|Date of birth||26 August 1939|
|Place of birth||Tel Aviv, Mandatory Palestine|
|Date of death||14 August 2007 67)(aged|
|Place of death||Kfar Saba, Israel|
|Knessets||10, 11, 12|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|1990–1992||New Liberal Party|
Pinchas Goldstein (Hebrew : פנחס גולדשטיין, born 26 August 1939, died 14 August 2007) was an Israeli politician, who served as a member of the Knesset for Likud and the New Liberal Party between 1981 and 1992, and as Deputy Minister of Communications and Deputy Minister of Education and Culture during the early 1990s.
Hebrew is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel; the modern version of which is spoken by over 9 million people worldwide. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew in the Tanakh. The earliest examples of written Paleo-Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language.
Israel, also known as the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. The country contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel's economic and technological center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state's sovereignty over Jerusalem has only partial recognition.
The Knesset (Hebrew: הַכְּנֶסֶת[ha 'kneset]; lit. "the gathering" or "assembly" is the unicameral national legislature of Israel. As the legislative branch of the Israeli government, the Knesset passes all laws, elects the President and Prime Minister, approves the cabinet, and supervises the work of the government. In addition, the Knesset elects the State Comptroller. It also has the power to waive the immunity of its members, remove the President and the State Comptroller from office, dissolve the government in a constructive vote of no confidence, and to dissolve itself and call new elections. The Prime Minister may also dissolve the Knesset. However, until an election is completed, the Knesset maintains authority in its current composition. The Knesset is located in Givat Ram, Jerusalem. The Knesset was temporarily dissolved on 30 May 2019.
Born in Tel Aviv during the Mandate era, Goldstein graduated from the Haifa military school of command, a boarding school, and went on to study law at the Tel Aviv branch of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, but did not graduate. He was a member of the board of directors of Israel Electric Corporation from 1978 to 1981, and a member of the Executive of World Zionist Organization from 1978 to 1982.
Tel Aviv, officially known as Tel Aviv-Yafo, is the second most populous city in Israel—after Jerusalem—and the most populous city in the conurbation of Gush Dan, Israel's largest metropolitan area. Located on the country's Mediterranean coastline and with a population of 443,939, it is the economic and technological center of the country.
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem is Israel's second oldest university, established in 1918, 30 years before the establishment of the State of Israel. The Hebrew University has three campuses in Jerusalem and one in Rehovot. The world's largest Jewish studies library is located on its Edmond J. Safra Givat Ram campus.
Israel Electric Corporation is the largest supplier of electrical power in Israel. The IEC builds, maintains, and operates power generation stations, sub-stations, as well as transmission and distribution networks.
Originally a member of the Liberal Party, he was elected to the Knesset on the Likud list (an alliance of Herut, the Liberal Party and other right-wing factions) in 1981. He was re-elected in 1984 and 1988. On 15 March 1990, Goldstein and four other Likud MKs left the party to establish the Party for the Advancement of the Zionist Idea, which was later renamed the New Liberal Party.This was part of what became known as the dirty trick, with Shimon Peres attempting to form a new government without Likud. Although Peres failed, the new faction joined a Likud-led government and Goldstein was appointed as Deputy Minister of Communications, and later Deputy Minister of Education and Culture.
The Israeli Liberal Party was a political party in Israel and is one of the ancestors of the modern-day Likud. The party was created by a merger between the centrist Progressive Party and the General Zionists, forming a right-leaning, middle-class-based party. The Progressives soon seceded to form the Independent Liberals in 1964.
Herut was the major right-wing nationalist political party in Israel from 1948 until its formal merger into Likud in 1988. It was an adherent of Revisionist Zionism, and was initially known in part for its militia actions; it became more moderate from 1951.
Knesset elections were held in Israel on 30 June 1981. The ruling Likud won one more seat than the opposition Alignment, a surprise result as opinion polls and political momentum initially suggested that the Alignment would win roughly half of the votes while the Likud would only get twenty percent. Voter turnout was 78.5%, with Likud receiving around ten thousand more than the Alignment. This elections highlighted the polarization in the country.
The New Liberal Party failed to cross the electoral threshold in the 1992 elections and Goldstein lost his seat.
The electoral threshold is the minimum share of the primary vote which a candidate or political party requires to achieve before they become entitled to any representation in a legislature. This limit can operate in various ways. For example, in party-list proportional representation systems an election threshold requires that a party must receive a specified minimum percentage of votes, either nationally or in a particular electoral district, to obtain any seats in the legislature. In multi-member constituencies using preferential voting, besides the electoral threshold, to be awarded a seat, a candidate is also required to achieve a quota, either on the primary vote or after distribution of preferences, which depends on the number of members to be return from a constituency.
Elections for the 13th Knesset were held in Israel on 23 June 1992. The election resulted in the formation of a Labor government, led by Yitzhak Rabin, helped by the failure of several small right wing parties to pass the electoral threshold. Voter turnout was 77.4%.
He died of cancer on 14 August 2007 at the age of 67. He was survived by his wife, a son, and a daughter.
Amnon Rubinstein is an Israeli legal scholar, politician, and columnist. A member of the Knesset between 1977 and 2002, he served in several ministerial positions. He is currently dean of the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) in Herzliya and a patron of Liberal International.
Roni Milo is an Israeli politician, lawyer and journalist, and a former Knesset member who held several ministerial positions. He was also mayor of Tel Aviv from 1993 to 1998.
Yosef Tamir was an Israeli journalist, politician, lawyer and a professional javelin thrower.
Dan Meridor is an Israeli politician and minister. A longtime member of the Likud party, in the late 1990s he became one of the founders of the Centre Party. He rejoined Likud a decade later, and returned to the Knesset following the 2009 elections. Meridor served at various times as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Finance, Minister of Justice and Minister of Intelligence and Atomic Energy in the Israeli Cabinet. In 2014, Meridor succeeded Avi Primor as president of the Israel Council on Foreign Relations, an institute of international affairs which operates under the auspices of the World Jewish Congress.
Yitzhak Moda'i was an Israeli politician who served five terms in the Knesset for Likud and then the New Liberal Party over the course of a 20-year career.
Simha Erlich was an Israeli politician. He was the leader of the Liberal Party and Minister of Finance under Menachem Begin, and is known for his attempt to liberalize the Israeli economy.
Avraham Sharir was an Israeli politician.
Pesah Grupper was an Israeli politician who served as Minister of Agriculture between October 1983 and September 1984.
Yitzhak Berman was an Israeli politician who served as Minister of Energy and Infrastructure from August 1981 until September 1982. He was also Speaker of the Knesset from 1980 until 1981.
Michael Eitan is an Israeli politician. A member of the Knesset for Likud from 1984 until 2013, he also served as Minister of Science & Technology between July 1997 and July 1998 and Minister of Improvement of Government Services from 2009 until 2013.
Hemi Doron is an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Shinui, the Secular Faction and National Home between 2003 and 2006, and is currently mayor of Tayibe.
Yehezkel Flomin is a former Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Likud between 1974 and 1981.
Yedidia Be'eri was an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Likud between 1974 and 1977.
Menachem Savidor was an Israeli civil servant and politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Likud from 1977 until 1984. Between 1981 and 1984 he was the Knesset's eighth Speaker.
Elyakim-Gustav Badian was an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Likud between 1977 and 1981.
Miriam Glazer-Ta'asa is an Israeli former politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Likud between 1981 and 1988, and as Deputy Minister of Education and Culture from 1981 until 1984.
Zvi Renner was an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Likud between 1981 and 1984.
David Shiffman was an Israeli politician who served as Deputy Minister of Transport and as a member of the Knesset between 1981 and his death in 1982.
Efraim Gur is an Israeli former politician who served as a member of the Knesset between 1988 and 1996, and as Deputy Minister of Communications and Deputy Minister of Transportation in the early 1990s.