Polonaises (Chopin)

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Most of Frédéric Chopin's polonaises were written for solo piano. He wrote his first polonaise in 1817, when he was 7; his last was the Polonaise-Fantaisie of 1846, three years before his death. Among the best known polonaises are the "Military" Polonaise in A, Op. 40, No. 1, and the "Heroic" Polonaise in A, Op. 53.

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There is also the Andante spianato et grande polonaise brillante in E, Op. 22, for piano and orchestra, which also exists in a solo piano version; and the Introduction and Polonaise brillante in C major, Op. 3, for cello and piano.

Polonaises for solo piano

Chopin wrote at least 23 polonaises for piano solo. Of these:

List of polonaises by Chopin

These are for solo piano unless otherwise indicated.

Series
number
KeyComposedPublishedOpus NumberBrownKobylańskaChominskiDedicationNotes
11 G minor 18171817-B. 1KK IIa/1S1/1Countess Wiktoria SkarbekPublished by Chopin's father
- C major 1829-301831Op. 3B. 41/52 Introduction and Polonaise brillante for cello and piano
- E major 1830-341836Op. 22B. 58/88 Andante spianato et grande polonaise brillante ; originally for piano and orchestra, a solo piano version also exists
1 C minor 1834-351836Op. 26/1B. 90/1 Josef Dessauer
2 E minor 1834-351836Op. 26/2B. 90/2Josef Dessauer
3 A major 1838 (October)1841Op. 40/1B. 120 Julian Fontana "Military" Polonaise
4 C minor 1838-391841Op. 40/2B. 121 Julian Fontana
5 F minor 1840-411841Op. 44B. 135Mme la Princesse Charles de Beauveau, née de Komar "Tragic" Polonaise
6 A major 18421843Op. 53B. 147Auguste Léo "Heroic" or "Drum" Polonaise
7 A major 1845-461846Op. 61B. 159Mme A. Veyret Polonaise-Fantaisie
8 D minor 18251855Op. posth. 71/1B. 11Some sources give 1827 as date of composition. [1]
9 B major 18281855Op. posth. 71/2B. 24--
10 F minor 18281855Op. posth. 71/3B. 30--
14 G minor 18221864-B. 6KK IVa/3P1/3Mme. Du-PontSome sources give 1824 as the composition date.
16 G major 1829 (July)1870-B. 36KK IVa/8P1/8
15 B minor 1826-271879-B. 13KK IVa/5P1/5"son ami Guillaume Kolberg, en partant pour Reinertz""Adieu" Polonaise. [1] Includes a quotation from Rossini's La gazza ladra (the tenor cavatina "Vieni fra queste braccia")
13 A major 18211902-B. 5KK IVa/2P1/2 Wojciech Żywny Some sources doubt this is a work by Chopin
12 B major 18171947-B. 3KK IVa/1P1/1
- ?"early"-KK Vf"Several polonaises", now lost
- ?1818------2 polonaises presented on 26 September 1818 to the Empress Maria Fyodorovna, mother of Tsar Alexander I of Russia, on the occasion of her visit to Warsaw; these are now lost
- ?1825---KK Vf--Lost; on themes by Rossini ( The Barber of Seville ) and Spontini; mentioned in a letter from Chopin dated November 1825
- ?1831 (by July)---KK Vc/1Lost
- ?1832---KK Vc/3Mentioned in a letter from Chopin dated 10 September 1832

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 Ohlsson, Garrick, 1973. "Chopin: The Complete Polonaises". Angel EMI records SB-3794. Hollywood: Capitol Records.