Pontoise

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Pontoise
Pontoise (95), cathedrale Saint-Maclou, vue depuis le jardin des Cinq Sens (promontoire du chateau).jpg
A view of the cathedral of Saint-Maclou, from the Garden of Five Senses, on the promontory of the castle
Blason de Pontoise.svg
Coat of arms
Pontoise map.png
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location of Pontoise
Pontoise
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Pontoise
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Ile-de-France region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Pontoise
Pontoise (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 49°03′06″N2°06′06″E / 49.0516°N 02.1017°E / 49.0516; 02.1017 Coordinates: 49°03′06″N2°06′06″E / 49.0516°N 02.1017°E / 49.0516; 02.1017
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Val-d'Oise
Arrondissement Pontoise
Canton Pontoise
Intercommunality Cergy-Pontoise
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Stéphanie Von Euw
Area
1
7.15 km2 (2.76 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01) [1]
30,767
  Density4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
95500 /95300
Elevation22–87 m (72–285 ft)
(avg. 27 m or 89 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Pontoise (French pronunciation:  [pɔ̃twaz] ) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 28.4 km (17.6 mi) from the centre of Paris, in the "new town" of Cergy-Pontoise.

Contents

Administration

Pontoise is the official préfecture (capital) of the Val-d'Oise département , although in reality the préfecture building and administration, as well as the department council (conseil général), are located in the neighboring commune of Cergy, which is regarded as the de facto capital of Val-d'Oise.

Pontoise is also the seat of the Arrondissement of Pontoise. The sous-préfecture building and administration, unlike the préfecture, are located inside the commune of Pontoise.

Sister cities

The city of Pontoise has three sister city relationships with:

Security

Known for being a violent city in the late 20th century, with a criminal rate of 137.62 incidents per 1000 inhabitants, Cergy-Pontoise has enjoyed a significant decrease in violence in the first decade of the 21st century. By 2008, the rate had declined to 99.87, although this is still considered high. [2] That rate has continued to decline in the second decade.

History

Pontoise is the historical capital of the Vexin français. Its foundation dates from Roman times (Pontisara). At that time, the rock peak overhanging the river Oise supported the defense of the fort which was on the Roman road, the Chaussée Jules César, between Lutetia (Paris) and Rotomagus (Rouen). The road still exists and is now part of the N14 from Paris to Rouen. It is also known to many people as the birthplace of the alchemist Nicholas Flamel. With an over 2,000 year legacy, Pontoise still has vestiges of the past, such as medieval lanes, convents, churches and museums, and was awarded the "City of Art and History Label" in 2006. The impressionist painter Camille Pissarro made it famous through many paintings which are present nowadays in the most famous art galleries in the world.

Climate

Climate data for Pontoise
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)15.5
(59.9)
20.0
(68.0)
23.2
(73.8)
29.3
(84.7)
32.5
(90.5)
37.1
(98.8)
38.6
(101.5)
39.2
(102.6)
33.9
(93.0)
28.8
(83.8)
21.7
(71.1)
17.4
(63.3)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F)6.6
(43.9)
7.7
(45.9)
11.4
(52.5)
14.6
(58.3)
18.5
(65.3)
21.6
(70.9)
24.3
(75.7)
24.2
(75.6)
20.5
(68.9)
15.8
(60.4)
10.2
(50.4)
6.8
(44.2)
15.2
(59.4)
Average low °C (°F)1.2
(34.2)
1.1
(34.0)
3.2
(37.8)
4.7
(40.5)
8.3
(46.9)
10.8
(51.4)
12.8
(55.0)
12.7
(54.9)
10.1
(50.2)
7.6
(45.7)
4.0
(39.2)
1.8
(35.2)
6.6
(43.9)
Record low °C (°F)−17.8
(0.0)
−15.4
(4.3)
−11.1
(12.0)
−4.6
(23.7)
−1.4
(29.5)
1.0
(33.8)
4.0
(39.2)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
−5.2
(22.6)
−10.2
(13.6)
−16.0
(3.2)
−17.8
(0.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)55.8
(2.20)
43.6
(1.72)
51.0
(2.01)
47.2
(1.86)
60.6
(2.39)
49.4
(1.94)
54.5
(2.15)
48.3
(1.90)
50.2
(1.98)
62.4
(2.46)
52.6
(2.07)
62.7
(2.47)
638.3
(25.13)
Average precipitation days10.88.810.29.110.49.18.27.48.110.410.311.3114.0
Source: Météo France [3] [4]

Demographics

At the census of 1999, the population was 27,494.
The estimate for 2005 was 28,500.

Immigration

Place of birth of residents of Pontoise in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
68.2%31.8%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2Non-EU-15 immigrants
4.8%3.4%1.9%21.7%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Transport

The railway bridge between Pontoise and Saint-Ouen-l'Aumone Pont sur l'Oise.JPG
The railway bridge between Pontoise and Saint-Ouen-l'Aumone

Pontoise is served by Pontoise station, a terminus on Paris RER line C and an intermediate terminus for suburban trains originating from Gare Saint-Lazare as well as a terminus for suburban trains from Gare du Nord. Some trains originating at Gare Saint-Lazare continue onto Gisors. For bus services, Stivo (formerly Services des Transports de l'Agglomération Nouvelle) operates within the new town of Cergy-Pontoise, and in and around Pontoise, with transport interchanges situated Place Charles de Gaulle and Parking Canrobert.

Pontoise – Cormeilles Aerodrome is the area airport.

Education

Public preschool through elementary schools include: [5]

Public senior high schools/sixth-form colleges:

There are also six private schools: École Saint-Martin-de-France (up to senior high school), École "Ella", École Saint-Louis, Établissement Vauban, Notre-Dame-de-la-Compassion (junior and senior high school) [5]

Culture

Pontoise is one of the capitals of the impressionist movement. Many painters took as a starting point the city and its area for the creation of landscapes. Camille Pissarro lived there for seventeen years. Other artists lived or worked in the area such as Vincent van Gogh (Auvers-sur-Oise), Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Charles-François Daubigny, Gustave Caillebotte, Gustave Loiseau, etc.

Cathedrale Saint Maclou Cathedrale St Maclou - Pontoise 03-03-06.jpg
Cathédrale Saint Maclou

Main sights

Parks and recreation

Parks: [9]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. Le palmarès de la violence, ville par ville, from Le Figaro
  3. "Données climatiques de la station de Pontoise" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  4. "Climat Île-de-France" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  5. 1 2 "Les établissements scolaires." Pontoise. Retrieved on6 September 2016.
  6. Home. Lycée Camille Pissarro Pontoise. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  7. "Collèges et lycées." Cergy. Retrieved 6 September 2016. "Lycée polyvalent A. Kastler[...]26 avenue de la Palette, sur la commune de Pontoise "
  8. Home. Lycée Alfred Kastler de Cergy-Pontoise. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  9. "Les parcs & jardins." Pontoise. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  10. Patricia. "Pontoise". Carmel.asso.fr. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  11. "Pontoise, la chapelle du Carmel". Patrimoine-historie.fr. Retrieved 9 January 2015.