A demonstration of Reog Ponorogo.
Resik Endah Omber Girang Gemirang
Location of Ponorogo Regency in East java
|• Regent||Sugiri Sancoko|
|• Total||1,371.78 km2 (529.65 sq mi)|
|Elevation||100 m (300 ft)|
|• Density||690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Demonyms||Warga Ponorogo (id)|
Wong Ponorogo (Ponoragan) (jv)
|Time zone||UTC+7 (Western Indonesia Time)|
|Area code(s)||+62 352|
Ponorogo Regency (Indonesian : Kabupaten Ponorogo; Javanese : ꦑꦧꦸꦥꦠꦺꦤ꧀ꦦꦤꦫꦒ, romanized: Kabupatèn Pånårågå) is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia. It is considered the birthplace of Reog Ponorogo, a traditional Indonesian dance form. The Regency covers an area of 1,371.78 sq. km, and it had a population of 855,281 at the 2010 Census and 949,320 at the 2020 Census. The capital of the kabupaten is the local town of Ponorogo located around 30 km south of the main East Java city of Madiun.
Ponorogo Regency is located in the southwestern part of the province of East Java on the border with Central Java province. It lies approximately 200 km south-west of Surabaya, the provincial capital of East Java. The regency lies between 92 and 2,563 metres above sea level and covers an area of about 1,371.78 km2.
According to the Babad Ponorogo history, Ponorogo was founded when Bathoro Katong conquered the Wengker region. This region had previously been controlled by Suryo Ngalam Wengker. Bathoro Katong originally settled in modern-day Pekalongan in what is now the village Setono in district Jenangan. Though faced with many obstacles, Raden Katong, Aji Selo, and Ki Ageng Mirah and his family continued to establish settlements in the region.
With the consent of all parties, Bathoro Katong established the Duchy Ponorogo on 11 August 1496.This date is celebrated as the founding of Ponorogo, and is corroborated by ancient objects, such as a pair of stone gilang located in front of the fifth gate of the Katong Batara tomb complex. The gilang contains the forms of a human meditating, trees, eagle and elephants (candrasengkala gilang memet); all of which combine to represent the Saka year 1496.
The Regency is divided into twenty-one districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their population at the 2010 Censusand 2020 Census. The table also includes the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district and its postal codes.
Ponorogo town, generally considered the birthplace of Reog, is also known by the names City (of) Reog and City (of) Rasta. Each year in the Islamic month of Muharram, Ponorogo holds a celebration known as Grebeg Suro, "the party of the people". Grebeg Suro involves many traditional events such as the National Reog Festival, the Heritage Carnival and the Larungan Proceedings of Prayer held at Lake Ngebel.
On 11 August, the anniversary of the founding of the Ponorogo Regency is celebrated. The day markes 11 August 1496, when Bathara Katong, the first leader of Ponorogo, went from the Old Town to the Central City of Ponorogo and crowned himself the first Duke of Ponorogo.
Ponorogo is also known for its culinary specialties such as Sate Ponorogo — grilled marinated chicken – served in peanut sauce, garnished with shredded shallots, chilli paste and lime juice.
Educational institutions in Ponorogo range from pre-school and kindergarten to university.
Pre-school and kindergarten facilities are mainly provided private or religious institutions and are available in almost every village. Elementary schools are run by public and private institutions. There is at least one public elementary school in every village and some villages have more than one public elementary school.
There are a number of both junior and senior high schools in Ponorogo. High schools exist in every sub-district. In addition to senior high schools, students can study at vocational high schools. Ponorogo also has several universities which are mostly run by private or religious institutions. There are three public universities, Akademi Komunitas Negeri Ponorogo, Akademi Keperawatan Pemkab Ponorogo, and IAIN Ponorogo. There are also many Islamic boarding schools, including the Pondok Modern Darussalam Gontor located in the village of Gontor in the Mlarak District.
Telaga (lake) Ngebel covers approximately 150 hectares, and is popular for jet skiing and other water sports. The lake is roughly a one-hour drive (about 30 kilometers) from Ponorogo or Madiun.
In the Otonomy Awards 2011, Ponorogo Regency received the Grand Award of Public Service Innovation.
Ponorogo has 65–95% of humidity. The maximum humidity is 95% and the average humidity is 80%. The wind velocity of Ponorogo is within the range of 0–7 km/hr. The maximum wind velocity is 7 km/hr and the average is 4 km/hr. The temperature of this City is within the range of 21.0–33.3 °C with the average temperature is 27.2 °C.
|Average Temperature (Celsius)||27.4||26.4||27.4||27.1||26.2||26.7||26.6||27.4||27.7||28.4||27.5||27.0|
|Min Temperature (Celsius)||22.7||21.7||22.6||22.6||21.0||22.1||22.0||23.3||22.7||23.4||22.2||22.4|
|Max Temperature (Celsius)||32.1||31.1||32.2||31.6||31.3||31.3||31.2||31.5||32.7||33.3||32.7||31.5|
Jombang Regency is a regency of East Java, Indonesia, situated to the southwest of Surabaya. The capital of the regency is the town of Jombang. The regency has an area of 1,159.48 km² and population of 1,202,407 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 1,263,814. It became a regency in 1910.
Pacitan Regency is a regency located in the southwestern corner of East Java Province, with Central Java Province on its western border. Located between 7.55° - 8.17°S and 110.55° - 111.25°E. The borders of Pacitan Regency are: Wonogiri Regency in the west, Ponorogo Regency and Wonogiri Regency in the north, Trenggalek Regency in the east, and Indian Ocean in the south. It covers an area of 1,389.87 km2 and had a population of 540,881 at the 2010 Census and 586,110 at the 2020 Census. The capital of Pacitan Regency is Pacitan town. The majority of citizens in Pacitan speak Javanese as their first language, while speaking Indonesian as a second language.
Madiun is a city in the western part of East Java, Indonesia, known for its agricultural center. It was formerly the capital of the Madiun Regency, but is now administratively separated from the regency.
Lamongan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia. It has a total land area of approximately 1,812.8 km2 (699.9 sq mi) or + 3.78% of the area of East Java Province. With a length of 47 km along the coastline, the sea area of Lamongan Regency is about 902.4 km2, if calculated to a distance of 12 miles across the ocean surface. At the 2010 Census it had a population of 1,179,059; the 2020 Census produced a total of 1,379,628. The administrative centre is the town of Lamongan.
Magetan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java Province, Indonesia. It is an inland regency, and lies in the west of the province, adjoining Central Java Province. It covers an area of 668.84 km2 and had a population of 620,442 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 695,366. The administrative headquarters is in the town of Magetan.
Sampang Regency is a regency of East Java province, Indonesia. It is situated on Madura Island, bordering on Pamekasan Regency to the east, the Java Sea to the north, Bangkalan Regency to the west and Madura Strait to the south. It covers an area of 1,233.3 km2, and had a population at the 2010 census of 877,772 and at the 2020 Census of 969,694. The administrative centre is the port of Sampang, on the south coast of Madura.
Trenggalek Regency is a regency (kabupaten) in East Java, Indonesia.
Bogor Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia, south of DKI Jakarta. Covering an area of 2,986.20 km2, it is considered a bedroom community for Jakarta, and was home to 5,427,068 people at the 2020 Census. Its administration is located in Cibinong.
Batang is a regency on the north coast of Central Java province in Indonesia. It covers an area of 788.64 km2 and had a population of 706,764 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate. Its capital is the town of Batang, about 100 km west of the province's capital city of Semarang.
Banjarnegara is a regency in the southwestern part of Central Java province in Indonesia. The regency covers an area of 1,023.73 km2, and it had a population of 868,913 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 923,192. Its capital is the town of Banjarnegara.
Rembang Regency is a regency on the extreme northeast coast of Central Java Province, on the island of Java in Indonesia. The regency covers an area of 1,035.70 km2 on Java. Its capital city is Rembang.
Mojokerto Regency is a regency in East Java Province of Indonesia. It is part of the Surabaya metropolitan area which comprises Gresik Regency, Bangkalan Regency, Mojokerto Regency, Mojokerto City, Surabaya City, Sidoarjo Regency, and Lamongan Regency. The Regency covers an area of 692.15 sq. km. The population of the Regency was 908,004 in 2000, but had risen to 1,025,443 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 1,159,593. Many of them earn their living as small farmers and craftsmen.
Jayapura Regency is one of the regencies (kabupaten) in Papua Province of Indonesia. It is situated to the west of but does not include the city of Jayapura. Previously covering most of the north-east portion of Papua Province, it was reduced substantially in extent from 12 November 2002, when the eastern districts were split off to form a new Keerom Regency and the western districts were split off to form a new Sarmi Regency. It now covers an area of 17,516.6 km2, and had a population of 111,943 at the 2010 Census and 166,171 at the 2020 Census. The administrative centre is the town of Sentani, with 71,174 inhabitants in 2020.
Central Mamberamo Regency is one of the regencies (kabupaten) in Papua Province of Indonesia. It covers an area of 3,743.64 km2, and had a population of 39,537 at the 2010 Census and 50,685 at the 2020 Census. The administrative centre is at Kobakma.
East Kotawaringin Regency is one of the thirteen regencies which comprise the Central Kalimantan Province on the island of Kalimantan (Borneo), Indonesia. The population of East Kotawaringin Regency was 374,175 at the 2010 Census, but the latest official estimate in mid 2019 was 414,463. The town of Sampit is the capital of East Kotawaringin Regency.
Blitar Regency is a regency in East Java, Indonesia. It covers an area of 1,558.8 km2 and had a population of 1,116,639 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 1,163,789. Since 2010, its capital has been located in Kanigoro, after sharing the same capital with Blitar city for more than a century.
Tuban Regency is a regency in East Java province of Indonesia. The Dutch name of the regency is 'Toeban'. It covers an area of 1,839.94 sq. km, and had a population of 1,118,464 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 1,298,302. The administrative centre is the town of Tuban. The regency is located in a strategic area, on the border of East Java with Central Java, passed by the main highway along the north coast of Java (Pantura). In ancient times, Tuban was the main port of Majapahit and was a center of Islamic spreading by Walisongo.
Karangasem Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of Bali, Indonesia. It covers the east part of Bali, has an area of 839.54 km2 and had a population of 396,487 at the 2010 Census which rose to 492,402 at the 2020 Census. Its regency seat is the town of Amlapura. Karangasem was devastated when Mount Agung erupted in 1963, killing 1,900 people. Karangasem was a kingdom before Bali was conquered by the Dutch.
Madiun Regency is a Regency in East Java province, Indonesia. It covers an area of 1,037.58 km2, and had a population of 662,278 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 681,394. It is bordered by Bojonegoro Regency in the north, Nganjuk Regency in the east, Ponorogo Regency in the south, and Magetan Regency and Ngawi Regency in the west, while the city of Madiun is an enclave within the regency.
Pasuruan Regency is a regency of East Java province of Indonesia. It had a population of 1,512,468 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 1,592,078. This total excludes the population of the city of Pasuruan, which lies geographically within this regency but is administratively separate from it. At present, there are moves under way to make Bangil the new administrative centre of Pasuruan Regency, with some offices being transferred from Pasuruan city to Bangil.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ponorogo Regency (category)|