Dinner is a 1985 British-American made-for-television mystery film featuring the Belgian detective Hercule Poirot. Adapted by Rod Browning from the 1933 Agatha Christie novel Lord Edgware Dies, it was directed by Lou Antonio and starred Peter Ustinov, Faye Dunaway, Jonathan Cecil, Diane Keen, Bill Nighy and David Suchet, who was later to play Poirot in the long-running television series entitled Agatha Christie's Poirot.

<i>Dead Mans Folly</i> (film)

Dead Man's Folly is a 1986 British-American made-for-television mystery film featuring Agatha Christie's Belgian detective Hercule Poirot. It is based on Christie's 1956 novel Dead Man's Folly. The film was directed by Clive Donner and starred Peter Ustinov as Poirot.

The Human Dutch is a 1963 Dutch documentary film directed by Bert Haanstra, about the daily lives of people in the Netherlands. It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. It was also selected as the Dutch entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 37th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.

<i>Murder in Three Acts</i>

Murder in Three Acts is a 1986 British-American made-for-television mystery film produced by Warner Bros. Television, featuring Peter Ustinov as Agatha Christie's Belgian detective Hercule Poirot. Directed by Gary Nelson, it co-starred Jonathan Cecil as Hastings, Tony Curtis, and Emma Samms.

Antonio Guidi

Antonio Guidi was an Italian actor and voice actor.

References

  1. Miller, Gertrude M. (1971). BBC pronouncing dictionary of British names. British Broadcasting Corporation. London: Oxford University Press. ISBN   978-0194311250. OCLC   154639The pronunciations were accepted by Sir Peter himself.
  2. For his biography, with references to archival documentation and publications on him and his family, see Holtz: "Hall, Moritz", in: Siegbert Uhlig (ed.): Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 2, Wiesbaden 2005. Also, a family photo shows Ustinov's grandmother with her husband and their children, including Ustinov's father Jona.
  3. McEwan, Dorothea (2013). The Story of Däräsge Maryam. Münster: LIT Verlag. p. 45. ISBN   978-3643904089 . Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  4. Strutynski, Stanislaw. "Distinguished Guest in the Visitation Parish". visitmaria.ru. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017.
  5. "Peter Ustinov". SEPLIS Beta. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015 via Wayback Machine.
  6. According to Ustinov in his biography Dear Me
  7. Norton-Taylor, Richard (5 October 2009). "MI5 monitored union and CND leaders with ministers' backing, book reveals". The Guardian . Archived from the original on 22 June 2012 via Wayback Machine.
  8. 1 2 Ustinov, Peter (1977). Dear Me (1st ed.). Boston: Little, Brown. p.  95. ISBN   978-0-316-89051-9. OCLC   3071948.
  9. 1 2 Ian Herbert, Christine Baxter, Robert E. Finley, Who's who in the Theatre: A Biographical Record of the Contemporary Stage, Volume 16 (Pitman, 1977), p. 1202
  10. Dunn, Kate (1998). Exit through the fireplace: the great days of the rep. London: J. Murray. ISBN   978-0719554759. OCLC   50667637.
  11. "Obituary: Sir Peter Ustinov". BBC News. 29 March 2004. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  12. "UNICEF mourns death of Goodwill Ambassador Sir Peter Ustinov". UNICEF. 28 November 2017.
  13. Juergensmeyer, Mark (2003). Terror in the mind of God: the global rise of religious violence (3rd ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN   9780520930612. OCLC   779141234.
  14. "President". World Federalist Movement. Archived from the original on 29 October 2008 via Wayback Machine.
  15. "Deutsche Synchronkartei – Darsteller – Sir Peter Ustinov". www.synchronkartei.de.
  16. Shafe, Michael; et al. (1982). University Education in Dundee 1881–1981 A Pictorial History. Dundee: University of Dundee. p. 205. ASIN   B00178Z2BG.
  17. "Rectorial Elections". Archives, Records and Artefacts at the University of Dundee. University of Dundee. 15 February 2010. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
  18. Baxter, Kenneth; et al. (2007). A Dundee Celebration. Dundee: University of Dundee. p. 32.
  19. "Peter Ustinov: Quotes". IMDb. Retrieved 13 November 2018.[ unreliable source? ]
  20. "Peter Ustinov: Biography". leninimports.com. Archived from the original on 31 October 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2018 via Wayback Machine.
  21. "Our people – Sir Peter Ustinov (1921–2004)". British Humanist Association. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  22. "Humanist". The Humanist : A Rational Approach to the Modern World. London: Rationalist Press Association Limited. 1963. ISSN   0018-7380.
  23. "Peter Ustinov, 82". Chicago Tribune . 30 March 2004. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017 via Wayback Machine.
  24. "Sir Peter Ustinov, President of the World Federalist Movement from 1991–2004, Dies at Age 82". wfm.org. World Federalist Movement – Institute for Global Policy. Archived from the original on 15 December 2005. Retrieved 16 April 2017 via Wayback Machine.
  25. "Peter Ustinov, a friend of global federalism has died". Union of European Federalists. 3 March 2004. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  26. "Klapzubova jedenáctka (TV seriál)". ČSFD.cz. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  27. ""Parkinson" Episode #1.4 (TV Episode 1971)". IMDb. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  28. Kein Abend wie jeder andere Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  29. "Omni: The New Frontier". Emmys.com. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  30. "Le Défi Mondial". Via le Monde (in French). Archived from the original on 29 April 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  31. "An Audience with Peter Ustinov (1988) - IMDb". IMDb.com. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  32. "Victoria&Albert".
  33. Generation in Jeopardy: Children in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. M.E. Sharpe. 4 September 1999. ISBN   9780765602909 . Retrieved 4 September 2020 via Google Books.
  34. Generation in Jeopardy: Children in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. M. E. Sharpe. 4 September 1999. ISBN   9780765601216 . Retrieved 4 September 2020 via Google Books.
  35. Mordden, Ethan (23 December 1984). "Fancy Feet and Famous Faces". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  36. Ustinov, Peter (May 1991). The Old Man and Mr. Smith: a fable (1st ed.). New York: Arcade Publishing. ISBN   978-1559701341. OCLC   22984638.
  37. "Berlinale 1972: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 16 March 2010.
  38. 1 2 "Sir Peter Ustinov, 82, Witty Entertainer Who Was a World Unto Himself, Is Dead". The New York Times. 30 March 2004. Archived from the original on 2 November 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  39. "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). Vienna. 23 April 2012. p. 1444. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
  40. "Honorary Doctor of Music Degrees" (PDF). Cleveland Institute of Music. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  41. University, Lancaster. "Honorary Graduates – Lancaster University". lancaster.ac.uk. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  42. "Honorary Degree Recipients" (PDF). University of Lethbridge. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 December 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  43. "Honorary Degree Recipients 1850 – 2016 Sorted Alphabetically by Name of Recipient" (PDF). University of Toronto. 18 October 2016. p. 35. Retrieved 13 November 2018. 1984 Ustinov, Peter Doctor of Laws Arts – Theatre June, 1984
  44. "Honorary Degree Recipients 1850 – 2016 Sorted by Date of Degree Conferral" (PDF). University of Toronto. 16 September 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  45. "Honorary Degrees Awarded Since 1954 – Senate". carleton.ca. Carleton University . Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  46. "NUI Honorary Degrees Awarded" (PDF). National University of Ireland. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2018.


Academic offices
Preceded by
Sir Learie Constantine
as Rector of the University of St Andrews
Rector of the University of Dundee
1968–1974
Succeeded by
Clement Freud
Preceded by
Dame Margot Fonteyn
Chancellor of the University of Durham
1992–2004
Succeeded by
Bill Bryson