Poppa of Bayeux

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Poppa of Bayeux
Statue de Poppa de Bayeux.jpg
Poppa of Bayeux's statue, Place de Gaulle, Bayeux
Bornc.880 [1]
Bayeux, West Francia
Noble family House of Normandy (by marriage)
Spouse(s) Rollo (perhaps more danico )
Issue William I Longsword
Gerloc (baptismal name Adela)
Father Berengar II of Neustria or Guy de Senlis
MotherAdelind, Adela of Vermandois or Cunegundis

Poppa of Bayeux (French:  [pɔpa d(ə) bɛjø] ; born c. 880 AD), was the wife more danico [2] ' [3] of the Viking conqueror Rollo. She was the mother of William I Longsword, Gerloc [4] [5] and grandmother of Richard the Fearless, who forged the Duchy of Normandy into a great fief of medieval France. [6] Dudo of Saint-Quentin, in his panegyric of the Norman dukes, describes her as the daughter of a "Count Berengar", the dominant prince of that region, who was captured at Bayeux by Rollo in 885 or 889, shortly after the siege of Paris. [7] This has led to speculation that she was the daughter of Berengar II of Neustria. [8] [9]

There are different opinions among medieval genealogy experts about Poppa's family. Christian Settipani says her parents were Guy de Senlis and Cunegundis, the daughter of Pepin, Count of Vermandois, and sister of Herbert I, Count of Vermandois. [10] Katherine Keats-Rohan states she was the daughter of Berengar II of Neustria by Adelind, whose father was Henry, Margrave of the Franks, or Adela of Vermandois. [11] Her parentage is uncertain and may have been invented after the fact to legitimize her son's lineage, as many of the fantastic genealogical claims made by Dudo were. Based on her separate more Danico status that differentiates her from Rollo's Christian wife Gisela of France, Poppa's family was unlikely to have been powerful Christian nobility who would have insisted—by force if necessary—on a legal and monogamous Christian marriage for their daughter. Poppa was likely a common woman taken from a country with which the Norse had trade contact. [12] A statue of Poppa stands at the Place de Gaulle in Bayeux. [13]

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References

  1. Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck. La préhistoire des Capétiens: 481–987. P. Van Kerrebrouck, 1993. p 221
  2. Stewart Baldwin (2004-08-02). "Poppa, tenth century, wife of Rollo of Normandy". Archived from the original on 2018-09-29. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  3. Philip Lyndon Reynolds, Marriage in the Western Church: The Christianization of Marriage during the Patristic and Early Medieval Periods (E.J. Brill, Leiden, New York, 1994), pp. 110–111
  4. François Neveux, La Normandie des ducs aux rois: Xe-XIIe siècle, (Editions Ouest-France, 1998), p.125
  5. David Crouch, The Normans: The History of a Dynasty, (A&C Black, 2006), p.5
  6. Eleanor Searle, Predatory Kinship and the Creation of Norman Power, 840–1066 (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1988), p. 89
  7. David C. Douglas, 'Rollo of Normandy', The English Historical Review, Vol. 57, No. 228 (Oct., 1942), p. 417
  8. Pierre Bouet, Rollon: Le chef viking qui fonda la Normandie, (Tallandier, Paris, 2016), p. 96
  9. Elisabeth van Houts. The Normans in Europe. Manchester University Press, 2000. p 30
  10. Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck. La préhistoire des Capétiens: 481–987. P. Van Kerrebrouck, 1993. p 221
  11. Stewart Baldwin (2004-08-02). "Poppa, tenth century, wife of Rollo of Normandy". Archived from the original on 2018-09-29. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  12. François Neveux. Claire Ruelle, A brief history of the Normans: the conquests that changed the face of Europe (Robinson, 2008), p. 60-61
  13. Pierre Bouet, Rollon: Le chef viking qui fonda la Normandie, (Tallandier, Paris, 2016), p.235