Petten

Last updated
Petten
Town
Petten wapen.svg
Coat of arms
LocatieZijpe.png
Map NL - Zijpe - Petten.png
The town centre (darkgreen) and the statistical district (lightgreen) of Petten in the former municipality of Zijpe.
Coordinates: 52°46′N4°40′E / 52.767°N 4.667°E / 52.767; 4.667 Coordinates: 52°46′N4°40′E / 52.767°N 4.667°E / 52.767; 4.667
Country Netherlands
Province North Holland
Municipality Schagen
Population
  Total1,900
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)

Petten is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Schagen, and lies about 15 km northwest of Alkmaar, on the North Sea. The population is ca. 1900.

Contents

Petten's economy is based on agriculture (bulb cultivation), and tourism. A particular type sand can be found on the beach of Petten, of sanded quartz with granite. Since 1997 a plan has been developed for a marina with 600 places; called Marina Petten.

Somewhat to the south of Petten, the dunes have been eroded, as a result of which a dike had to be built, the Hondsbossche - and Pettemer zeewering.

History

Petten could have been founded in 739. The name refers to the three wells (Dutch: putten) which are located there. There was already a mention of a sand dike in 1388 between Petten and 't Oghe (Callantsoog). In the St. Elizabeth's flood (1421), Petten was entirely washed away, and the dunes were damaged. A sleeper dike was built behind the dunes in 1432 and from 1506 active coastal defense took place, with pile heads of beams from Norway and Sweden and stone from Vilvoorde, Belgium. Even so, more than 100 houses were washed away in 1625, plus the church of Petten. The construction of the Hondsbossche zeewering began in 1793.

Petten belonged to the nobility of Petten en Nolmerban, and then became a municipality. In 1929, the municipality of Petten was incorporated into the municipality of Zijpe. Last one merged with Harenkarspel and Schagen into the new municipality of Schagen in 2013. During the Second World War, the entire town of Petten was broken up in 1943 by order of the German Wehrmacht because of the construction of the Atlantic Wall. The church of Petten was demolished in 1944. After the war, a whole new town was built from 1946, designed by the architects Van de Ban and De Vassy. In 1955, the foundation "Reactor Centrum Nederland" (RCN) was set up, that went on to build a research-reactor (Petten nuclear reactor) that currently supplies 60% of European demand for medical radioisotopes. Since 1976, the foundation is called the Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN).

In December 1962 (according to some accounts 1963), the Fluxus artist Wim T. Schippers emptied a bottle of Green Spot lemonade in the sea at Petten ("Manifestatie Aan Het Strand Te Petten").

On 11 December 2004, an approximately three-year-old basking shark, Cetorhinus maximus, was beached on the coast near Petten. The animal was 3.65 m long and weighed 250 kg. The material surplus was put on ice and was exhibited in the aquarium of Fort Kijkduin at Den Helder. Attempts are being made to place the basking shark in its entirety in a formalin solution.

Beach at Petten, from the Pettemer zeewering. Beach Petten Holland.jpg
Beach at Petten, from the Pettemer zeewering.

Statistics

In 2001, the town of Petten had 1,055 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 0.26 km², and contained 444 residences. [1] The wider statistical area of Petten has a population of around 1540. [2]

Related Research Articles

Neder-Betuwe Municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Neder-Betuwe is a municipality in Gelderland, in the east of the Netherlands.

Zijpe Former municipality in North Holland, Netherlands

Zijpe is a former municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. In 2013, Zijpe merged with Schagen and Harenkarspel into a new municipality, which is called Schagen.

s-Gravenzande City in Zuid-Holland, Netherlands

's-Gravenzande is a town in the province of South Holland, in the Netherlands. It is a part of the municipality of Westland, and lies about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) southwest of The Hague. Until 2004 it was a separate municipality and covered an area of 20.77 km².

Egmond aan Zee Place in North Holland, Netherlands

Egmond aan Zee is a village on the North Sea coast in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Bergen, about 9 km west of Alkmaar.

Schoorl Place in North Holland, Netherlands

Schoorl is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Bergen, and lies about 8 km northwest of Alkmaar. Until 2001, Schoorl was also a municipality of its own.

Baambrugge Town in Utrecht, Netherlands

Baambrugge is a village on the river Angstel in the Dutch province of Utrecht. It is a part of the municipality of De Ronde Venen and lies about 14 km southeast of Amsterdam. In 2001 the village of Baambrugge had 925 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 0.21 km² and contained 365 residences. The statistical area "Baambrugge", which also can include the peripheral parts of the village, as well as the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 1000.

Zwammerdam Town in South Holland, Netherlands

Zwammerdam is a town in the Dutch province of South Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Alphen aan den Rijn, and lies about 6 km southeast of Alphen aan de Rijn.

Wieringerwaard Town in North Holland, Netherlands

Wieringerwaard is a polder and a village in the municipality of Hollands Kroon in the Dutch province of North Holland. Wieringerwaard was formerly a separate municipality, until it merged with Barsingerhorn in 1970.

Callantsoog Town in North Holland, Netherlands

Callantsoog is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Schagen, and lies about 18 km south of Den Helder. Callantsoog was a separate municipality until 1990, when it was merged with Zijpe. Since 1990, the area of Callantsoog had made part of the municipalities of Zijpe, Den Helder, and Anna Paulowna. In 2012, Anna Paulowna has become part of the new municipality of Hollands Kroon, and in 2013, Zijpe merged with Schagen into the new municipality of Schagen. For that reason the area of Callantsoog has made part of the municipalities of Schagen, Den Helder and Hollands Kroon since 2013.

Westbroek Village in Utrecht, Netherlands

Westbroek is a village in the Dutch province of Utrecht. It is a part of the municipality of De Bilt, and lies about 6 km northwest of Bilthoven.

t Zand, Schagen Town in North Holland, Netherlands

't Zand is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Schagen and lies about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south of Den Helder.

Schagerbrug Town in North Holland, Netherlands

Schagerbrug is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is part of the municipality of Schagen, and was the main town of the former municipality of Zijpe. It lies about 2 km northeast of the town of Schagen.

Sint Maartensbrug Village in North Holland, Netherlands

Sint Maartensbrug is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Schagen, and lies about 14 km northwest of Heerhugowaard.

Sint Maartensvlotbrug Village in North Holland, Netherlands

Sint Maartensvlotbrug is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Schagen, and lies about 15 km northwest of Heerhugowaard.

Burgerbrug Village in North Holland, Netherlands

Burgerbrug is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Schagen, and lies about 14 km north of Alkmaar.

Watergang Town in North Holland, Netherlands

Watergang is a village in the northwest Netherlands. It is located in the municipality of Waterland, North Holland, about seven kilometres north of Amsterdam, on the east bank of the Noordhollandsch Kanaal.

Kolhorn Village in North Holland, Netherlands

Kolhorn is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Hollands Kroon, and lies about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) east of Schagen.

Goudswaard Village in South Holland, Netherlands

Goudswaard is a village in the Dutch province of South Holland, located on the westernmost tip of the Hoeksche Waard, approximately 6 km south-west of Spijkenisse. Goudswaard was a separate municipality from 1817 until 1984, when it was merged with Nieuw-Beijerland, Zuid-Beijerland and Piershil to form the municipality of Korendijk. The built-up area of Goudswaard is 0.28 km². As of 1 January 2014, the village has 1,956 inhabitants, and contains 804 residences.

Sint Maarten, North Holland Village in North Holland, Netherlands

Sint Maarten is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Schagen, and lies about 15 km north of Alkmaar.

Warmenhuizen Town in North Holland, Netherlands

Warmenhuizen is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Schagen, and lies about 8 km northwest of Heerhugowaard.

References

  1. Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Bevolkingskernen in Nederland 2001 . Statistics are for the continuous built-up area.
  2. Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Gemeente Op Maat 2004: Zijpe [ permanent dead link ].