Pistoia

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Pistoia
Città di Pistoia
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The bell tower of the cathedral in Piazza Duomo
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Coat of arms
Map of comune of Pistoia (province of Pistoia, region Tuscany, Italy).svg
Pistoia within the Province of Pistoia
Location of Pistoia
Pistoia
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
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Pistoia
Location of Pistoia in Italy
Italy Tuscany location map.svg
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Pistoia
Pistoia (Tuscany)
Coordinates: 43°56′N10°55′E / 43.933°N 10.917°E / 43.933; 10.917 Coordinates: 43°56′N10°55′E / 43.933°N 10.917°E / 43.933; 10.917
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Pistoia (PT)
Frazioni see list
Government
  Mayor Alessandro Tomasi
Area
[1]
  Total236.17 km2 (91.19 sq mi)
Elevation
65 m (213 ft)
Population
 (31 August 2016) [2]
  Total90,363
  Density380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Pistoiese (singular), Pistoiesi (plural)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
51100
Dialing code 0573
Patron saint St. Jacopo
Saint dayJuly 25
Website Official website
The Ospedale del Ceppo Pistoia0003.jpg
The Ospedale del Ceppo
The octagonal baptistery Pistoia Baptistery 01.jpg
The octagonal baptistery
The Duomo Duomo di Pistoia.jpg
The Duomo
Interior of Basilica of Our Lady of Humility Pistoia madonna del umilta 001.JPG
Interior of Basilica of Our Lady of Humility

Pistoia ( US: /pɪˈstɔɪə,pˈstjɑː/ , [3] [4] Italian:  [piˈstoːja] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city and comune in the Italian region of Tuscany, the capital of a province of the same name, located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) west and north of Florence and is crossed by the Ombrone Pistoiese, a tributary of the River Arno. It is a typical Italian medieval city, and it attracts many tourists, especially in the summer. The city is famous throughout Europe for its plant nurseries.

Contents

History

Pistoria (in Latin other possible forms are Pistorium or Pistoriae) was a centre of Gallic, Ligurian and Etruscan settlements before becoming a Roman colony in the 6th century BC, along the important road Via Cassia: in 62 BC the demagogue Catiline and his fellow conspirators were slain nearby. From the 5th century the city was a bishopric, and during the Lombardic kingdom it was a royal city and had several privileges. Pistoia's most splendid age began in 1177 when it proclaimed itself a free commune: in the following years it became an important political centre, erecting walls and several public and religious buildings.

In 1254 the Ghibelline town of Pistoia was conquered by the Guelph Florence; this did not pacify the town, but led to marked civil violence between "Black" and "White" Guelph factions, pitting different noble families against one another. In the Inferno of Dante, we encounter a particularly violent member of the Black faction of Pistoia, Vanni Fucci, tangled up in a knot of snakes while cursing God, who states: (I am a) beast and Pistoia my worthy lair. Pistoia remained a Florentine holding except for a brief period in the 14th century, when a former abbott, Ormanno Tedici, became Lord of the city. This did not last long, since his nephew Filippo sold the town to Castruccio Castracani of Lucca. The town was officially annexed to Florence in 1530.

One of the most famous families of the city was that of the Rospigliosi, owners of agricultural estates and wool merchants; the Rospigliosi provided a pope in 1667 with Giulio Rospigliosi, who briefly reigned as Clement IX (1667–69), and gave several cardinals to the church.

In 1786 a famous Jansenist episcopal synod was convened in Pistoia.

According to one theory, Pistoia lent its name to the pistol, [5] which started to be manufactured in Pistoia during the 16th century. But today, it is also notable for the extensive plant nurseries spreading around it. Consequently, Pistoia is also famous for its flower markets, as is the nearby Pescia.

Geography

Pistoia borders with the municipalities of Agliana, Alto Reno Terme, Cantagallo, Lizzano in Belvedere, Marliana, Montale, Quarrata, Sambuca Pistoiese, San Marcello Piteglio and Serravalle Pistoiese. [6]

Pistoia Panorama 01.jpg
A panoramic view of Pistoia from the northwest.

Frazioni (Districts)

NamePopulation
Sant'Agostino
Sant'Alessio in Bigiano
Badia a Pacciana
Baggio
Villa di Baggio
Bargi
Barile
San Biagio
Bonelle
Bottegone6.000
Campiglio
Canapale
Candeglia
Capostrada
Castagno di Piteccio
Gello
Germinaia
Le Grazie
Chiazzano
Chiesina Montalese
Chiodo
Cignano
Cireglio
Collina
Corsini Bianchi
Corsini Neri
Fabbrica
San Felice
Le Fornaci
Lupicciano
Masiano
Casa Nuove di Masiano
Masotti
San Mommè 177
Nespolo
Orsigna
Piazza
San Pierino Casa al Vescovo
Piestro
Piteccio
Piuvica
Pontelungo
Pontenuovo
Pracchia 268
Pupigliana
Ramini  [ it ]
San Rocco
Santomato
Saturnana
Spazzavento
Sazzana
Torbecchia
Valdibrana
Villanova di Valdibrana
Vicofaro

Government

Architecture

Although less visited than other cities in Tuscany, the medieval city within Pistoia's old walls is charming and well-preserved.

Piazza del Duomo

The large Piazza del Duomo, dominated by the cathedral, is lined with other medieval buildings, such as the Palazzo del Comune and the Palazzo del Podestà : it is the setting (in July) of the Giostra dell'Orso ("Bear Joust"), when the best horsemen of the city's traditional quarters tilt with lances at a target held up by a dummy shaped like a bear.

The original Cathedral of San Zeno (5th century) burned down in 1108, but was rebuilt during the 12th century, and received incremental improvements until the 17th century. The façade has a prominent Romanesque style, while the interior received heavy Baroque additions which were removed during the 1960s. Its outstanding feature is the Altar of St James, an exemplar of the silversmith's craft begun in 1287 but not finished until the 15th century. Its various sections contain 628 figures, the total weighing nearly a ton. The Romanesque belfry, standing at some 67 metres (220 ft), was erected over an ancient Lombard tower.

In the square is also the 14th-century Baptistry, in Gothic style, with white and green striped marble revetment characteristic of the Tuscan Gothic.

The Palazzo dei Vescovi ("Bishops' Palace"), is characterized by a Gothic loggiato on the first floor. It is known from 1091, initially as a fortified noble residence. In the 12th century it received a more decorated appearance, with mullioned windows and frescoes, of which traces remain. It was later modified in the mid-12th century (when the St. James Chapel, mentioned by Dante Alighieri in the XXIV canto of his Inferno ) and in the 13th century; to the latter restoration belongs the white marble-decorated staircase, one of the most ancient examples in Italy in civil architecture. In the 14th century, the Chapel of St. Nicholas was decorated with stories of the namesake saint and other martyrs.

The Tower of Catilina dates to the High Middle Ages, and stands 30 metres (98 ft) high.

Religious buildings

Others

Transportation

The railway station is located on the Viareggio–Florence railway and it is at the southern end of the Porrettana railway, the original line between Florence and Bologna.

Culture

Cinema

Pistoia has been a setting for numerous works of fiction and movies, including films, such as I Love You in All the Languages in the World , Amici miei , and Medici: Masters of Florence .

Music

Notable residents

International relations

Twin towns - sister cities

Pistoia is twinned with: [7]

Events

See also

Related Research Articles

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Pistoia Cathedral

Pistoia Cathedral is the main religious building of Pistoia, Tuscany, central Italy, located in the Piazza del Duomo in the centre of the city. It is the seat of the Bishop of Pistoia and is dedicated to Saint Zeno of Verona.

Ospedale del Ceppo

Ospedale del Ceppo is a medieval hospital in Pistoia, Tuscany, central Italy.

Madonna dellUmiltà, Pistoia

The Basilica of Our Lady of Humility or Madonna dell'Umiltà is a Renaissance-style, Roman Catholic Marian basilica in Pistoia, region of Tuscany, Italy.

San Domenico, Pistoia

San Domenico is a Romanesque and Gothic-style, Roman Catholic church located in the Piazza of the same name, with a north flank of the nave parallel to Corso Silvani Fedi, in Pistoia, region of Tuscany, Italy.

Rospigliosi family

The Rospigliosi family is an ancient noble Italian family from Pistoia. Attested since the Middle Ages, it became wealthy through agriculture, trade and industry, reaching the apogee of its power and the high nobility status in Rome thanks to Giulio Rospigliosi, elected pope in 1667 with the name of Clement IX.

Palazzo Rospigliosi a Via del Duca building in Pistoia, Italy

The Palazzo Rospigliosi a Via del Duca is a former aristocratic palace located at Via Ripa del Sale number 3 in central Pistoia, Tuscany, Italy. The palace was the birthplace in 1600 of Giulio Rospiglio, later Pope Clement IX.

References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. "Pistoia". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt . Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  4. "Pistoia". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  5. Online Etymology Dictionary
  6. 42722 (x a j h) Pistoia on OpenStreetMap
  7. "Pistoia". italien.de (in German). Italien.de. Retrieved 2019-12-22.
  8. "Pistoia Blues" on lonelyplanet.com

Sources