Phoui Sananikone

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Phoui Sananikone
ຜຸຍ ຊະນະນິກອນ
5th Prime Minister of Laos
In office
24 February 1950 15 October 1951
Monarch Sisavang Vong
Preceded byPrince Boun Oum
Succeeded byCrown Prince Sisavang Vatthana
In office
17 August 1958 31 December 1959
Preceded byPrince Souvanna Phouma
Succeeded by Sounthone Pathammavong
Personal details
Born6 September 1903 [1]
Viang Chan, Laos
Died4 December 1983 (1983-12-05) (aged 80)
Paris, France
Political party Independent Party
Profession Prime Minister

Phoui Sananikone (6 September 1903 in Laos – 4 December 1983 in Paris) was Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Laos on two occasions in 1950 to 1951 and again from 1958 to 1959, and also served as Foreign Minister and President of National Assembly on multiple occasions. [1]

Contents

Early life

Born in 1903, he was part of the Sananikones, a powerful Laotian aristocratic family. He was elected President of National Assembly from 1947 to 1950. [1]

Premiership

Souvanna Phouma lost a vote of confidence in the National Assembly and was forced to resign. Phoui succeeded Souvanna Phouma, and formed a new cabinet with the support of Committee for the Defence of the National Interests (CDNI) members. The Pathet Lao were no longer represented in the new pro-American government. After taking up office, Sananikone and his ministers shifted Lao policy to the right, dissolved the National Assembly, and denounced the 1954 Geneva truce. Attempts were also made to disperse and neutralize Pathet Lao soldiers who had been integrated into the Royal Lao Army (RLA) a few months earlier. He resigned under right-wing military pressure and handed all power to General Phoumi Nosavan, the head of the RLA.

Post-premiership

He was re-elected President of National Assembly from 1963 to 1965, and from 1968 to 1974. [1] In May 1975 he left for France after the communist takeover. In September that year was sentenced to death in his absence. He died in Paris, aged 80. [2]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Stuart-Fox, Martin. "Historical Dictionary of Laos". epdf.pub. ISBN   978-0-8108-5624-0.
  2. The New York Times
Political offices
Preceded by
Boun Oum
Prime Minister of Laos
1950-1951
Succeeded by
Sisavang Vatthana
Preceded by
Souvanna Phouma
Prime Minister of Laos
1958-1959
Succeeded by
Sounthone Pathammavong