Philippine–Spanish Friendship Day

Last updated
right Espana y Filipinas, 1886 oil on canvas painting by Juan Luna Espana y Filipinas by Juan Luna.jpg
right España y Filipinas, 1886 oil on canvas painting by Juan Luna

Philippine–Spanish Friendship Day (Spanish : 'Día de la Amistad Hispano-Filipina') celebrates the strong links between the Republic of the Philippines and the Kingdom of Spain every June 30. It commemorates the day when General Emilio Aguinaldo, president of the First Philippine Republic, issued a decree requiring the last Spanish soldiers who had been besieged for almost a year inside Baler's church be treated not as enemies and prisoners of war, but as friends. It also ordered that they receive the necessary permission for their return to Spain.

Contents

Senator Edgardo Angara, the Friendship Day's main sponsor, described this occasion as, "a glorious day for both countries because the Siege of Baler brought heroes and victory for both parties." [1] Today, it symbolizes the great friendship between both countries.

Background

The Philippine–Spanish Friendship Day Bill was passed on July 22, 2002, and Republic Act No. 9187 was approved on February 5, 2003—both as means to strengthen the relationship between two nations that share history, values and traditions.

Republic Act No. 9187 states:

June 30 is a day when President Emilio Aguinaldo commended the besieged Spanish soldiers in the Church of Baler for their loyalty and gallantry. To mark this momentous occasion, there is a need to declare said day a national holiday to remember the act of benevolence which has paved the way in bridging better relations between Philippines and Spain.

The 30th of June of each year is hereby declared as Philippine-Spanish Friendship Day to commemorate the cultural and historical ties, friendship and cooperation between the Philippines and Spain. It is hereby declared as a national special working holiday and a special non-working holiday in Aurora Province. [2]

Siege of Baler

Philippine–Spanish Friendship Day relates to Siege of Baler. A group of Spanish soldiers garrisoned inside the town church in Baler, Aurora and defended the Spanish flag from July 1, 1898 to June 2, 1899 -- without knowing that Spain had already give its principal colony in Asia independence on December 10, 1898 by signing of the Treaty of Paris.

Heroism and stubbornness let the 33 soldiers, commanded by Captain Enrique de las Morenas y Fossí and Lieutenant Saturnino Martín y Cerezo, not only to survive, but to earn the respect of the revolutionary army of the Malolos Republic, whose safe return to Spain was ordered by General Emilio Aguinaldo. This group of soldiers came to be known as Los últimos de Filipinas (The last ones of the Philippines).

The Siege of Baler was led by Revolutionary Colonel Simon Ocampo Tecson of San Miguel, Bulacan, the field commanding officer - List of Filipino Generals in the Philippine Revolution of 1896 and the Filipino-American War of 1899.

Celebration in the Philippines

Bilateral relations between the Kingdom of Spain and the Republic of the Philippines had been steadily improving since the formal establishment of Sovereign Tagalog Nation in 1896, Republic of Biak-na-Bato in 1897, Cantonal Republic of Negros in 1898 and Malolos Republic and Republic of Zamboanga in 1899. The Republic of the Philippines and the Kingdom of Spain have renewed their 1947 Treaty of Friendship, expanding it to a Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation in the year 2000. [3] On June 30, 2003, the first celebration of Philippine–Spanish Friendship Day took place in the Philippine town of Baler, Aurora Province, with Senator Edgardo Angara as host. Guests for this first event were, among others, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (one of the directors of Philippine Academy of the Spanish Language) and the head of Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional (Spanish International Cooperation Agency), Dr. Rafael Rodríguez-Ponga Salamanca, the special representative for this occasion, who read an official message from H.M. the King of Spain. It is also celebrated yearly in the town of San Miguel, Bulacan in the house of Simon Tecson - Tecson House. It is the same house where the first Philippine Constitution was ratified with Emilio Aguinaldo.

Since 2003, this celebration has acquired more and more relevance and has kept growing in terms of the amount of activities and projects, which have been organised in different locations:

YEARCELEBRATIONHOSTOTHER VENUESTHEME
2003
1st
Region IIIBaler Region III – Malolos Amistad Duradera (Enduring Friendship)
2004
2nd
Region III – MalolosAmistad Duradera
2005
3rd
Region VIIloilo City Amistad Duradera
2006
4th
Region IXZamboanga City Amistad Duradera
2007
5th
Region III – Baler Region IVigan, Region VIIBohol, Region IX – Zamboanga City, and NCRManila [4] Amistad Duradera: Mga Larangan ng Pagtatagpo [4]
2008
6th
Region III – Baler [5] Amistad Duradera
2009
7th
Region III – Baler [6] Amistad Duradera
2010
8th
Region III – Baler [7]
2011
9th
Region III – Baler [8] Manila galleon

Celebration in Spain

Since 2006, Philippine–Spanish Friendship Day has been simultaneously celebrated and organised in different locations of Spain such as Madrid, Barcelona, Palencia and Almonte in Huelva. [9] In Madrid, several institutions such as the Philippine Embassy and the Asociación Cultural Galeón de Manila celebrate this Friendship Day since 2009.

Today, many titles of nobility were named after Philippine areas, such as the Vizcondado de Mindanao or Viscountship of Mindanao AND Condado de Jolo or County of Jolo--- both titles held by the Malcampo family and headed by Cristina Osorio Malcampo, the 8th Duchess of San Lorenzo de Valhermoso; Condado de la Conquista de Islas Batanes or the County of the Conquest of the Batanes Islands held by Jose Basco y Vargas, a governor general of the Philippines; Condado de Albay or the County of Albay held by Pedro de Govantes, a politician just like his uncle, the Prime Minister of Spain Marcelo Azcarraga y Palmero of Cuba whose very own mother Maria Versosa Palmero Lizarrabal of Albay was related to the Count of Lizarraga; and the Mayorazgo de Mariquina or the Mayoralty of Marikina held by the Chinese-Filipino Tuason family, now headed by Severo Tuason.

Also, many Filipinos held Spanish titles in their own right, such as Isabela de Ynchausti, Marquise of Viademonte and matriarch of the once powerful and entrepreneurial Ynchausti clan; Margarita Zobel de Ayala, Countess of Peracamps (her husband Antonio Melian descended from General Van Halen of Barcelona), the Pardo de Tavera family who perhaps was the most powerful Filipino-Spanish family as their ancestor Juan Pardo de Tavera was Inquisitor General of Spain and the right hand of his Majesty King Philip II of Spain himself. They were descended from Guiomar Pardo de Tavera, the Marquise of Magahon and Countess of El Alcazar de Toledo, titles now held by the Dukes of Medinaceli); Isabel Preysler the mother of Enrique Iglesias and who was once Marquise of Grinyon, and now future Marquise of Vargas Llosa; Victoria Gonzalez Quirino, related to former Philippine President Elpidio Quirino and married to Manuel Alvarez de Toledo, 5th Duke of Zaragoza; and, Sylvia Landahl y Hagedorn who was married to Alvaro Moreno, the 8th Count of Los Andes  [ es ] and 13th Marquis of La Eliseda. [10]

The current Queen of Spain Letizia's maternal grandmother Enriqueta Rodriguez Figarredo, was born in the Philippines, and while having pure Spanish blood, is considered Filipino for having been born in Manila during the times when Filipinos were also defined as Spaniards being born on Philippine soil, or insulares


YEARCELEBRATIONHOST
2006
1st
Castile and LeónPalencia [11]

Celebration in other countries

YEARCITY AND COUNTRY
2003 Tel Aviv, Israel [12]

See also

Notes

  1. "Baler recuerda a los 'últimos de Filipinas' en Día Amistad Hispano-filipina" [Baler remembers the "Last ones of the Philippines" in Philippine-Spanish Friendship Day] (in Spanish). Spain: Terra Noticias (noticias.terra.es). June 30, 2007. Archived from the original on July 20, 2010. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
  2. Congress of the Philippines (2003). "Republic Act No. 9187: An Act declaring June 30 of the year as Philippine-Spanish Friendship Day, appropriating funds therefor and for other purposes". Metro Manila, Philippines. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 15, 2010. Retrieved July 17, 2010.
  3. Rómulo, Alberto (June 30, 2005). "Remarks of the Honorable Alberto G. Rómulo, Secretary of Foreign Affairs, on the occasion of the Philippine-Spanish Friendship Day". Baler, Philippines: Department of Foreign Affairs (dfa.gov.ph). Archived from the original on July 17, 2005. Retrieved July 20, 2010. The Philippines and Spain have renewed their 1947 Treaty of Friendship, expanding it to a Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation in the year 2000.
  4. 1 2 Lapus, Jesli (June 19, 2007). "Department of Education Memorandum No. 243, s. 2007: Philippine-Spanish Friendship Day". Philippines: Department of Education (deped.gov.ph). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 20, 2010. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
  5. "Baler Hosts 6th Philippine-Spanish Friendship Day". Manila, Philippines: Senate of the Philippines 14th Congress (senate.gov.ph). June 30, 2008. Archived from the original on July 20, 2010. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
  6. Lee, M.a Glaiza (August 29, 2009). "Courage and honor in the face of adversaries". Manila, Philippines: Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on July 22, 2010. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  7. "Philippine Spanish Friendship Day". National Historical Commission of the Philippines. June 24, 2010. Retrieved November 24, 2011.
  8. "9th Philippine Spanish Friendship Day Successfully Held in Baler". Senate of the Philippines. June 30, 2011. Retrieved November 24, 2011.
  9. Angara, Edgardo (June 24, 2010). "On the celebration of the 8th Philippine-Spanish Friendship Day". Manila, Philippines: Senate of the Philippines 14th Congress (senate.gov.ph). Archived from the original on July 19, 2010. Retrieved July 20, 2010. and in Spain in Madrid, Barcelona, Palencia, Almonte in Huelva
  10. "Álvaro Moreno de Arteaga". geneanet.org. Retrieved November 26, 2017.
  11. Angara, Edgardo (July 2, 2006). "Of friends and allies". Manila, Philippines: Manila Bulletin (mb.com.ph). Archived from the original on July 22, 2010. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  12. "Snapshots". Philippines: Inquirer Global Nation (globalnation.inquirer.net). August 11, 2003. Archived from the original on July 21, 2010. Retrieved July 22, 2010. Overseas Filipino workers celebrate Philippine-Spanish Friendship Day in Tel Aviv, Israel.

Activities

Photos

Others

Related Research Articles

Lupang Hinirang National anthem of the Philippines

"Lupang Hinirang" is the national anthem of the Philippines. Its music was composed in 1898 by Julián Felipe, and the lyrics were adapted from the Spanish poem Filipinas, written by José Palma in 1899. Originally written it did not have lyrics when it was adopted as the anthem of the revolutionary First Philippine Republic and subsequently played during the proclamation of Philippine independence on 12 June 1898.

Emilio Aguinaldo First president of the Philippines, revolutionary leader

Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy was a Filipino revolutionary, politician and military leader who is officially recognized as the first and the youngest President of the Philippines (1899–1901) and first president of a constitutional republic in Asia. He led Philippine forces first against Spain in the latter part of the Philippine Revolution (1896–1898), and then in the Spanish–American War (1898), and finally against the United States during the Philippine–American War (1899–1901).

Andrés Bonifacio Filipino nationalist and revolutionary hero

Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro was a Filipino revolutionary leader and the president of the Tagalog Republic. He is often called "The Father of the Philippine Revolution". He was one of the founders and later Supremo of the Kataas-taasang, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan or more commonly known as "Katipunan", a movement which sought the independence of the Philippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the Philippine Revolution. He was also one of the Filipino historical figures to be recommended as a national hero of the Philippines.

Aurora (province) Province in Central Luzon, Philippines

Aurora is a province in the Philippines located in the eastern part of Central Luzon region, facing the Philippine Sea. Its capital is Baler and borders, clockwise from the south, the provinces of Quezon, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, and Isabela.

Baler, Aurora Municipality in Central Luzon, Philippines

Baler, officially the Municipality of Baler, is a municipality and capital of the province of Aurora, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 39,562 people.

Spanish language in the Philippines

Spanish was the official language of the Philippines from the beginning of Spanish rule in the late 16th century, through the conclusion of the Spanish–American War in 1898 and remained co-official, along with English, until 1987. It was at first removed in 1973 by a constitutional change, but after a few months it was re-designated an official language by presidential decree and remained official until 1987, with the present Constitution re-designating it instead as an "optional and voluntary language".

Philippine Revolution armed military conflict between the people of the Philippines and the Spanish colonial authorities

The Philippine Revolution, also called the Tagalog War by the Spanish, was a revolution and subsequent conflict fought between the people and insurgents of the Philippines and the Kingdom of Spain - including its Spanish Empire and Spanish colonial authorities in the Spanish East Indies.

Philippine Declaration of Independence proclamation of independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain

The Philippine Declaration of Independence was proclaimed on 12 June 1898 in Cavite II el Viejo, Philippines. With the public reading of the Act of the Proclamation of Independence of the Filipino People, Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain.

San Miguel, Bulacan Municipality in Central Luzon, Philippines

San Miguel, officially the Municipality of San Miguel,, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 153,882 people.

Edgardo Angara served as President of the Senate of the Philippines from 1993 to 1995

Edgardo Javier Angara was a Filipino politician who served as the President of the Senate of the Philippines from 1993 to 1995. He was a Senator from 1987 to 1998 and then served as Secretary of Agriculture from 1999 to 2001. He served in the Senate again from 2001 to 2013. He also previously served as the President of the University of the Philippines, and was succeeded by political scientist Dr. Jose Abueva.

Independence Day (Philippines) national holiday in the Philippines

Independence Day is an annual national holiday in the Philippines observed on June 12, commemorating the independence of the Philippines from Spain.

Joseph Emilio "Jun" Aguinaldo Abaya is a Filipino politician, lawyer, and military officer. He was the Secretary of the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC) of the Philippines under the administration of President Benigno Aquino III. A member of the Liberal Party, he has been elected to three terms as a member of the Philippine House of Representatives, representing the 1st District of Cavite. He first won election to the House in 2004, and was re-elected in 2007. He and other Aquino administration officials have been charged over the alleged anomalous contracts for the Metro Rail Transit Line 3 (MRT3) during their time.

Baler is a 2008 drama film and the official entry of VIVA Films in the 2008 Metro Manila Film Festival, starring Anne Curtis and Jericho Rosales. Its first screening was on December 25, 2008, simultaneously with the rest of the 2008 Metro Manila Film Festival film entries.

The Sovereignty of the Philippines refers to the status of the Philippines as an independent nation. This article covers sovereignty transitions relating to the Philippines, with particular emphasis on the passing of sovereignty from Spain to the United States in the Treaty of Paris (1898), signed on December 10, 1898 to end the Spanish–American War.

Pedro Tongio Liongson Filipino politician and military officer

Pedro Tongio Liongson was a member of the Malolos Congress which wrote the constitution of the First Philippine Republic in 1899 and served as Judge Advocate General in the Republic's army during the Philippine–American War of 1899–1901. A trained lawyer and judge, Col. Liongson figured in and left his mark on a number of historic events in the Philippines.

Pablo Tecson Filipino revolutionary leader and Governor of Bulacan

Pablo Ocampo Tecson was an officer in the Revolutionary Army serving under Gen. Gregorio del Pilar and a representative to the Malolos Congress. He was elected the Governor General of Bulacan immediately following the Philippine–American War. Tecson later served as Insular Secretary of the Philippine Bureau of Agriculture.

Bella Angara Filipino politician

Bellaflor "Bella" J. Angara-Castillo, simply known as Bella Angara, was a former member of the Philippine House of Representatives representing the lone district of Aurora. She previously served three consecutive terms as governor of Aurora province from 2004 to 2013. She was the third female governor of Aurora province. Prior to being governor, she served three consecutive terms as representative of the lone district of Aurora from 1995 to 2004. She was the first and so far the only woman in the history of the Philippine Congress to become House majority floor leader.

Karen G. Angara-Ularan is a Filipina politician. She was the vice mayor of the municipality of Baler in the Philippine province of Aurora from 2013 to 2016. She was a former president of the provincial federation of the Philippine Councilors' League (PCL), Aurora Chapter, who served as an ex officio member of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan (SP), or provincial board or legislature, of Aurora province from 2010 to 2013.

The Galeón Maritime museum

The Galeón: Manila–Acapulco Galleon Museum or the Museo de Galleon is a maritime museum under construction within the SM Mall of Asia complex in Pasay, Metro Manila, Philippines. The museum will feature Manila–Acapulco galleon trade and will also house a full-scale replica of a Galleon within its interior.