Phrae Province

Last updated
Phrae

แพร่
Ghost Canyon, Phae Muang Phi, Northern Thailand.jpg
Ghost Canyon - Thailand's "Grand Canyon" near Phrae
thngaephr.png
Flag
Phrae seal.svg
Seal
Thailand Phrae locator map.svg
Map of Thailand highlighting Phrae Province
Country Thailand
Capital Phrae
Government
  GovernorMrs. Kanpremprit Chitanon
(since October 2019) [1]
Area
[2]
  Total6,539 km2 (2,525 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 31st
Population
 (2018) [3]
  Total445,090
  Rank Ranked 61st
  Density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
  Density rank Ranked 67th
Human Achievement Index
[4]
  HAI (2017)0.62525 "high"
Ranked 14th
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
54xxx
Calling code 054
ISO 3166 code TH-54
Website www.phrae.go.th

Phrae (Thai : แพร่; pronounced [pʰrɛ̂ː] ; Northern Thai: tawemuue`ng aephr.png ) is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in upper northern Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Phayao, Nan, Uttaradit, Sukhothai, and Lampang.

Contents

Geography

Phrae is in the valley of the Yom River. The Phi Pan Nam Range runs across the province from north to south in the west. The Phlueng Range is in the east.

History

The history of Phrae dates back to the Haripunchai kingdom of the Mon. It became part of the Lan Na in 1443, when King Tilokaraj was on an expedition to capture Nan.

Symbols

Provincial seal: According to legend the two cities of Phrae and Nan were once ruled by brothers. When they met to divide the land between them the one from Phrae rode on a horse, the one from Nan on a buffalo to the meeting point on top of a mountain. Hence Phrae uses a horse in their seal, while Nan uses a buffalo. When the provincial government proposed the seal in 1940, the Fine Arts Department suggested adding a historic building to the seal in addition to the horse, thus it now has the stupa of Phra Tat Cho Hae on the back of the horse. This temple is about nine kilometers southeast of the city of Phrae. [5] The provincial flower and tree is the Burmese Almondwood (Chukrasia tabularis).

Human achievement index 2017

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017. [4]

HealthEducationEmploymentIncome
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Province Phrae, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6252 is "high", occupies place 14 in the ranking.

Administrative divisions

Map of eight districts Amphoe Phrae.svg
Map of eight districts

Provincial government

The province is divided into eight districts ( amphoes ). These are further divided into 78 subdistricts ( tambons ) and 645 villages ( mubans ).

  1. Mueang Phrae
  2. Rong Kwang
  3. Long
  4. Sung Men
  5. Den Chai
  1. Song
  2. Wang Chin
  3. Nong Muang Khai

Local government

As of 26 November 2019 there are: [6] one Phrae Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 26 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Phrae has town ( thesaban mueang ) status. Further 25 subdistrict municipalities ( thesaban tambon ). The non-municipal areas are administered by 57 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon). [3]

Transportation

The main road through Phrae is Route 101, which begins in Nan to the north, passes through Phrae, and leads to Sawankhalok, Sukhothai, and finally Kamphaeng Phet.

Phrae Airport is a small airport in Mueang Mo, on the east side of town. It handles only domestic flights from Don Mueang (DMK). [7]

Tourism

Phra That Cho Hae, the symbol of Phrae Province Phra That Cho Hae.jpg
Phra That Cho Hae, the symbol of Phrae Province

Wiang Kosai National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติเวียงโกศัย) contains two waterfalls, the Mae Koeng Luang (น้ำตกแม่เกิ๋งหลวง), and the Mae Koeng Noi (น้ำตกแม่เกิ๋งน้อย). Streams from the falls flow into the Yom River. [8] Tham Pha Nang Khoi Cave (ถ้ำผานางคอย). At the end of the cave is a stalagmite shaped like a woman holding a small child. In front of the Nang Koi (waiting woman) stone is a heart-shaped stalactite. They are the source of the legend of the love of a woman who waited for her lover until she turned to stone. [9]

Mae Yom National Park [10]

Notes

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

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Sukhothai Province Province of Thailand

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Chaiyaphum Province Province of Thailand

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Phetchabun Province Province of Thailand

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Lampang Province Province of Thailand

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Nan Province Province of Thailand

Nan is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in upper northern Thailand. Neighboring provinces are : Uttaradit, Phrae, and Phayao. To the north and east it borders Sainyabuli of Laos.

Kamphaeng Phet Province Province of Thailand

Kamphaeng Phet is one of thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in lower northern Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are Sukhothai, Phitsanulok, Phichit, Nakhon Sawan, and Tak.

Lamphun Province Province of Thailand

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Phayao Province Province of Thailand

Phayao is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in upper northern Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Nan, Phrae, Lampang, and Chiang Rai. In the northeast it borders Xaignabouli of Laos.

Uttaradit Province Province of Thailand

Uttaradit is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat), lies in upper northern Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Phitsanulok, Sukhothai, Phrae and Nan. To the east it borders Xaignabouli of Laos. Uttaradit is 488 km north of Bangkok, and 238 km southeast of Chiang Mai.

Uthai Thani Province Province of Thailand

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Phichit Province Province of Thailand

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Maha Sarakham Province Province of Thailand

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Prachinburi Province Province of Thailand

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Samut Sakhon Province Province of Thailand

Samut Sakhon is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon, and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force on 9 May 1946.

References

  1. "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง แต่งตั้งข้าราชการพลเรือนสามัญ" [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office regarding the appointment of civil servants](PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 242 Ngor). 17. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  2. Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN   978-974-680-368-7 . Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  3. 1 2 "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  4. 1 2 Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  5. "General Information". Phrae Province. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  6. "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 39 Phrae: 1 PAO, 1 Town mun., 25 Subdistrict mun., 57 SAO.
  7. "(PRH) Phrae Airport Overview". Flightstats. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  8. "About Phrae". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Archived from the original on 2019-01-31. Retrieved 2019-01-31.
  9. Tham Pha Nang Khoi Archived January 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine [ dead link ]
  10. "Mae Yom National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 21 January 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2015.

Coordinates: 18°8′42″N100°8′26″E / 18.14500°N 100.14056°E / 18.14500; 100.14056