Piteå

Last updated

Piteå
Pitea central.jpg
One of the two town squares
Sweden Norrbotten location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Piteå
Sweden location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Piteå
Coordinates: 65°20′N21°30′E / 65.333°N 21.500°E / 65.333; 21.500 Coordinates: 65°20′N21°30′E / 65.333°N 21.500°E / 65.333; 21.500
CountrySweden
Province Norrbotten
County Norrbotten County
Municipality Piteå Municipality
Area
[1]
  Total24.74 km2 (9.55 sq mi)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total23,350
  Density926/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Website https://www.pitea.se/

Piteå is a locality and the seat of Piteå Municipality in Norrbotten County, Sweden.

Contents

Geography

Piteå is located at the mouth of the Pite River (Swedish : Piteälven), at the shore of the Bay of Bothnia. The central part is located on an islet called Häggholmen, which due to post-glacial rebound almost has become a part of the mainland; the land in northern Sweden rises at a rate of up to 9 mm (0.35 in) per year.

Piteå has an attractive archipelago, which is one of the reasons it is a popular place for tourism both in summer and winter. It features a beach resort area called Pite Havsbad that is often labelled "The Riviera of Norrland" (or Sweden), around which there is a spa, a long sandy beach, a restaurant and a golf course. The area is also suitable for fishing and outdoor activities. In the winter, snow activities such as skiing and winter bathing are common.

Climate

Piteå has a climate that is classified as subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc), bordering to a Humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb).

The warmest months in Piteå are June, July, and August, with high temperatures of 17 to 30 °C (63 to 86 °F). The coldest are December, January, and February, with low temperatures of −22 to −10 °C (−8 to 14 °F).

Climate data for Piteå; temperatures 2002–2018; extremes since 1901; precipitation & sunshine 1961–1990
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)10.3
(50.5)
10.5
(50.9)
14.1
(57.4)
21.5
(70.7)
29.5
(85.1)
32.0
(89.6)
34.9
(94.8)
32.0
(89.6)
24.5
(76.1)
20.8
(69.4)
13.0
(55.4)
8.5
(47.3)
34.9
(94.8)
Mean maximum °C (°F)4.2
(39.6)
5.7
(42.3)
9.6
(49.3)
14.1
(57.4)
23.1
(73.6)
24.9
(76.8)
27.0
(80.6)
26.1
(79.0)
20.7
(69.3)
14.1
(57.4)
7.4
(45.3)
5.2
(41.4)
28.1
(82.6)
Average high °C (°F)−5.1
(22.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
1.2
(34.2)
6.6
(43.9)
13.2
(55.8)
17.4
(63.3)
21.0
(69.8)
19.1
(66.4)
14.1
(57.4)
6.4
(43.5)
0.5
(32.9)
−2.5
(27.5)
7.3
(45.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)−8.9
(16.0)
−8.3
(17.1)
−3.4
(25.9)
2.1
(35.8)
8.1
(46.6)
12.8
(55.0)
16.3
(61.3)
14.6
(58.3)
9.9
(49.8)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.4
(27.7)
−6.1
(21.0)
3.2
(37.7)
Average low °C (°F)−12.7
(9.1)
−12.4
(9.7)
−7.9
(17.8)
−2.5
(27.5)
2.9
(37.2)
8.2
(46.8)
11.6
(52.9)
10.1
(50.2)
5.6
(42.1)
−0.2
(31.6)
−5.2
(22.6)
−9.6
(14.7)
−1.0
(30.2)
Mean minimum °C (°F)−27.0
(−16.6)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−10.1
(13.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
1.1
(34.0)
5.6
(42.1)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
−9.5
(14.9)
−15.9
(3.4)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−29.9
(−21.8)
Record low °C (°F)−41.5
(−42.7)
−38.5
(−37.3)
−33.3
(−27.9)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−10.5
(13.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
2.5
(36.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
−6.1
(21.0)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−35.5
(−31.9)
−41.5
(−42.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)37
(1.5)
25
(1.0)
23
(0.9)
28
(1.1)
30
(1.2)
47
(1.9)
50
(2.0)
68
(2.7)
69
(2.7)
48
(1.9)
48
(1.9)
44
(1.7)
517
(20.4)
Average relative humidity (%)82797166565761656977868371
Mean monthly sunshine hours 2550152210270300307214153993391,822
Percent possible sunshine 17.520.743.345.447.145.850.342.539.334.920.08.841.5
Source 1: http://www.pitea.climatemps.com
Source 2: http://www.smhi.se/klimatdata/meteorologi/temperatur/2.1240

History

The new town of Pitea, engraving made sometime between 1690 and 1710 Suecia 2-072 ; Pitea Civitas Nova.jpg
The new town of Piteå, engraving made sometime between 1690 and 1710

Piteå received its city privileges on 12 May 1621. The town was originally situated slightly north of its current location, in present-day Öjebyn. In July 1666, the entire town burnt down, and over the following few years it was rebuilt on Häggholmen, a small island which forms the nucleus of present-day Piteå. In 1721, the new town was burnt down by Russian troops during the Russian Pillage of 1719-1721, and the only building that remained was the church, which is still standing.

The town square, where the town hall is located, has kept its structure from the 17th century. It is one of only two squares in Sweden with closed corners; the other one is in Uppsala.

Piteå's population has increased rapidly since the 19th century. In the years 1870–1920, Piteå had a population of only 2,500 people. Part of the early population increase is attributed to the 1911 opening of the Älvsbyn-Piteå railway branch, as well as industrial establishments and the harbour.

Piteå has traditionally had a strong forestry industry; papermills, sawmills, and its harbour are of some importance.

Culture

Piteå is known for its pitepalt, a food dish consisting of potato dumplings with chopped pork filling. The area is also known for its dialect, called Pitemål, which however is mainly spoken by elders in surrounding villages.

Piteå has a fast food drive-thru commonly used by snowmobilers. The restaurant was a McDonald's from February 2002 to November 2007. [2] Several McDonald's restaurants in Norrbotten closed at the time, in the face of competition from Max Hamburgers. [3] The restaurant is now part of the Frasses hamburger chain. The drive-thru has received international coverage, including on The Travel Channel in an episode called "Most Unique McDonald's". [4]

Pitea has a sister city in the Caribbean: Gustavia, capital of Saint Barthélemy, the formerly Swedish possession that is now part of France.

Cleantech

Piteå has emerged as an important center of cleantech production and research based on cellulose byproducts. Chemrec operates a black liquor gasifier and the world's first BioDME production facility, SunPine has pioneered a renewable diesel process technology using crude tall oil as feedstock, and ETC (Energy Technology Centre in Piteå) is a research and development center for renewable fuels with focus on combustion, gasification and biorefining processes.

Sport

Lina Andersson (left) and Emelie Ohrstig celebrate in Pitea following the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2005. VM-firande.jpg
Lina Andersson (left) and Emelie Öhrstig celebrate in Piteå following the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2005.

The Piteå IF football team is playing in the fourth highest Swedish division, Division 2 for men; and the Piteå IF ladies team is for their first time playing in the highest league in football, Damallsvenskan.

Ice hockey is the big sport in town, even though Piteå HC only plays in the third-highest League (Division I) in Sweden. The club has provided many good players to the NHL and national team: examples are Tomas Holmström, Mikael Renberg, Mattias Öhlund, Lars Lindgren, Stefan Persson, Jan Sandström and Mats Lavander. Munksund-Skuthamns SK ladies team is, for their first time, playing in the highest league in Hockey, Riksserien. Rebecka Stenberg became the first woman from town playing for Swedish national team.

In cross-country skiing the town has a successful club called Piteå Elit, with skiers like Lina Andersson, Magdalena Pajala and Charlotte Kalla.

In competitive swimming, the town has a very successful team called Piteå Sim which is famous all over Norrland especially Norrbotten. One of the most famous swimmers in the club is 13-year-old Heidi Nilsson who got first place in the Junior, Senior and Ladies category in the Piteå Kanalsimmet 2018 which takes place every year on Valborgsmässoafton.

Other sports clubs located in Piteå include Storfors AIK, MSSK and the northern paintball team 'Team X-rated'.

People from Piteå

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Piteå is twinned with:

Related Research Articles

Norrbotten County County (län) of Sweden

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Piteå Municipality Municipality in Norrbotten County, Sweden

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References

  1. 1 2 http://www.statistikdatabasen.scb.se/pxweb/sv/ssd/START__BE__BE0101__BE0101A/FolkmangdTatort/table/tableViewLayout1/?rxid=5b8db485-2a4a-4981-bca0-dc156eb0ad44#
  2. "Want snow with that?". American Snowmobiler . Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing Co. 14 January 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2009.
  3. Ulrika Vallgårda Kristina Edblom (23 November 2007). "Max vinnare i det stora burgerkriget". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 12 April 2009.
  4. "Most Unique McDonald's in the World". McChrinicles. 8 January 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2010.