Pont-Aven

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Pont-Aven
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Port of Pont-Aven
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Location of Pont-Aven
Pont-Aven
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Pont-Aven
Bretagne region location map.svg
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Pont-Aven
Coordinates: 47°51′23″N3°44′45″W / 47.8564°N 3.7458°W / 47.8564; -3.7458 Coordinates: 47°51′23″N3°44′45″W / 47.8564°N 3.7458°W / 47.8564; -3.7458
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Finistère
Arrondissement Quimper
Canton Moëlan-sur-Mer
Intercommunality Concarneau Cornouaille Agglomération
Government
  Mayor (2020–2026) Christian Dautel [1]
Area
1
28.63 km2 (11.05 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
2,821
  Density99/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
29217 /29930
Elevation0–102 m (0–335 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Pont-Aven (French pronunciation:  [pɔ̃tavɛn] , Breton: 'River Bridge') is a commune in the Finistère department in the Brittany region in Northwestern France. In 2019, it had a population of 2,821.

Contents

Demographics

Inhabitants of Pont-Aven are called Pontavenistes in French. Pont-Aven absorbed the former commune of Nizon in 1954, which had a population of 1,837 at the time. [3]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 677    
1800 720+0.88%
1806 615−2.59%
1821 762+1.44%
1831 833+0.89%
1836 824−0.22%
1841 834+0.24%
1846 939+2.40%
1851 1,030+1.87%
1856 986−0.87%
1861 1,060+1.46%
1866 1,065+0.09%
1872 1,131+1.01%
1876 1,267+2.88%
1881 1,388+1.84%
1886 1,516+1.78%
1891 1,589+0.95%
1896 1,657+0.84%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 1,746+1.05%
1906 1,827+0.91%
1911 1,927+1.07%
1921 1,750−0.96%
1926 1,792+0.48%
1931 1,678−1.31%
1936 1,818+1.62%
1946 2,040+1.16%
1954 1,806−1.51%
1962 3,699+9.38%
1968 3,684−0.07%
1975 3,530−0.61%
1982 3,295−0.98%
1990 3,031−1.04%
1999 2,960−0.26%
2007 2,977+0.07%
2012 2,843−0.92%
2017 2,801−0.30%
Source: EHESS [3] and INSEE (1968–2017) [4]

Map

Pont aven opentopomap.png
Topographic map

History

Pont-Aven is mentioned among the towns which took part in the Breton anti-tax Rebellion of the Red Bonnets against Louis XIV of France in 1675.

Arts

Watermill in Pont-Aven, by Paul Gauguin, 1894 Paul Gauguin 039.jpg
Watermill in Pont-Aven, by Paul Gauguin, 1894

Pont-Aven is mainly known because of the group of artists who flocked round Émile Bernard and Paul Gauguin, and who were joined in 1888 by Paul Sérusier. They were collectively known as "Pont-Aven School" (French: École de Pont-Aven, Breton: Skol Pont-Aven).

Pont Aven School of Contemporary Art (PASCA) is an international fine arts program located in the historic artists' colony of Pont-Aven (Brittany, France). The student body is made up of third-year university or art college honors students or post-baccalaureate art majors (fourth/fifth-year) seeking further study.

The Musée des Beaux Arts de Pont-Aven houses a historical reconstruction of Pont-Aven at the end of the 19th century as well as a permanent collection dedicated to the Pont-Aven School.

Pont Aven still attracts artists and art lovers with many commercial galleries in addition to the town's public gallery.

Geography

Port of Pont-Aven Pont-Aven--le-port.jpg
Port of Pont-Aven

The river Aven runs through Pont-Aven. The river has relatively favourable water quality, with pH levels slightly alkaline at about 8.5 and electrical conductivity of 19 micro Siemens per centimetre. [5]

The town is at the interface of the tidal estuary and the freshwater river.

Sights

Before Pont-Aven attracted Gauguin and other artists it was a centre for milling with the river Aven being divided above the town to provide a mill race which powers a series of water mills. Whilst several of these retain their wheels only the last, the Moulin Poulguin, is still capable of operating. The mill is now a restaurant and you can see the machinery inside.

Just outside the town are the beech woods of the Bois d'Amour, a source of inspiration for many artists. The town is close to Domaine de Kerlann Holiday Park on the road to the adjoining commune of Nevez. To the northwest of the town, in the small community of Nizon, the ruins of Château de Rustéphan are to be found. Nizon was more famous than Pont-Aven at the 19th century but the painters made it well known.

The Brittany Ferries flagship is named after the town.

Les Galettes de Pont-Aven is a 1975 drama on the life of a middle-aged aspirant painter who settles in the town.

Pont-Aven is the setting for Death in Brittany (2012), the first book in the series of Commissaire Dupin detective novels by Jean-Luc Bannalec (Jörg Bong).

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 9 August 2021.
  2. "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. 1 2 Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Pont-Aven, EHESS. (in French)
  4. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. Hogan, C Michael, "Water quality of fresh water bodies in northern France", Lumina Press, Aberdeen, Scotland 2006