François Haverschmidt, also written as HaverSchmidt (February 14, 1835 in Leeuwarden – January 19, 1894 in Schiedam), was a Dutch minister and writer, who wrote prose under his own name but remains best known for the poetry published under the pen name of Piet Paaltjens.
Leeuwarden is a city and municipality in Friesland in the Netherlands. It is the provincial capital and seat of the States of Friesland. The municipality has a population of 122,293.
Schiedam is a city and municipality in the west of the Netherlands. It located in the Rotterdam–The Hague metropolitan area, west of Rotterdam, east of Vlaardingen, and south of Delft. In the south it is connected with the village of Pernis by the Beneluxtunnel.
In Christianity, a minister is a person authorized by a church, or other religious organization, to perform functions such as teaching of beliefs; leading services such as weddings, baptisms or funerals; or otherwise providing spiritual guidance to the community. The term is taken from Latin minister, which itself was derived from minus ("less").
Haverschmidt read Calvinist theology at Leiden University, graduating in 1858. He successively became minister in Foudgum, Den Helder and Schiedam.
Calvinism is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice set down by John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians. Paul Helm, a well-known Reformed theologian, appropriately uses the term Augustinian Calvinism due to John Calvin's self-admitted adherence to Augustine's theology. "Augustine is so wholly within me, that if I wished to write a confession of my faith, I could do so with all fullness and satisfaction to myself out of his writings."
Leiden University is a public research university in Leiden, Netherlands. Founded in 1575 by William, Prince of Orange; leader of the Dutch Revolt in the Eighty Years' War; as a reward to the town of Leiden for its defense against Spanish attacks, it is the oldest institution of higher education in the Netherlands, and the twelfth-oldest in Europe.
Foudgum is a small village in Noardeast-Fryslân in the province of Friesland, the Netherlands. It had a population of around 72 as of January 2017. Before 2019, the village was part of the Dongeradeel municipality.
During his student days, he had some of his poetry published in student magazines under the pen name of Piet Paaltjens, around whom a playful but elaborate mystification was created as Haverschmidt kept his poetry separate from his "serious" prose and sermons, not unlike Nicolaas Beets.
Deception is an act or statement which misleads, hides the truth, or promotes a belief, concept, or idea that is not true. It is often done for personal gain or advantage. Deception can involve dissimulation, propaganda, and sleight of hand, as well as distraction, camouflage, or concealment. There is also self-deception, as in bad faith. It can also be called, with varying subjective implications, beguilement, deceit, bluff, mystification, ruse, or subterfuge.
Nicolaas Beets was a Dutch theologian, writer and poet. He published under the pseudonym, Hildebrand.
He became a prime suspect for being the anonymous author of the Oera Linda Book, the inferred reason being a practical joke (a parody of the Bible to lampoon fundamentalist Christians) . However, many of his contemporaries believed the book to be authentic. This would have prevented Haverschmidt and his collaborators (if they were indeed the authors of the supposedly millennia-old text) from unmasking their hoax, which consequently completely backfired.
Anonymous works are works, such as art or literature, that have an anonymous, undisclosed, or unknown creator or author. In the case of very old works, the author's name may simply be lost over the course of history and time. There are a number of reasons anonymous works arise.
The Oera Linda Book is a manuscript written in a form of Old Frisian, purporting to cover historical, mythological, and religious themes of remote antiquity, from 2194 BCE to 803 CE. Among academics in Germanic philology, the document is widely considered to be a hoax or forgery.
A practical joke, or prank, is a mischievous trick played on someone, generally causing the victim to experience embarrassment, perplexity, confusion, or discomfort. A person who performs a practical joke is called a "practical joker". Other terms for practical jokes include gag, jape, or shenanigan.
Haverschmidt became progressively more depressed, especially after his wife's death in 1891, and ultimately committed suicide in 1894.
Snikken en grimlachjes is the best-known work of Piet Paaltjens, a fictional poet created by Dutch poet and minister François Haverschmidt (1835–1894). Originally, it contained a collection of 24 poems. It appealed to a large audience, possibly due to its humoristic, melancholic-romantic tone, or maybe due to the poetry missing a "moral purpose", as Haverschmidt himself stated in the preface to the first edition. Typical for Paaltjens' poetry is the combination of romantic clichés, irony, and crude reality.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.
A short story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a "single effect" or mood, however there are many exceptions to this.
A sermon is an oration or lecture by a preacher. Sermons address a scriptural, theological, religious, or moral topic, usually expounding on a type of belief, law, or behavior within both past and present contexts. Elements of the sermon often include exposition, exhortation, and practical application. The act of delivering a sermon is called preaching.
Ds. Alexander Johan Berman was the Dutch Reformed minister of Watergang. He also engaged in literary criticism and, in his younger years, poetry. He published an anthology with works by authors of his era.
A section of Snikken en grimlachjes has been translated into English by Jacob Lowland as Everlastings (1850–1852) (Amsterdam: Aarts, 1982)
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1867.
Louis Marie-Anne Couperus was a Dutch novelist and poet. His oeuvre contains a wide variety of genres: lyric poetry, psychological and historical novels, novellas, short stories, fairy tales, feuilletons and sketches. Couperus is considered to be one of the foremost figures in Dutch literature. In 1923, he was awarded the Tollensprijs.
Lambertus Jacobus Johannes "Bertus" Aafjes was a Dutch poet whose work is marked by his devout Catholicism.
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature.
Charles Polydore de Mont or Pol de Mont was a Belgian writer and poet.
Maurits Karel Maria Willem Sabbe was a Flemish writer. He was a son of Julius Sabbe and the eldest of seven children. He married Gabriëlla De Smet.
Lous Paulina Van Den Bergh, known as Lode Van Den Bergh, who uses the pseudonyms Aster Berkhof and Piet Visser, is a Belgian writer. He is married to Nora Steyaert. He was born in Rijkevorsel.
Karel Jonckheere as Carolus Joannes Baptista Jonckheere was a Flemish writer and critic. Widely traveled, he was inspired by his journeys for his poems and novels.
Clem Schouwenaars was a Belgian writer. He grew up in a Roman Catholic family. His youth was not a happy one. Two of his brothers and one of his sisters died young, and his only remaining sister was killed during a bombardment in 1943. His mother died in 1960, and some time later his father committed suicide.
Luuk Gruwez is a Flemish poet. Since 1976, he lives in Hasselt, where he worked until 1995 as a teacher.
Jacobus Marinus Hamelink, better known as Jacques Hamelink, is a Dutch poet, novelist, and literary critic, who is best known for his early short story collections such as Het plantaardig bewind and De rudimentaire mens. Later on in his career he gradually abandoned his pessimistic prose and chose to write more and more poetry full of historical and literary references, while at the same time not neglecting the sound value of his verse. These two factors have gradually alienated him from an initially enthusiastic audience.
Willem Jan Otten is a Dutch prose writer, playwright and poet, who in 2014 won the P. C. Hooft Award for lifetime literary achievement.
Wilhelmus Gijsbertus Henri (Wim) van Hulst (1939-2018) was a Dutch business economist, and Emeritus Professor Business Economics at the Tilburg University.
Marie "Rie" Cramer was a Dutch writer and prolific illustrator of children's literature whose style is considered iconic for the interwar period. For many years, she was one of the two main illustrators for a leading Dutch youth magazine, Zonneschijn (Sunshine). She also wrote plays under the pseudonym Marc Holman. Some of her work was banned during World War II because it attacked National Socialism, and she wrote for a leading underground newspaper during the war.
Johanna Jacoba (Johnny) Rolf is a Dutch ceramist, drawing artist and sculptor.
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