Pigalle, Paris

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Coordinates: 48°52′56.20″N2°20′14.50″E / 48.8822778°N 2.3373611°E / 48.8822778; 2.3373611

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A building in the Boulevard de Clichy Paris - Clichy III.jpg
A building in the Boulevard de Clichy

Pigalle (French pronunciation:  [piɡal] ) is an area in Paris around the Place Pigalle, on the border between the 9th [1] and the 18th arrondissements. It is named after the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Pigalle (1714–1785). [2]

Pigalle is famous for being a tourist district, with many sex shops, theatres and adult shows on Place Pigalle and the main boulevards. [3] The neighbourhood's raunchy reputation led to its Second World War nickname of "Pig Alley" by Allied soldiers. [4] Le Divan du Monde [5] and the Moulin Rouge, [1] a world-famous cabaret, are both located in Pigalle.

The area to the south of Place Pigalle is devoted to the retail of musical instruments and equipment, especially for popular music. A section of the rue de Douai consists solely of stores selling guitars, drums and musical accessories. [6]

Henri Toulouse-Lautrec's studio was here. Pablo Picasso, Vincent van Gogh and Maurice Neumont also lived here as did Andre Breton, and in 1928 Josephine Baker opened her first night club next door to Breton's apartment. [2]

It was the home of the Grand Guignol theatre, which closed in 1962. However, the theatre building still stands. [7]

Pigalle is well known to tourists who want to experience "Paris by night". It is home to some of Paris' most famous cabarets (the Moulin Rouge, for instance, was immortalised by artist Toulouse-Lautrec as well as Hollywood), as well as topless and nude shows.

Pigalle is one end-point of the Montmartrobus (a public bus serving the area) and is at the Pigalle stop of the Paris Métro. [2]

American-born jazz singer Adelaide Hall lived in Pigalle in 1937–1938 and opened her nightclub La Grosse Pomme ("the Big Apple") at 73 Rue Pigalle. [8] Other nightclubs in Rue Pigalle during the late 1930s included the Moon Rousse and Caravan where Django Reinhardt played. [9]

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References

  1. 1 2 Ladonne, Jennifer (4 January 2017). "A Neighborhood Guide to Pigalle, Paris". Fodors Travel Guide. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 Aran, Sue (15 November 2017). "Here and There: Une Petite Histoire of Place Pigalle in Paris... and Seattle". Bonjour Paris. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  3. "Quartier Pigalle – Paris tourist office". en.parisinfo.com. Paris Convention and Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  4. Ben Cosgrove (October 14, 2014). "Madness, Torture, and Murder on a Paris Stage". Time . Archived from the original on July 20, 2015.
  5. "Divan du Monde / Madame Arthur". Showtime in Paris (in French). Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  6. McQueen, Paul. "The Best Guitar Stores On Paris' Rue De Douai". Culture Trip. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  7. "Quand la Belle Epoque jouait à se faire peur..." France Culture (in French). Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  8. Colin Bratkovich (2014-05-08). Just Remember This. p. 146. ISBN   9781483645193. Big Apple Nightclub (La Grosse Pomme), 73 Rue Pigalle (owned and associated with Adelaide Hall...
  9. "Emile Savitry. Photographe" (in French). Rue Pigalle et ses boîtes de nuit, Paris, 1938-1939, au premier plan La Lune Rousse, au centre La Roulotte où se produisait Django Reinhardt,