Pomona, California

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Pomona, California
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Abraham Lincoln Elementary School, Pomona.jpg
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Clockwise from top: Los Angeles County Fair; Abraham Lincoln Elementary; California State Polytechnic University, Pomona; Lincoln Park Historic District; Antiques Row.
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Seal of Pomona, California.png
Nickname(s): 
P-Town[ citation needed ]
Motto(s): 
"Vibrant - Safe - Beautiful" [1]
LA County Incorporated Areas Pomona highlighted.svg
Location in Los Angeles County and the U.S. state of California
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Pomona
Location in the United States
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Pomona
Pomona (California)
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Pomona
Pomona (the United States)
Coordinates: 34°3′39″N117°45′21″W / 34.06083°N 117.75583°W / 34.06083; -117.75583 Coordinates: 34°3′39″N117°45′21″W / 34.06083°N 117.75583°W / 34.06083; -117.75583
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Flag of Los Angeles County, California.svg Los Angeles
Settled1830s [2]
Incorporated January 6, 1888 [2]
Named for Pomona, a Roman goddess of fruitful abundance [3]
Government
  Type Council-Manager
  MayorTim Sandoval [4]
Area
[5]
  Total22.99 sq mi (59.54 km2)
  Land22.98 sq mi (59.52 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)  0.05%
Elevation
[6]
850 ft (259 m)
Population
 (2010) [7]
  Total149,058
  Estimate 
(2019) [8]
151,691
  Rank 7th in Los Angeles County
37th in California
171st in the United States
  Density6,601.29/sq mi (2,548.73/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
91766–91768
Area code 909
FIPS code 06-58072
GNIS feature IDs 1661247, 2411454
Website www.ci.pomona.ca.us

Pomona is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Pomona is located in the Pomona Valley, between the Inland Empire and the San Gabriel Valley. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 149,058. [9]

Contents

The main campus of California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, also known as Cal Poly Pomona, lies mostly within Pomona's city limits. Some campus areas are also located in San Dimas and Walnut.

History

Ygnacio Palomares Portrait.jpg
Ricardo Vejar of Rancho San Jose.jpg
Rancho San José was granted in 1837 to Californio rancheros Ygnacio Palomares (left) and Ricardo Vejar (right), encompassing all of modern Pomona.
View to the west-southwest down San Jose Creek from Pomona Park (now Ganesha Park) in 1904. Elephant Hill is in the center distance. ViewFromPomonaPark1904.jpg
View to the west-southwest down San Jose Creek from Pomona Park (now Ganesha Park) in 1904. Elephant Hill is in the center distance.

The area was originally occupied by the Tongva Native Americans.[ citation needed ]

The city is named after Pomona, the ancient Roman goddess of fruit. [10] For horticulturist Solomon Gates, "Pomona" was the winning entry in a contest to name the city in 1875, before anyone had ever planted a fruit tree there. [11] The city was first settled by Ricardo Vejar and Ygnacio Palomares in the 1830s, when California and much of the now-American Southwest were part of Mexico.

The first Anglo-Americans arrived prior to 1848 when the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo resulted in California becoming part of the United States. [2] In 1864, the owners of Rancho San José sold 12,000 acres (49,000,000 m2; 49 km2) to Louis Phillips, a Jewish Prussian immigrant, who would shortly be known as "the richest man in Los Angeles County." He built the largest commercial building in Los Angeles central business district at the time, the Phillips Block, which would eventually house Hamburger's, the then-largest department store in the Western United States.

Spadra

Rubottom's Hotel and stagecoach station at Spadra, 1867 Spadra California Stagecoach Stop Hotel Tavern.jpg
Rubottom's Hotel and stagecoach station at Spadra, 1867
Louis Phillips' 1875 Second Empire-style mansion at the site of the town of Spadra Phillips Mansion, Pomona 1.jpg
Louis Phillips1875 Second Empire-style mansion at the site of the town of Spadra

Phillips sold a parcel of his land to William "Uncle Billy" Rubottom, in 1866 who founded a new town there and named it Spadra after his hometown, now part of Clarksville, Arkansas. The site of Spadra is 3 miles (4.8 km) west of the Pomona Station along Pomona Blvd. just east of the 57 (Orange) Freeway. Spadra became a stagecoach stop, Rubottom built the Spadra Hotel and Tavern to serve travelers, and by 1870, Spadra had 400–500 residents, three stores, a school, and a post office. In 1873, Phillips convinced the Southern Pacific Railroad to build a line to Spadra. Phillips thought Spadra would become a great town, and built his Phillips Mansion there in 1875, which together with the Spadra Cemetery are the only two remnants of the town that still exist today. Fullerton's Main north–south road was named Spadra Road for its first 75 years, as long before the 57 Freeway it was the road through Brea Canyon to Spadra, and was later renamed Harbor Boulevard. The Southern Pacific Railroad had a terminus at Spadra, but the line was extended east to Colton, and Spadra lost momentum. In 1964, the area was annexed by Pomona. [12] [13]

By the 1880s, the arrival of Coachella Valley water which, together with railroad access, made it the western anchor of the citrus-growing region. Pomona was officially incorporated on January 6, 1888. [2]

In the 1920s Pomona was known as the "Queen of the Citrus Belt", with one of the highest per-capita levels of income in the United States. In the 1940s it was used as a movie-previewing location for major motion picture studios to see how their films would play to modally middle-class audiences around the country (for which Pomona was at that time viewed as an idealized example).[ citation needed ]

Religious institutions are deeply embedded in the history of Pomona. There are now more than 120 churches, representing most religions in today's society. The historical architectural styles of these churches provide glimpses of European church design and architecture from other eras. [11]

Pomona Mall was a downtown pedestrian mall, recognized by the Los Angeles Conservancy as an outstanding example of Mid-century modern and modern architecture and design. It was completed in 1962, one element in a larger plan of civic improvements covering the whole city. [14] The eastern end is now part of the Western University of Health Sciences campus, while the western end now houses numerous art galleries, art studios and restaurants. [15] [14]

In 2005, Pomona citizens elected Norma Torres, the first woman of Guatemalan heritage to be elected to a mayoral post outside of Guatemala. [16] Later, she would become a U.S. congresswoman representing California's 35th congressional district in 2015.

Geography

Pomona is 30 miles (48 km) east of Los Angeles [17] in the Pomona Valley, located at 34°3′39″N117°45′21″W / 34.06083°N 117.75583°W / 34.06083; -117.75583 (34.060760, -117.755886). [18] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.964 square miles (59.48 km2), over 99% of it land.

Pomona is approximately 30 miles (48 km) east of downtown Los Angeles, 27 miles (43 km) north of Santa Ana, 26 miles (42 km) west of Riverside, and 33 miles (53 km) west of San Bernardino.

Pomona is bordered by the cities of San Dimas on the northwest, La Verne and Claremont on the north, Montclair and Chino on the east, Chino Hills and Diamond Bar on the south, and Walnut, South San Jose Hills, and Industry on the southwest. The Los Angeles/San Bernardino county line forms most of the city's southern and eastern boundaries.

Climate

Pomona has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) with hot, dry summers and mild, damp winters and a large amount of sunshine year-round. August is the warmest month with an average daytime high temperature of 92 °F (33 °C). Summers are characterized by sunny days and very little rainfall during the months of June through September. Fall brings cooler temperatures and occasional showers, as well as seasonal Santa Ana winds originating from the northeast. December is the coolest month with an average high temperature of 68 °F (20 °C). Winter also brings the majority of annual precipitation. Snowfall is virtually unheard of, but frost can occur once or twice a year. Annual precipitation averages 17.32 inches (439.9 mm).

Climate data for Pomona, California (normals 1981-2010)(extremes 1893-2020)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)91
(33)
94
(34)
100
(38)
104
(40)
106
(41)
117
(47)
113
(45)
110
(43)
113
(45)
107
(42)
97
(36)
93
(34)
117
(47)
Mean maximum °F (°C)83
(28)
85
(29)
86
(30)
92
(33)
94
(34)
95
(35)
100
(38)
101
(38)
103
(39)
97
(36)
87
(31)
81
(27)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C)68.1
(20.1)
68.5
(20.3)
70.9
(21.6)
75.7
(24.3)
78.8
(26.0)
83.5
(28.6)
90.1
(32.3)
91.5
(33.1)
88.7
(31.5)
80.4
(26.9)
73.6
(23.1)
67.4
(19.7)
78.1
(25.6)
Daily mean °F (°C)55.6
(13.1)
56.7
(13.7)
58.8
(14.9)
62.5
(16.9)
66.4
(19.1)
70.5
(21.4)
75.9
(24.4)
76.6
(24.8)
74.5
(23.6)
67.4
(19.7)
60.3
(15.7)
54.8
(12.7)
65.0
(18.3)
Average low °F (°C)43.2
(6.2)
44.9
(7.2)
46.6
(8.1)
49.3
(9.6)
54.1
(12.3)
57.4
(14.1)
61.7
(16.5)
61.7
(16.5)
60.3
(15.7)
54.5
(12.5)
47.1
(8.4)
42.3
(5.7)
51.9
(11.1)
Mean minimum °F (°C)32
(0)
34
(1)
36
(2)
40
(4)
45
(7)
49
(9)
54
(12)
53
(12)
51
(11)
45
(7)
37
(3)
32
(0)
30
(−1)
Record low °F (°C)21
(−6)
22
(−6)
26
(−3)
29
(−2)
31
(−1)
38
(3)
41
(5)
42
(6)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
24
(−4)
22
(−6)
21
(−6)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.11
(79)
4.59
(117)
2.63
(67)
1.20
(30)
0.23
(5.8)
0.09
(2.3)
0.00
(0.00)
0.03
(0.76)
0.15
(3.8)
1.05
(27)
1.62
(41)
2.45
(62)
17.15
(436)
Source: [19]

Architecture

The following structures in Pomona are noted by the Los Angeles Conservancy:

Demographics

The most common ancestries in Pomona are German, English, Italian, Irish and French. [25]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 3,634
1900 5,52652.1%
1910 10,20784.7%
1920 13,50532.3%
1930 20,80454.0%
1940 23,53913.1%
1950 35,40550.4%
1960 67,15789.7%
1970 87,38430.1%
1980 92,7426.1%
1990 131,72342.0%
2000 149,47313.5%
2010 149,058−0.3%
2019 (est.)151,691 [8] 1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [26]
Demographic profile2010 [7] 1990 [27] 1970 [27] 1950 [27]
White 48.0%57.0%85.8%99.2%
 Non-Hispanic 12.5%28.2%N/AN/A
Black or African American 7.3%14.4%12.2%0.6%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)70.5%51.3%15.4%N/A
Asian 8.5%6.7%0.6%0.2%

2010

The 2010 United States Census [28] reported that Pomona had a population of 149,058, a slight decline from the 2000 census population. [9] The population density was 6,491.2 people per square mile (2,506.3/km2). The racial makeup of Pomona was 71,564 (48.0%) White (12.5% Non-Hispanic White), [7] 10,924 (7.3%) African American, 1,763 (1.2%) Native American, 12,688 (8.5%) Asian of which is Chinese 2,217 1.48% Filipino 2,938 1.97% Japanese 443 0.3% Korean 633 0.42% Vietnamese 1643 1.1% , [29] 282 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 45,171 (30.3%) from other races, and 6,666 (4.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 105,135 persons (70.5%).

The Census reported that 144,920 people (97.2% of the population) lived in households, 2,782 (1.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,356 (0.9%) were institutionalized.

There were 38,477 households, out of which 19,690 (51.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 19,986 (51.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,960 (18.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,313 (8.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,823 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 299 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,810 households (15.1%) were made up of individuals, and 2,010 (5.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.77. There were 30,259 families (78.6% of all households); the average family size was 4.15.

The population was spread out, with 43,853 people (29.4%) under the age of 18, 20,155 people (13.5%) aged 18 to 24, 42,311 people (28.4%) aged 25 to 44, 31,369 people (21.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,370 people (7.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.5 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.

There were 39,620 housing units [30] at an average density of 1,771.8 per square mile (684.1/km2), of which 21,197 (55.1%) were owner-occupied, and 17,280 (44.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 80,968 people (54.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 63,952 people (42.9%) lived in rental housing units

During 2009–2013, Pomona had a median household income of $49,474, with 21.6% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [7]

Economy

Since the 1980s, Pomona's newest neighborhood Phillips Ranch, experienced rapid growth with homes still being built in the hilly area between Downtown and Diamond Bar. Today, Phillips Ranch is nearly all residential. [31] Northern Pomona has seen some gentrification with additional housing units added and revamped streetscapes. Pomona Electronics was originally based in the city.[ citation needed ]

Pomona had two malls, the pedestrian Pomona Mall downtown and the Indian Hill Mall, both now defunct as malls per se, but still dedicated to retail and other uses.[ citation needed ]

According to the city's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [32] the top employers in the city and number of employees are Pomona Valley Hospital Medical Center (3,230), Pomona Unified School District (3,034), California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (2,440), Fairplex (1,071), Casa Colina Rehabilitation Center (1,020), City of Pomona (661), and County of Los Angeles Department of Social Services (350).

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

The city is the site of the Fairplex, which hosts the L.A. County Fair and the Pomona Swap Meet & Classic Car Show. The swap meet (for car parts and accessories) is part of the car show, which is a single-day event held seven times throughout the year. [33]

The city is also home to the NHRA Auto Club Raceway at Pomona (formerly the Pomona Raceway), which hosts Winternationals drag racing competition. [34]

Museums and other points of interest

1910 postcard image of Pomona Valley with Mt. Baldy in the distance Oldbaldypc.jpg
1910 postcard image of Pomona Valley with Mt. Baldy in the distance

Government

City Hall Pomona, California, 1969 Pomona..cityhall.jpg
City Hall Pomona, California, 1969

Municipal government

Pomona was incorporated on January 6, 1888, and adopted a charter in 1911, making it a charter city. [3]

The city is governed by a seven-member city council. Regular municipal elections are held on a Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even-numbered years. Councilmembers serve four-year terms, and the mayor is the presiding councilmember, elected at-large. The other six members are elected by districts. Every eight months, the council appoints a new vice mayor from among its members. [35]

Mayor: Tim Sandoval [35]

City Council members: [35]

City manager: James Makshanoff [36]

City Commissions

DistrictBoard of Library

Trustees

DistrictBoard of Parking Place

Commissioners (VPD)

DistrictCommunity Life

Commission

DistrictCultural Arts

Commission

MayorLisa SniderMayorLuis CorcueraMayorDonna HoustonMayorJoshua Swodeck
1Mike Suarez1Juan Carlos Garcia Juarez1Lidia Manzanares1Miranda Sheffield
2Meg Johannsen2Sergio Diaz Luna2Vacant2Jovani Esparza
3Tom Rodriguez3Marcos Molina3Christina Jimenez3Jessica Leon
4Debra Martin4Mike A. Davis4Lorraine Canales4Venita Reynolds
5Megan Gearhart5Joseph Mladinov5Brian Mundy5Dianna Batts
6Vacant6Jacqueline Elizalde6Jeanette Ellis Royston6Denise Marquez
DistrictHistoric Preservation

Commission

DistrictParks and Recreation

Commission

DistrictYouth

Commission

DistrictPlanning

Commission

MayorAnn TomkinsMayorIon PuschilaMayorNatalie AlvaradoMayorDr. Kyle Brown
1Chara Swodeck1Juanita Preciado-Becerra1Orlando Arias-Pulido1Yesenia Miranda Meza
2Tamara Gonzalez2Fabian Pavon2Victor Tessier2Alfredo Camacho-Gonzalez
3Jennifer Williams3Noel Mendez-Zamudio3Javier Rodriguez-Rivera3Gwen Urey
4Alice R. Gomez4Vince Carpio4Mario Portillo4Carlos Gomez
5James Gallivan5Cynthia Marino5Ryan Houston5Ron Vander Molen
6James Kercheval6Donna Otero6Roman Macias6Kristie Kercheval
DistrictCitizens Oversight

Committee

DistrictP.R. Assessment District

Oversight Committee

DistrictCharter Review

Commission 2020

MayorGuillermo GonzalezMayorEric JungMayorDerek Engdahl
1Mickey Gallivan1Denton Mosier1John Clifford
2Ryan Lee2Krutal Desai2Efrain Escobedo
3Leticia Casillas-Sanchez3Yvonne Cobarrubias3Ann Tomkins
4Dean Rudenauer4Bonnie Martinez4Dean Rudenauer
5Barry Lawrence5Eric Trypucko5Edward Jimenez
6Mario Ramos6Vacant6Eunice Russell

Financial report

According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $220.3 million in revenues, $225.5 million in expenditures, $818.3 million in total assets, $520 million in total liabilities, and $80.6 million in cash and investments. [32]

County representation

In the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, Pomona is in the 1st District, represented by Democrat Hilda Solis.

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Pomona Health Center in Pomona. [37]

The Los Angeles County Fire Department provides fire department services for Pomona on a contract basis.

State and federal representation

In the California State Legislature, Pomona is in the 20th Senate District , represented by Democrat Connie Leyva, and in the 52nd Assembly District , represented by Democrat Freddie Rodriguez. [38]

In the United States House of Representatives, Pomona is in California's 35th congressional district , represented by Democrat Norma Torres. [39]

Education

Diamond Ranch High School DiamondRanchHS - CarolHighsmith - 4.jpg
Diamond Ranch High School

Public and private schools

Most of Pomona and some of the surrounding area are served by the Pomona Unified School District. Pomona High School, Diamond Ranch High School, Ganesha High School, Garey High School, Fremont Academy, Palomares Academy, and Village Academy are PUSD's seven high schools. [40] The Claremont Unified School District serves a small section of northern Pomona. Residents there are zoned to Sumner Elementary School, El Roble Intermediate School, and Claremont High School. [41]

The School of Arts and Enterprise, a charter high school, is also located in the city. [42]

There are four parochial schools of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles located in Pomona: St. Madeleine Catholic School (K-5), St. Joseph Elementary School (K–5), [43] Pomona Catholic Middle School and High School and St. Christopher-Joseph-Aquinas Academic Academy (2 locations). [44] There are also three Islamic schools: New Dimensions School (K-8), ICC Community School (K-8) and City of Knowledge (K-12). [44]

Colleges and universities

California State Polytechnic University, Pomona library Cal Poly Library Entrance.jpg
California State Polytechnic University, Pomona library

Nearby

Media

A&E's hit show “Live PD” follows the Police Department in Pomona on Friday and Saturday nights.

The major daily newspaper in the area is Inland Valley Daily Bulletin . La Opinión is the city's major Spanish-language paper. There are also a wide variety of smaller regional newspapers, alternative weeklies and magazines, including:

Infrastructure

Rail

Downtown Pomona Metrolink station Pomona, CA (SP) Train Station.jpg
Downtown Pomona Metrolink station

Pomona is connected to downtown Los Angeles and to downtown Riverside via Metrolink and is connected by Amtrak via the Sunset Limited and the Texas Eagle. In addition, Pomona will be connected to Los Angeles and eastern Los Angeles county via light rail when the Gold Line Foothill Extension is completed in 2026. [46] When it opens, the rail line will be renamed the A Line per Metro's new naming convention, and it will connect with the former Blue Line via the new Regional Connector in downtown Los Angeles. [47] [48]

Freeways and highways

Airports

Pomona is serviced by:

Buses

Pomona is served by Foothill Transit. The Silver Streak is Foothill Transit's bus rapid transit line operating between eastbound to Montclair and westbound to Downtown Los Angeles. Omnitrans bus line 61 runs throughout downtown Pomona.

The service runs much more frequently than other area mass transit, and operates around the clock. 60-foot NABI articulated buses are used on this route, similar to those used on the Metro G Line, Metro Local, and Metro Rapid.[ citation needed ]

Notable people

See also

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California State Polytechnic University, Pomona is a public polytechnic university in Pomona, California. It is one of two polytechnic universities in the California State University system.

Pomona Valley Valley in Los Angeles and San Bernardino counties in California

The Pomona Valley is located in the Greater Los Angeles Area between the San Gabriel Valley and San Bernardino Valley in Southern California. The valley is approximately 30 miles east of downtown Los Angeles, which can often be seen from nearby foothills. It ranges from the city of San Dimas from the far west to Rancho Cucamonga to the far east portion of the valley. The alluvial valley is formed by the Santa Ana River and its tributaries.

Kellogg Interchange

The Kellogg Interchange complex is a freeway interchange in Southern California, connecting the San Bernardino (Interstate 10), Orange, and Chino Hills freeways. The interchange is located at the boundary between the cities of San Dimas and Pomona about 25 miles (40 km) east of downtown Los Angeles. It is named for the nearby W. K. Kellogg Ranch, now home to Cal Poly Pomona.

Phillips Ranch is a master-planned community, first developed by Louis Lesserin 1965. It is located in the southwestern portion of the city limits of Pomona, in Los Angeles County, California. It is located near the Pomona Freeway, the Orange Freeway, and the Chino Valley Freeway. The zip code serving the neighborhood is 91766. Phillips Ranch is 4 miles southwest of downtown Pomona, and is mostly working to upper-middle class in a very diverse community. Many residents use "Phillips Ranch, CA" as a return address, which is an acceptable alternative to Pomona, CA, according to the United States Postal Service. Phillips Ranch is often referred to by its neighborhood name instead of by the city name.

Valley Boulevard is a street in Southern California, running east from Los Angeles to Pomona, where it becomes Holt Boulevard, and a continuation from Fontana to Colton. It generally parallels Interstate 10 (I-10) and State Route 60 (CA 60), and is the original alignment of U.S. Route 60 (US 60). The present north end of I-710 is at Valley Boulevard in Los Angeles, just west of Alhambra.

Louis Phillips was a wealthy land owner and rancher in Los Angeles County, California..

San Jose Township was a defunct township in Los Angeles County, California. It existed prior to the abolition of townships in California, and appeared as a subdivision of Los Angeles County in the 1860, 1870 and 1880 U.S. Censuses. Its area encompassed Rancho San Jose, the eastern portions of the county drained by San Jose Creek, including what is now the cities of Pomona, Claremont and Walnut. In 1880, it was recorded as having 1170 residents - which made it one of the smallest townships in Los Angeles County, but nevertheless a sizable settlement in the region, larger than Bakersfield and slightly smaller than Riverside

Pomona Mall was a pedestrian mall in Downtown Pomona, California, recognized by the Los Angeles Conservancy as an outstanding example of Mid-century modern and modern architecture and design. It was completed in 1962 and designed by Millard Sheets. It had been in the planning for five years, one element in a larger plan of civic improvements covering the whole city.

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