Poltava Oblast

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Poltava Oblast

Полтавська область
Poltavs’ka oblast’
Poltavska oblast [1]
Nickname(s): 
Полтавщина (Poltavshchyna)
Poltava in Ukraine.svg
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Administrative center Poltava
Government
   Governor Oleh Syniehubov [2] [3] (Servant of the People)
   Oblast council 84 seats
  Chairperson Oleksandr Bilenky
Area
  Total28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 6th
Population
 (2021) [4]
  TotalDecrease2.svg 1,371,529
  Rank Ranked 12th
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code +380-53
ISO 3166 code UA-53
Raions 25
Cities (total)15
  Regional cities 5
Urban-type settlements 21
Villages1831
FIPS 10-4 UP18
Website www.oblrada.pl.ua/

Poltava Oblast (Ukrainian : Полтавська область, translit. Poltavs’ka oblast’; also referred to as PoltavshchynaUkrainian : Полтавщина) is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Poltava. Most of its territory is part of the historic Cossack Hetmanate (its southern regions: Poltava, Myrhorod, Lubny, and Hadiach). Population: 1,371,529 (2021 est.) [4]

Contents

Two other important cities there are Horishni Plavni and Kremenchuk.

Geography

Poltava Oblast is situated in the central part of Ukraine. Located on the left bank of Dnieper, Poltava region was part of the Cossack Hetmanate. It has an area of 28,800 km2. The oblast borders upon Chernihiv, Sumy, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Kirovohrad, Cherkasy and Kyiv Oblasts.

Points of interest

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics

As of 2018, its population was 1,400,000 and population density was 49 people per 1 km2. [5]

Age structure

0–14 years: 13.2% Increase2.svg (male 99,444/female 93,949)
15–64 years: 69.9% Steady2.svg (male 483,389/female 530,911)
65 years and over: 16.9% Decrease2.svg (male 81,435/female 164,861) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 41.4 years Increase2.svg
male: 38.0 years Increase2.svg
female: 44.7 years Increase2.svg (2013 official)

Economy

Industry

The oblast is a center of Ukraine's oil and natural gas industry, with many wells and pipelines situated here. There is a major oil refinery plant in the city of Kremenchuk. Important iron ore processing facilities also present. In general, there are 374 large industrial organization and 618 small industrial organizations.[ citation needed ]

Agriculture

In 1999 the gross grain yield was about 1452,9 thousand tons, sugar beets – 1002,900 tons, sunflower seeds – 166,200 tons, potatoes – 279,900 tons. The oblast also produced 120,500 tons of meat, 645,900 tons of milk and 423,200,00 eggs.[ citation needed ] At the beginning of 1999 there were 1,311 registered farms in the region.[ citation needed ]

Administrative divisions

The oblast is divided into 25 districts, 5 cities, 21 urban villages, and 1862 villages.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Poltava Oblast’:

The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Poltava Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast’ is the Poltava Oblast’ Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

NameUkrainian NameArea
(km2)
Population
census 2015 [6]
Admin.centerUrban Population Only
Poltava Полта́ва (місто)103293,945 Poltava (city)293,945
Horishni Plavni Горішні Плавні (місто)3454,701 Horishni Plavni (town)52,144
Kremenchuk Кременчу́к (місто)96223,942 Kremenchuk (city)223,942
Lubny Лубни (місто)4646,820 Lubny (city)46,820
Myrhorod Миргород (місто)2040,440 Myrhorod (city)40,440
Chornukhy Raion Чорнухинський район68211,485 Chornukhy 2,581
Chutove Raion Чутівський район86122,976 Chutove 9,468
Dykanka Raion Диканський район67918,993 Dykanka 7,804
Hadiach Raion Гадяцький район1,59529,767 Hadiach 24,005
Hlobyne Raion Глобинський район2,50044,007 Hlobyne 16,182
Hrebinka Raion Гребінківський район59522,589 Hrebinka 10,926
Karlivka Raion Карлівський район85434,121 Karlivka 14,997
Khorol Raion Хорольський район1,06234,670 Khorol 13,304
Kobeliaky Raion Кобеляцький район1,82342,419 Kobeliaky 14,982
Kotelva Raion Котелевський район80019,674 Kotelva 12,406
Kozelshchyna Raion Козельщинський район93019,575 Kozelshchyna 5,981
Kremenchuk Raion Кременчуцький район1,20039,699 Kremenchuk (city)N/A *
Lokhvytsia Raion Лохвицький район1,30043,274 Lokhvytsia 20,187
Lubny Raion Лубенський район1,37831,983 Lubny (city)N/A *
Mashivka Raion Машівський район88919,609 Mashivka 3,815
Myrhorod Raion Миргородський район1,54032,115 Myrhorod (city)N/A *
Novi Sanzhary Raion Новосанжарський район1,30034,620 Novi Sanzhary 8,375
Orzhytsia Raion Оржицький район1,00024228 Orzhytsia 5,369
Poltava Raion Полтавський район1,25967,095 Poltava (city)N/A *
Pyriatyn Raion Пирятинський район86431,809 Pyriatyn 15,796
Reshetylivka Raion Решетилівський район1,00926,399 Reshetylivka 9,340
Semenivka Raion Семенівський район1,30025,456 Semenivka 6,244
Shyshaky Raion Шишацький район79020,423 Shyshaky 4,545
Velyka Bahachka Raion Великобагачанський район1,00025,145 Velyka Bahachka 8,350
Zinkiv Raion Зіньківський район1,36034,700 Zinkiv 15,179
Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian : обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Poltava is the center of the Poltavs’ka oblast’ (Poltava Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Poltava Oblast, Poltavshchyna.

Related Research Articles

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Zhytomyr Oblast Oblast (region) of Ukraine

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Sumy Oblast Oblast (region) of Ukraine

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Odessa Oblast Oblast (region) of Ukraine

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References

  1. Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). "Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division . scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN   978-966-475-839-7 . Retrieved 2020-10-06.
  2. "Government adopts a series of personnel decisions". Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine . October 28, 2019. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
  3. Trofimov introduces new head of Poltava Regional State Administration, Ukrinform (12 November 2019)
  4. 1 2 "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  5. "Poltava Oblast, Ukraine Travel Guide". ukrainetrek.com. Retrieved 2020-01-09.
  6. "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 15 January 2016.

Coordinates: 49°30′N34°00′E / 49.500°N 34.000°E / 49.500; 34.000