Pomeranian Voivodeship

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Pomeranian Voivodeship

Województwo Pomorskie
POL wojewodztwo pomorskie flag.svg
Flag
Pomorskie (EE,E NN,N).png
Location within Poland
Coordinates(Gdańsk): 54°22′N18°38′E / 54.367°N 18.633°E / 54.367; 18.633
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Capital Gdańsk
Counties
Government
   Voivode Dariusz Drelich (PiS)
  Marshal Mieczysław Struk (PO)
Area
  Total18,293 km2 (7,063 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
  Total2,337,769
  Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
   Urban
1,486,267
  Rural
851,502
ISO 3166 code PL-22
Vehicle registration G
HDI (2017)0.867 [1]
very high · 5th
Website http://www.woj-pomorskie.pl
  • further divided into 123 gminas

Pomeranian Voivodeship, Pomorskie Region, or Pomerania Province [2] (Polish: województwo pomorskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ pɔˈmɔrskʲɛ] ), is a voivodeship, or province, in northwestern Poland. The provincial capital is Gdańsk.

Contents

The voivodeship was established on January 1, 1999, out of the former voivodeships of Gdańsk, Elbląg and Słupsk, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1997. It is bordered by West Pomeranian Voivodeship to the west, Greater Poland and Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeships to the south, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship to the east, and the Baltic Sea to the north. It also shares a short land border with Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast), on the Vistula Spit. The voivodeship comprises most of Pomerelia (the easternmost part of historical Pomerania), as well as an area east of the Vistula River. The western part of the province, around Słupsk, belonged historically to Farther Pomerania, while Pomerelia and the eastern bank of the Vistula belonged to the historical region of Prussia. The central parts of the province are also known as Kashubia, named after the Kashubian minority.

The province is one of rich cultural heritage. The Tricity urban area, consisting of Gdańsk, Gdynia and Sopot, is one of the main cultural, commercial and educational centres of Poland. Gdańsk and Gdynia are two of the major Polish seaports, the first erected by Mieszko I of Poland in the Middle Ages, the latter built in the interwar period. Amongst the most recognisable landmarks of the region are the historic city centre of Gdańsk filled with Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque masterpieces, the Museum of the National Anthem in Będomin, located at the birthplace of Józef Wybicki, poet and politician, author of the national anthem of Poland, the largest medieval churches of Poland (the St. Mary's Church in Gdańsk and the Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption in Pelplin) and the Malbork Castle. The voivodeship also includes the narrow Hel Peninsula and the Polish half of the Vistula Spit. Other tourist destinations include Wejherowo, Sopot, Jurata, Łeba, Władysławowo, Puck, Krynica Morska, Ustka, Jastarnia, Kuźnica, Bytów and many fishing ports, lighthouses, and boats.

The name Pomerania derives from the Slavic po more, meaning "by the sea" or "on the sea". [3]

Cities and towns

Gdansk, principal seaport of Poland since the Middle Ages and the capital of Pomeranian Voivodeship Dlugie Pobrzeze in Gdansk (Motlawa).jpg
Gdańsk, principal seaport of Poland since the Middle Ages and the capital of Pomeranian Voivodeship
Gdynia, one of Poland's three major seaports Basen-portowy-gdynia.jpg
Gdynia, one of Poland's three major seaports

The voivodeship contains more than 42 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (official 2019 figures). [4]

  1. Gdańsk (468,158)
  2. Gdynia (246,244)
  3. Słupsk (90,769)
  4. Tczew (60,120)
  5. Wejherowo (49,652)
  6. Rumia (49,160)
  7. Starogard Gdański (47,775)
  8. Chojnice (39,890)
  9. Malbork (38,465)
  10. Kwidzyn (38,444)
  11. Sopot (35,827)
  12. Lębork (35,333)
  13. Pruszcz Gdański (31,135)
  14. Reda (26,011)
  15. Kościerzyna (23,776)
  16. Bytów (16,918)
  17. Ustka (15,460)
  18. Kartuzy (14,536)
  19. Człuchów (13,649)
  20. Puck (11,213)
  21. Miastko (10,439)
  22. Sztum (9,940)
  23. Władysławowo (9,930)
  24. Czersk (9,910)
  25. Nowy Dwór Gdański (9,905)
  26. Prabuty (8,695)
  27. Pelplin (7,784)
  28. Skarszewy (6,994)
  29. Gniew (6,707)
  30. Żukowo (6,691)
  31. Czarne (5,932)
  32. Dzierzgoń (5,364)
  33. Brusy (5,188)
  34. Debrzno (5,096)
  35. Nowy Staw (4,248)
  36. Łeba (3,644)
  37. Skórcz (3,625)
  38. Kępice (3,580)
  39. Hel (3,267)
  40. Czarna Woda (2,786)
  41. Jastarnia (2,704)
  42. Krynica Morska (1,303)

Administrative division

Slupsk, the largest city in the west of the voivodeship Town Hall in Slupsk MG 6427 1600x1067.jpg
Słupsk, the largest city in the west of the voivodeship
Tczew, the largest city in the ethnocultural region of Kociewie Tczew 008.jpg
Tczew, the largest city in the ethnocultural region of Kociewie
Wejherowo, one of the main centres of the ethnocultural region of Kashubia Wejherowosobieskiego.JPG
Wejherowo, one of the main centres of the ethnocultural region of Kashubia
Starogard Gdanski, the capital of Kociewie Starogard ratusz.jpg
Starogard Gdański, the capital of Kociewie
Sopot, a resort and one of the three cities of the Tricity Sopot (DerHexer) 2010-07-16 043.jpg
Sopot, a resort and one of the three cities of the Tricity

Pomeranian Voivodeship is divided into 20 counties (powiats): 4 city counties, and 16 land counties. These are further divided into 123 gminas (communes).

The counties are listed below in order of decreasing population.

English and
Polish names
Area
(km2)
Population
(2019)
SeatOther townsTotal
gminas
City counties
Gdańsk 262468,1581
Gdynia 136246,2441
Słupsk 43.1590,7691
Sopot 17.3135,8271
Land counties
Wejherowo County
powiat wejherowski
1,280216,764 Wejherowo Rumia, Reda 10
Starogard County
powiat starogardzki
1,345128,055 Starogard Gdański Skarszewy, Skórcz, Czarna Woda 13
Tczew County
powiat tczewski
698115,738 Tczew Pelplin, Gniew 6
Kartuzy County
powiat kartuski
1,120137,942 Kartuzy Żukowo 8
Słupsk County
powiat słupski
2,30498,793 Słupsk * Ustka, Kępice 10
Chojnice County
powiat chojnicki
1,36497,616 Chojnice Czersk, Brusy 5
Gdańsk County
powiat gdański
793117,452 Pruszcz Gdański 8
Kwidzyn County
powiat kwidzyński
83583,231 Kwidzyn Prabuty 6
Bytów County
powiat bytowski
2,19379,260 Bytów Miastko 10
Puck County
powiat pucki
57886,203 Puck Władysławowo, Jastarnia, Hel 7
Kościerzyna County
powiat kościerski
1,16672,589 Kościerzyna 8
Lębork County
powiat lęborski
70766,196 Lębork Łeba 5
Malbork County
powiat malborski
49563,575 Malbork Nowy Staw 6
Człuchów County
powiat człuchowski
1,57456,225 Człuchów Czarne, Debrzno 7
Sztum County
powiat sztumski
73141,808 Sztum Dzierzgoń 5
Nowy Dwór Gdański County
powiat nowodworski (pomorski)
65335,656 Nowy Dwór Gdański Krynica Morska 5
* seat not part of the county

Governors

NamePeriod
Tomasz Sowińskii1 January 1999 - 20 October 2001
Jan Ryszard Kurylczyk20 October 2001 - 26 July 2004
Cezary Dąbrowski26 July 2004 - 27 January 2006
Piotr Ołowski27 January 2006 - 26 February 2007
Piotr Karczewski22 May 2007 - 29 November 2007
Roman Zaborowski29 November 2007 - 25 October 2011
Ryszard Stachurski12 December 2011 – 8 December 2015
Dariusz Drelich8 December 2015 – present

Economy

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 29.2 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 5.9% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 20,800 euros or 69% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 74% of the EU average. [5]

Gdansk seaport StoczniaGdanska2.jpg
Gdańsk seaport
Polpharma pharmaceutical company, in Starogard Gdanski Zaklady Farmaceutyczne Polpharma SA Starogard Gdanski.jpg
Polpharma pharmaceutical company, in Starogard Gdański

Major corporations

Corporation name
Further information
LocationKind of activity
Energa Gdańsk Power Generator Gdańsk energy supplies
Ergo Hestia Sopot insurance
Gdańsk Repair Yard Gdańskrepair shipyard
Gdynia Stocznia Gdynia shipyard
GE Capital Bank Gdańskbanking
Grupa LOTOS Gdańsk petroleum products
Intel Technology Poland Gdańskhardware
International Paper Kwidzyn Kwidzynpaper products
Lubiana Łubiana near Kościerzyna china-ware manufacturer
Philips Consumer Electronics Kwidzyn electronics
Polpharma Starogard Gdańskimedicines
Prokom Software Gdyniasoftware
Destylarnia Sobieski Starogard Gdański distillery
Elnord Gdańskenergy supplies
LPP Gdańsk designing and distributing clothes
Source: [6]

Transport

Education

Gdansk University Faculty of Law, in Gdansk-Przymorze UG - WPiA ubt.jpeg
Gdańsk University Faculty of Law, in Gdańsk-Przymorze
Main building, Gdansk University of Technology Politechnika gdanska 2012.tif
Main building, Gdańsk University of Technology
Gdansk Medical University Atheneum Gedanense Novum w Gdansku.JPG
Gdańsk Medical University
Gdynia Maritime Academy Gdynia- Dom Zeglarza Polskiego (4).JPG
Gdynia Maritime Academy

Higher education

Name LocationStudents
in thousands
totalof which
women
Total-97.955.3
Uniwersytet Gdański
(Gdańsk University)
Tricity29.319.4
Politechnika Gdańska
(Gdańsk University of Technology)
Gdańsk17.65.9
Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku
(Pomeranian Academy in Słupsk)
Słupsk8.16.0
Akademia Medyczna w Gdańsku
(Medical University of Gdańsk)
Gdańsk4.23.1
Akademia Wychowanie Fizycznego i Sportu w Gdańsku
(Gdańsk Sports Academy)
Gdańsk4.11.9
Akademia Sztuk Pięknych w Gdańsku
(Gdańsk Academy of Fine Arts)
Gdańsk0.90.7
Akademia Marynarki Wojennej im. Bohaterów Westerplatte
(Polish Naval Academy)
Gdynia..
Akademia Morska w Gdyni
(Gdynia Maritime Academy)
Gdynia..
Gdańskie Seminarium Duchowne
(Gdańsk Seminary)
Gdańsk..
Akademia Muzyczna im. Stanisława Moniuszki w Gdańsku
(Stanisław Moniuszko Academy of Music, in Gdańsk)
Gdańsk..
Data as of 31 November 2005, source http://www.stat.gov.pl

Protected areas

Dunes, Slowinski National Park SlowinNP-duny3.jpg
Dunes, Słowiński National Park

Protected areas in Pomeranian Voivodeship include two National Parks and nine Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

Related Research Articles

The name Gdańsk Voivodeship has been used twice to designate local governments in Poland.

Starogard County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Starogard County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. The name is a combination of two terms: stari which is Slavic for old and gard which is Pomeranian language stands for town, city, fortified settlement. In this meaning, the term gard is still being used in the only surviving dialect of the Pomeranian, Kashubian language. The county came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Starogard Gdański, which lies 45 kilometres (28 mi) south of the regional capital Gdańsk. The county contains three other towns: Skarszewy, 13 km (8 mi) north-west of Starogard Gdański, Skórcz, 19 km (12 mi) south of Starogard Gdański, and Czarna Woda, 33 km (21 mi) south-west of Starogard Gdański. Starogard County is part of the area traditionally inhabited by the Kociewiacy ethnic group.

Kartuzy County Country in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Kartuzy County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Kartuzy, which lies 29 kilometres (18 mi) west of the regional capital Gdańsk. The only other town in the county is Żukowo, lying 11 km (7 mi) east of Kartuzy.

Puck County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Puck County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland, on the Baltic coast. The powiat of this name existed in the history of Poland, since the times of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth up to 1795, and then reintroduced in 1999.

Kościerzyna County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Kościerzyna County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. It came into being on 1 January 1999 as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and only town is Kościerzyna, which lies 51 kilometres (32 mi) south-west of the regional capital Gdańsk. Its borders equal approximately the borders of the old Marquessate of Berent in the German Empire.

Malbork County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Malbork County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Malbork, 46 kilometres (29 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk. The only other town in the county is Nowy Staw, lying 12 km (7 mi) north of Malbork. Until 2002, the county also included the areas which now make up Sztum County.

Gdańsk County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Gdańsk County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. It includes areas to the east and south of the city of Gdańsk, from which the county takes its name, although the city is not part of its territory. The county seat and only town in Gdańsk County is Pruszcz Gdański, which lies 12 kilometres (7 mi) south of central Gdańsk.

Człuchów County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Człuchów County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Człuchów, which lies 115 kilometres (71 mi) south-west of the regional capital Gdańsk. The county also contains the towns of Czarne, lying 28 km (17 mi) west of Człuchów, and Debrzno, 16 km (10 mi) south-west of Człuchów.

Kwidzyn County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Kwidzyn County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Kwidzyn, which lies 73 kilometres (45 mi) south of the regional capital Gdańsk. The only other town in the county is Prabuty, lying 18 km (11 mi) east of Kwidzyn.

Gdynia Chylonia railway station

Gdynia Chylonia railway station is a railway station serving the city of Gdynia, in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland. The station opened in 1870 and is located on the Gdańsk–Stargard railway and the parallel Gdańsk Śródmieście–Rumia railway. The train services are operated by Przewozy Regionalne and SKM Tricity.

Chojnice County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Chojnice County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Chojnice, which lies 103 kilometres (64 mi) south-west of the regional capital Gdańsk. The county also contains the towns of Czersk, lying 30 km (19 mi) east of Chojnice, and Brusy, 24 km (15 mi) north-east of Chojnice.

Lębork County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Lębork County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland, on the Baltic coast. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Lębork, which lies 61 kilometres (38 mi) west of the regional capital Gdańsk. The only other town in the county is Łeba, lying 29 km (18 mi) north-west of Lębork.

Nowy Dwór Gdański County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Nowy Dwór Gdański County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland, on the Baltic coast. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Nowy Dwór Gdański, which lies 36 kilometres (22 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk. The only other town in the county is Krynica Morska, lying 29 km (18 mi) north-east of Nowy Dwór Gdański, on the Vistula Spit.

Słupsk County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Słupsk County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland, on the Baltic coast. It came into being on 1 January 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat is the city of Słupsk, although the city is not part of the county. The only towns in Słupsk County are Ustka, a coastal resort 18 km (11 mi) north-west of Słupsk, and Kępice, 27 km (17 mi) south of Słupsk.

Sztum County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Sztum County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. Its administrative seat and largest town is Sztum, which lies 56 kilometres (35 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk. The only other town in the county is Dzierzgoń, lying 21 km (13 mi) east of Sztum.

Tczew County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Tczew County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Tczew, which lies 31 kilometres (19 mi) south of the regional capital Gdańsk. The county also contains the towns of Pelplin, lying 20 km (12 mi) south of Tczew, and Gniew, 31 km (19 mi) south of Tczew. The county is part of the area traditionally inhabited by the Kociewiacy ethnic group.

Bytów County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Bytów County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Bytów, which lies 79 kilometres (49 mi) west of the regional capital Gdańsk. The only other town in the county is Miastko, lying 37 km (23 mi) west of Bytów.

This is a list of German language place names in Poland, now exonyms for towns and villages in the Pomeranian Voivodeship.

Pomeranian Voivodeship (1466–1772)

The Pomeranian Voivodeship was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1454/1466 until the First partition of Poland in 1772. From 1613 the capital was at Skarszewy.

Wejherowo County County in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Wejherowo County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland, on the Baltic coast. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Wejherowo, which lies 36 kilometres (22 mi) north-west of the regional capital Gdańsk. The county also contains the towns of Rumia, lying 11 km (7 mi) east of Wejherowo, and Reda, 7 km (4 mi) east of Wejherowo. Rumia, Reda and Wejherowo are contiguous, and are referred to as the Kashubian Tricity, an allusion to the larger Tricity area centred on Gdańsk.

References

  1. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. Arkadiusz Belczyk,Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  3. Der Name Pommern (po more) ist slawischer Herkunft und bedeutet so viel wie „Land am Meer“. (Pommersches Landesmuseum, German)
  4. GUS. "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  5. "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  6. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-12-31. Retrieved 2007-01-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Coordinates: 54°11′43″N18°00′59″E / 54.19528°N 18.01639°E / 54.19528; 18.01639