Most of Frédéric Chopin's polonaises were written for solo piano. He wrote his first polonaise in 1817, when he was 7; his last was the Polonaise-Fantaisie of 1846, three years before his death. Among the best known polonaises are the "Military" Polonaise in A, Op. 40, No. 1, and the "Heroic" Polonaise in A♭, Op. 53.
There is also the Andante spianato et grande polonaise brillante in E♭, Op. 22, for piano and orchestra, which also exists in a solo piano version; and the Introduction and Polonaise brillante in C major, Op. 3, for cello and piano.
Chopin wrote at least 23 polonaises for piano solo. Of these:
These are for solo piano unless otherwise indicated.
|11||G minor||1817||1817||-||B. 1||KK IIa/1||S1/1||Countess Wiktoria Skarbek||Published by Chopin's father|
|-||C major||1829-30||1831||Op. 3||B. 41/52||Introduction and Polonaise brillante for cello and piano|
|-||E♭ major||1830-34||1836||Op. 22||B. 58/88||Andante spianato et grande polonaise brillante ; originally for piano and orchestra, a solo piano version also exists|
|1||C♯ minor||1834-35||1836||Op. 26/1||B. 90/1||Josef Dessauer|
|2||E♭ minor||1834-35||1836||Op. 26/2||B. 90/2||Josef Dessauer|
|3||A major||1838 (October)||1841||Op. 40/1||B. 120||Julian Fontana||"Military" Polonaise|
|4||C minor||1838-39||1841||Op. 40/2||B. 121||Julian Fontana|
|5||F♯ minor||1840-41||1841||Op. 44||B. 135||Mme la Princesse Charles de Beauveau, née de Komar||"Tragic" Polonaise|
|6||A♭ major||1842||1843||Op. 53||B. 147||Auguste Léo||"Heroic" or "Drum" Polonaise|
|7||A♭ major||1845-46||1846||Op. 61||B. 159||Mme A. Veyret||Polonaise-Fantaisie|
|8||D minor||1825||1855||Op. posth. 71/1||B. 11||Some sources give 1827 as date of composition.|
|9||B♭ major||1828||1855||Op. posth. 71/2||B. 24||-||-|
|10||F minor||1828||1855||Op. posth. 71/3||B. 30||-||-|
|14||G♯ minor||1822||1864||-||B. 6||KK IVa/3||P1/3||Mme. Du-Pont||Some sources give 1824 as the composition date.|
|16||G♭ major||1829 (July)||1870||-||B. 36||KK IVa/8||P1/8|
|15||B♭ minor||1826-27||1879||-||B. 13||KK IVa/5||P1/5||"son ami Guillaume Kolberg, en partant pour Reinertz"||"Adieu" Polonaise. Includes a quotation from Rossini's La gazza ladra (the tenor cavatina "Vieni fra queste braccia")|
|13||A♭ major||1821||1902||-||B. 5||KK IVa/2||P1/2||Wojciech Żywny||Some sources doubt this is a work by Chopin|
|12||B♭ major||1817||1947||-||B. 3||KK IVa/1||P1/1|
|-||?||"early"||-||KK Vf||"Several polonaises", now lost|
|-||?||1818||-||-||-||-||-||-||2 polonaises presented on 26 September 1818 to the Empress Maria Fyodorovna, mother of Tsar Alexander I of Russia, on the occasion of her visit to Warsaw; these are now lost|
|-||?||1825||-||-||-||KK Vf||-||-||Lost; on themes by Rossini ( The Barber of Seville ) and Spontini; mentioned in a letter from Chopin dated November 1825|
|-||?||1831 (by July)||-||-||-||KK Vc/1||Lost|
|-||?||1832||-||-||-||KK Vc/3||Mentioned in a letter from Chopin dated 10 September 1832|
Henryk Wieniawski was a Polish virtuoso violinist, composer and pedagogue who is regarded amongst the greatest violinists in history. His younger brother Józef Wieniawski and nephew Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski were also accomplished musicians.
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In music, Op. 3 stands for Opus number 3. Compositions that are assigned this number include:
In music, Op. 22 stands for Opus number 22. Compositions that are assigned this number include:
Frédéric Chopin's compositions for piano and orchestra originated from the late 1820s to the early 1830s, and comprise three concert pieces he composed 1827–1828, while a student at the Central School of Music in Warsaw, two piano concertos, completed and premièred between finishing his studies and leaving Poland, and later drafts, resulting in two more published works. Among these, and the other works in the brilliant style which Chopin composed in this period, the concertos are the most accomplished ones.