Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport
|Owner||City of Phoenix|
|Operator||Phoenix Airport System|
|Serves||Phoenix metropolitan area|
|Location||Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||1,135 ft / 346 m|
FAA airport diagram
Source: Federal Aviation Administration
Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport( IATA : PHX, ICAO : KPHX, FAA LID : PHX) is a civil-military public airport 3 mile s (2.6 nmi ; 4.8 km ) southeast of downtown Phoenix, in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. It is Arizona's largest and busiest airport, and among the largest commercial airports in the United States. In 2018, PHX served 44,943,686 passengers, making it the forty-fourth busiest airport in the world.
An IATA airport code, also known as an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The characters prominently displayed on baggage tags attached at airport check-in desks are an example of a way these codes are used.
The ICAOairport code or location indicator is a four-letter code designating aerodromes around the world. These codes, as defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization and published in ICAO Document 7910: Location Indicators, are used by air traffic control and airline operations such as flight planning.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is a governmental body of the United States with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation in that nation as well as over its surrounding international waters. Its powers include the construction and operation of airports, air traffic management, the certification of personnel and aircraft, and the protection of U.S. assets during the launch or re-entry of commercial space vehicles. Powers over neighboring international waters were delegated to the FAA by authority of the International Civil Aviation Organization.
The airport serves as the sixth-largest hub for American Airlines with over 250 daily departures to 95 destinations in 5 countries.American carries nearly 46% of all PHX passengers as of December 2017 (more than 20 million passengers) and employs nearly 9,500 people, making it the airport's largest carrier. The airport also serves as one of the largest operating bases for Southwest Airlines with 188 daily departures to 53 cities across the United States.
American Airlines, Inc. (AA) is a major American airline headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, within the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. It is the world's largest airline when measured by fleet size, revenue, scheduled passengers carried, scheduled passenger-kilometers flown, and number of destinations served. American, together with its regional partners, operates an extensive international and domestic network with an average of nearly 6,700 flights per day to nearly 350 destinations in more than 50 countries. American Airlines is a founding member of Oneworld alliance, the third largest airline alliance in the world. Regional service is operated by independent and subsidiary carriers under the brand name American Eagle.
Southwest Airlines Co. is a major American airline headquartered in Dallas, Texas, and is the world's largest low-cost carrier.
The airport is also home to the 161st Air Refueling Wing (161 ARW), an Air Mobility Command (AMC)-gained unit of the Arizona Air National Guard. The military enclave is known as the Goldwater Air National Guard Base. One of two flying units in the Arizona ANG, the 161 ARW currently flies the KC-135R Stratotanker aircraft. In addition to its domestic role as a National Guard unit, answering to the Governor of Arizona, the 161 ARW also performs both a stateside and overseas role as a USAF organization, supporting air refueling and air mobility missions worldwide.
The 161st Air Refueling Wing is a unit of the Arizona Air National Guard, stationed at Goldwater Air National Guard Base, Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, Arizona. If activated to federal service, the Wing is gained by the United States Air Force Air Mobility Command.
Air Mobility Command (AMC) is a Major Command (MAJCOM) of the U.S. Air Force. It is headquartered at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois, east of St. Louis, Missouri.
The Arizona Air National Guard is the air force militia of the State of Arizona, United States of America. It is, along with the Arizona Army National Guard, an element of the Arizona National Guard.
Sky Harbor Airport's name was conceived by J. Parker Van Zandt, the owner of Scenic Airways, in 1928. However, the reasoning for the name is apparently unknown. Scenic Airways collapsed in 1929 after the infamous Black Friday stock market crash.Sky Harbor was the fourth airport built in Phoenix. This fourth airport was built with one runway in 1928. Acme Investment Company owned the airport until 1935 after the collapse of Scenic Airways. During this time, American Airlines began the airport's first scheduled passenger and air mail service in 1930. The city of Phoenix purchased the airport from Acme for $100,000 in 1935, and TWA began service to San Francisco in 1938.
Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of Arizona, with 1,626,000 people. It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents. The state capital accounts for 23% of the state population.
Trans World Airlines (TWA) was a major American airline that existed from 1930 until 2001. It was formed as Transcontinental & Western Air to operate a route from New York City to Los Angeles via St. Louis, Kansas City, and other stops, with Ford Trimotors. With American, United, and Eastern, it was one of the "Big Four" domestic airlines in the United States formed by the Spoils Conference of 1930.
San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is a city in, and the cultural, commercial, and financial center of, Northern California. San Francisco is the 13th-most populous city in the United States, and the fourth-most populous in California, with 883,305 residents as of 2018. It covers an area of about 46.89 square miles (121.4 km2), mostly at the north end of the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area, making it the second-most densely populated large US city, and the fifth-most densely populated U.S. county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. San Francisco is also part of the fifth-most populous primary statistical area in the United States, the San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area.
After World War II the airport began work on a new passenger terminal, as well as a new parallel runway and a diagonal runway. 6,000 feet (1,800 m) long and runway 3 is 5,500 feet (1,700 m).On the February 1953 C&GS diagram runways 8L and 8R are each
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
The $835,000 Terminal 1 (originally called the "West Wing") which also had the first control tower, opened in October 1952.It was torn down in 1991 and replaced by a cell phone waiting lot, with Terminal 1's parking lot now being the West Economy lot.
A cellphone lot is a parking lot, typically located at airports, where people can wait before picking up passengers. The purpose of these lots is to reduce congestion at arrival sections by preventing cars from continuously circling around the airport or waiting on the sides of highways to avoid paying fees at the airport parking lots. Once the passenger's flight lands, after they collect their luggage and are ready to be picked up, they call the person waiting in the cellphone lot. These lots are usually free and only minutes away from the terminals.
The April 1957 OAG shows 42 scheduled airline departures a day: 16 American, 11 TWA, 10 Bonanza, and 5 Frontier. American began a nonstop DC-7 to New York (Idlewild) in summer 1959.
The airport's master plan was redesigned in 1959 to eliminate the cross runway to make room for new terminals.American and TWA began jet service to Phoenix in 1960 and 1961 respectively, and Terminal 2 (originally called the "East Wing") still in use today, opened in 1962. Terminal 3 opened in October 1979, when the "East" and "West" names were dropped, since they were no longer the only two terminals.
Bonanza Airlines moved its headquarters from Las Vegas to Phoenix in 1966. Bonanza merged with two other airlines to form Air West, which became Hughes Airwest after Howard Hughes bought it in 1970.
After airline deregulation in 1978 former Hughes Airwest executive Ed Beauvais formed a plan for a new airline based in Phoenix. He founded America West Airlines in 1981, which began service from Phoenix in 1983 and doubled in size during its first year. By the end of the decade America West had a nationwide network and was lobbying for transpacific service.
In the meantime Southwest Airlines arrived at Phoenix in January 1982 with thirteen daily flights to twelve cities; by 1986 it had 64 daily flights from Phoenix and had a crew base there. Southwest opened a maintenance facility at PHX in 1992 which was its largest.
In October 1989 ground was broken for Terminal 4, the largest terminal.It opened on November 2, 1990 with four concourses: N2 and N3 on the north side and S3 and S4 on the south side. In 1994 the N4 International Concourse was opened, adding 10 gates and a sterile walkway to the S4 concourse. In 1997 construction began on the 14-gate N1 concourse for America West Airlines. It was completed in June 1998 at a cost of $50 million, completing the expansion of the north side of the terminal. On the south side of the terminal, construction began in 2002 on the eight-gate S2 concourse for Southwest Airlines. This project was completed in 2004 and has a different architectural design from the other six concourses. The eighth and final concourse for Terminal 4 will be built when needed. Terminal 4 is named after former Arizona Senator and 1964 Presidential candidate Barry M. Goldwater. After Goldwater's death in 1998, the mayor of Phoenix proposed renaming the airport in Goldwater's memory but was deluged with public support for the familiar "Sky Harbor" name.
America West filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 1991 and sold its larger aircraft and Japanese route authority, but continued growing its domestic operations from Terminal 4 in cooperation with Continental Airlines. Although AWA enjoyed further growth at Phoenix during the 1990s the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks strained its financial position. AWA ended its relationship with Continental and merged with US Airways in 2005. US Airways moved its headquarters to the AWA campus in Tempe and retained many AWA managers to run the merged company.
In 2007 the Transportation Security Administration introduced the first of its backscatter X-ray machines at PHX.
March 31, 2019 American Airlines began offering non-stop flights from Phoenix, Arizona to London, England.
Sky Harbor's private airplane area is also one of eight service centers for the Medevac airline Air Evac.
From 1951 through the end of 2018, over 1.225 billion passengers (domestic and international, enplaned and deplaned) transited through PHX, an annual average of just over 18 million passengers. In the same time there were over 27.5 million aircraft movements (commercial, military, general aviation) at PHX, an annual average of about 405 thousand movements.PHX has grown over the years into a major US hub, and ranks the forty-fourth busiest airport in the world and thirteenth-busiest airport in the United States in passenger boardings.
The airport's current 326 ft (99 m) tall air traffic control tower began operations on January 14, 2007. The tower stands just east of the Terminal 3 parking garage, and also houses the Phoenix TRACON. This is Sky Harbor's fourth control tower and is among the tallest control towers in North America.
PHX covers 3,400 acre s (1,400 ha ) at an elevation of 1,135 ft (346 m ). The airport has three parallel concrete/grooved runways:
All three runways allow aircraft with a Maximum takeoff weight of 900,000+ lbs.
The airport has 116 aircraft gates in three Terminals (2, 3, 4). Free ad-supported wireless internet access provided by Boingo Wireless is available in all terminals, with premium paid internet access with higher speeds and no advertisements also available to travelers.
The airport administration states that the designation Terminal 1 has been "retired", and that it did not wish to renumber the other terminals since passengers were already familiar with the numbers in place.
Terminal 2 has 17 gates (1–15,C,D) and three parking slots. Airlines that currently use Terminal 2 include Advanced Air, Alaska Airlines, Boutique Air, Contour, Spirit and United. United operates a United Club in the terminal.
Terminal 2 will be demolished following completion the Terminal 3 Modernization Project, and relocation of existing Terminal 2 carriers to the Terminal 3 North concourse.
Terminal 2 was designed by the Phoenix architectural firms of Weaver & Drover and Lescher & Mahoney and opened in 1962.Terminal 2 also features a mural by French-American artist Paul Coze in the main lobby area. In November 2006, a Military and Veterans Hospitality Room, sponsored by the Phoenix Military and Veterans Commission, was opened in Terminal 2. It has since relocated to Terminal 4 as the new USO. This terminal has undergone two renovation projects. The first was completed in 1988. The second project, which cost $24 million and was designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., was completed in 2007.
Terminal 3, officially named John S. McCain III Terminal 3, has 15 active gates (F1-F15) and is currently used by, Delta, Frontier, Hawaiian Airlines, JetBlue and Sun Country. Delta operates a Sky Club in the terminal.
The ongoing Terminal 3 Modernization project involves three components, which seeks to improve the capacity and convenience features of the terminal. Component One opened December 2016 and redeveloped the central terminal building, creating a consolidated security checkpoint, new airline ticket counters, an updated Museum Gallery, HVAC enhancements, and increased baggage handling capacity. Component Two involved the complete demolition and reconstruction of the southern concourse, which was opened in January 2019. The new linear concourse includes new shops and retail, as well as a new Delta Air Lines Sky Club.Component Three will renovate the North Concourse amenities and feature a new United Airlines United Club. The third phase is expected to be complete in 2020. Upon completion of Terminal Modernization Project, the airport authority will close Terminal 2 and all operators will move to Terminal 3.
Designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., construction on the original terminal began in January 1977. The terminal opened in October 1979. The north concourse previously provided gates 15–26, but is closed for renovation. The terminal was last remodeled in 1997. In 2017 the terminal was named in honor of the late Senator John McCain.
Terminal 4, officially named Barry M. Goldwater Terminal 4, is the airport's largest and busiest terminal. It holds 84 gates (A1-30, B1-28, C1-19, and D1-8) within 7 concourses. The airlines using Terminal 4 are Air Canada, American, British Airways, Condor, Southwest, Volaris and WestJet. Terminal 4 is the exclusive international customs arrival terminal. American operates three Admirals Club locations in the terminal, and the terminal hosts the current Sky Harbor USO.
Terminal 4 was designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., opened in 1990 and is the largest and busiest of the three terminals with 86 gates, divided into seven satellite concourses connected behind security.The terminal is named honor of late senator Barry M. Goldwater.
|Advanced Air||Hawthorne (CA), Silver City|
|Air Canada||Seasonal: Calgary, Vancouver|
|Air Canada Express||Seasonal: Calgary, Vancouver|
|Air Canada Rouge|| Toronto–Pearson |
|Alaska Airlines|| Everett, Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma |
Seasonal: Anchorage, San Francisco
|American Airlines|| Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boise, Boston, Burbank, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Lihue, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Mazatlán, Memphis, Mexico City, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Newark, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, St. Louis, Tampa, Tucson, Vancouver, Washington–National |
Seasonal: Anchorage, Fresno, Grand Rapids, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Jackson Hole, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Barbara (begins June 6, 2019)
|American Eagle|| Albuquerque, Amarillo, Bakersfield, Boise, Burbank, Chihuahua (begins December 18, 2019), Durango (CO), Eugene, El Paso, Flagstaff, Fresno, Grand Junction, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, Kansas City, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Lubbock, Medford, Memphis, Midland/Odessa, Monterey, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Ontario, Palm Springs, Rapid City (begins September 4, 2019), Redmond/Bend, Reno/Tahoe, Roswell, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Fe, Santa Rosa, Sioux Falls, St. George (UT), Tucson, Yuma |
Seasonal: Aspen, Eagle/Vail, Edmonton, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Madison, Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Montrose
|Boutique Air||Cortez, Show Low|
|Delta Air Lines|| Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma |
|Delta Connection||Los Angeles, Salt Lake City|
|Frontier Airlines|| Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Denver |
Seasonal: Cincinnati, Des Moines, Fort Myers, Grand Rapids, Madison, Milwaukee, Norfolk, Raleigh/Durham
|JetBlue||Boston, Fort Lauderdale, New York–JFK|
|Southwest Airlines|| Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boise, Buffalo, Burbank, Chicago–Midway, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas–Love, Denver, Detroit, El Paso, Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Hobby, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Louisville, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, New Orleans, Newark, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, St. Louis, Tampa, Tulsa, Wichita |
Seasonal: Cincinnati, Des Moines, Little Rock, New York–LaGuardia
|Spirit Airlines|| Dallas/Fort Worth |
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Minneapolis/St. Paul
|Sun Country Airlines||Seasonal: Dallas/Fort Worth, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Portland (OR)|
|United Airlines|| Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles |
Seasonal: Los Angeles
|United Express|| Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco |
|Volaris||Culiacán, Guadalajara, Puerto Vallarta (begins June 16, 2019)|
|WestJet|| Calgary |
Seasonal: Edmonton, Kelowna, Regina, Saskatoon, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver, Winnipeg
|DHL Aviation||Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Reno/Tahoe, San Diego|
|FedEx Express||Dallas/Fort Worth, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Lubbock, Memphis, Oakland, Portland (OR)|
|FedEx Feeder||Billings, Flagstaff, Lake Havasu City, Yuma|
|UPS Airlines||Albuquerque, Honolulu, Louisville, Ontario, Portland (OR)|
|1||Denver, Colorado||1,048,430||American, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United|
|2||Los Angeles, California||849,570||American, Delta, Southwest, United|
|3||Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois||832,960||American, Frontier, Spirit, United|
|4||Seattle/Tacoma, Washington||813,950||Alaska, American, Delta, Southwest|
|5||Minneapolis/Saint Paul, Minnesota||664,180||American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country|
|6||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||658,950||American, Spirit, Sun Country|
|7||San Diego, California||642,580||American, Southwest|
|8||Las Vegas, Nevada||626,710||American, Southwest|
|9||San Francisco, California||568,810||Alaska, American, Southwest, United|
|10||Salt Lake City, Utah||553,920||American, Delta, Southwest|
|2||254,473||Air Canada, WestJet|
|3||253,170||Air Canada, American, WestJet|
|5||196,605||Air Canada, WestJet|
|4||Delta Air Lines||2,449,000||5.92%|
Travelers can access East Economy Parking from the PHX Sky Train at Terminal 4.Shuttle bus service connecting the terminals and the economy parking lots was discontinued when the Terminal 3 extension of the PHX Sky Train opened; however, the airport continues to provide shuttle bus service between the terminals and the rental car center with separate routes serving each terminal.
Valley Metro bus route 13 serves all of the airport terminals as a link to the rest of the Valley Metro bus system. The Valley Metro Rail has a stop at the nearby 44th St/Washington light rail station. A moving sidewalk bridge over Washington Street allows light rail passengers to arrive at the nearby PHX Sky Train station and then onward to stations at the East Economy Parking Lot and Terminal 4. Valley Metro bus routes 1 and 44 serve the PHX Sky Train station at 44th Street and Washington with route 3 stopping at the street corner near light rail.
A number of taxi, limousine, and shuttle companies provide service between each airport terminal, the Phoenix metropolitan area, and other communities throughout the state.
By road, the airport terminals are served by East Sky Harbor Boulevard, which is mainly fed by Interstate 10, Arizona State Route 143, and Arizona State Route 202.
The Phoenix Sky Train is an automated people-mover, much like other airports', that transports Sky Harbor passengers from the 44th Street and Washington Light Rail station to Sky Harbor's East Economy Parking lot, through all three terminals. Phase 1 opened on April 8, 2013, and runs from the 44th Street and Washington Light Rail station, to East Economy Parking and on to Terminal 4.Phase 1A shuttles passengers to Terminal 3 with a walkway to Terminal 2. Phase 1A opened on December 8, 2014. Phase 2 will transport passengers to the Rental Car Center. Phase two is not expected to be completed anytime prior to 2022.
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Recently renamed from US Airways Club to Admirals Club.
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