Plateau (Praia)

Last updated
Plateau
Neighbourhood
Praia-Palacio Presidencial (1).jpg
Presidential Palace
Coordinates: 14°55′12″N23°30′26″W / 14.9199°N 23.5071°W / 14.9199; -23.5071 Coordinates: 14°55′12″N23°30′26″W / 14.9199°N 23.5071°W / 14.9199; -23.5071
Country Cape Verde
Island Santiago Island
City Praia
Population
 (2010)
1,019
Postal code
7600
Website www.cmpraia.cv
Monument to Diogo Gomes with the view of the Atlantic and Ilheu de Santa Maria Praia1x2.jpg
Monument to Diogo Gomes with the view of the Atlantic and Ilhéu de Santa Maria

Plateau is the historic centre of the capital city of Praia in the island of Santiago, Cape Verde. It gets its name (from French “plateau”) because it is situated on a plateau overlooking the port of Praia. Its average elevation is 37 meters above sea level. [1] The population of Plateau was 1,019 at the 2010 census. [2] Many public buildings are situated in Plateau, notably the Presidential Palace, the cathedral, the city hall and the Ethnographic Museum.

Contents

Porto Praia (now Praia) and the Plateau in 1806 BARROW(1806) p098 PORTO PRAYA, ISLAND OF ST.JAGO.jpg
Porto Praia (now Praia) and the Plateau in 1806

Adjacent neighbourhoods are Gamboa/Chã de Areia to the south, Várzea to the southwest and west, Achadinha to the northwest, Fazenda to the north and Praia Negra to the east.

History

City hall of Praia Praia Cityhall.jpg
City hall of Praia

Praia was founded as a small village near the natural harbour in the early 16th century. Due to its strategic position on a plateau it was easily defended against pirate attacks, which gave it a large advantage over the older city of Ribeira Grande (Cidade Velha). It gradually superseded Cidade Velha to become the most important settlement of Cape Verde, and became the seat of the colonial government in 1770. In the course of the 19th century, the Plateau was completely redeveloped with streets according to a grid plan, lined with grand colonial buildings and mansions. [3] [4] Since 2016, the historic centre of Praia is on the tentative list of World Heritage sites. [3]

Nossa Senhora da Graca (Our Lady of Graces) cathedral Praia-Nossa Senhora da Graca (1).jpg
Nossa Senhora da Graça (Our Lady of Graces) cathedral

Cityscape

Quartel Jaime Mota Praia-Quartel Jaime Mota (2).jpg
Quartel Jaime Mota

The streets of Plateau are laid out according to a grid plan. The main square is Praça Alexandre Albuquerque, lined by the city hall and the cathedral. The main streets are Avenida Andrade Corvo, Rua Serpa Pinto and Avenida Amílcar Cabral.

Landmarks and points of interest

View of the Plateau from Praia da Gamboa Praia-Plage de Gamboa (1).jpg
View of the Plateau from Praia da Gamboa

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Praça Alexandre Albuquerque

Praça Alexandre Albuquerque is the main square of the capital city of Praia, Cape Verde. It is located in the southwestern part of the Plateau, the historical city centre of Praia. Formerly known as Praça do Pelourinho, it received its current name in 1876 in honour of the Portuguese colonial governor Caetano Alexandre de Almeida e Albuquerque. It is lined with several historical public buildings and townhouses, many of which date from the 19th century. The square is surrounded by Rua Patrice Lumumba, Rua Serpa Pinto and Avenida Amílcar Cabral.

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The following is a timeline of the city of Praia, capital of Cape Verde.

Avenida Andrade Corvo

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Rua Serpa Pinto street in Praia

There is also Rua Serpa Pinto in the neighbourhood of Mártires in Lisbon, Portugal

Avenida Amílcar Cabral street in Praia

Avenida Amílcar Cabral is an avenue in the Plateau, the historic centre of Praia, Santiago island, Cape Verde. It is the neighborhood's longest street and the main artery of the city centre. Formerly named Rua Sá da Bandeira after 19th century Portuguese politician Sá da Bandeira, it was renamed after Cape Verdean independence in honour of Amílcar Cabral, leader of the independence movement of Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau. It runs south to north in the western part of the Plateau, parallel to Rua 5 de Julho, Rua Serpa Pinto and Avenida Andrade Corvo. It forms the west side of Praça Alexandre Albuquerque.

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Praça Luís de Camões

Praça Luís de Camões is the second main square of the capital city of Praia, Cape Verde. It is located between Rua Serpa Pinto and Avenida Andrade Corvo in the eastern part of the Plateau, the historical city centre of Praia. The square is named after the 16th century Portuguese writer Luís de Camões.

Liceu Domingos Ramos School in Praia, Cape Verde

Liceu Domingos Ramos is a public secondary school in the northern part of the city centre (Plateau) of Praia, Cape Verde. As of 2015, it has 2,300 students, 63 classes and 110 teachers. It was established as Liceu Adriano Moreira in 1960. In 1975, at the independence of Cape Verde, it was renamed Liceu Domingos Ramos.

References

  1. Valor simbólico do centro histórico da Praia, Lourenço Conceição Gomes, Universidade Portucalense, 2008, p. 97
  2. "2010 Census results Santiago". Instituto Nacional de Estatística Cabo Verde (in Portuguese). 24 November 2016.
  3. 1 2 Centre historique de Praia, UNESCO
  4. Antigas residências senhoriais do Centro Histórico da Praia, Domingas Andrade Silva Barbosa de Pina, Universidade de Cabo Verde, 2009