Phitsanulok province

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Phitsanulok province
Phra Phuttha Chinnarat (II).jpg
Lanhinpum 03.jpg
Chat Trakan Waterfall 02.jpg
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NU Engineering building.JPG
Pitsanulok flag.svg
Seal of Phitsanulok Province.svg
Song Khwae
(two tributaries)
Thailand Phitsanulok locator map.svg
Map of Thailand highlighting Phitsanulok province
Country Thailand
Capital Phitsanulok
  GovernorRonnachai Chitwiset (since 2020)
  Total10,589 km2 (4,088 sq mi)
  Rank Ranked 15th
 (2019) [2]
  Rank Ranked 28th
  Density82/km2 (210/sq mi)
   Rank Ranked 60th
Human Achievement Index
  HAI (2017)0.5895 "average"
Ranked 35th
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
Calling code 055
ISO 3166 code TH-65
Vehicle registration พิษณุโลก
Founded11th century

Phitsanulok province (Thai : พิษณุโลก, pronounced [pʰít.sā.nú.lôːk] ), one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces, lies in lower northern Thailand. It borders Sukhothai and Uttaradit on the north, Loei and Phetchabun to the east, and Phichit and Kamphaeng Phet to the south. In the northeast it borders Laos.


Its name means 'Vishnu's heaven'. The first element, Phitsanu (Thai: พิษณุ), is a cognate of "Vishnu", a Hindu god. The second element lok (Thai: โลก) means 'globe' or 'world'.

The capital is the city of Phitsanulok.


The lands of present-day Phitsanulok province were inhabited since the Stone Age, although the Neolithic inhabitants of the region are not likely to have been the ancestors of the modern Thai people who reside there today.

The earliest historical records relating to the area indicate that at a time prior to or during the 11th century, the present-day city of Phitsanulok was a small strategic Khmer outpost known as Song Khwae. During the next century, in 1188, Nakhon Thai, near the center of the present Phitsanulok province, was established as the capital city of the Singhanavati Kingdom, an early city-state of Thailand.

Later, during Thailand's Sukhothai Period, the city of Phitsanulok emerged as a major city in the east of the Sukhothai Kingdom, and the great temples of Wat Chula Manee, Wat Aranyik and Wat Chedi Yod Thong were constructed. In 1357, the renowned Wat Phra Sri Rattana Mahathat was erected, and the Ayutthaya Period witnessed the construction of several of the province's other chief temples. Phitsanulok served for 25 years as the capital city of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. In 1555, King Naresuan the Great was born in Phitsanulok. Naresuan played a significant role in the history of Thailand, as he expanded the kingdom (then called Siam) to its greatest territorial extent by conquering sizable portions of modern-day Burma and Cambodia.

In recent times, Phitsanulok province has become an important agricultural center, part of the "bread basket of Thailand", providing rice and other crops to consumers in Thailand and throughout the world. Extensive agricultural development over the last hundred years or so has spawned a modern infrastructure in the urban areas of the province, bringing with it an array of modern roads, universities, hospitals and other conveniences. Over the years, the Nan River and its tributaries have played a substantial role in the history and development of the region by providing a route for transportation, fertile soil for agriculture, and water for irrigation. The river waters have also served as a route for enemy invaders, and have been the source of periodic widespread flooding throughout the province.


Phra Phuttha Chinnarat Phra Buddha Jinaraj - Phitsanulok.jpg
Phra Phuttha Chinnarat



Phitsanulok province, one of the provinces of Thailand in the lower northern region, is approximately 377 km (234 mi) north of Bangkok by road. The province is bordered to the north by Phichai District, Thong Saen Khan District and Nam Pat District of Uttaradit province and Lao People's Democratic Republic; to the east by Na Haeo District and Dan Sai District of Loei province, Khao Kho District and Wang Pong District of Phetchabun province; to the south by Wang Sai Phun District, Sak Lek District, Sam Ngam District and Mueang Phichit District of Phichit province; to the west by Lan Krabue District of Kamphaeng Phet province and Khiri Mat District and Kong Krailat District of Sukhothai province. Its area is 10,589 km2 (4,088 sq mi), or 6.16% of the area of northern Thailand and 2.05% of area in Thailand. [1]



National parks

Thung Salaeng Luang National Park Foggy day Thung Salaeng Luang.jpg
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park

There are five national parks, along with five other national parks, make up region 11 of Thailand's protected areas.

Wildlife sanctuaries

There are two wildlife sanctuaries, along with four other wildlife sanctuaries, make up region 11 of Thailand's protected areas.


Phra Phuttha Chinnarat Wat Phra Sri Rattana Mahathat 13.jpg
Phra Phuttha Chinnarat


As of 2019 the population of Phitsanulok was 95% Buddhist with some 328 Buddhist temples and 272 samnak song (houses of monks that are not officially registered) in the province. [8]

• Mueang Phitsanulok District has 83 temples and 26 samnak song, a few of the 83 temples are:
Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat (royal temple with Buddha Chinnarat)
Wat Chulamani (oldest standing temple in Phitsanulok province)
Wat Aranyik (historic temple)
• Wat Chan Tawan Tok (with 60 meter high sala under construction)

The other eight districts have the following numbers of temples and samnak song:

• Nakhon Thai district:14 temples and 46 samnak song
• Chat Trakan district:  7 temples and 26 samnak song
• Bang Rakam district:47 temples and 52 samnak song
• Bang Krathum district:33 temples and 12 samnak song
• Phrom Phiram district:56 temples and 16 samnak song
• Wat Bot district:21 temples and 19 samnak song
• Wang Thong district:50 temples and 43 samnak song
• Noen Maprang district:17 temples and 32 samnak song


There are 50 Christian churches in Phitsanulok province.

• Mueang district:11 churches
• Nakhon Thai district:16 churches
• Chat Trakan district:  9 churches
• Bang Rakam district:  3 churches
• Bang Krathum:  1 church
• Phrom Phiram:  4 churches
• Wat Bot district:  1 church
• Wang Thong district:  2 churches
• Noen Maprang district:  3 churches


Muslims have their Masjid Abubak Pakistan mosque in Mueang Phitsanulok district.

Administrative divisions

Phitsanulok province is divided into nine districts ( amphoe ). These are further subdivided into 93 subdistricts ( tambon ) and 1050 villages ( muban ). [9] As of 26 November 2019 for local government there are: [10] one Phitsanulok Provincial Administrative Organisation - PPOA (ongkan borihan suan changwat phitsanulok) and 26 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Phitsanulok has city ( thesaban nakhon ) status, Aranyik has town ( thesaban mueang ) status and 24 subdistrict municipalities ( thesaban tambon ). The non-municipal areas are administered by 76 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).

Districts, Phitsanulok province#NameThaiPopulationTambonMuban
Districts Phitsanulok province.png
1 Mueang Phitsanulok เมืองพิษณุโลก291,31120173
2 Nakhon Thai นครไทย87,77211147
3 Chat Trakan ชาติตระการ41,346672
4 Bang Rakam บางระกำ94,64311142
5 Bang Krathum บางกระทุ่ม47,359987
6 Phrom Phiram พรหมพิราม86,10312123
7 Wat Bot วัดโบสถ์37,694661
8 Wang Thong วังทอง121,04711168
9 Noen Maprang เนินมะปราง57,972777



The population of Phitsanulok province is 865,247, of which Mueang Phitsanulok district is the most populated with 291,311 people. Wang Thong district also has a population exceeding 100,000 people. The remaining seven districts have populations of 35,000 to 95,000, of which Wat Bot district is the least populated district with 37,694 people. [11]

Population 2019 census
DistrictPopulationAreaPopulation density
DataProportionkm2mile2Proportionper km2per mile2
2Wang Thong121,04714.0%1,687.1651.415.6%72186
3Bang Rakam94,64310.9%936.0361.48.6%101262
4Nakhon Thai87,77210.1%2,220.4857.320.5%40102
5Phrom Phiram86,10310.0%832.7321.57.7%103268
6Noen Maprang57,9726.7%1,029.6397.59.5%56146
7Bang Krathum47,3595.5%447.0172.64.1%106274
8Chat Trakan41,3464.8%1,586.1612.414.7%2668
9Wat Bot37,6944.3%1,326.2512.012.3%2874

The population density of Phitsanulok province is 80 people per square kilometer (207 people per mile2), of which Mueang Phitsanulok District has the highest density with 388 people per km2 (1,005 people per mile2) and Chat Trakan District the lowest density with 26 people per km2 (68 people per mile2)

Urban areas

The urban population of Phitsanulok province is 274,802 (31.8%) There is one urban area, the city of Phitsanulok, with more than 150,000 inhabitants. The urban area around Bang Rakam has more than 30,000 people. There are also seven urban areas with 7,000 to 13,000 people. There are six urban areas with fewer than 5,500 people, of which Phrom Phiram is the smallest with about 1,100 people. [12]
See also: Phitsanulok Local Government

 Urban areaDistrictMunicipalityPeople
1PhitsanulokMueangPhitsanulok city  66,106
  MueangAranyik town  30,508
  MueangHua Ro  24,902
  MueangTha Thong  13,993
  MueangBan Khlong  13,562
  MueangPhlai Chumphon    7,476
2Bang RakamBang RakamBang Rakam M.M.14,649
  Bang RakamPhan Sao  6,143
  Bang RakamBueng Raman  4,390
  Bang RakamBang Rakam  4,337
  Bang RakamPlak Raet  3,636
3Noen KumBang KrathumNoen Kum12,773
 Urban areaDistrictMunicipalityPeople
 4Ban YaengNakhon ThaiBan Yaeng10,235
 5Nakhon ThaiNakhon ThaiNakhon Thai  9,278
 6Bang KrathumBang KrathumHuai Kaeo  5,332
  Bang KrathumSanam Khli  2,496
  Bang KrathumBang Krathum  1,417
   Total  9,245
 7Sai YoiNoen MaprangSai Yoi  8,636
 8Wat BotWat BotWat Bot  8,078
 9Ban MungNoen MaprangBan Mung  7,003
10Pa DaengChat TrakanPa Daeng  5,408
11Wang ThongWang ThongWang Thong  4,626
12Noen MaprangNoen MaprangNoen Maprang  3,478
13Wong KhongPhrom PhiramWong Khong  3,210
14Ban MaiMueangBan Mai  1,987
15Phrom PhiramPhrom PhiramPhrom Phiram  1,143

Municipal/non-municipal areas

Of the total population of Phitsanulok province, 31.8% live in municipal areas. In Mueang Phitsanulok district, this is 54.4% of the people. Between 30% and50% in three districts live in municipal areas. In two districts this is between 20–25%. Finally, it is less than 15% in three districts, with Wang Thong District having the lowest rate at 3.8%. [12]

DistrictPopulationMunicipal areaNon-municipal area
2Bang Krathum47,35922,01846.5%25,34153.5%
3Bang Rakam94,64333,15535.0%61,48865.0%
4Noen Maprang57,97219,11733.0%38,85567.0%
5Nakhon Thai87,77219,51322.2%68,25977.8%
6Wat Bot37,6948,07821.4%29,61678.6%
7Chat Trakan41,3465,40813.1%35,93886.9%
8Phrom Phiram86,1034,3535.1%81,75094.9%
9Wang Thong121,0474,6263.8%116,42196.2%

Age structure

At the beginning of the 21st century there are lower birth rates. There are more men then women up to 40 years, suggesting that slightly more boys than girls born each year. Above 40 years of age there are more women then men, which reflects the higher life expectancy of women. [13]

Age structure
Age structure


In 2018, Phitsanulok province had an economic output of 100.286 billion baht (US$3.235 billion). This amounts to per capita gross provincial product (GPP) of 111,872 baht (US$3,609). [14] The total workforce was 476,004 of which 199,292 (41.9%) were employed in agriculture and fishing and 276,712 (58.1%) were employed in non-agriculture. [15]

Gross Provincial Product (GPP)
4Defence + public admin.9,978,000,00010.0
8Real estate4,224,000,0004.2
9Human health4,068,000,0004.0
12Hotel / restaurant1,025,000,0001.0
14Other service activities692,000,0000.7
16Scientific activities379,000,0000.4
Employed persons
5Hotel / restaurant37,2557.8
6Defence + public admin.24,9185.2
8Other service activities12,7742.7
9Human health9,1161.9
13Scientific activities3,5930.8
18Real estate1,7220.4


Agricultural land use, 4,893 km2 (1,889 sq mi) is 45.2% of total land of Phitsanulok province 10,816 km2 (4,176 sq mi). This is divided as follows: paddy land: 2,846 km2 (1,099 sq mi) 58.2%, upland rice: 1,162 km2 (449 sq mi) 23.7%, orchard and perennial crop: 554 km2 (214 sq mi) 11.3%, vegetable and ornamental plant: 24 km2 (9.3 sq mi) 0.5% and farmland: 307 km2 (119 sq mi) 6.3%. [16] :103

Agriculture in Phitsanulok province, the biggest sector of the economy, generated 28.029 billion baht (US$904 million) or 28% of GPP with a workforce of 199,292 (41.9% of all employed persons).

Production of the four main crops: sugarcane 1,620,173 tonnes; rice 1,284,164 tonnes; cassava 529,467 tonnes; and maize 255,898 tonnes. [16] :108

Of the 54 sorts of vegetable crops, the twelve with the highest yield are: watermelon 6,452 tonnes; Chinese cabbage 3,671 tonnes; cabbage 2,332 tonnes; cucumber 1,495 tonnes; pumpkin 1,005 tonnes; bell pepper 983 tonnes; bird pepper 980 tonnes; ginger 892 tonnes; sweet corn 509 tonnes; bitter gourd 357 tonnes; lemon grass 283 tonnesand melon 236 tonnes. [16] :109

Agricultural commodities produced in significant amounts include: pineapple 111,212 tonnes; para rubber 40,800 tonnes; mango 65,960 tonnesand banana (kluai numwa) 15,673 tonnes. Further there are: lime 2,147 tonnes; longan 1,436 tonnes; sweet banana 1,275 tonnes; tamarind 1,245 tonnes; pomelo 1,083 tonnes; rambutan 961 tonnes; sweet tamarind 900 tonnes; Indian mulberry 801 tonnes; marionberry 686 tonnes; plum mango 538 tonnesand jackfruit 340 tonnes. [16] :110

Animal husbandry

Livestock produced included: cattle 48,100; chickens 2,809,362; ducks 642,182; swine 146,911; buffalo 16,022; goats 8,062; and geese 1,692. [16] :111


Total catch from freshwater aquaculture was 12,169 tonnes: Wang Thong 3,650 tonnes; Bang Rakam 2,412 tonnes; Wat Bot 1,541 tonnes; Mueang Phitsanulok 1,144 tonnes; Nakhon Thai 1,007 tonnes; Phrom Phiram 990 tonnes; Noen Maprang 696 tonnes; Chat Trakan 566 tonnes; and Bang Krathum 159 tonnes. [16] :113


Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, the second sector of the economy generated 1.897 billion baht (US$448 million) or 13.2% of GPP with a workforce of 62,685 (13.2%).

Hotel and restaurant

Hotels and restaurants contributed 1.025 billion baht (US$33 million) or one percent of GPP, with a workforce numbering 37,255 (7.8%).


Phitsanulok province is the educational center of the lower northern region. There are many educational institutions at all levels, from kindergarten to university level, both government and private. [17]

Higher education

There are six higher education institutes in the province with 38,553 students:

Vocational education

Secondary education

Primary education


Government hospitals

There are thirteen government hospitals in Phitsanulok province with total 2,000 beds, of which Mueang Phitsanulok District has four hospitals: [18]

The other eight districts each have a hospital, Wang Thong District has two hospitals as an exception.

Private hospitals

Five private hospitals are in Mueang Phitsanulok District with 400 beds:

Health promoting hospitals

There are total 147 health promoting hospitals, of which:


Around 412 clinics are in Phitsanulok province, of which 280 clinics (68%) in Mueang Phitsanulok province, 17 in Nakhon Thai, six in Chat Trakan, 17 in Bang Rakam, 12 in Bang Krathum, 29 in Phrom Phiram, 13 in Wat Bot, 25 in Wang Thong and 13 in Noen Maprang Districts.



There are five major roads in the province.

They are all connected by Phitsanulok outer ring road 126 with viaducts.
East–West Economic Corridor (EWEC) is a transportation link along Myanmar–Thailand–LaosVietnam:
Mawlamyine (Moulmein)–Myawaddy/Mae Sot–Phitsanulok–Khon Kaen–Mukdahan/SavannakhetDong HaDa Nang.

Motor vehicles

Autocars and motorcycles

Registered in 2019 under the "Motor Car Act": [19]

Van & pick-up62,037
Microbus & passenger van2,467
Urban taxi173
Public motorcycle181
Motortricycle taxi (tuk tuk)93

Buses and trucks

Registered in 2019 under the "Land Transport Act": [20]

Non-fixed route bus372
Fixed route bus273
Private bus19
Private truck8,179
Non-fixed route truck1,872

Buses provide the mass transport throughout the province. Phitsanulok is connected from three bus terminals with Bangkok and the cities of the provinces of northern Thailand (except Mae Hong Son) and upper northeastern Thailand by daily and nightly, direct bus routes. All of these bus routes are provided by eight bus companies:

Phet Prasert operates also direct bus lines to eastern Thailand (Pattaya and Chantaburi).
Direct bus lines to southern Thailand (Phuket, Ko Samui, Phang Nga, Hat Yai and Surat Thani) are provided by Piya Chai Patthana.


Phitsanulok airport in 2019 handles 689,392 passengers, 5,661 flights and 150,980 kilograms (332,850 lb) of cargo. [21] [22]

Phitsanulok Airport gate Phitsanulok Airport Gate01.jpg
Phitsanulok Airport gate
Check-in Phitsanulok airport PHS checkin.jpg
Check-in Phitsanulok airport
Phitsanulok air transport
YearAircraft movementsPassengersFreight (kgs)
Nok Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Air Asia Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang


Public rail transport

Phitsanulok railway station Phitsanulok Station.JPG
Phitsanulok railway station

Phitsanulok city has Phitsanulok railway station on the Northern Line of the State Railway of Thailand.
Intercity service runs from Hua Lamphong railway station of Bangkok - Ayutthaya - Nakhon Sawan - Phitsanulok - Lampang - Chiang Mai. [23]
Commuter rail runs along the Northern Line.
In the year 2019, all tickets sold were 528,819.
204 first class one way tickets were sold.
Second class tickets were also sold for one way for a total of 85,374 (16.1%).
Third class tickets sold totaled 443,445 (83.9%).
One way third class tickets totaled 393,958 (74.5%).
Roundtrip third class tickets totaled 9,389 (1.8%).
Commuter third class tickets totaled 40,098 (7.6%).

Railway stationDistrict of PhitsanulokSubtotalSecond classThird class
ticketsOne wayOne wayRoundtripCommuterSubtotal
Ban Bung Phrom Phiram7,305 3,9441443,2177,305
Nong Tom Phrom Phiram36,3365,53227,2281993,37730,804
Phrom Phiram Phrom Phiram19,20895515,107763,07018,253
Khwae Noi Mueang2,462 1,6523134972,462
Ban Tum Mueang282 24636 282
Ban Teng Nam Mueang7,303 5,657801,5667,303
Bueng Phra Mueang2,016 1,95438242,016
Ban Mai Mueang13,35614410,2929202,00013,212
Mae Thiap Bang Krathum4,490 3,0912641,1354,490
Bang Krathum Bang Krathum40,2211,58832,4491,7174,46738,633
TotalAll tickets528,81985,374393,9589,38940,098443,445

Freight rail transport

Quantity goods carried (Ton)
Nong TomPhrom Phiram42.48 42.48
Phrom PhiramPhrom Phiram24.28 24.28
Bueng PhraMueang866,931.10866,931.10 
Ban MaiMueang13.23 13.23
Mae ThiapBang Krathum0.84 0.84
Bang KrathumBang Krathum124.18 124.18

A small portion of all freight in Phitsanulok province is transported by rail.

PTT Public Company Limited operates a crude oil depot adjacent to Bueng Phra railway station. SRT runs several oil freight services from this railway station to Mae Nam railway station in Chong Nonsi Subdistrict, Yan Nawa District, Bangkok. [24]


There were 6,403 hotel rooms in 2018; about 3,304,883 people of which 3,088,811 Thai (93.5%) and 216,072 foreigners (6.5%) visited Phitsanulok province and contributed 8.33 billion baht (US$268 million) to tourism revenues. Further explained: 1,999,391 tourists of which 1,838,692 Thai and 216,072 foreigners; 1,305,492 excursionists of which 1,205,119 Thai and 55,373 foreigners. Compared to the two previous years 2016 and 2017, the number of people increased by 6.3 and 5.4% respectively. [25]



As of 2018 there were 304,425 households, of which 6,726 (2.2%) used fixed telephones, 66,149 (21.7%) used computers without internet connection and 209,090 (68.7) used computers with internet connection. [26] :153
As of 2018 there were 835,814 people aged six years and older, of which 227,325 (27.2%) used computers, 454,569 (54.4%) used the internet and 744,576 (89.1%) used mobile phones. [26] :152


In 2019, of the 347,266 households in Phitsanulok province 85.7% were connected to the electricity grid. All households of Bang Krathum District were connected, but for Noen Maprang District this was 69.9%. [27]


Provincial Waterworks Authority (PWA) supplied tap water to 63,077 households of Phitsanulok province or 18.5%.

Mueang Phitsanulok District has 42,267 households (30.5%) connected to the water grid. Noen Maprang District has 526 households (2.4%) connected to the water grid. [28] Almost every residential area has its own water tower connected to a drilled water source.

Human achievement index 2017

Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolitica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
Province Phitsanulok, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5895 is "average", occupies place 35 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017. [3]

  1 - 15"high"
16 - 30"somewhat high"
31 - 45"average"
45 - 60"somewhat low"
61 - 77"low"

See also

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Nonthaburi is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force on 9 May 1946 (Thursday).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Northern Thailand</span> Region in Chiang Mai

Northern Thailand, or more specifically Lanna, is geographically characterised by several mountain ranges, which continue from the Shan Hills in bordering Myanmar to Laos, and the river valleys which cut through them. Though like most of Thailand, it has a tropical savanna climate, its relatively high elevation and latitude contribute to more pronounced seasonal temperature variation, with cooler winters than the other regions. Historically it is related to the Lanna Kingdom and its culture.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bangkok Metropolitan Region</span> Urban agglomeration in Thailand

The Bangkok Metropolitan Region (BMR), may refer to a government-defined "political definition" of the urban region surrounding the metropolis of Bangkok, or the built-up area, i.e., urban agglomeration of Bangkok, Thailand, which varies in size and shape, and gets filled in as development expands.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Southern Thailand</span> Region in Thailand

Southern Thailand, Southern Siam or Tambralinga is a southernmost cultural region of Thailand, separated from Central Thailand region by the Kra Isthmus.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Western Thailand</span> Region in Hua Hin

Western Thailand is a region of Thailand bordering Myanmar on the west, Southern Thailand on the south, and central Thailand on the east.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eastern Thailand</span> Region of Thailand

Eastern Thailand is a region of Thailand bordering Cambodia on the east, Northeastern Thailand in the north, and central Thailand on the west.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mueang Phitsanulok district</span> District in Phitsanulok, Thailand

Mueang Phitsanulok is the capital district of Phitsanulok province, lower northern region of Thailand.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Phitsanulok Airport</span> Airport in northern Thailand

Phitsanulok Airport is an airport serving Phitsanulok, a city in the Phitsanulok Province of Thailand. The airport is south of the city's downtown area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Phitsanulok</span> City Municipality in Thailand

Phitsanulok is an important, historic city in lower northern Thailand and is the capital of Phitsanulok Province. Phitsanulok is home to Naresuan University and Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University, as well as to a major Royal Thai Army base. As of 2019, the population of the city was 66,106.

Phitsanulok provincial and local government are the administrative bodies for Phitsanulok province, one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces, which lies in lower northern Thailand, with a population of 865,247. The provincial capital is the city of Phitsanulok, where the main government offices are situated. The province is mainly rural in nature, with 68.2% of inhabitants living in the countryside, with only 31.8% in small towns and cities, most of which have populations of less than 15,000. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, contributing 28% of GPP and employing 42% of the labour force, with sugar cane, rice, cassava and maize being the main crops, alongside a wide variety of fruit and vegetables. Tourism and hospitality, unlike in coastal provinces, play only a limited role, generating a mere 1% of provincial GPP.


  1. 1 2 "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019, Thailand boundary from Department of Provincial Administration in 2013{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  2. รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ส.2562 [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  3. 1 2 Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
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  7. 1 2 "ตาราง 5 พื้นที่เขตรักษาพันธุ์สัตว์ป่า พ.ศ. 2562" [Table 5 Wildlife Sanctuary Areas in 2019](PDF). Department of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Plant Conservation (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  8. Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Report 2562-2019. Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Office (Report). National Statistical Office (NSO). 2020. p. 51. ISSN   1905-8314, In the 2018 yearbook, the figures for temples (352) and for samnak song (247) are incorrectly added together (600) as being the figures for temples.{{cite report}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  9. "สถิติทางการทะเบียน" [Registration statistics]. Department of Provincial Administration (DOPA). December 2019. Retrieved 22 September 2020. Download จำนวนประชากร ปี พ.ศ.2562 - Download population year 2019
  10. "Number of local government organizations by province". Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 36 Phitsanulok: 1 PAO, 1 City mun., 1 Town mun., 24 Subdistrict mun., 76 SAO.
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  12. 1 2 Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Report 2562-2019. Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Office (Report). National Statistical Office (NSO). 2020. pp. 6–7. ISSN   1905-8314, the following municipalities are missing from the report: Hua Ro (30-09-2011), Tha Thong (24-08-2012), Ban Khlong (24-08-2012), Bang Rakam Mueang Mai (30-09-2011) and Huai Kaeo.{{cite report}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
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  22. Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Report 2561-2018: Statistics of Domestic Air Transport:2014-2018. Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Office (Report). National Statistical Office (NSO). 2019. ISSN   1905-8314, table=15.6{{cite report}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  23. Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Report 2562-2019: Statistics of Railway Passengers:2019. Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Office (Report). National Statistical Office (NSO). 2020. p. 144. ISSN   1905-8314.
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  26. 1 2 Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Report 2562-2019: Information Communication and Technology Statistics. Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Office (Report). National Statistical Office (NSO). 2020. ISSN   1905-8314.
  27. Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Report 2562-2019: Energy Statistics. Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Office (Report). National Statistical Office (NSO). 2020. p. 127. ISSN   1905-8314.
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