Pike National Forest

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Pike National Forest
Pike National Forest.jpg
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Location Clear Creek, Douglas, El Paso, Jefferson, Park, and Teller counties, Colorado, United States
Nearest city Colorado Springs, Colorado
Coordinates 39°11′N105°19′W / 39.183°N 105.317°W / 39.183; -105.317 Coordinates: 39°11′N105°19′W / 39.183°N 105.317°W / 39.183; -105.317
Area1,106,604 acres (4,478.27 km2)
EstablishedFebruary 1892
Governing body U.S. Forest Service
Website Pike and San Isabel National Forests & Cimarron and Comanche National Grasslands

The Pike National Forest is located in the Front Range of Colorado, United States, west of Colorado Springs including Pikes Peak. The forest encompasses 1,106,604 acres (4,478 km2) within Clear Creek, Teller, Park, Jefferson, Douglas and El Paso counties. The major rivers draining the forest are the South Platte and Fountain Creek. Rampart Reservoir is a large artificial body of water located within the forest.

Contents

The forest is named after American explorer Zebulon Pike.

Much of the bedrock within Pike National Forest is made up of the coarse, pink to orange Pikes Peak granite.

Pike National Forest map Pike Nat Forest vicinity map.jpg
Pike National Forest map

Administration

Pike National Forest is managed in association with San Isabel National Forest and Comanche National Grassland in Colorado, as well as Cimarron National Grassland in Kansas and is headquartered in Pueblo, Colorado. There are local ranger district offices located in Colorado Springs, Fairplay and Morrison. [1]

Forest fires

Pike National Forest in the fall. FallColorsInPikeNationalForest.JPG
Pike National Forest in the fall.

The dry climate of Pike National Forest makes it prime wildfire territory. The first recorded fires occurred in the 19th century. The forest was recently the location of the Hayman Fire in 2002 and the Waldo Canyon Fire in 2012. The former burned 138,114-acre (558.93 km2) and 133 homes [2] while the latter burned 18,247-acre (73.84 km2) and 346 homes. [3]

The Pike and San Isabel National Forest was recently awarded a major reclamation project to fix the damage from the Hayman wildfire. The project was sponsored by The National Arbor Day Foundation, in conjunction with several university bookstores. Pike and San Isabel was voted the winner from a group of three separate forests. The vote took place at www.buildaforest.com. The school that placed the most votes for Pike and San Isabel National Forest was the University of Central Florida; the Pike and San Isabel National Forest will be a given a name honoring the effort by UCF students, alumni, and supporters.

Wilderness areas

There are three officially designated wilderness areas lying within Pike National Forest that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Two of them extend into neighboring National Forests (as indicated).

Climate

Most of the forest experiences a Highland climate with warm summers and cold winters. Even in the summer, nights are cool due to the forest's high elevation. Temperatures and precipitation vary widely throughout the forest, depending on elevation. Most of the forest receives more than 100 inches of snow a year.

Climate data for Ruxton Park Weather Station (Elevation 9,050ft)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)63
(17)
60
(16)
75
(24)
72
(22)
81
(27)
88
(31)
86
(30)
86
(30)
81
(27)
86
(30)
66
(19)
63
(17)
88
(31)
Average high °F (°C)34.5
(1.4)
35.6
(2.0)
40.2
(4.6)
47.1
(8.4)
56.8
(13.8)
66.8
(19.3)
71.7
(22.1)
69.2
(20.7)
62.8
(17.1)
53.0
(11.7)
41.5
(5.3)
35.3
(1.8)
51.2
(10.7)
Average low °F (°C)7.6
(−13.6)
8.1
(−13.3)
13.6
(−10.2)
20.7
(−6.3)
28.8
(−1.8)
36.1
(2.3)
41.0
(5.0)
39.5
(4.2)
32.8
(0.4)
24.5
(−4.2)
15.3
(−9.3)
8.6
(−13.0)
23.0
(−5.0)
Record low °F (°C)−35
(−37)
−33
(−36)
−21
(−29)
−18
(−28)
3
(−16)
14
(−10)
24
(−4)
24
(−4)
4
(−16)
−9
(−23)
−25
(−32)
−30
(−34)
−35
(−37)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.63
(16)
0.91
(23)
1.84
(47)
2.60
(66)
2.42
(61)
2.35
(60)
3.93
(100)
3.88
(99)
1.84
(47)
1.32
(34)
0.87
(22)
0.91
(23)
23.50
(597)
Average snowfall inches (cm)10.1
(26)
15.2
(39)
28.8
(73)
28.8
(73)
9.9
(25)
1.1
(2.8)
0.2
(0.51)
0
(0)
2.5
(6.4)
12.9
(33)
13.3
(34)
15.7
(40)
138.6
(352)
[ citation needed ]
Climate data for Lake Moraine Weather Station (Elevation 10,240ft)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)56
(13)
57
(14)
61
(16)
65
(18)
73
(23)
85
(29)
82
(28)
82
(28)
75
(24)
71
(22)
60
(16)
62
(17)
85
(29)
Average high °F (°C)31.2
(−0.4)
32.0
(0.0)
35.2
(1.8)
41.9
(5.5)
50.5
(10.3)
61.6
(16.4)
65.9
(18.8)
64.3
(17.9)
59.5
(15.3)
49.9
(9.9)
39.9
(4.4)
33.1
(0.6)
47.1
(8.4)
Average low °F (°C)9.6
(−12.4)
9.8
(−12.3)
13.2
(−10.4)
20.6
(−6.3)
28.8
(−1.8)
37.6
(3.1)
41.8
(5.4)
40.9
(4.9)
35.6
(2.0)
26.3
(−3.2)
16.9
(−8.4)
10.8
(−11.8)
24.3
(−4.3)
Record low °F (°C)−34
(−37)
−37
(−38)
−30
(−34)
−12
(−24)
−3
(−19)
14
(−10)
25
(−4)
24
(−4)
8
(−13)
−10
(−23)
−19
(−28)
−24
(−31)
−34
(−37)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.68
(17)
0.91
(23)
1.63
(41)
2.92
(74)
2.86
(73)
2.44
(62)
4.29
(109)
3.80
(97)
1.67
(42)
1.42
(36)
0.80
(20)
0.73
(19)
24.16
(614)
Average snowfall inches (cm)11.7
(30)
15.8
(40)
25.4
(65)
37.6
(96)
19.6
(50)
1.8
(4.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2.2
(5.6)
12.4
(31)
14.1
(36)
12.0
(30)
152.7
(388)
[ citation needed ]

See also

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References

  1. USFS Ranger Districts by State
  2. "Forest Service Website Is Currently Unavailable". fs.usda.gov. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
  3. "404". waldofire.org. Retrieved 2020-05-24.

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