Plasă

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The plasi of Timis-Torontal County in 1930 Judetul Timis 1930.png
The plăși of Timiș-Torontal County in 1930

Plasă (Romanian pronunciation:  [ˈplasə] , plural plăși [ˈpləʃʲ] ) was a territorial division unit of Romania, ranking below county ( județ ) and above commune. It was headed by a Pretor , appointed by the county Prefect. The institution headed by the Pretor was called Pretură.

The division of counties into plăși was used starting from the rule of Carol I as Domnitor , throughout the existence of a Romanian Kingdom, and during the first two years of the Romanian People's Republic, until they were replaced in 1950 by raions, following the Soviet system. [1] In 1938, the country's 71 județe were divided into 429 plăși. [2]

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References

  1. "Legea nr. 5 pentru raionarea administrativ-economică a teritoriului Republicii Populare Romîne" (published in Buletinul Oficial , No. 77 / September 8, 1950); Ronald A. Helin, "The Volatile Administrative Map of Rumania", in Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 57, No. 3 (September 1967), pp.481-502
  2. (in Romanian) Petre Mihai Băcanu, "Cum ar trebui să arate harta redesenată a României?", March 11, 2010; accessed February 17, 2013