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A view of the cathedral of Saint-Maclou, from the Garden of Five Senses, on the promontory of the castle
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Stéphanie Von Euw|
|7.15 km2 (2.76 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||22–87 m (72–285 ft) |
(avg. 27 m or 89 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Pontoise (French pronunciation: [pɔ̃twaz] ) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 28.4 km (17.6 mi) from the centre of Paris, in the "new town" of Cergy-Pontoise.
Pontoise is the official préfecture (capital) of the Val-d'Oise département , although in reality the préfecture building and administration, as well as the department council (conseil général), are located in the neighboring commune of Cergy, which is regarded as the de facto capital of Val-d'Oise.
Pontoise is also the seat of the Arrondissement of Pontoise. The sous-préfecture building and administration, unlike the préfecture, are located inside the commune of Pontoise.
The city of Pontoise has three sister city relationships with:
Known for being a violent city in the late 20th century, with a criminal rate of 137.62 incidents per 1000 inhabitants, Cergy-Pontoise has enjoyed a significant decrease in violence in the first decade of the 21st century. By 2008, the rate had declined to 99.87, although this is still considered high.That rate has continued to decline in the second decade.
Pontoise is the historical capital of the Vexin français. Its foundation dates from Roman times (Pontisara). At that time, the rock peak overhanging the river Oise supported the defense of the fort which was on the Roman road, the Chaussée Jules César, between Lutetia (Paris) and Rotomagus (Rouen). The road still exists and is now part of the N14 from Paris to Rouen. It is also known to many people as the birthplace of the alchemist Nicholas Flamel. With an over 2,000 year legacy, Pontoise still has vestiges of the past, such as medieval lanes, convents, churches and museums, and was awarded the "City of Art and History Label" in 2006. The impressionist painter Camille Pissarro made it famous through many paintings which are present nowadays in the most famous art galleries in the world.
|Climate data for Pontoise|
|Record high °C (°F)||15.5|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.6|
|Average low °C (°F)||1.2|
|Record low °C (°F)||−17.8|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||55.8|
|Average precipitation days||10.8||8.8||10.2||9.1||10.4||9.1||8.2||7.4||8.1||10.4||10.3||11.3||114.0|
|Source: Météo France|
At the census of 1999, the population was 27,494.
The estimate for 2005 was 28,500.
|Born in Metropolitan France||Born outside Metropolitan France|
|Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1||EU-15 immigrants2||Non-EU-15 immigrants|
|1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.|
2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.
Pontoise is served by Pontoise station, a terminus on Paris RER line C and an intermediate terminus for suburban trains originating from Gare Saint-Lazare as well as a terminus for suburban trains from Gare du Nord. Some trains originating at Gare Saint-Lazare continue onto Gisors. For bus services, Stivo (formerly Services des Transports de l'Agglomération Nouvelle) operates within the new town of Cergy-Pontoise, and in and around Pontoise, with transport interchanges situated Place Charles de Gaulle and Parking Canrobert.
Pontoise – Cormeilles Aerodrome is the area airport.
Public preschool through elementary schools include:
Public senior high schools/sixth-form colleges:
There are also six private schools: École Saint-Martin-de-France (up to senior high school), École "Ella", École Saint-Louis, Établissement Vauban, Notre-Dame-de-la-Compassion (junior and senior high school)
Pontoise is one of the capitals of the impressionist movement. Many painters took as a starting point the city and its area for the creation of landscapes. Camille Pissarro lived there for seventeen years. Other artists lived or worked in the area such as Vincent van Gogh (Auvers-sur-Oise), Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Charles-François Daubigny, Gustave Caillebotte, Gustave Loiseau, etc.
Camille Pissarro was a Danish-French Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painter born on the island of St Thomas. His importance resides in his contributions to both Impressionism and Post-Impressionism. Pissarro studied from great forerunners, including Gustave Courbet and Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot. He later studied and worked alongside Georges Seurat and Paul Signac when he took on the Neo-Impressionist style at the age of 54.
Val-d'Oise is a French department, created in 1968 after the split of the Seine-et-Oise department and located in the Île-de-France region. It gets its name from the Oise River, a major tributary of the Seine, which crosses the region after having started in Belgium and flowed through north-eastern France. Charles de Gaulle Airport, France's main international airport is partially located in Roissy-en-France, a commune of Val d'Oise.
Argenteuil is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 12.3 km (7.6 mi) from the center of Paris. Argenteuil is a sub-prefecture of the Val-d'Oise department, the seat of the arrondissement of Argenteuil.
Éragny is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 26.3 km (16.3 mi) from the center of Paris, in the "new town" of Cergy-Pontoise, created in the 1960s.
Cergy is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 27.8 km (17.3 mi) from the centre of Paris, in the "new town" of Cergy-Pontoise, created in the 1960s, of which it is the central and most populated commune.
Jouy-le-Moutier is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 28.4 km (17.6 mi) from the center of Paris, in the "new town" of Cergy-Pontoise, created in the 1960s.
Louveciennes is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located in the western suburbs of Paris, between Versailles and Saint-Germain-en-Laye, and adjacent to Marly-le-Roi.
Villiers-le-Bel is a commune in the French department of Val-d'Oise, in the northern suburbs of Paris. It is located 17.4 km (10.8 mi) from the center of Paris.
Osny is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 31.6 km (19.6 mi) from the center of Paris, in the "new town" of Cergy-Pontoise, created in the 1960s.
Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 27.6 km (17.1 mi) from the center of Paris, in the "new town" of Cergy-Pontoise, created in the 1960s.
Vauréal is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 30.6 km (19.0 mi) from the center of Paris, in the "new town" of Cergy-Pontoise, created in the 1960s.
Neuville-sur-Oise is a commune in the northwest suburbs of Paris, France. It is located in the "new town" of Cergy-Pontoise, created in the 1960s.
Magny-en-Vexin is a commune in the Val-d'Oise département in Île-de-France in northern France. It is located in the reigonal national park of Vexin.
Arnouville is a commune in the Val-d'Oise department in Île-de-France in northern France.
Courdimanche is a commune in the Val-d'Oise department in Île-de-France in northern France.
Puiseux-Pontoise is a commune in the Val-d'Oise department in Île-de-France in northern France.
Frédéric Samuel Cordey (1854–1911) was a French landscape painter who was a part of the Impressionist movement. He was a close friend of Auguste Renoir, and had a personal fortune that allowed him to work according to his taste, regardless of the publicity and support provided by art dealers.
Norbert Goeneutte was a French painter, etcher and illustrator; notably for the novel La Terre by Émile Zola.
Lycée Alfred Kastler de Cergy-Pontoise is a senior high school located in Pontoise, Val-d'Oise, France, in the Paris metropolitan area, serving both Pontoise and Cergy.
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