Petras

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Coordinates: 35°11′49.5″N26°6′53.7″E / 35.197083°N 26.114917°E / 35.197083; 26.114917

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

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Archaeological site of Petras Petras Ausgrabungsstatte 50.jpg
Archaeological site of Petras

Petras (Greek : Πετράς) is the archaeological site of an ancient Minoan town on northeastern Crete.

Greek language language spoken in Greece, Cyprus and Southern Albania

Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning more than 3000 years of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary, were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin, Cyrillic, Armenian, Coptic, Gothic, and many other writing systems.

Minoan civilization Bronze Age Aegean civilization flourishing on the island of Crete and other Aegean islands from c. 2600 to 1100 BC

The Minoan civilization represents the first advanced civilization in Europe. It gave rise to massive building complexes, tools, sophisticated artwork, seafaring ships and ship building technology, and writing systems, much of which has endured as archaeological treasures. It established an extensive trade network, with copper, fishing and architecture as specialties. The Minoans were instrumental in bringing early Greek culture and mythos to many neighboring peoples. Much of the information on this culture has been misrepresented in the works and contentions of many scientific and theological interests, which have left out much definitive evidence and as a result, the less provable aspects are more widely known or accepted.

Crete The largest and most populous of the Greek islands

Crete is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica. Crete and a number of surrounding islands and islets constitute the region of Crete, one of the 13 top-level administrative units of Greece. The capital and the largest city is Heraklion. As of 2011, the region had a population of 623,065.

Geography

Petras is just east of the modern Cretan town, Siteia. The site is situated on top of a small plateau and overlooks the sea north of Crete.

Archaeology

Metaxia Tsipopoulou began excavations at Petras in 1985.

The main building, which was two stories when it stood, is 2800 square meters.

Petras has a drainage system, double staircases, dadoes, frescoes and cut slab pavements. Marks appear on the architecture of double axes, stars, branches, double triangles and Linear A signs. Petras has yielded 3 Linear A tablets from its archives, plus a few other short Linear A texts. [1]

Linear A undeciphered writing system from Crete

Linear A is a writing system used by the Minoans (Cretans) from 1800 to 1450 BC that belongs to an independent group that is distinct from Egyptian and Babylonian systems. During the second millennium, there are four major branches: the Cretan Hieroglyphic Script, Linear A, Linear B, and Cypro-Minoan. Along with Cretan hieroglyphic, it is one of two undeciphered writing systems used by ancient Minoan and peripheral peoples. Linear A was the primary script used in palace and religious writings of the Minoan civilization. It was discovered by archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans. It is related to the Linear B script, which succeeded the Linear A and was used by the Mycenaean civilization.

Hieroglyphic archive

A hieroglyphic archive inscribed in Cretan hieroglyphs was excavated starting in 1995. According to the excavator, Metaxia Tsipopoulou, the archive was still in use at the time of palace destruction. Definitive edition was published in 2010.

Cretan hieroglyphs ancient writing system

Cretan hieroglyphs are generally considered undeciphered hieroglyphs found on artefacts of early Bronze Age Crete, during the Minoan era. It predates Linear A by about a century, but the two writing systems continued to be used in parallel for most of their history.

The central building shares many of the features that are used to identify a Minoan palace apart from a regular building: pier and door partitions, alternating columns and pillars, and ashlar masonry.

Additions and building modifications were occurring as late as Late Minoan IB.

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Minoan language language of ancient Minoans written in Cretan hieroglyphs and Linear A syllabary

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Karfi is an archaeological site high up in the Dikti Mountains in eastern Crete, Greece. The ancient name of the site is unknown; "Karfi" is a local toponym for the prominent knob of limestone that marks the peak of the site, especially when viewed from the north. Located approximately 1100 meters above sea level, and overlooking the northern entrance to the Lasithi Plateau, the dramatic situation of Karfi is somewhat akin to that of the famous Inca site of Machu Picchu in Peru. While there is some evidence that the site was used during the Middle Minoan period as a peak sanctuary, Karfi is best known as a large and extensively excavated town of the Late Minoan IIIC period at the beginning of the Greek "Dark Ages."

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Heraklion Archaeological Museum Archaeological museum in Crete, Greece

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References

  1. Metaxia Tsipopoulou, The Minoan Palace at Petras, Siteia. Athena Review, Vol.3, no.3. 2003

Bibliography