Placer County, California

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Placer County, California
Auburn Superior Court 3.jpg
Placer County, CA, USA - panoramio (8).jpg
Kings Beach SRA on Lake Tahoe.jpg
Images from top, left to right: The Auburn Courthouse, a panorama of a forested area, Lake Tahoe in Kings Beach
Flag of Placer, CA.png
Seal of Placer County, California.png
Placer County, California
Interactive map of Placer County
Map of California highlighting Placer County.svg
Location in the state of California
Coordinates: 39°04′N120°44′W / 39.06°N 120.73°W / 39.06; -120.73 Coordinates: 39°04′N120°44′W / 39.06°N 120.73°W / 39.06; -120.73
Country United States
State California
Regions Sacramento Valley, Sierra Nevada
Metro area Greater Sacramento
Incorporated April 25, 1851 [1]
Named for Placer mining, a reference to the area being a center of the California Gold Rush
County seat Auburn
Largest city Roseville
Government
  Type Council–CEO
  Body
Board of Supervisors [2]
  • Bonnie Gore
  • Robert Weygandt
  • Jim Holmes
  • Suzanne Jones
  • Cindy Gustafson
  ChairCindy Gustafson
  Vice ChairJim Holmes
  County Executive OfficerJane Christenson (Acting)
Area
  Total1,502 sq mi (3,890 km2)
  Land1,407 sq mi (3,640 km2)
  Water95 sq mi (250 km2)
Highest elevation
[3]
9,044 ft (2,757 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total404,739
  Density270/sq mi (100/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Area codes 530, 916, 279
FIPS code06-061
GNIS feature ID 277295
Website www.placer.ca.gov
Gold specimen from the Eagle's Nest Mine, a source of specimen gold in Placer County Gold-Quartz-22791.jpg
Gold specimen from the Eagle's Nest Mine, a source of specimen gold in Placer County

Placer County ( /ˈplæsər/ PLASS-ərr; Spanish for "sand deposit"), officially the County of Placer, is a county in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 404,739. [4] The county seat is Auburn. [5]

Contents

Placer County is included in the Greater Sacramento metropolitan area. It is in both the Sacramento Valley and Sierra Nevada regions, in what is known as the Gold Country. The county stretches roughly 65 miles (105 km) from Sacramento's suburbs at Roseville to the Nevada border and the shore of Lake Tahoe.

Etymology

The discovery of gold in 1848 brought tens of thousands of miners from around the world during the California Gold Rush. In addition, many more thousands came to provide goods and services to the miners. On April 25, 1851, the fast-growing county was formed from parts of Sutter and Yuba Counties with Auburn as the county seat. Placer County took its name from the Spanish word for sand or gravel deposits containing gold. Miners washed away the gravel, leaving the heavier gold, in a process known as "placer mining".

History

Gold mining was a major industry through the 1880s, but gradually the new residents turned to farming the fertile foothill soil, harvesting timber and working for the Southern Pacific Railroad. Auburn was settled when Claude Chana discovered gold in Auburn Ravine in May 1848 and later became a shipping and supply center for the surrounding gold camps. The cornerstone of Placer's courthouse, which is clearly visible from Interstate 80 through Auburn, was laid on July 4, 1894. The building was renovated during the late 1980s and continues to serve the public with courtrooms, a sheriff's office and the Placer County Museum. Roseville, once a small agricultural center, became a major railroad center and grew to the county's most populous city after Southern Pacific Railroad moved its railroad switching yards there in 1908.

Loomis and Newcastle began as mining towns, but soon became centers of a booming fruit-growing industry, supporting many local packing houses. Penryn was founded by a Welsh miner, Griffith Griffith, who established a large granite quarry. Rocklin began as a railroad town and became home to a number of granite quarries. Lincoln and Sheridan continue to support ranching and farming. Lincoln also is the home of one of the county's oldest businesses, the Gladding, McBean terra cotta clay manufacturing plant, established in 1875.

The 1960 Winter Olympics were hosted in Squaw Valley, in Placer County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 1,502 square miles (3,890 km2), of which 1,407 square miles (3,640 km2) is land and 95 square miles (250 km2) (6.4%) is water. [6] Watercourses in Placer County include the American River and Bunch Creek. 40.96% of Lake Tahoe's surface area is in Placer County, more than in any of the four other counties in which it lies. [7]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 13,270
1870 11,357−14.4%
1880 14,23225.3%
1890 15,1016.1%
1900 15,7864.5%
1910 18,23715.5%
1920 18,5841.9%
1930 24,46831.7%
1940 28,10814.9%
1950 41,64948.2%
1960 56,99836.9%
1970 77,30635.6%
1980 117,24751.7%
1990 172,79647.4%
2000 248,39943.8%
2010 348,43240.3%
2020 404,73916.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790–1960 [9] 1900–1990 [10]
1990–2000 [11] 2010 [12] 2020 [13]

2020 census

Placer County, California - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / EthnicityPop 2010 [12] Pop 2020 [13] % 2010% 2020
White alone (NH)265,294272,47176.14%67.32%
Black or African American alone (NH)4,4276,4401.27%1.59%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)2,0802,0100.60%0.50%
Asian alone (NH)19,96334,7765.73%8.59%
Pacific Islander alone (NH)6979670.20%0.24%
Some Other Race alone (NH)6032,0910.17%0.52%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)10,65825,3563.06%6.26%
Hispanic or Latino (any race)44,71060,62812.83%14.98%
Total348,432404,739100.00%100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010 Census

The 2010 United States Census reported that Placer County had a population of 348,432. The racial makeup of Placer County was 290,977 (83.5%) White, 4,751 (1.4%) African American, 3,011 (0.9%) Native American, 20,435 (5.9%) Asian, 778 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 13,375 (3.8%) from other races, and 15,105 (4.3%) from two or more races. There were 4,710 Hispanics or Latinos of any race (12.8%). [22]

2000

As of the census [23] of 2000, there were 248,399 people, 93,382 households, and 67,701 families residing in the county. The population density was 177 inhabitants per square mile (68/km2). There were 107,302 housing units at an average density of 76 per square mile (30/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.6% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 3.4% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. 9.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.5% were of German, 12.3% English, 10.6% Irish, 7.1% Italian and 7.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 89.7% spoke only English at home; 6.0% spoke Spanish.

There were 93,382 households, out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.5% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $57,535, and the median income for a family was $65,858 (these figures had risen to $68,463 and $80,987 respectively as of a 2007 estimate [24] ). Males had a median income of $50,410 versus $33,763 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,963. About 3.9% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over. Unemployment in the county is just under 7% which is considerably lower than the state's average.

Politics, government, and policing

Government

County government is by a five-person four-year term elected board of supervisors with a board-appointed county manager and his/her department administrators.

Law enforcement

The Placer County Sheriff's Office provides court protection, jail administration, and coroner services for all of Placer County. It provides patrol, detective, and other police services for the unincorporated areas of the county plus by contract to the city of Colfax and the town of Loomis.

Politics

Voter registration

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

In its early history Placer County was solidly Republican: it voted Republican in every election between 1860 and 1912, when Bull Moose nominee Theodore Roosevelt was California's official Republican nominee. [26] Between 1916 and 1976, however, the county voted Republican only in three landslide elections of 1920, 1952 and 1972 – in all of which its GOP margins were much smaller than for the state or nation. Since the “Reagan Revolution” Placer County has become and remained a stronghold of the Republican Party; it consistently elects Republican public officials and has voted for presidential candidates from the party in every election since 1980.

United States presidential election results for Placer County, California [27]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 122,48852.10%106,86945.46%5,7272.44%
2016 95,13851.14%73,50939.52%17,3779.34%
2012 99,92158.19%66,81838.91%4,9722.90%
2008 94,64754.45%75,11243.21%4,0532.33%
2004 95,96962.61%55,57336.26%1,7361.13%
2000 69,83559.28%42,44936.04%5,5154.68%
1996 49,80852.75%34,98137.05%9,63810.21%
1992 38,29841.92%30,78333.69%22,28524.39%
1988 42,09659.59%27,51638.95%1,0301.46%
1984 38,03562.94%21,29435.24%1,0981.82%
1980 28,17954.78%17,31133.65%5,95011.57%
1976 18,15445.03%21,02652.16%1,1312.81%
1972 18,59750.34%16,91145.77%1,4373.89%
1968 12,42742.64%14,05048.21%2,6679.15%
1964 9,38933.92%18,25665.96%310.11%
1960 10,43943.75%13,30455.75%1200.50%
1956 9,05945.89%10,61153.76%690.35%
1952 9,84150.59%9,44448.55%1680.86%
1948 5,57036.87%8,83758.49%7024.65%
1944 4,19636.78%7,14962.66%640.56%
1940 3,88731.26%8,40267.56%1471.18%
1936 2,32122.34%7,95976.62%1081.04%
1932 2,24225.82%6,20071.40%2412.78%
1928 3,66949.25%3,68549.46%961.29%
1924 2,19236.63%3906.52%3,40256.85%
1920 2,89459.44%1,55932.02%4168.54%
1916 1,95433.74%3,37558.28%4627.98%
1912 150.34%1,82341.84%2,51957.82%
1908 1,86551.45%1,49141.13%2697.42%
1904 2,05062.61%1,02331.25%2016.14%
1900 2,00954.64%1,59243.30%762.07%
1896 1,89051.41%1,72146.82%651.77%
1892 1,74349.27%1,52443.08%2717.66%
1888 1,76152.35%1,54745.99%561.66%
1884 1,74952.89%1,48344.84%752.27%
1880 1,64352.71%1,41645.43%581.86%


In the United States House of Representatives, Placer County is split between California's 1st and 4th congressional districts, [28] represented by Doug LaMalfa ( R Richvale ) and Tom McClintock ( R Elk Grove ), respectively. [29]

In the California State Senate, Placer County is split between the 1st and 4th districts, [30] represented by Brian Dahle and Jim Nielsen, respectively.

In the California State Assembly, the county is split between the 1st, 5th, and 6th districts, [31] represented by Megan Dahle, Frank Bigelow, and Kevin Kiley, respectively.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Economy

Top employers

According to the county's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [35] the top employers in the county are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Kaiser Permanente 3,064
2 Hewlett-Packard 2,500
3Placer County2,400
4 Union Pacific Railroad 2,000
5 Sutter Health 1,983
6 Northstar at Tahoe 1,500
7 Thunder Valley Casino Resort 1,412
8 City of Roseville 1,282
9PRIDE Industries1,135
10 Raley's Supermarkets 1,006

mPOWER Placer

mPOWER Placer is Placer County's Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) program. It provides financing to commercial, industrial, agricultural and multifamily property owners to install energy efficiency, water conservation and renewable energy retrofits. The program, administered by the Placer County Treasurer-Tax Collector’s Office, was approved by the Board of Supervisors on February 9, 2010, and launched on March 22, 2010, and is open to eligible Placer County property owners.

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Airports

There are three general aviation airports in Placer County:

The closest commercial airport is Sacramento International Airport in Sacramento.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other communities

Ghost town

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Placer County. [36]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2020 Census)
1 Roseville City147,773
2 Rocklin City71,601
3 Lincoln City49,757
4 Granite Bay CDP21,247
5 Auburn City13,776
6 North Auburn CDP13,452
7 Loomis Town6,836
8 Kings Beach CDP3,563
9 Meadow Vista CDP3,263
10 Colfax City1,995
11 Foresthill CDP1,692
12 Sunnyside-Tahoe City CDP1,555
13 Tahoe Vista CDP1,392
14 Sheridan CDP1,385
15 Newcastle CDP1,321
16 Dollar Point CDP1,261
17 Penryn CDP1,150
18 Tahoma (partially in El Dorado County )CDP1,034
19 Alta CDP615
20 Carnelian Bay CDP518
21 Dutch Flat CDP183
22 Kingvale (mostly in Nevada County )CDP128
23 Auburn Rancheria [37] AIAN 2

See also

Notes

  1. Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  2. Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  3. 1 2 Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.

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