Pingfang District

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Pingfang

平房区
ChinaHarbinPingfang.png
Location of Pingfang in Harbin
Location of Harbin Prefecture within Heilongjiang (China).png
Harbin in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 45°36′12″N126°37′42″E / 45.6033°N 126.6284°E / 45.6033; 126.6284 Coordinates: 45°36′12″N126°37′42″E / 45.6033°N 126.6284°E / 45.6033; 126.6284 [1]
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Sub-provincial city Harbin
Area
[2]
  Total98.0 km2 (37.8 sq mi)
Population
(2010) [3]
  Total190,253
  Density1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)

Pingfang District (simplified Chinese :平房区; traditional Chinese :平房區; pinyin :Píngfáng Qū) is one of nine districts of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, forming part of the city's urban core. The least spacious of Harbin's county-level divisions, it borders the districts of Xiangfang to the north, Acheng to the east, Shuangcheng to the southwest, and Nangang to the west.

Simplified Chinese characters standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore.

Traditional Chinese characters Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau, and in the Kangxi Dictionary. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

Contents

History

Pingfang was the headquarters of the Japanese Biological Warfare Unit 731 during the Japanese invasion of China and World War II. It had an airport, railway and dungeons. Most of Pingfang was burnt by the Japanese to destroy evidence but the incinerator where the remains of victims were burnt remains and is still in use as part of a factory.

Japan Country in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Unit 731 biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army

Unit 731 was a covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) of World War II. It was responsible for some of the most notorious war crimes carried out by Imperial Japan. Unit 731 was based at the Pingfang district of Harbin, the largest city in the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo.

Second Sino-Japanese War military conflict between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from 1937 to 1945

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945. It began with the Marco Polo Bridge Incident in 1937 in which a dispute between Japanese and Chinese troops escalated into a battle. Some sources in the modern People's Republic of China date the beginning of the war to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931.

Economy

Pingfang is an industrial center of Harbin nowadays. Hafei (a factory producing helicopters, small airplanes, minivans, and cars), Dongan (a factory producing aircraft and automobile engines), and Northeast Light Alloy Processing Plant are the three major manufacturers there.

Harbin Aircraft Industry Group (Hafei) has its headquarters in the district. [4]

Harbin Aircraft Industry (Group) Co., Ltd. (HAIG), often shortened to Hafei, is an aircraft manufacturing company headquartered in Pingfang District, Harbin, Heilongjiang province, China. It was previously called Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation (HAMC) in English.

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Bayan County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Yanshou County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Tonghe County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Harbin railway station railway station

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References

  1. Google (2014-07-02). "Pingfang" (Map). Google Maps . Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. Harbin Statistical Yearbook 2011 (《哈尔滨统计年鉴2011》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. 2010 Census Harbin primary statistics report (《哈尔滨市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  4. "Home Archived 2009-11-23 at the Wayback Machine " (English). Harbin Aircraft Industry Group. Retrieved on August 8, 2014. "ADDRESS: NO,15, YOUXIE STREET, PINGFANG DISTRICT, HARBIN." - Chinese address Archived 2014-08-09 at the Wayback Machine : "地址:哈尔滨市平房区友协大街15号"