Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR

Last updated
Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR.png
Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR (obverse)
TypeHonorary title
Awarded forSpace flight
Presented byFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
EligibilitySoviet citizens
StatusNo longer awarded
Established16 April 1961
Total72
Related Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation
First man in space Yuri Gagarin, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" #1 (1964 photo) Gagarin in Sweden.jpg
First man in space Yuri Gagarin, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" #1 (1964 photo)
First woman in space Valentina Tereshkova, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" #6 (1969 photo) RIAN archive 612748 Valentina Tereshkova.jpg
First woman in space Valentina Tereshkova, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" #6 (1969 photo)
Veteran of three space flights, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" Valery Ryumin (1998 photo) Ryumin, Valery Victorovitch.jpg
Veteran of three space flights, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" Valery Ryumin (1998 photo)
Veteran of three space flights, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" Viktor Gorbatko (2011 photo) Viktor Gorbatko 21.jpg
Veteran of three space flights, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" Viktor Gorbatko (2011 photo)
Veteran of six space flights, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" Sergei Krikalev (2004 photo) Sergei Konstantinovich Krikalev.jpg
Veteran of six space flights, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" Sergei Krikalev (2004 photo)

The honorary title Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR (Russian : Летчик-космонавт СССР) was a state award of the Soviet Union presented to all cosmonauts who flew for the Soviet Space Agency. Usually accompanying the distinction was the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, the highest title that could be awarded to a Soviet citizen for performing heroic deeds while in service of the state.

Contents

History of the title

The title was established by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on 14 April 1961. [1] It was awarded until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 where it was retained by the Law of the Russian Federation 2555-1 dated 20 March 1992 [2] with a few slight amendments and renamed Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation.

Award statute

The title was assigned by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet for the outstanding feat of space flight. The insignia of Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR is worn on the right side of the chest above orders and decorations. [1] If worn with honorary titles of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. [3]

Award description

The title is a 25mm wide by 23.8mm high convex pentagon with a gilt silver rim. In the center is an image of the terrestrial globe with the territory of the Soviet Union enamelled in red. A gold star denotes Moscow as the point of origin of a gilt orbital path going around the globe once to reach a silver satellite at the upper left of the globe. A second orbital path, this time enamelled in red, starts at the bottom center of the globe going up in an arc narrowing along the way to reach a gilt spacecraft above the globe. Along the upper left edge of the pentagon above the globe, the gilt relief inscription "PILOT" (Russian : ЛЕТЧИК), along the upper right edge of the pentagon above the globe, the gilt relief inscription "COSMONAUT" (Russian : КОСМОНАВТ), along the bottom edge of the pentagon under the globe, the gilt inscription "USSR" (Russian : СССР), along the left and right lower edges of the pentagon, prominent gilt laurel branches. The reverse of the insignia is plain except for the award serial number. [1]

The insignia is secured to a standard Russian square mount by a ring through the suspension loop. The award is secured to clothing with a threaded stud and nut behind the mount. The mount is covered by a silk moiré red ribbon. [1]

List of Pilot-Cosmonauts of the USSR

The individuals listed below have all received the honorary title "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR". [4] List is sorted by the serial number of the award.

  1. 1961 — Yuri Gagarin
  2. 1961 — Gherman Titov
  3. 1962 — Andriyan Nikolayev
  4. 1962 — Pavel Popovich
  5. 1963 — Valery Bykovsky
  6. 1963 — Valentina Tereshkova
  7. 1964 — Vladimir Komarov
  8. 1964 — Konstantin Feoktistov
  9. 1964 — Boris Yegorov
  10. 1965 — Pavel Belyayev
  11. 1965 — Alexei Leonov
  12. 1968 — Georgy Beregovoy
  13. 1969 — Vladimir Shatalov
  14. 1969 — Boris Volynov
  15. 1969 — Aleksei Yeliseyev
  16. 1969 — Yevgeny Khrunov
  17. 1969 — Georgy Shonin
  18. 1969 — Valeri Kubasov
  19. 1969 — Anatoly Filipchenko
  20. 1969 — Vladislav Volkov
  21. 1969 — Viktor Gorbatko
  22. 1970 — Vitaly Sevastyanov
  23. 1971 — Nikolay Rukavishnikov
  24. 1971 — Georgy Dobrovolsky (posthumously)
  25. 1971 — Viktor Patsayev (posthumously)
  26. 1973 — Vasily Lazarev
  27. 1973 — Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov
  28. 1973 — Pyotr Klimuk
  29. 1973 — Valentin Lebedev
  30. 1974 — Yury Artyukhin
  31. 1974 — Gennadi Sarafanov
  32. 1974 — Lev Dyomin
  33. 1975 — Aleksei Gubarev
  34. 1975 — Georgy Grechko
  35. 1976 — Vitaly Zholobov
  36. 1976 — Vladimir Aksyonov
  37. 1976 — Vyacheslav Zudov
  38. 1976 — Valery Rozhdestvensky
  39. 1977 — Yury Glazkov
  40. 1977 — Vladimir Kovalyonok
  41. 1977 — Valery Ryumin
  42. 1978 — Yury Romanenko
  43. 1978 — Vladimir Dzhanibekov
  44. 1978 — Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
  45. 1979 — Vladimir Lyakhov
  46. 1980 — Yury Malyshev
  47. 1980 — Leonid Popov
  48. 1980 — Leonid Kizim
  49. 1980 — Gennadi Strekalov
  50. 1981 — Viktor Savinykh
  51. 1982 — Aleksandr Serebrov
  52. 1982 — Svetlana Savitskaya
  53. 1982 — Anatoly Berezovoy
  54. 1983 — Vladimir Titov
  55. 1983 — Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov
  56. 1984 — Igor Volk
  57. 1984 — Vladimir Solovyov
  58. 1984 — Oleg Atkov
  59. 1985 — Vladimir Vasyutin
  60. 1985 — Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Volkov
  61. 1987 — Aleksandr Viktorenko
  62. 1987 — Aleksandr Laveykin
  63. 1987 — Anatoli Levchenko
  64. 1988 — Anatoly Solovyev
  65. 1988 — Musa Manarov
  66. 1989 — Sergei Krikalev
  67. 1989 — Valeri Polyakov
  68. 1990 — Aleksandr Nikolayevich Balandin
  69. 1991 — Gennadi Manakov
  70. 1991 — Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasyev
  71. 1991 — Anatoly Artsebarsky
  72. 1991 — Toktar Aubakirov

See also

Related Research Articles

Valeri Kubasov

Valeri Nikolayevich Kubasov was a Soviet/Russian cosmonaut who flew on two missions in the Soyuz programme as a flight engineer: Soyuz 6 and Soyuz 19, and commanded Soyuz 36 in the Intercosmos programme. On 21 July 1975, the Soyuz 7K-TM module used for ASTP landed in Kazakhstan at 5:51 p.m. and Kubasov was the first to exit the craft. Kubasov performed the first welding experiments in space, along with Georgy Shonin.

Hero of the Soviet Union Highest award of the Soviet Union

The title Hero of the Soviet Union was the highest distinction in the Soviet Union, awarded personally or collectively for heroic feats in service to the Soviet state and society.

Gennady Manakov

Gennady Mikhailovich Manakov was a Soviet and Russian cosmonaut who commanded two Soyuz flights to the Mir space station.

Yuri Glazkov

Yury Nikolayevich Glazkov was a Soviet Air Force officer and a cosmonaut. Glazkov held the rank of major general in the Russian Air Force.

Soviet Union at the 1972 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

The Soviet Union (USSR) competed at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany. 371 competitors, 298 men and 73 women, took part in 180 events in 22 sports.

Peoples Artist of Russia Russian performing arts award

People's Artist of the Russian Federation, also sometimes translated as National Artist of the Russian Federation, is an honorary and the highest title awarded to citizens of the Russian Federation, all outstanding in the performing arts, whose merits are exceptional in the sphere of the development of the performing arts.

Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation

The Honorary Title Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation is a state award of the Russian Federation presented to all cosmonauts who fly for the Russian Federal Space Agency. Usually accompanying the distinction is the title of Hero of the Russian Federation, the highest title that can be awarded to a Russian for performing heroic deeds while in service of the state.

Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR"

The Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR" was a military decoration of the Soviet Union established to recognise outstanding deeds related to state frontier security by members of Soviet Border Troops, servicemen and civilians.

Honoured Military Pilot of the Russian Federation

The Honorary Title of "Merited Military Pilot of the Russian Federation" is a state award of the Russian Federation that can trace its history to the Soviet Era. It was initially established on January 26, 1965 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet № 3230-VI as the honorary title of "Merited Military Pilot of the USSR". Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the title was retained by the Law of the Russian Federation 2555-1 dated March 20, 1992 and renamed "Merited Military Pilot of the Russian Federation".

Honoured Military Pilot of the USSR Soviet title of honour

The Honorary Title "Honoured Military Pilot of the USSR" was a state military award of the Soviet Union established on January 26, 1965 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet № 3230-VI to recognise and reward excellence in military aviation. It was abolished on August 22, 1988, by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet № 9441-XI.

Order "For Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR"

The Order "For Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR", also known as the Order "For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR", was a Soviet military order awarded in three classes for excellence to military personnel.

Honoured Test Pilot of the USSR

The Honorary Title "Honoured Test Pilot of the USSR" was a state award of the Soviet Union established on August 14, 1958 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet № 2523-X to recognise courage and excellence of military and civilian test pilots in flight research and testing of aircraft. Its statute was confirmed on August 22, 1988 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet № 9441-XI. The title ceased to be awarded following the December 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Medal "For Strengthening of Brotherhood in Arms"

The Medal "For Strengthening Military Cooperation" was a military award of the Soviet Union established on May 25, 1979 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. Its statute was later confirmed and slightly amended by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet № 2523-X of July 18, 1980. It was bestowed to recognise outstanding cooperation between the different services and the different armed forces of the various Warsaw Pact countries or of any other friendly socialist state.

Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"

The Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" was a state military commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established on January 28, 1988 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote the seventieth anniversary of the creation of the Soviet Armed Forces.

Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin" Commemorative medal of the Soviet Union

The Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin" was a state commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on November 5, 1969 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Lenin. Its statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. It was awarded to eminent members of Soviet society, the military leadership and foreign members of the international communist and labour movements.

Medal "For the Defence of Stalingrad" Military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of Stalingrad" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union.

Medal "For the Capture of Königsberg"

The Medal "For the Capture of Königsberg" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on June 9, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defense of the Soviet Union. It recognizes participation in the battle to capture the city of Königsberg from the armed forces of Nazi Germany. The medal's statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For the Development of Virgin Lands"

The Medal "For the Development of Virgin Lands" was a civilian award of the Soviet Union established on October 26, 1956 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to recognise individuals who displayed superior performance in labour over two years connected with the Virgin Lands Campaign started in 1954 by Nikita Khrushchev to cultivate 36,000,000 hectares of previously uncultivated lands in Kazakhstan, Siberia, the Urals, the Volga area and the northern Caucasus, it was intended to serve as an example for good achievements in the performance of civic duties.

Order of Lenin Soviet Union award

The Order of Lenin, named after the leader of the Russian October Revolution, was established by the Central Executive Committee on April 6, 1930. The order was the highest civilian decoration bestowed by the Soviet Union. The order was awarded to:

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 14 April 1961" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1961-04-14. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  2. "Law of the Russian Federation of 20 March 1992 No 2555-1" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 1999-12-15. Archived from the original on 7 January 2009. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  3. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 7 September 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  4. Шамсутдинов, Сергей (2013). "Знак «Лётчик-космонавт»" [Award "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR"]. Новости космонавтики. Москва: Петербургский коллекционер. Archived from the original on 2019-06-18. Retrieved 2019-06-18 via Космическая энциклопедия ASTROnote.