State capital of South Dakota
The South Dakota State Capitol building in downtown Pierre
"On The River-On The Move"
|Named for||Pierre Chouteau Jr.|
|• Mayor||Steve Harding|
|• Total||13.05 sq mi (33.80 km2)|
|• Land||13.03 sq mi (33.74 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2) 0.08%|
|Elevation||1,453 ft (442 m)|
|• Density||1,064.48/sq mi (410.99/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (Central)|
|Area code(s)||605 Exchanges:224,773,776,945|
|GNIS feature ID||1266887|
|Website||City of Pierre|
Pierre ( // ; Lakota : čhúŋkaške, lit. 'fort' ) is the capital city of South Dakota and the seat of Hughes County. The population was 13,646 at the 2010 census, making it the second-least populous state capital in the United States, following Montpelier, Vermont. It is the eighth-most populous city in South Dakota. Founded in 1880, it was selected as the state capital when the territory was admitted as a state. Pierre is the principal city of the Pierre Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Hughes and Stanley counties.
The city was founded in 1880 on the east bank of the Missouri River opposite Fort Pierre, a former trading post that developed as a community. Pierre was designated as the state capital when South Dakota gained statehood on November 2, 1889.
Huron challenged the city to be selected as the capital, but Pierre was selected because of its location in the geographic center of the state. Fort Pierre had developed earlier, with a permanent settlement since circa 1817 around a fur trading post. Fort Pierre Chouteau, preceding the city, was named after Pierre Chouteau, Jr., a major American fur trader from St. Louis, Missouri, who was of colonial French origin.
Development of Pierre was also influenced by construction of the Rapid City, Pierre and Eastern Railroad, which runs east–west through the city. It increased access to markets for regional products and improved transportation for passengers. The railroad crosses the Missouri River on the Chicago and North Western Railroad Bridge.
But the capital city became relatively isolated in the post-World War II era of federally subsidized highway construction, as travelers and freight companies began to use automobiles and trucking. It is one of four state capitals that is not served by an interstate highway, and it is unique among them in not having access to an expressway. Railways still serve in the Plains States, however.
Pierre is located at.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.07 square miles (33.85 km2), of which 13.06 square miles (33.83 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.
Pierre is sited on rough river bluffs above the east bank of the Missouri River, overlooking its expanse. It is a few miles away from Lake Oahe, one of the largest man-made lakes in the world. Developed for flood control and irrigation, the lake has become a popular fishing destination.
Pierre has a relatively dry, four-season, humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfa), 19.9 °F (−6.7 °C) in January to 75.4 °F (24.1 °C), though the diurnal temperature variation is significantly greater during summer than in winter. Snow primarily falls in light amounts, with the snowiest months being February and March, while the average seasonal total is 32 inches (0.81 m). In addition, there are an average 20 nights per year with lows below 0 °F (−17.8 °C), and cold conditions are often intensified by the high winds of the Great Plains. Summers often see spikes in temperature, with 6.4 days of highs above 100 °F (37.8 °C) and 36−37 days with highs above 90 °F (32.2 °C).with long, dry, cold winters, hot summers, and brief spring and autumnal transitions; as with much of the southern half of the state, it lies in USDA Plant Hardiness zone 5. According to weather maps and their data used as a basis, Pierre can be considered a cool semi-arid climate (Köppen: BSk) aided by its precipitation near the threshold that reaches even northeast of the city in South Dakota. As such, it is the only capital of the Midwest's states with a non-humid climate. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from
On July 23, 1973, an F3 tornado struck Pierre and caused 10 injuries.It was the strongest tornado ever recorded in Hughes County.
The beginning of both May and October represent the last and first, respectively, freezing nights of the cooler season. 20 inches (508 mm) annually. Extremes have ranged from −35 °F (−37 °C) on February 9, 1994 to 117 °F (47 °C) on July 15, 2006.Precipitation is much lighter in the winter months than it is in late spring and summer, and totals about
|Climate data for Pierre, South Dakota (Pierre Regional Airport), 1981−2010 normals|
|Record high °F (°C)||68|
|Average high °F (°C)||30.0|
|Average low °F (°C)||9.8|
|Record low °F (°C)||−33|
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.42|
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||5.4|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||5.7||4.7||6.3||8.2||10.2||10.7||9.2||7.4||6.8||6.8||5.9||5.8||87.7|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||5.1||3.8||3.5||1.9||0||0||0||0||0||0.6||3.1||4.3||22.3|
|Source: NOAA (extremes 1933–present)|
|U.S. Decennial Census |
As of the census 1,044.9 inhabitants per square mile (403.4/km2). There were 6,159 housing units at an average density of 471.6 per square mile (182.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.1% White, 0.5% African American, 10.9% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.9% of the population.of 2010, there were 13,646 people, 5,778 households, and 3,463 families living in the city. The population density was
There were 5,778 households, of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.1% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.87.
The median age in the city was 39.3 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% were from 25 to 44; 28.9% were from 45 to 64; and 13.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,876 people, 5,567 households, and 3,574 families living in the city. The population density was 1,065.8 people per square mile (411.5/km2). There were 5,949 housing units at an average density of 457.0 per square mile (176.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.91% White, 0.20% African American, 8.56% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.25% of the population.
There were 5,567 households, out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35, and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $42,962, and the median income for a family was $52,144. Males had a median income of $32,969 versus $22,865 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,462. About 5.5% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
Public transit is provided by River Cities Public Transit.
The city's Pierre Regional Airport is served by one commercial airline.
Although in the center of the state, Pierre is one of only four state capitals not served by an Interstate highway (along with Dover, Delaware, Jefferson City, Missouri, and Juneau, Alaska). It is the only one that is not served by any expressways. 34 mi (55 km) south of Pierre via the four-lane U.S. Highway 83.The nearest Interstate highway is Interstate 90, about
The Rapid City, Pierre and Eastern Railroad runs east–west through the city. The railroad crosses the Missouri River on the Chicago and North Western Railroad Bridge.
The Pierre School District oversees three elementary schools, a middle school and a high school, T. F. Riggs High School. St. Joseph, is a private Catholic elementary school. It is administered by the local parish and the Diocese of Sioux Falls. Other schools include For His Glory and the Pierre Indian Learning Center.
|7.1|| K14IO-D |
(Translator of KTTW)
|11.1|| KPLO-LD |
(Translator of KELO)
|CBS||Nexstar Media Group|
|11.2|| KPLO-LD |
(Translator of KELO)
|MyNetworkTV||Nexstar Media Group|
|13.1|| KPRY |
(Satellite of KSFY)
|13.2|| KPRY |
(Satellite of KSFY)
|The CW||Gray Television|
|13.3|| KPRY |
(Satellite of KSFY)
|34.1||K34GM-D||Three Angels Broadcasting Network||Danny Shelton|
|46.1|| K27HJ-D |
(Translator of KDLT)
|NBC||Red River Broadcasting|
|46.2|| K27HJ-D |
(Translator of KDLT)
|Antenna TV||Red River Broadcasting|
|AM radio stations|
|1060 AM||KGFX||Classic Country||Dakota Radio Group||Pierre|
|1240 AM||KCCR||Full Service||Riverfront Broadcasting LLC||Pierre|
|FM radio stations|
|Frequency||Call sign||Name||Format||Owner||Target city/market||City of license|
|89.1 FM||KVFL||VCY America||Christian||VCY America||Pierre||Pierre|
|89.5 FM||K208FM||Moody Radio|| Christian |
|Moody Bible Institute||Pierre||Pierre|
|90.3 FM||KSLP||Power 107.3|| Contemporary Christian |
|Bethesda Christian Broadcasting||Pierre||Fort Pierre|
|91.7 FM||KTSD||South Dakota Public Broadcasting||NPR||SD Board of Directors for Educational Telecommunications||Pierre||Reliance|
|92.7 FM||KGFX-FM||River 92.7||CHR||Dakota Radio Group||Pierre||Pierre|
|94.5 FM||KPLO-FM||94 Country||Country||Dakota Radio Group||Pierre||Reliance|
|95.3 FM||KLXS||Country 95.3||Country||Riverfront Broadcasting LLC||Pierre||Pierre|
|96.3 FM||K242CH||South Dakota Public Broadcasting||NPR||SD Board of Directors for Educational Telecommunications||Pierre||Pierre|
|100.1 FM||KJBI||100.1 The Eagle||Classic Hits||Dakota Radio Group||Pierre||Fort Pierre|
|100.5 FM||K263AW||94 Country||Country||Dakota Radio Group||Pierre||Fort Pierre|
|104.5 FM||KCCR-FM||Capitol City Rock 104.5||Active Rock||Riverfront Broadcasting LLC||Pierre||Blunt|
|105.1 FM||KPGN-LP||Pierre's Good News Station||Christian||Pierre Educational Radio, Inc||Pierre||Pierre|
|107.1 FM||K296FI||1060 KGFX|| Classic Country |
|Dakota Radio Group||Pierre||Pierre|
The Capital Journal is the local newspaper and has been in circulation since 1881. OaheTV is the local Public/Education/Government cable channel serving Pierre, Fort Pierre on Midcontinent Communications Cable.
In 2015, in honor of the 80th anniversary of the "Monopoly" board game, Hasbro held an online vote to determine which cities should be included in an updated version of the "Here and Now: The US Edition" of the game. The top "Boardwalk" spot went to an unexpected contender: Pierre. It received the most votes, beating New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Boston.The outcome may have been influenced by the image that accompanied the name of the city in the balloting: the well-known Mount Rushmore. But the sculpture is 150 miles west of Pierre, in Keystone and the Black Hills section of the state.
Pierre's attractions include the Oahe Dam and its associated lake, popular for recreation such as fishing. The world's largest Menards, a regional home improvement store, opened in the city in 2016.
Walworth County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,438. Its county seat is Selby. The county was created in 1873 and organized in 1883. It is named for Walworth County, Wisconsin.
Hughes County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 17,022, making it the least populous capital county in the nation, and the twelfth-most populous county in South Dakota. Its county seat is Pierre, which is also the state capital. The county was created in 1873, and was organized in 1880. It was named for Alexander Hughes, a legislator. On 4 June 1891, the county's area was increased by the addition of Farm Island, in the Missouri River downstream of Pierre.
Corson County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,050. Its county seat is McIntosh. The county was named for Dighton Corson, a native of Maine, who came to the Black Hills in 1876, and in 1877 began practicing law at Deadwood.
Litchville is a city in Barnes County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 172 at the 2010 census. Litchville was founded in 1900.
Lincoln is a city in Burleigh County, North Dakota, United States. It is a suburb of adjacent Bismarck, and also a core city of the Bismarck-Mandan Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 2,406 at the 2010 census, making it the fifteenth largest city in North Dakota. Lincoln was founded in 1977.
Carrington is a city in Foster County, North Dakota, United States. It is the county seat of Foster County. The population was 2,065 at the 2010 census. Carrington was founded in 1883.
Jud is a rural hamlet in LaMoure County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 72 at the 2010 census. Jud was founded in 1904 and named for county settler Judson LaMoure. It is located along unpaved 61st Street SE, 9 miles (14 km) west of U.S. Route 281 and 25 miles (40 km) south of Interstate 94 in the midst of settled farmland and open plains.
Almont is a city in Morton County, North Dakota, United States. It is part of the "Bismarck, ND Metropolitan Statistical Area" or "Bismarck–Mandan". The population was 122 at the 2010 census. Almont was founded in 1906, incorporated in 1936, and reached a peak population of 232 in 1940. The Northern Pacific Railroad tracks were removed in 1947 when the mainline was rerouted, and the city has since withered to just above 100 residents.
Stanley is a city in Mountrail County, North Dakota, United States. It is the county seat of Mountrail County. The population was 1,458 at the 2010 census, making it the nineteenth largest city in North Dakota. Stanley was founded in 1902.
Lidgerwood is a city in Richland County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 652 at the 2010 census. Lidgerwood was founded in 1886. It is part of the Wahpeton, ND–MN Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Cando is a city in Towner County, North Dakota, United States. It is the county seat of Towner County. The population was 1,115 at the 2010 census. Cando was founded in 1884.
Park River is a city in Walsh County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 1,403 at the 2010 census. Park River was founded in 1884.
Springbrook is a city in Williams County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 27 at the 2010 census. It is also spelled Spring Brook.
Chamberlain is a city in Brule County, South Dakota, United States. It is located on the eastern bank of the Missouri River, at the dammed section of the Lake Francis Case, close to where it is crossed by Interstate 90.
Watertown is a city in and the county seat of Codington County, South Dakota, United States. Watertown is home to the Redlin Art Center which houses many of the original art works produced by Terry Redlin, one of America's most popular wildlife artists. Watertown is located between Pelican Lake and Lake Kampeska, from which Redlin derived inspiration for his artwork.
Parkston is a city in Hutchinson County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 1,508 at the 2010 census.
Fort Pierre is a city in Stanley County, South Dakota, United States. It is part of the Pierre, South Dakota micropolitan area and the county seat of Stanley County. The population was 2,078 at the 2010 census.
Atlanta is a city in Cass County, northeastern Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 5,675.
Fairfield is a city in Freestone County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,951 at the 2010 census, down from 3,094 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Freestone County and was founded as such in 1851.
Dilley is a city in Frio County, Texas, United States. The population was 3,894 at the 2010 census. It is located off Interstate 35 south of the county seat in Pearsall.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pierre, South Dakota .|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Pierre .|