Pinerolo

Last updated
Pinerolo

Pinareul  (Piedmontese)
Città di Pinerolo
Pinerolo 001.JPG
Italy Pinerolo coat.png
Coat of arms
Location of Pinerolo
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Pinerolo
Location of Pinerolo in Italy
Italy Piemonte location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Pinerolo
Pinerolo (Piedmont)
Coordinates: 44°53′N07°20′E / 44.883°N 7.333°E / 44.883; 7.333 Coordinates: 44°53′N07°20′E / 44.883°N 7.333°E / 44.883; 7.333
Country Italy
Region Piedmont
Metropolitan city Turin (TO)
Frazioni Abbadia Alpina, Ainana, Avaro/Tron, Bacchiasso, Batur, Baudenasca, Biscornetto, Borgata Colombaio, Borgata Orba, C.E.P., Cascina della Cappella, Cascina Ghiotta, Cascina Gili, Cascina Nuova, Cascina Pol, Case Bianche, Case Nuove, Colletto, Gerbido di Costagrande, Gerbido di Riva, Graniera, Losani, Motta Grossa, Pascaretto, Riauna, Riva, Rubiani, Salera, San Martino, Stazione di Riva, Talucco, Villa Motta Rasini
Government
  MayorLuca Salvai
Area
[1]
  Total50 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation
376 m (1,234 ft)
Population
 (30 September 2015) [2]
  Total35,805
  Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Pinerolesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
10064
Dialing code 0121
Patron saint St. Donatus
Saint dayMonday after last Sunday of August
Website Official website
The Sanctuary of Madonna delle Grazie. Santa Maria a Pinerolo TO.png
The Sanctuary of Madonna delle Grazie.

Pinerolo (Italian pronunciation:  [pineˈrɔːlo] ; Piedmontese : Pinareul [pinaˈrøl] ; French : Pignerol; Occitan : Pineròl) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, northwestern Italy, 50 kilometres (31 mi) southwest of Turin on the river Chisone. The Lemina torrent has its source at the boundary between Pinerolo and San Pietro Val di Lemina.

Contents

History

Archaeological remains found in the center of Pinerolo in the early 1970s testify the human presence in the area in prehistoric times [3] Remains of the Roman necropolis of Dama Rossa, found during works for the Pinerolo-Turin highway in 2003, show that the area at the time was the seat of agricultural activities [4]

The toponym of Pinerolo appears only in the Middle Ages, in an imperial diplom dating from 981, by which Otto II confirmed its possession, within the March of Turin, to the Bishops of Turin. The town of Pinerolo was one of the main crossroads in Italy, and was therefore one of the principal fortresses of the dukes of Savoy. Its military importance was the origin of the well-known military school that still exists today. The fortress of Fenestrelle is nearby. Later, Pinerolo was ruled by the abbot nullius of Pinerolo, who ran the abbey of Abbadia Alpina, even after the city had established itself as a municipality (1247) under the government of Thomas II of Savoy.

From 1235, Amadeus IV of Savoy exercised over the town a kind of protectorate, which became absolute in 1243, and was continued thereafter by either the House of Savoy, or its cadet-branch, the House of Savoy-Acaia.

When French troops invaded Piedmont (1536), Pinerolo was conquered; it remained under French control until 1574. It fell again to France in 1631 with the treaty of Cherasco.

France agreed to hand Pinerolo back to the house of Savoy under the Treaty of Turin (1696), with the conditions that its stronghold's fortifications be demolished and that Savoy withdraw from the League of Augsburg against Louis XIV.

Economy

It is around Pinerolo that revolves the economy of the waldensian valleys (right slope of Val Chisone, Valle Germanasca and Val Pellice) and of the plain between these valleys and the Po (river) course.

Several industries have their base in this area, particularly mechanical, paper making, chemical and textile industries, and also absorb manpower from the nearby centres.

The leading companies are Corcos, which produces seals for rotating shafts and valves sterns, Raspini, a meat processing company, NN Inc., which manufactures ball bearings, the Trombini Group (ex Annovati), which supplies the furniture industry with chipboard, and PMT Italia, which supplies the pulp and paper industry with paper machines. Moreover, Pinerolo is the trade center of the surrounding mountain area.

The agriculture and the breeding of the livestock are conducted with advanced techniques. Pinerolo is the centre of the community called Comunità Montana Pinerolese Pedemontano.

Main sights

People

People born in Pinerolo include:

People who died here include:

Sports

The venue Pinerolo Palaghiaccio hosted curling events at the 2006 Winter Olympics. [6] The 2011 Tour de France featured a stage in the area.

The Uruguayan football team Peñarol takes its name from the Montevideo neighbourhood of Peñarol, which in turn takes its name from this town.

Twin cities

See also

Related Research Articles

Mondovì Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Mondovì is a town and comune (township) in Piedmont, northern Italy, about 80 kilometres (50 mi) from Turin. The area around it is known as the Monregalese.

Pragelato Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Pragelato is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of Turin, in the upper Val Chisone. The name Pragelato, meaning "icy meadow", has been derived from the harsh climate and the fact that the ground is covered with ice for long periods. On both sides of the Chisone, extensive forests of pine and larch provide protection from the avalanches which are a common occurrence in the winter season: for this reason in the nineteenth century the people of Pragelato were only permitted to fell trees close to the mountain summits, and even then only with the permission of the communal administration.

Sauze dOulx Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Sauze d'Oulx is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont located 80 kilometres from Turin in the Val di Susa, at the foot of Monte Genevris (2,536 m).

Battle of Staffarda

The Battle of Staffarda, 18 August 1690, was fought during Nine Years' War in Piedmont-Savoy, modern-day northern Italy. The engagement was the first major encounter in the Italian theatre since Victor Amadeus, the Duke of Savoy, had joined the Grand Alliance in opposition to France earlier that year. The battle was a clear victory for the French commander, Nicolas Catinat, who proceeded to take other Piedmontese strongholds. The French also overran most of the Duchy of Savoy, but due to sickness, lack of infantry, and problems with supply, Catinat was unable to besiege Amadeus's capital Turin as King Louis XIV had hoped.

San Pietro Val Lemina Comune in Piedmont, Italy

San Pietro Val Lemina is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin, part of the Piedmont region, northern Italy. It takes its name from the Lemina torrent, which flows in its territory.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Pinerolo diocese of the Catholic Church

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Pinerolo is a Latin rite bishopric in the administrative province of Turin of Piedmont region, Northwestern Italy. It is a suffragan of the Metropolitan archbishopric of Turin.

Angrogna Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Angrogna is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) southwest of Turin.

Frossasco Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Frossasco is a commune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 30 km south west of Turin.

Inverso Pinasca Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Inverso Pinasca is a village and comune (municipality) with about 600 inhabitants in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of Turin in the Val Chisone.

Lanzo Torinese Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Lanzo Torinese is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin, region of Piedmont, northwestern Italy. It is located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) northwest of Turin at the mouth of the Valli di Lanzo.

Pinasca Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Pinasca is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of Turin in the Val Chisone.

Porte, Piedmont Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Porte is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of Turin.

Roure, Piedmont Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Roure is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) west of Turin in the Val Chisone.

San Germano Chisone Comune in Piedmont, Italy

San Germano Chisone is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of Turin. San Germano Chisone borders the following municipalities: Inverso Pinasca, Villar Perosa, Pramollo, Porte, Angrogna, San Secondo di Pinerolo, and Prarostino.

San Secondo di Pinerolo Comune in Piedmont, Italy

San Secondo di Pinerolo is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of Turin.

Villar Perosa Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Villar Perosa is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of Turin.

Siege of Cuneo (1691)

The Siege of Cuneo was fought on 28 June 1691 during Nine Years' War in Piedmont-Savoy, modern-day northern Italy. The siege was part of French King Louis XIV’s campaign against Victor Amadeus, the Duke of Savoy, who had sided with the Grand Alliance the previous year. The siege was an attempt to gain a foothold on the Piedmont Plain, thus ensuring Marshal Catinat's army could winter east of the Alps. Yet due to the incompetence of the two French commanders – and a timely arrival of Imperial reinforcements – the siege proved a disaster, resulting in the loss of between 700 and 800 men. Although French forces had taken Nice in the west, and Montmélian in the north, Catinat's small, ill-equipped army was forced onto the defensive. Louis XIV subsequently offered Amadeus generous peace terms but the Duke, who had by now received substantial Imperial reinforcements from the Empire, considered himself strong enough to continue hostilities.

Val Chisone

The Val Chisone is one of the Occitan valleys of western Piedmont, situated in the Cottian Alps in the Metropolitan City of Turin in north-west Italy.

Fenestrelle Fort fortress

The Fenestrelle Fortress, better known as the Fenestrelle Fort is a fortress overlooking Fenestrelle. It is the symbol of the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, northern Italy. It is the biggest alpine fortification in Europe, having a surface area of 1,300,000 m². The fortress, built by Savoy between 1728 and 1850 under the design of the architect Ignazio Bertola, guards the access to Turin via the Chisone valley and stands at altitudes between 1,100 and 1,800 m. The territory was acquired in 1709 by the Duchy of Savoy after the defeat of the French at Fort Mutin (Fenestrelle).

Savoyard–Waldensian wars

The Savoyard–Waldensian Wars were a series of conflicts between the community of Waldensians and the Savoyard troops in the Duchy of Savoy from 1655 to 1690. The Piedmontese Easter in 1655 sparked the conflict. It was largely a period of persecution of the Waldensian Church, rather than a military conflict. Joshua Janavel (1617–1690) was one of the Waldensian military leaders against the Savoyard ducal troops.

References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. Perrot, Mauro Maria (2012). Storia di Pinerolo e del suo territorio. Turin: LAR Editore.
  4. Page at Pinerolo website Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine
  5. Marchiando-Pacchiola, Mario. Il Duomo di San Donato in Pinerolo. I Quaderni della collezione civica d’Arte di Pinerolo, Q. 24.
  6. 2006 Winter Olympics official report. Volume 3. pp. 68-9.