Plaid Cymru

Last updated

Plaid Cymru – the Party of Wales
Leader Adam Price
Deputy Leaders Rhun ap Iorwerth
Siân Gwenllian
Westminster Leader Liz Saville Roberts
Chairman Alun Ffred Jones
Honorary President The Lord Wigley
Founded5 August 1925;95 years ago (1925-08-05)
HeadquartersTŷ Gwynfor
Marine Chambers
Anson Court
Atlantic Wharf
Cardiff
CF10 4AL
Youth wing Plaid Ifanc
LGBT wingPlaid Pride
Membership (2018)Increase2.svg 11,500 [1]
Ideology
Political position Centre-left [15] [16] to
left-wing [17] [18] [19]
European affiliation European Free Alliance
Colours  Green and   yellow
House of Commons (Welsh seats)
3 / 40
House of Lords [20]
1 / 792
Senedd
13 / 60
Local government in Wales [21]
197 / 1,253
Police and Crime Commissioner (Wales)
1 / 4
Website
www.plaid.cymru OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

Plaid Cymru (English: /ˌpldˈkʌmri/ PLYDEKUM-ree; [22] Welsh:  [plaid ˈkəmri] ; officially Plaid Cymru – the Party of Wales, often referred to simply as Plaid) is a Welsh nationalist and social democratic political party in Wales, which advocates for Welsh independence from the United Kingdom. [23] [24]

Contents

Plaid was formed in 1925 and won its first seat in the UK Parliament in 1966. The party holds three of 40 Welsh seats in the UK Parliament, 13 of 60 seats in the Senedd, [25] and 202 of 1,264 principal local authority councillors. [26] It is a member of the European Free Alliance.

Platform

Plaid Cymru's goals as set out in its constitution are:

  1. To promote the constitutional advancement of Wales with a view to attaining independence within the European Union;
  2. To ensure economic prosperity, social justice and the health of the natural environment, based on decentralist socialism;
  3. To build a national community based on equal citizenship, respect for different traditions and cultures and the equal worth of all individuals, whatever their race, nationality, gender, colour, creed, sexuality, age, ability or social background;
  4. To create a bilingual society by promoting use of the Welsh language;
  5. To promote Wales' contribution to the global community and to attain membership of the United Nations.

In September 2008, a senior Plaid assembly member spelled out her party's continuing support for an independent Wales. The Welsh Minister for Rural Affairs, Elin Jones, began Plaid's annual conference by pledging to uphold the goal of making Wales a European Union member state. She told the delegates in Aberystwyth that the party would continue its commitment to independence under the coalition with Welsh Labour. [27]

History

Beginnings

Plaque commemorating the founding of Plaid Cymru, Pwllheli Penblwydd Plaid Cymru Anniversary - geograph.org.uk - 644944.jpg
Plaque commemorating the founding of Plaid Cymru, Pwllheli

While both the Labour and Liberal parties of the early 20th century had accommodated demands for Welsh home rule, no political party existed for the purpose of establishing a Welsh government. Plaid Genedlaethol Cymru (English: The National Party of Wales) was formed on 5 August 1925, by Moses Gruffydd, H. R. Jones and Lewis Valentine, members of Byddin Ymreolwyr Cymru ("The Home Rule Army of Wales"; literally, "The Self-Rulers' Army of Wales"); and Fred Jones, Saunders Lewis and David John Williams of Y Mudiad Cymreig ("The Welsh Movement"). [28] Initially, home rule for Wales was not an explicit aim of the new movement; keeping Wales Welsh-speaking took primacy, with the aim of making Welsh the only official language of Wales. [29]

In the 1929 general election the party contested its first parliamentary constituency, Caernarvonshire, polling 609 votes, or 1.6% of the vote for that seat. The party contested few such elections in its early years, partly due to its ambivalence towards Westminster politics. Indeed, the candidate Lewis Valentine, the party's first president, offered himself in Caernarvonshire on a platform of demonstrating Welsh people's rejection of English dominion. [30]

1930s

By 1932, the aims of self-government and Welsh representation at the League of Nations had been added to that of preserving Welsh language and culture. However, this move, and the party's early attempts to develop an economic critique, did not broaden its appeal beyond that of an intellectual and socially conservative Welsh language pressure group. [31] The alleged sympathy of the party's leading members (including President Saunders Lewis) towards Europe's totalitarian regimes compromised its early appeal further. [32]

Saunders Lewis, David John Williams and Lewis Valentine set fire to the newly constructed RAF Penyberth air base on the Llŷn Peninsula in Gwynedd in 1936, in protest at its siting in the Welsh-speaking heartland. The leaders' treatment, including the trial judge's dismissal of the use of Welsh and their subsequent imprisonment in Wormwood Scrubs, led to "The Three" becoming a cause célèbre . This heightened the profile of the party dramatically and its membership had doubled to nearly 2,000 by 1939. [29] [33]

1940s

A Plaid Cymru rally in Machynlleth in 1949 A Plaid Cymru rally in Machynlleth in 1949 where the "Parliament for Wales in 5 years" campaign was started (14050400654).jpg
A Plaid Cymru rally in Machynlleth in 1949

Penyberth, and Plaid Cymru's neutral stance during the Second World War, prompted concerns within the UK Government that it might be used by Germany to insert spies or carry out other covert operations. [34] In fact, the party adopted a neutral standpoint and urged (with only limited success) conscientious objection to war service. [35]

In 1943 Saunders Lewis contested the University of Wales parliamentary seat at a by-election, gaining 1,330 votes, or 22%. In the 1945 general election, with party membership at around 2,500, Plaid Cymru contested seven seats, as many as it had in the preceding 20 years, including constituencies in south Wales for the first time. At this time Gwynfor Evans was elected president.

1950s

1959 election in Merioneth. Gwynfor Evans, standing, is talking at Bryncrug 1959 Election in Merioneth.jpg
1959 election in Merioneth. Gwynfor Evans, standing, is talking at Bryncrug
BBC debate between Iorwerth Thomas (Rhondda MP) and Gwynfor Evans, Plaid Cymru's first MP BBC debate between Iorwerth Thomas (Rhondda MP) and Gwynfor Evans (15171981727).jpg
BBC debate between Iorwerth Thomas (Rhondda MP) and Gwynfor Evans, Plaid Cymru's first MP

Gwynfor Evans's presidency coincided with the maturation of Plaid Cymru (as it now began to refer to itself) into a more recognisable political party. Its share of the vote increased from 0.7% in the 1951 general election to 3.1% in 1955 and 5.2% in 1959. In the 1959 election, the party contested a majority of Welsh seats for the first time. Proposals to flood the village of Capel Celyn in the Tryweryn valley in Gwynedd in 1957 to supply the city of Liverpool with water played a part in Plaid Cymru's growth. The fact that the parliamentary bill authorising the dam went through without support from any Welsh MPs showed that the MPs' votes in Westminster were not enough to prevent such bills from passing. [36]

1960s

Support for the party declined slightly in the early 1960s, particularly as support for the Liberal Party began to stabilise from its long-term decline. In 1962 Saunders Lewis gave a radio talk entitled Tynged yr Iaith (The fate of the language) in which he predicted the extinction of the Welsh language unless action was taken. This led to the formation of Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg (the Welsh Language Society) the same year. [37]

Labour's return to power in 1964 and the creation of the post of Secretary of State for Wales appeared to represent a continuation of the incremental evolution of a distinctive Welsh polity, following the Conservative government's appointment of a Minister of Welsh Affairs in the mid-1950s and the establishment of Cardiff as Wales' capital in 1955.

However, in 1966, less than four months after coming in third in the constituency of Carmarthen, Gwynfor Evans captured the seat from Labour at a by-election. This was followed by two further by-elections in Rhondda West in 1967 and Caerphilly in 1968 in which the party achieved massive swings of 30% and 40% respectively, coming within a whisker of victory. The results were caused partly by an anti-Labour backlash. Expectations in coal mining communities that the Wilson government would halt the long-term decline in their industry had been dashed by a significant downward revision of coal production estimates. [38] However, particularly in Carmarthen, Plaid also successfully depicted Labour's policies as a threat to the viability of small Welsh communities. [39]

1970s

In the 1970 general election Plaid Cymru contested every seat in Wales for the first time and its vote share surged from 4.5% in 1966 to 11.5%. Gwynfor Evans lost Carmarthen to Labour, but regained the seat in October 1974, by which time the party had gained a further two MPs, representing the constituencies of Caernarfon and Merionethshire.

Plaid campaigned to leave the Common Market in the 1975 referendum. [40] [41] Wales and the United Kingdom as a whole voted to remain.

Plaid Cymru's emergence (along with the Scottish National Party) prompted the Wilson government to establish the Kilbrandon Commission on the constitution. The subsequent proposals for a Welsh Assembly were, however, heavily defeated in a referendum in 1979. Despite Plaid Cymru's ambivalence toward home rule (as opposed to outright independence) the referendum result led many in the party to question its direction. [30]

At the 1979 general election the party's vote share declined from 10.8% to 8.1% and Carmarthen was again lost to Labour, although Caernarfon and Merionethshire were held by the party.

1980s

Caernarfon MP Dafydd Wigley succeeded Gwynfor Evans as president in 1981, inheriting a party whose morale was at an all-time low. In 1981 the party adopted "community socialism" as a constitutional aim. While the party embarked on a wide-ranging review of its priorities and goals, Gwynfor Evans fought a successful campaign (including the threat of a hunger strike) to oblige the Conservative government to fulfill its promise to establish S4C, a Welsh-language television station. [42] In 1984 Dafydd Elis-Thomas was elected president, defeating Dafydd Iwan, a move that saw the party shift to the left. Ieuan Wyn Jones (later Plaid Cymru leader) captured Ynys Môn from the Conservatives in 1987. In 1989 Dafydd Wigley once again assumed the presidency of the party.

1990s

In the 1992 general election the party added a fourth MP, Cynog Dafis, when he gained Ceredigion and Pembroke North from the Liberal Democrats. Dafis was endorsed by the local branch of the Green Party. The party's vote share recovered to 9.9% at the 1997 general election.

In 1997, following the election of a Labour government committed to devolution for Wales, a further referendum was narrowly won, establishing the National Assembly for Wales. Plaid Cymru became the main opposition to the ruling Labour Party, with 17 seats to Labour's 28. In doing so, it appeared to have broken out of its rural Welsh-speaking heartland, and captured traditionally strong Labour areas in industrial South Wales.

Assembly/Senedd era

First National Assembly (1999–2003)

In the 1999 election Plaid Cymru gained seats in traditional Labour areas such as Rhondda, Islwyn and Llanelli, achieving by far its highest share of the vote in any Wales-wide election. While Plaid Cymru regarded itself as the natural beneficiary of devolution, others attributed its performance in large part to the travails of the Labour Party[ who? ], whose nomination for Assembly First Secretary, Ron Davies, was forced to stand down in an alleged sex scandal. The ensuing leadership battle, won by Alun Michael, did much to damage Labour, and thus aided Plaid Cymru, whose leader was the more popular and higher profile Dafydd Wigley. The Labour Party's UK national leadership was seen to interfere in the contest and deny the popular Rhodri Morgan victory. [43] Less than two months later, in elections to the European parliament, Labour support slumped further, and Plaid Cymru came within 2.5% of achieving the largest share of the vote in Wales. Under the new system of proportional representation, the party also gained two MEPs.

Plaid Cymru then developed political problems of its own. Dafydd Wigley resigned, citing health problems but amid rumours of a plot against him. [44] His successor, Ieuan Wyn Jones, struggled to impose his authority, particularly over controversial remarks made by a councillor, Seimon Glyn. [45] At the same time, Labour leader and First Minister Alun Michael was replaced by Rhodri Morgan.

In the 2001 general election, notwithstanding Plaid Cymru recording its highest-ever vote share in a general election, 14.3%, the party lost Wyn Jones's former seat of Ynys Môn to Albert Owen, although it gained Carmarthen East and Dinefwr, where Adam Price was elected.

Second National Assembly (2003–07)

The Assembly elections of May 2003 saw the party's representation drop from 17 to 12, with the seats gained in the 1999 election falling again to Labour and the party's share of the vote declining to 21%. Plaid Cymru narrowly remained the second-largest party in the National Assembly ahead of the Conservatives, Liberal Democrats and Forward Wales.

On 15 September 2003 folk-singer and county councillor Dafydd Iwan was elected as Plaid Cymru's president. Ieuan Wyn Jones, who had resigned from his dual role as president and Assembly group leader following the losses in the 2003 Assembly election, was re-elected in the latter role. Elfyn Llwyd remained the Plaid Cymru leader in the Westminster Parliament. Under Iwan's presidency the party formally adopted a policy of independence for Wales within Europe.

The 2004 local election saw the party lose control of the two South Wales councils it gained in 1999, Rhondda Cynon Taff and Caerphilly, while retaining its stronghold of Gwynedd in the north-west. The results enabled the party to claim a greater number of ethnic minority councillors than all the other political parties in Wales combined, [46] along with gains in authorities such as Cardiff and Swansea, where Plaid Cymru representation had been minimal. In the European Parliament elections of the same year, the party's vote share fell to 17.4%, and the reduction in the number of Welsh MEPs saw its representation reduced to one.

Old logo (above) and new logo (below) History of Plaid Cymru logo.jpg
Old logo (above) and new logo (below)

In the general election of 5 May 2005, Plaid Cymru lost the Ceredigion seat to the Liberal Democrats; this result was a disappointment to Plaid, who had hoped to gain Ynys Môn. Overall therefore, Plaid Cymru's Parliamentary representation fell to three seats, the lowest number for the party since 1992. The party's share of the vote fell to 12.6%. [47]

In 2006, the party voted constitutional changes to formally designate the party's leader in the assembly as its overall leader, with Ieuan Wyn Jones being restored to the full leadership and Dafydd Iwan becoming head of the voluntary wing[ clarification needed ] of the party. 2006 also saw the party unveil a radical change of image, opting to use "Plaid" as the party's name, although "Plaid Cymru — the Party of Wales" would remain the official title. The party changed its logo in 2006, from the traditional green and red triban (three peaks) used since 1933, to a yellow Welsh poppy (Meconopsis cambrica). [48]

Third National Assembly (2007–2011)

In the National Assembly election of 3 May 2007, Plaid Cymru increased its number of seats from 12 to 15, regaining Llanelli, gaining one additional list seat and winning the newly created constituency of Aberconwy. The 2007 election also saw Plaid Cymru's Mohammad Asghar become the first ethnic minority candidate elected to the Welsh Assembly. [49] The party's share of the vote increased to 22.4%.

After weeks of negotiations involving all four parties in the Assembly, Plaid Cymru and Labour agreed to form a coalition government. Their agreed "One Wales" programme included a commitment for both parties to campaign for a Yes vote in a referendum on full law-making powers for the Assembly, to be held at a time of the Welsh Assembly Government's choosing. [50] Ieuan Wyn Jones was subsequently confirmed as Deputy First Minister of Wales [51] and Minister for the Economy and Transport. Rhodri Glyn Thomas was appointed Heritage Minister. He later stood down, and Alun Ffred Jones took over. Ceredigion AM Elin Jones was appointed to the Rural Affairs brief in the new 10-member cabinet. Jocelyn Davies became Deputy Minister for Housing, and later, Regeneration.

In the 2010 general election, Plaid returned three MPs to Westminster. They took part in the Yes for Wales cross-party campaign for the March 2011 referendum.

Fourth National Assembly (2011–16)

In the 2011 National Assembly election Plaid slipped from second place to third, being overtaken by the Welsh Conservatives and losing its deputy leader Helen Mary Jones. The party held an inquiry into the election result. [52] The internal investigation led to the adoption of wide-ranging changes to its constitution, including a streamlining of the leadership structure. [53]

In May 2011, Ieuan Wyn Jones announced he would stand down as leader within the first half of the Assembly term. [54] A leadership election was held in which three candidates eventually stood: Elin Jones, Dafydd Elis-Thomas and Leanne Wood; [55] Simon Thomas withdrew his candidacy before ballots were cast. [56]

On 15 March 2012, Plaid Cymru elected Leanne Wood as its new leader. She received 55% of the vote, over second-placed Elin Jones with 41%. [57] Wood was the party's first female leader, and its first not to be a fluent Welsh speaker. [58] [59] Soon after her election as leader she appointed former MP Adam Price to head an economic commission for the party "focussed on bringing together tailor-made policies in order to transform our economy". [60] [61] On 1 May 2012, it was confirmed Leanne Wood would not be taking the £23,000 pay increase that every other party leader in the Assembly receives. [62]

On 12 November 2012, Wood announced she would aim to abandon her relatively safe list seat by winning a constituency at the 2016 National Assembly elections; [63] she later confirmed she would contest the Rhondda. [64] Adam Price was subsequently selected as the party's candidate for Carmarthen East and Dinefwr. [65] Lindsay Whittle confirmed he would stand solely in Caerphilly. [66]

On 20 June 2013, former party leader Ieuan Wyn Jones stood down from the Assembly as the member for Ynys Môn. [67] Plaid Cymru's candidate Rhun ap Iorwerth was elected as the new Assembly Member for the constituency, receiving 12,601 votes (a 58% share) with a majority of 9,166 over the Labour candidate. [68]

Fifth National Assembly/Senedd (2016–2021)

At the 2016 Welsh Assembly elections, Plaid Cymru gained one seat, became the Assembly's second-largest party and briefly became the official opposition to the Welsh Government with 12 seats. [69] As of February 2018 Plaid Cymru had ten Assembly Members, following the resignation of Dafydd Elis-Thomas in 2016 [70] [71] and the permanent expulsion of Neil McEvoy from Plaid's Assembly group in 2018. [72]

Despite campaigning to leave in 1975, [41] Plaid campaigned for a Remain vote in the 2016 referendum on the UK's membership of the EU, [73] spending £27,495 on the campaign. [74] In the referendum Wales voted 52.5% in favour of Leave. [75] Immediately after the referendum, Leanne Wood stated that voters 'must be respected' and criticised calls for a second EU referendum. [76] Plaid Cymru later modified their policy to support a People's Vote. [77]

In the 2017 United Kingdom general election, Plaid saw their popular vote fall, but narrowly gained Ceredigion and saw Arfon become highly marginal. [78]

In September 2018, Adam Price won the party's leadership election, defeating the incumbent Leanne Wood and fellow challenger Rhun ap Iorwerth. [79]

In the Brecon and Radnorshire by-election Plaid Cymru decided not to put up a candidate, but instead to support the Liberal Democrat candidate Jane Dodds in order to maximise the chance of an anti-Brexit candidate winning. [80]

In the 2019 United Kingdom general election, Plaid stood aside in four seats to endorse Unite to Remain candidates. Plaid held their four seats but saw a decrease in their popular vote.

Sixth Senedd (2021–)

In the run-up to the 2021 Senedd election, polling suggested that Welsh Labour would win the highest number of seats but fall short of an overall majority. Pollsters and commentators suggested that the most likely outcome would be another Labour–Plaid Cymru coalition, [81] [82] an option First Minister Mark Drakeford said he would be open to. [83] Price insisted that his party would not be Labour's "junior partner", [84] nor would they work with the Conservatives under any circumstances. [85] He stated that Plaid would be willing to join forces with Labour, but only if the former were the largest party or if it were an equal partnership. [82] Price also said that he did not consider Welsh independence to be "a distraction or a constitutional abstraction", but rather "a practical necessity". [86]

At the election, Plaid increased their seat total to thirteen, up one from the twelve they won in 2016, but lost out in many of its target constituencies, including in the Rhondda where former leader Leanne Wood lost her seat to Labour. [87] Price said he would not resign, telling ITV Wales: "My job is to lead, its not to give up at a set back or disappointment. My job is to sustain the hope – all those young people who voted for Plaid because they were inspired by our message of the potential we believe is there in Wales to deliver a decent society for our people. I firmly believe that we have sown a lot of seed at this election. A lot of young people in particular who did come with us this time has laid the foundations for the future which I think will set us up for growth in the years to come." [88]

The Independence Commission 2020

Before the 2019 general election, Price announced that he would set up a commission to look at the practicality of Welsh independence, and how a Plaid Government would hold an independence referendum. [89] The commission, led by former Dwyfor Meirionydd Plaid MP Elfyn Llwyd, released its report on 25 September 2020. [90] [91] It recommends five key aims for Plaid Cymru: [92]

It also recommends that there should be one multiple choice referendum to gauge views and to persuade a UK Westminster government to agree to a referendum on the preferred option. [91]

The report was met with criticism from the Welsh Liberal Democrats, describing the report as a mix of "fanatical politics" and "pie in the sky economics". [93]

In December 2020, Price stated that an independence referendum would be held in Plaid Cymru's first term in office, if the party won a majority at the 2021 Senedd election. [94]

Undeb Credyd Plaid Cymru

Undeb Credyd Plaid Cymru Credit Union Limited is a savings and loans co-operative established for party members in 1986. [95] Based in Roath, Cardiff, it is a member of the Association of British Credit Unions Limited. [96] The credit union is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the PRA. Ultimately, like the banks and building societies, members’ savings are protected against business failure by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme. [97]

Party leadership

Name and portraitParty officeConstituency
(if any)
Notes
Adam Price 2016 (cropped).jpg
Adam Price
Party Leader since 28 September 2018 MS for Carmarthen East and Dinefwr [98]
Official portrait of Rt Hon Liz Saville Roberts MP crop 2.jpg
Liz Saville Roberts
Westminster Group Leader
Dwyfor Meirionydd [99]
Dafydd Wigley.jpg
Dafydd Wigley
Honorary Party President from 2001N/AFormer Party President
Member of the House of Lords

Leaders

The Party leader was referred to as the president until March 2000 when the separate role of Leader was created.

LeaderFromTo
1 Lewis Valentine 19251926
2 Saunders Lewis 19261939
3 John Edward Daniel 19391943
4 Abi Williams 19431945
5 Gwynfor Evans 19451981
6 Dafydd Wigley 1981 1984
7 Dafydd Elis-Thomas 1984 1991
8 Dafydd Wigley 1991 2000
9 Ieuan Wyn Jones 2000 2012
10 Leanne Wood 2012 2018
11 Adam Price 2018 Incumbent

Deputy leaders

Deputy LeaderFromTo
Rhodri Glyn Thomas 2003 [100] 2007
Alun Ffred Jones 2007 [101] 2008
Helen Mary Jones 20082011/2012
Elin Jones 2012 [102] 2016
Vacant20162018
Rhun ap Iorwerth & Siân Gwenllian 2018 [103] date

Chief executives

Chief executiveFromTo
Rhuanedd Richards2011 [104] 2016 [105]
Gareth Clubbs2016 [106] 2020
Marc Phillips2020 [107] Incumbent

Elected representatives

House of Commons

NameConstituencySince
Ben Lake Ceredigion 2017
Liz Saville-Roberts Dwyfor Meirionnydd 2015
Hywel Williams Arfon 2001

House of Lords

NameDate Ennobled
Dafydd Wigley 2011

Senedd

Local councillors

Electoral performance

House of Commons

ElectionWales+/–Government
Votes %Seats
1929 6090.003
0 / 36
N/A
1931 2,0500.2
0 / 36
Steady2.svgN/A
1935 2,5340.3
0 / 36
Steady2.svgN/A
1945 16,0171.2
0 / 36
Steady2.svgN/A
1950 17,5801.2
0 / 36
Steady2.svgN/A
1951 10,9200.7
0 / 36
Steady2.svgN/A
1955 45,1193.1
0 / 36
Steady2.svgN/A
1959 77,5715.2
0 / 36
Steady2.svgN/A
1964 69,5074.8
0 / 36
Steady2.svgN/A
1966 61,0714.3
0 / 36
Steady2.svgN/A
1970 175,01611.5
0 / 36
Steady2.svgN/A
Feb 1974 171,37410.8
2 / 36
Increase2.svg 2Opposition
Oct 1974 166,32110.8
3 / 36
Increase2.svg 1Opposition
1979 132,5448.1
2 / 36
Decrease2.svg 1Opposition
1983 125,3097.8
2 / 38
Steady2.svgOpposition
1987 123,5997.3
3 / 38
Increase2.svg 1Opposition
1992*156,7969.0
4 / 38
Increase2.svg 1Opposition
1997 161,0309.9
4 / 40
Steady2.svgOpposition
2001 195,89314.3
4 / 40
Steady2.svgOpposition
2005 174,83812.6
3 / 40
Decrease2.svg 1Opposition
2010 165,39411.3
3 / 40
Steady2.svgOpposition
2015 181,69412.1
3 / 40
Steady2.svgOpposition
2017 164,46610.4
4 / 40
Increase2.svg 1Opposition
2019 153,2659.9
4 / 40
Steady2.svgOpposition

*Six seats (Blaenau Gwent, Ceredigion & Pembroke North, Islwyn, Monmouth, Newport West and Torfaen) contested on a joint Plaid Cymru/Green Party ticket

National Assembly/Senedd

ElectionConstituencyRegionalTotal seats+/–Government
Votes %SeatsVotes %Seats
1999 290,57228.4
9 / 40
312,04830.6
8 / 20
17 / 60
Opposition
2003 180,18521.2
5 / 40
167,65319.7
7 / 20
12 / 60
Decrease2.svg 5Opposition
2007 219,12122.4
7 / 40
204,75721.0
8 / 20
15 / 60
Increase2.svg 3 Lab–Plaid
2011 182,90719.3
5 / 40
169,79917.9
6 / 20
11 / 60
Decrease2.svg 4Opposition
2016 209,37620.5
6 / 40
211,54820.8
6 / 20
12 / 60
Increase2.svg 1Opposition
2021 225,37620.3
5 / 40
230,16120.7
8 / 20
13 / 60
Increase2.svg 1Opposition

Local councils

ElectionVotes %Councils+/-Seats+/-
1995 115,90012.5
1 / 8
202 / 1,272
1999 179,21218.2
3 / 22
Increase2.svg 2
205 / 1,270
Increase2.svg 3
2004 149,35216.4
1 / 22
Decrease2.svg 2
175 / 1,263
Decrease2.svg 30
2008 [108] 159,84716.8
0 / 22
Decrease2.svg 1
205 / 1,270
Increase2.svg 31
2012 [109] *133,96115.8
0 / 22
Steady2.svg
158 / 1,235
Decrease2.svg 41
2017 [110] 160,51916.5
1 / 22
Increase2.svg 1
203 / 1,271
Increase2.svg 33

*The 2012 figures exclude Anglesey, where the vote was delayed until 2013. The changes in seats and votes shown for 2012 are a direct comparison since the 2008 elections in the 21 councils up for election (i.e. excluding Anglesey).

In 2008 Plaid won 205 seats including six in Anglesey. For the purposes of this table the 205 figure has been reduced to 199 for the 2012 elections where the party lost 41 of the 199 seats it was defending on the night, leaving them with 158 seats.

In the 2013 elections in Anglesey the party won 12 seats, up from the 6 it won in 2008 (although there were significant boundary changes and a reduction in the total number of seats from 40 to 30).

The 2017 figures are based on changes from the 2012 and 2013 elections. (Hence the slight discrepancy in the percentage increase.)

Police and Crime Commissioners

ElectionWales+/–
First Pref Votes %Seats
2012
Did not contest
2016
228,334
23.7%
2 / 4
2021
247,518
23.2%
1 / 4
Decrease2.svg 1

European Parliament

ElectionWales+/–
Votes %Seats
1979 83,39911.7
0 / 4
1984 103,03112.2
0 / 4
Steady2.svg
1989 115,06212.9
0 / 4
Steady2.svg
1994 162,47817.1
0 / 5
Steady2.svg
1999 185,23529.6
2 / 5
Increase2.svg 2
2004 159,88817.1
1 / 4
Decrease2.svg 1
2009 126,70218.5
1 / 4
Steady2.svg
2014 111,69515.3
1 / 4
Steady2.svg
2019 163,92819.6
1 / 4
Steady2.svg

European Free Alliance

Plaid retains close links with the Scottish National Party (SNP), [111] with both parties' MPs co-operating closely with one another. [112] They work as a single parliamentary group within Westminster, [113] and were involved in joint campaigning, under the banner of a "Celtic alliance", during the 2001 and 2010 general elections. [114] [115] Both Plaid and the SNP, along with Mebyon Kernow of Cornwall, [116] are members of the European Free Alliance (EFA), a pan-European political party for regionalist, autonomist and pro-independence political parties across Europe. The EFA co-operates with the larger European Green Party to form The Greens–European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) political group in the European Parliament, although the UK is no longer a member of the European Union.

See also

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Simon George Thomas is a Welsh former politician who was a member of Plaid Cymru. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Ceredigion from 2000 to 2005, and an Assembly Member in the National Assembly for Wales representing Mid and West Wales between 2011 and 2018.

Ieuan Wyn Jones

Ieuan Wyn Jones is a Welsh politician who was the Deputy First Minister in the Welsh Government from 2007 to 2011. He was the Member of the Senedd for the Ynys Môn constituency from 1999 to 2013, and he was also leader of Plaid Cymru from 2000 to 2012. Jones served as Member of Parliament for Ynys Môn constituency from 1987 to 2001, when he retired to focus on his work in the Welsh Assembly. In 2007, Jones was named Wales' "Politician of the Year" by the BBC Wales am.pm programme. He resigned from the Welsh Assembly on 20 June 2013. In 2017 he unsuccessfully sought to return to the House of Commons for his former constituency.

Helen Mary Jones Plaid Cymru politician

Helen Mary Jones is a Welsh Plaid Cymru politician, who was a member of the Senedd from 1999 to 2011 and again from August 2018 until 29 April 2021.

1997 Welsh devolution referendum

The Welsh devolution referendum of 1997 was a pre-legislative referendum held in Wales on 18 September 1997 over whether there was support for the creation of a National Assembly for Wales, and therefore a degree of self-government. The referendum was a Labour manifesto commitment and was held in their first term after the 1997 election under the provisions of the Referendums Act 1997. This was the second referendum held in Wales over the question of devolution: the first referendum was held in 1979 and was defeated by a large majority.

The Wales Green Party is a semi-autonomous political party within the Green Party of England and Wales (GPEW). It covers Wales, and is the only regional party with semi-autonomous status within the GPEW. The Wales Green Party puts up candidates for council, Senedd, and UK Parliament seats.

Carwyn Jones Welsh Labour politician, Former First Minister of Wales

Carwyn Howell Jones is a Welsh politician who served as First Minister of Wales and Leader of Welsh Labour from 2009 to 2018. He served as Counsel General for Wales from 2007 to 2009. Jones served as the Member of the Senedd (MS) for Bridgend from 1999 to 2021.

Elin Jones Welsh Plaid Cymru politician, Llywydd of the Senedd

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Welsh Labour is the branch of the United Kingdom Labour Party in Wales, where it is the largest political party in modern Welsh politics. Welsh Labour and its predecessors have won the biggest share of the vote at every UK general election since 1922, every Senedd election since 1999, and every European Parliament election from 1979 until 2004 and in 2014. Welsh Labour holds 22 of the 40 Welsh seats in the UK Parliament, 30 of the 60 seats in the Senedd and 576 of the 1,264 principal local authority councillors, including overall control of 10 of 22 Welsh local authorities.

Leanne Wood Former Leader of Plaid Cymru

Leanne Wood is a Welsh politician who served as the leader of Plaid Cymru from March 2012 to September 2018, and served as a Member of the Senedd (MS) from 2003 to 2021.

Welsh independence

Welsh independence is a political movement supporting Wales leaving the United Kingdom to become an independent sovereign state. Wales was conquered by Edward I of England during the 13th century, and it was incorporated into the Kingdom of England by the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542.

One Wales was the coalition agreement for the National Assembly for Wales between Labour and Plaid Cymru agreed to by Rhodri Morgan, First Minister of Wales and leader of Welsh Labour, and Ieuan Wyn Jones, leader of Plaid Cymru, on 27 June 2007. It was negotiated in the wake of the preceding National Assembly election which resulted in a large Labour plurality, but no majority. Labour and Plaid Cymru approved the document in separate votes on 6 and 7 July, respectively.

History of Plaid Cymru Political party in the United Kingdom

Plaid Cymru; The Party of Wales originated in 1925 after a meeting held at that year's National Eisteddfod in Pwllheli, Caernarfonshire. Representatives from two Welsh nationalist groups founded the previous year, Byddin Ymreolwyr Cymru and Y Mudiad Cymreig, agreed to meet and discuss the need for a "Welsh party". The party was founded as Plaid Genedlaethol Cymru, the National Party of Wales, and attracted members from the left, right and centre of the political spectrum, including both monarchists and republicans. Its principal aims include the promotion of the Welsh language and the political independence of the Welsh nation.

2007 National Assembly for Wales election 2007 election for Welsh National Assembly

The 2007 National Assembly election was held on Thursday 3 May 2007 to elect members to the National Assembly for Wales. It was the third general election. On the same day local elections in England and Scotland, and the Scottish Parliament election took place. This election was preceded by the previous Assembly election in 2003.

Rhun ap Iorwerth

Rhun ap Iorwerth is a Welsh journalist and politician serving as the Deputy Leader of Plaid Cymru since 2018. He has been the Member of the Senedd (MS) for Ynys Môn since 2013.

2016 National Assembly for Wales election

The 2016 National Assembly for Wales election was held on Thursday 5 May 2016, to elect members (AMs) of the National Assembly for Wales, now known as the Senedd. It was the fifth election for the National Assembly, the third election taken under the rules of the Government of Wales Act 2006 and the first since the Wales Act 2014.

Third Jones government Former government of Wales

The third Jones government was a Labour–Liberal Democrat coalition government formed after the results of the 2016 general election in Wales. On 14 October 2016, Dafydd Elis-Thomas left Plaid Cymru in order to support the coalition government and to give them a ruling majority; he later sat as an independent in the Senedd. The government was replaced by the Drakeford government on 13 December 2018, following the resignation of Carwyn Jones as First Minister the previous day.

2021 Senedd election General election held in Wales on 6 May 2021

The 2021 Senedd election took place on Thursday 6 May 2021 to elect 60 members to the Senedd. It was the sixth devolved general election since the Senedd was established in 1999. The election was held alongside the Scottish Parliament election, English local elections, London Assembly and mayoral election and the Hartlepool by-election.

2018 Plaid Cymru leadership election

The 2018 election for the leader of the Welsh political party Plaid Cymru began on 7 August. Voting closed at midnight on 27 September. Adam Price was declared the winner on 28 September, defeating the two other candidates.

Leader of the Opposition in Wales

In the Senedd, the Leader of the Opposition is the leader of the largest political party in the Senedd that is not in government. Since 7 May 2021 the Leader of the Opposition in the Senedd is Andrew RT Davies (Conservative). To date the office has been held by six individuals, three from Plaid Cymru and three from the Welsh Conservatives. Only one, Ieuan Wyn Jones, has gone on to serve in the Welsh Government.

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