Pharos (horse)

Last updated
Pharos
Pharos.jpg
Sire Phalaris
Grandsire Polymelus
DamScapa Flow
DamsireChaucer
Sex Stallion
Foaled1920
Country Great Britain
Colour Bay or brown
Breeder Earl of Derby
OwnerEdward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby
Trainer George Lambton
Record30: 14–5–6
Earnings£15,694 [1]
Major wins
Bedford Stakes (1922)
Chesham Stakes (1920)
Mersey Stakes (1922)
Lambton Stakes (1920)
Hurst Park Great Two-Year-Old Stakes (1920)
Hastings Stakes (1923)
March Stakes (1923)
Royal Stakes (1923)
Liverpool Summer Cup (1924)
North Sea Stakes (1924)
Champion Stakes (1924)
Duke of York Handicap (1924, 1925)
Awards
Leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland (1931)
Leading sire in France (1939)
Last updated on 11 January 2010

Pharos (4 April 1920 – 30 April 1937) was a British bred thoroughbred racehorse and a Leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland.

Contents

Pedigree

Bred and raced by Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby, he was a brother to the stakeswinners, Fair Isle (1927) and Fairway (1925) who won 31 races and £71,635 between them. [1] They were by the successful sire, Phalaris, their dam the staying mare, Scapa Flow by Chaucer. Pharos's maximum distance was approximately 1¼ miles and Fairway could stay much further and was altogether a better racehorse. Both Pharos and Fairway were outstanding successes at stud where they both sired classic winners of a high standard. However, Pharos has proved the more influential in the long run and now stands four-square on the pre-eminent sire line in world racing. [2]

Racing record

Pharos won six of his nine starts at age two and three of his nine starts at age three when he also ran second to Papyrus in the 1923 Epsom Derby. Racing at age four, Pharos won four of seven starts, notably beating Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Parth in the ten furlong Champion Stakes at Newmarket Racecourse. Racing at age five, Pharos did not win in his first four starts but then in the last race of his career, won his second consecutive edition of the Duke of York Handicap by six lengths.

Stud record

Retired to stud duty having won fourteen of his thirty career starts, Pharos first stood at Woodland Stud in Newmarket for the 1926 season. In 1928 he was sent to stand at Haras d'Ouilly in France where he remained until his death in 1937. [3] Pharos was the leading sire in Britain and Ireland in 1931 and the leading sire in France in 1938.

Pharos sired 11 high class stallions including Pharis, an undefeated galloper whose wins included the 1939 Prix du Jockey Club and the Grand Prix de Paris and who was the leading sire in France in 1944. [3] However, by far his most important son was the undefeated Nearco, described by Thoroughbred Heritage as "one of the greatest racehorses of the Twentieth Century" and "one of the most important sires of the century". [4]

Pharos sired the winners of 181 races worth £152,157. [1]

Pedigree

Pedigree of Pharos, brown stallion, 1920
Sire
Phalaris
Polymelus Cyllene Bona Vista
Arcadia
Maid Marian Hampton
Quiver
Bromus Sainfoain Springfield
Sanda
CheerySt. Simon
Sunrise
Dam
Scapa Flow
Chaucer St. Simon Galopin
St. Angela
Canterbury Pilgrim Tristan
Pilgrimage
AnchoraLove WiselyWisdom
Lovelorn
EryholmeHazlehatch
Ayrsmoss (family: 13-e)

See also

Related Research Articles

Nearco Italian-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Nearco was an Italian-bred Thoroughbred racehorse described by Thoroughbred Heritage as "one of the greatest racehorses of the Twentieth Century" and "one of the most important sires of the century." He was unbeaten, winning 14 races at distances from 1000m to 3000m, including the Derby Italiano and Grand Prix de Paris. He was then sold for a record amount to Martin H. Benson and stood stud in England, where he became the patriarch of several of the most dominant sire lines in Thoroughbred history.

Doncaster (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Doncaster was an English Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He was the winner of the 1873 Epsom Derby and the sire of the great stallion Bend Or. Through Bend Or he is the direct male-line ancestor of most modern thoroughbreds.

Épinard French-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Épinard (1920–1942) was a French Thoroughbred racehorse and sire.

Gladiateur French-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Gladiateur (1862–1876) was a French Thoroughbred racehorse who won the English Triple Crown in 1865. Gladiateur is called a legend by France Galop and "One of the best horses ever to grace the turf in any century" by the National Sporting Library of Middleburg, Virginia. Gladiateur was not very successful as a sire but his performance on the track remains one of the most impressive in Thoroughbred horse racing history.

Crepello (1954–1974) was a British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse which won England's most prestigious race, the Derby in 1957 and was later a Leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland.

Pharis (horse) French-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Pharis (1936–1957) was a French Thoroughbred racehorse who is "considered one of the greatest French-bred runners of the century," according to Thoroughbred Heritage. Named for the Spartan town of Pharis, he was owned and bred by leading French horseman, Marcel Boussac.

Sakhee American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Sakhee is an American-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse. He won eight of his fourteen races and is most noted for his performances as a four-year-old in 2001 when his wins included the International Stakes and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe.

Sir Peter Teazle horse

Sir Peter Teazle was a good British bred Thoroughbred racehorse, a Leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland nine times, and carried on the sire line of Herod.

Blandford (horse) Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Blandford (1919–1935) was an Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse best known as the three-time Leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland who sired eleven British Classic Race winners including four which won The Derby. He was the Leading sire in France and also in England in the same year.

Bois Roussel (1935–1955) was a French-bred Thoroughbred champion racehorse and a leading broodmare sire. He won the 1938 Epsom Derby on his second racecourse appearance.

Be My Guest (1974–2004) was an American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse and Champion Sire in Britain. He was bred in Kentucky by Walter Haefner, a Swiss businessman and owner of Moyglare Stud Farm in Ireland. Sired by the great Northern Dancer, his dam was What a Treat, the 1965 American Champion Three-Year-Old Filly and a daughter of the 1947 2,000 Guineas Stakes winner, Tudor Minstrel.

Darshaan was a British-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and a Champion sire and broodmare sire.

Ambiorix (horse) French-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Ambiorix (1946–1975) was a French Champion Two-Year-Old Thoroughbred racehorse who became a leading sire.

Plucky Liege British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Plucky Liege (1912–1937) was a British Thoroughbred racemare who produced eleven winners, including an Epsom Derby winner at the age of twenty-three and three British Classic race winners. The performances of these horses led to her becoming one of the most important broodmares of the 20th century.

Phalaris (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Phalaris (1913–1931) was a British bred Thoroughbred racehorse, later a Leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland and a Leading broodmare sire in Great Britain & Ireland. He appears in the sireline of all racehorses which were winners of more than $10 million.

Springfield (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Springfield (1873–1898) was a successful English Thoroughbred racehorse that won 14 consecutive races and was a useful sire of the late 19th century. He was the grandsire of two English Triple Crown winners: Galtee More, who was exported to Russia, and later Germany and Rock Sand, who was exported to the U.S.

Emilius (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Emilius (1820–1847) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career that lasted from April 1823 to October 1824 he ran ten times and won seven races, including a walkover. As a three-year-old in 1823 he was undefeated in six starts, including the Derby. After a less impressive year in 1824 he was retired to stud and became a highly successful and important breeding stallion.

Mysterious (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Mysterious (1970–1988) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse. In a racing career lasting from July 1972 until October 1973 she ran eight times and won five races. Mysterious won Group races on her first four racecourse appearances including the Classic 1000 Guineas at Newmarket Racecourse and Oaks at Epsom. She later finished second to Dahlia in the Irish Oaks at the Curragh and won the Yorkshire Oaks at York.

Cobweb (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Cobweb (1821–1848) was an undefeated British Thoroughbred racehorse and who won two British Classic Races as a three-year-old and went on to become a highly successful broodmare. Cobweb's racing career consisted of three competitive races in the early part of 1824. After winning on her debut she claimed a second prize when her opponents were withdrawn by their owners. She then won the 1000 Guineas at Newmarket Racecourse and the Oaks Stakes at Epsom Downs Racecourse before being retired to stud.

William the Third (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

William the Third (1898–1917) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. After finishing unplaced on his only race as a two-year-old in 1900, he won five times in 1901 as well as finishing second in The Derby. He reached his peak as a four-year-old, winning five consecutive races including the Ascot Gold Cup, Queen Alexandra Stakes and Doncaster Cup. His career was ended by injury in early 1903 and he was retired to stud, where he had considerable success as a sire of winners.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Ahnert, Rainer L., ed. (1970), Thoroughbred Breeding of the World, Germany: Pozdun Publishing.
  2. Leicester, Charles (1969), Bloodstock Breeding, London: J. A. Allen & Co.
  3. 1 2 Pryor, Peter (1979), The Classic Connection, Luton: Cortney Publications.
  4. Thoroughbred Heritage .