Gothic Saint James church in Piotrków Kujawski
|• Total||9.76 km2 (3.77 sq mi)|
|• Density||460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Piotrków Kujawski [ˈpʲɔtrkuf kuˈjafskʲi] (German : Petrikau) is a town in Radziejów County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, with 4,463 inhabitants (2004).
The oldest known mention of Piotrków dates back to 1252.It was granted town rights in 1589 by King Sigismund III of Poland.
After the joint German–Soviet invasion of Poland, which started World War II, Piotrków Kujawski was occupied by Germany from 1939 to 1945. It was one of the sites of executions of Poles, carried out by the Germans as part of the Intelligenzaktion .In 1939, the Germans carried out a massacre of 22 Poles, including 8 Catholic priests, in the town. Under the German occupation, the Jews, whose pre-war population numbered between 800 and 900, were placed in a ghetto, stripped of their possessions, and forced to do unpaid labor. In 1941, a few were sent to labor camps. In April 1942, the remaining Jews were rounded up and sent in trucks to the Chełmno extermination camp where they were immediately murdered. Only fourteen of the prewar population are known to have survived.
The local football club is Zjednoczeni Piotrków Kujawski.It competes in the lower leagues.
Czeladź is a town in Zagłębie Dąbrowskie, in southern Poland, near Katowice and Sosnowiec. Located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Brynica river, it is the oldest urban center of Zagłębie Dąbrowskie. The area of Czeladź is 16 km2, and it borders Będzin, Sosnowiec, Katowice and Siemianowice Śląskie.
Turek is a town in central Poland with 31,282 inhabitants as of 2009. It is the capital of Turek County.
Grajewopronounced [ɡraˈjɛvɔ] Belarusian: Граева is a town in north-eastern Poland with 21,499 inhabitants (2016). It is situated in the Podlaskie Voivodeship ; previously, it was in Łomża Voivodeship (1975–1998). It is the capital of Grajewo County. It is located within the historic region of Masovia, near the border with Podlachia and Masuria.
Gąbin is a small town in Płock County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland, with 4,230 inhabitants (2006). The Warsaw radio mast, which stood near Gąbin, was the tallest structure in the world until its collapse in 1991.
Solec Kujawski is a town with 15,505 inhabitants and an area of 176 km², situated 14 kilometres southeast of Bydgoszcz in Poland at. Solec Kujawski belongs to the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. The town features Saint Stanislaus in its coat of arms. It is located within the historic region of Kuyavia.
Wieruszów is a town with 8,639 inhabitants (2016). Situated in the southwestern part of Łódź Voivodeship, From 1975–1998, it was part of Kalisz Voivodeship. The town is situated along the Prosna river. The biggest attraction is the Church and Monastery popauliński of 1676 in its limits, located on the Prosna, the church of St. Nicholas. Spirit of the façade with two towers and chapels on the sides, forming a kind of transept. Inside the church, deserves special attention, nine baroque altars and choir stalls from 1682, with paintings on zapieckach. The choir is a portrait of Bernard Wierusz - the first owner and founder of the church Wieruszów. In 1673, Augustine's father died here Kordecki, a heroic defender of Jasna Góra during the Swedish invasion, and in 1973, during the celebration of the 300th anniversary of his death diagonal, the church was graced by the presence of Cardinal Karol Wojtyła - the future Pope John Paul II and Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński.
Yavoriv is a city located in Lviv Oblast (region) of western Ukraine near the Polish border. It is the administrative center of Yavoriv Raion and rests approximately 50 kilometres west of the oblast capital, Lviv. Its population is approximately 12,946 (2020 est.) .
Kock is a town in eastern Poland, about 45 kilometres north of Lublin and 120 kilometres south-east of Warsaw. It lies in Lublin Voivodeship, in Lubartów County. It is the capital of the administrative district Gmina Kock. Historically Kock belongs to the Polish province of Lesser Poland and is located in its northeastern corner. As of 2004, its population numbered 3,509.
Beginning with the invasion of Poland during World War II, the Nazi regime set up ghettos across German-occupied Eastern Europe in order to segregate and confine Jews, and sometimes Romani people, into small sections of towns and cities furthering their exploitation. In German documents, and signage at ghetto entrances, the Nazis usually referred to them as Jüdischer Wohnbezirk or Wohngebiet der Juden, both of which translate as the Jewish Quarter. There were several distinct types including open ghettos, closed ghettos, work, transit, and destruction ghettos, as defined by the Holocaust historians. In a number of cases, they were the place of Jewish underground resistance against the German occupation, known collectively as the ghetto uprisings.
Warta is a town in Sieradz County, Łódź Voivodeship, Poland, with 3,303 inhabitants (2016). It is situated on the Warta River.
Lipno is a town in Poland, in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, about 40 km (25 mi) southeast of Toruń. It is the administrative seat of Lipno County and of Gmina Lipno. Its population is 14,791 (2010).
Radziejów is a town in Poland, in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, about 45 km south of Toruń. It is the capital of Radziejów County. Its population is 5,804 (2004).
Koluszki is a town, and a major railway junction, in central Poland, in Łódź Voivodeship, about 20 km east of Łódź with a population of 13,246 (2016). The junction in Koluszki serves trains that go from Warsaw to Łódź, Wrocław, Częstochowa and Katowice. It is also connected to Radom and Lublin by an eastbound line.
Zagórów is a town in Słupca County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland, with 2,908 inhabitants (2004).
Tuliszkówpronounced [tuˈliʂkuf] is a town in Turek County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland, with 3,406 inhabitants (2004). In World War II, Tuliszków was home to one of the first Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland following the Nazi German and Soviet invasion of 1939. The ghetto was formed in December 1939 or January 1940.
Sokołów Małopolski is a town in Rzeszów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland, with a population of 3,962 (2 June 2009).
Kraków District(German: Distrikt Krakau, Polish: Dystrykt krakowski) was one of the original four administrative districts set up by Nazi Germany after the German occupation of Poland during the years of 1939-1945. This district, along with the other three districts, formed the General Government. It was established on October 12, 1939 by Adolf Hitler, with the capital in occupied Kraków – the historic residence of Polish royalty. The Nazi Gauleiter Hans Frank became the Governor-General of the entire territory of the General Government. He made his residence in Kraków at the heavily guarded Wawel castle. Frank was the former legal counsel to the Nazi Party.
Służewo is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Aleksandrów Kujawski, within Aleksandrów County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-central Poland. It lies 4 kilometres (2 mi) south-west of Aleksandrów Kujawski and 21 km (13 mi) south of Toruń.
Ghettos were established by Nazi Germany in hundreds of locations across occupied Poland after the German invasion of Poland. Most ghettos were established between October 1939 and July 1942 in order to confine and segregate Poland's Jewish population of about 3.5 million for the purpose of persecution, terror, and exploitation. In smaller towns, ghettos often served as staging points for Jewish slave-labor and mass deportation actions, while in the urban centers they resembled walled-off prison-islands described by some historians as little more than instruments of "slow, passive murder", with dead bodies littering the streets.
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