Poprad

Last updated

Poprad
City
Poprad centrum 01.JPG
Central Poprad
Poprad CoA - new version.svg
Coat of arms
Slovakia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Poprad
Location in Slovakia
Coordinates: 49°03′34″N20°17′51″E / 49.05944°N 20.29750°E / 49.05944; 20.29750 Coordinates: 49°03′34″N20°17′51″E / 49.05944°N 20.29750°E / 49.05944; 20.29750
CountrySlovakia
Region Prešov
District Poprad
First mentioned1250
Government
  MayorAnton Danko
Area
  Total62.997 km2 (24.323 sq mi)
Elevation
672 m (2,205 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31 [1] )
  Total51,304
  Density810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
058 01
Area code(s) 421-52
Car plate PP
Website poprad.sk
View of the High Tatras from Poprad 2003-12 View from Poprad.png
View of the High Tatras from Poprad

Poprad (Slovak pronunciation:  [ˈpɔpɾat] ; German: Deutschendorf) is a city in northern Slovakia at the foot of the High Tatra Mountains, famous for its picturesque historic centre and as a holiday resort. It is the biggest town of the Spiš region and the tenth largest city in Slovakia, with a population of approximately 50,000.

Contents

The Poprad-Tatry Airport is an international airport located just outside the city. Poprad is also the starting point of the Tatra Electric Railway (known in Slovak as Tatranská elektrická železnica), a set of special narrow-gauge trains (trams) connecting the resorts in the High Tatras with each other and with Poprad. Main line trains link Poprad to other destinations in Slovakia and beyond; in particular, there are through trains running from Poprad to Prague in the Czech Republic.

History

The territory was since the Migration Period inhabited by Slavic settlers. The first written record dates from March 16, 1256 in the deed of donation of the Hungarian King Bela IV. It was colonized in the 13th century by German settlers and became the largely German town Deutschendorf meaning 'Germans' village'. From 1412 to 1770, as one of the Spis towns, Poprad was pawned by the Kingdom of Hungary to the Kingdom of Poland, resulting in a strong Polish influence on the city's further development. In the 17th century, the number of Germans began to decline. In January 1919 this territory was placed under the control of Czechoslovakia.

Poprad itself was for 690 years (up until 1946) just one of several neighbouring settlements, which currently make up the modern city. The other parts of the current municipality are Matejovce (German: Matzdorf; Hungarian: Mateóc, first reference 1251), Spišská Sobota (German: Georgenberg; Hungarian: Szepesszombat, 1256), Veľká (German/Hungarian: Felka, 1268), and Stráže pod Tatrami (German: Michelsdorf; Hungarian: Strázsa, 1276). The most significant of these original towns was Georgenberg, now Spišská Sobota, which preserved its dominant position in the area until the late 19th century.

In 1942, during World War II, most of the transports of Jews to ghettos and concentration camps in German-occupied Poland were sent from the Poprad railway station. The first transport of about 1,000 Jewish girls and young women left Poprad on March 25, 1942 for Auschwitz-Birkenau. By the end of 1942, when the deportations stopped, over 58,000 Jews had been deported from Slovakia to Poland via Poprad. [2]

Poprad was liberated on January 28, 1945 by troops of the Soviet 18th Army. The German population was expelled afterwards.

After the war, with the development of winter sports, Poprad became the starting point for expeditions to the High Tatras.

In 1999, Poprad put in a bid to host the 2006 Winter Olympics, but lost to Turin, Italy.

Geography

Poprad lies at an altitude of 672 metres (2,205 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 63 square kilometres (24.3 sq mi). [3] It is located in northeastern Slovakia, about 110 kilometres (68 mi) from Košice and 330 kilometres (205 mi) from Bratislava (by road).

Poprad is situated on the Poprad River in the Sub-Tatra Basin, and is a gateway to the High Tatras. Mountain ranges around the city include the Levoča Hills in the east, Kozie chrbty in the south, and the Low Tatras in the southwest. The drainage divide between the Black Sea and Baltic Sea lies a bit to the west, near the village of Štrba.

Climate

Poprad lies in the north temperate zone and has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with four distinct seasons. It is characterized by a significant variation between warm summers and cold winters.

Climate data for Poprad
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)11.3
(52.3)
17.4
(63.3)
22.3
(72.1)
26.7
(80.1)
31.2
(88.2)
31.0
(87.8)
32.0
(89.6)
31.4
(88.5)
29.8
(85.6)
25.1
(77.2)
18.4
(65.1)
16.3
(61.3)
32.0
(89.6)
Average high °C (°F)−0.8
(30.6)
1.2
(34.2)
6.0
(42.8)
11.6
(52.9)
17.2
(63.0)
20.1
(68.2)
22.1
(71.8)
21.2
(70.2)
17.7
(63.9)
12.3
(54.1)
5.0
(41.0)
0.6
(33.1)
11.2
(52.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)−5.0
(23.0)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.1
(34.0)
6.3
(43.3)
11.3
(52.3)
14.2
(57.6)
16.1
(61.0)
15.3
(59.5)
11.9
(53.4)
6.9
(44.4)
1.1
(34.0)
−3.2
(26.2)
6.1
(42.9)
Average low °C (°F)−9.2
(15.4)
−7.5
(18.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
0.9
(33.6)
5.4
(41.7)
8.3
(46.9)
10.0
(50.0)
9.4
(48.9)
6.1
(43.0)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.8
(27.0)
−7.0
(19.4)
0.9
(33.7)
Record low °C (°F)−29.1
(−20.4)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−25
(−13)
−8.9
(16.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.8
(35.2)
0.1
(32.2)
−6.5
(20.3)
−10.2
(13.6)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−29.1
(−20.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)23
(0.9)
22
(0.9)
27
(1.1)
48
(1.9)
74
(2.9)
86
(3.4)
73
(2.9)
65
(2.6)
52
(2.0)
43
(1.7)
36
(1.4)
27
(1.1)
576
(22.8)
Source: World Weather, [4] NOAA (extremes) [5]

Demographics

Poprad has a population of 55,158 (as of December 31, 2005). According to the 2001 census, 94.1% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 2.1% Romani, 1% Czechs, 0.2% Hungarians, 0.2% Germans, 0.1% Rusyns, 0.1% Ukrainians, and 0.1% Poles. [3] The religious make-up was 65.9% Roman Catholics, 16.8% people with no religious affiliation, and 7.3% Lutherans. [3]

Landmarks

View of the city centre in winter Stadscentrum Poprad - Slovakije.jpg
View of the city centre in winter
Church in Spisska Sobota SK-Spisska Sobota-Georgenkirche-1.jpg
Church in Spišská Sobota
St. Egidius Square Poprad st. egidius square2.jpg
St. Egidius Square

The historical centre is concentrated around the St. Egidius square (Námestie svätého Egídia), which is rimmed with houses predominantly from the 18th and 19th centuries. Churches in the city include the early-Gothic Catholic Church of St. Egidius from the late 13th century.

Another historical centre near Poprad is in Spišská Sobota, which was declared in 1953 to be a Town Monument Reserve. A significant landmark there is the Church of St. George, with five late-Gothic side altars and a main altar from the workshop of Master Paul of Levoča.

Modern places of interest include a new water park called AquaCity Poprad.

Government

Between 2003 and 2014, the mayor of Poprad was Anton Danko (former international ice-hockey referee). In the November 2014 municipal elections, he lost to Jozef Švagerko (KDH – Christian democrats).

Territorial division

The city is divided into six boroughs for the purpose of municipal administrative division:

  1. Staré Mesto ["Old Town"]
  2. Spišská Sobota
  3. Stráže
  4. Veľká
  5. Matejovce
  6. Kvetnica

Sport

Arena of the ice hockey club HK Aquacity SKP Poprad Hockey Arena Poprad 2.jpg
Arena of the ice hockey club HK Aquacity ŠKP Poprad

Poprad currently has one ice hockey club, HK Poprad. Lev Poprad was another ice hockey club in Poprad, who used to play in the KHL for one season but was moved to the Czech capital, Prague, in 2012. Despite successful 2013/2014 seasons, club has ended due to financial problems. There is a number of former and current ice hockey players in NHL who were born in Poprad. [6]

There are many football stadiums in Poprad, recently the stadium by AquaCity Poprad was reconstructed.

The local women's basketball club is Basketbalová Akadémia Mládeže Poprad (BAMP). Their matches are played in Arena Poprad.

Education

The city's system of primary education consists of 12 public schools, and one religious primary school, enrolling in total 5,464 pupils. [7] Secondary education is represented by four grammar schools with 1,800 students, [8] three specialized high schools with 1,566 students, [9] and four vocational schools with 2,045 students (data as of 2007). [10]

Transport

Aerial view of the city with the airport 031 Poprad, Slovakia.jpg
Aerial view of the city with the airport

Poprad is a gateway to the High Tatra mountain range, which is a popular tourist destination. The city lies on the main road (E 50) and railway connecting western and eastern Slovakia.

Poprad-Tatry railway station links Poprad with other major destinations on Slovakia's standard gauge rail network, and with the mountains via the metre gauge Tatra Electric Railway. The direct trains SuperCity Pendolino connects Poprad with Prague.

International Poprad–Tatry Airport from 1938, is an airport with the highest elevations in Central Europe. It also offers scheduled flights to London. [11]

Personalities

Twin towns – sister cities

Poprad is twinned with: [12]

Related Research Articles

Košice City in Slovakia

Košice is the largest city in eastern Slovakia. It is situated on the river Hornád at the eastern reaches of the Slovak Ore Mountains, near the border with Hungary. With a population of approximately 240,000, Košice is the second largest city in Slovakia, after the capital Bratislava.

Žilina City in Slovakia

Žilina is a city in north-western Slovakia, around 200 kilometres (120 mi) from the capital Bratislava, close to both the Czech and Polish borders. It is the fourth largest city of Slovakia with a population of approximately 80,000, an important industrial center, the largest city on the Váh river, and the seat of a kraj and of an okres. It belongs to the Upper Váh region of tourism.

Banská Bystrica City in Slovakia

Banská Bystrica is a city in central Slovakia located on the Hron River in a long and wide valley encircled by the mountain chains of the Low Tatras, the Veľká Fatra, and the Kremnica Mountains. With 78 327 inhabitants, Banská Bystrica is the sixth most populous municipality in Slovakia. The present town was founded by German settlers, however it was built upon a former Slavic settlement. It obtained the municipal privileges of a free royal town of the Kingdom of Hungary in 1255. The copper mining town acquired its present picturesque look in the Late Middle Ages when the prosperous burghers built its central churches, mansions, and fortifications. It is the capital of the kraj and the okres. It is also the home of Matej Bel University. As a historical city with an easy access to the surrounding mountains, Banská Bystrica is a popular winter and summer tourist destination.

Nitra City in Slovakia

Nitra is a city in western Slovakia, situated at the foot of Zobor Mountain in the valley of the river Nitra. With a population of about 76,655 it is the sixth-largest city in Slovakia. Nitra is also one of the oldest cities in Slovakia; it was the political center of the Principality of Nitra. Today, it is a seat of a kraj and an okres.

Trenčín City in Slovakia

Trenčín is a city in western Slovakia of the central Váh River valley near the Czech border, around 120 km (75 mi) from Bratislava. It has a population of more than 55,000, which makes it the eighth largest municipality of the country and is the seat of the Trenčín Region and the Trenčín District. It has a medieval castle, Trenčín Castle, on a rock above the city.

Trnava City in Slovakia

Trnava is a city in western Slovakia, 47 km (29 mi) to the north-east of Bratislava, on the Trnávka river. It is the capital of a kraj and of an okres. It is the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishopric. The city has a historic center. Because of the many churches within its city walls, Trnava has often been called "parva Roma", i.e. "Little Rome", or more recently, the "Slovak Rome".

Spiš region in Slovakia and Poland

Spiš is a region in north-eastern Slovakia, with a very small area in south-eastern Poland. Spiš is an informal designation of the territory, but it is also the name of one of the 21 official tourism regions of Slovakia. The region is not an administrative division in its own right, but between the late 11th century and 1918 it was an administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary,.

Prešov City in Slovakia

Prešov is a city in Eastern Slovakia. It is a seat of the administrative Prešov Region and Šariš as well as the historic Szepes County of the Kingdom of Hungary. With a population of approximately 89,000, it is the third-largest city in Slovakia. It lends its name to the Eperjes-Tokaj Hill-Chain. There are many tourist attractions in Prešov such as castles, pools and the old town.

Martin, Slovakia City in Slovakia

Martin is a city in northern Slovakia, situated on the Turiec river, between the Malá Fatra and Veľká Fatra mountains, near the city of Žilina. The population numbers approximately 54,000, which makes it the ninth-largest city in Slovakia. It is the center of the Turiec region and the District of Martin.

High Tatras mountain range along the border of Slovakia and Poland

The High Tatras or High Tatra Mountains, are a mountain range along the border of northern Slovakia in the Prešov Region, and southern Poland in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship. They are a range of the Tatra Mountains chain.

Vysoké Tatry Town in Slovakia

Vysoké Tatry, formally Mesto Vysoké Tatry, is a town at the feet of the Slovak part of High Tatras in Slovakia including all the major resorts in that region. It was created in 1990, and its official name from 1990 to 1999 was Starý Smokovec, which is the name of one of its major settlements.

Poprad District is a district in the Prešov Region of eastern Slovakia. The district had been established in 1923 and from 1996 exists in its current borders. It consists of 29 municipalities, from which three have a town status. Its seat, cultural and economic center is Poprad, the largest city. Main economic branches are industry and tourism. In Poprad district is located mountain range High Tatras, top tourist attraction in Slovakia.

Szepes County County of the Kingdom of Hungary

Szepes was an administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary, called Scepusium before the late 19th century. Its territory today lies in northeastern Slovakia, with a very small area in southeastern Poland. For the current region, see Spiš.

Košice–Bohumín Railway railway line

The Košice–Bohumín Railway can refer to:

Stará Lesná Village in Slovakia

Stará Lesná or "Old Forest" is a village and municipality in Kežmarok District in the Prešov Region in north-central Slovakia. Stará Lesná is located in an area traditionally known as Spiš and it is situated within the Slovak Tourism Region of the Tatras.

Slovak invasion of Poland event during Nazi Germanys invasion of Poland in September 1939

The Slovak invasion of Poland occurred during Germany's invasion of Poland in September 1939. The recently created Slovak Republic joined the attack, and the Slovak Field Army Bernolák contributed over 50,000 soldiers in three divisions. As the main body of the Polish forces were engaged with the German armies farther north of the southern border, the Slovak invasion met only weak resistance and suffered minimal losses.

Bratislava Capital of Slovakia

Bratislava is the capital of Slovakia. With a population of about 430,000, it is one of the smaller capitals of Europe but still the country's largest city. The greater metropolitan area is home to more than 650,000 people. Bratislava is in southwestern Slovakia, occupying both banks of the River Danube and the left bank of the River Morava. Bordering Austria and Hungary, it is the only national capital that borders two sovereign states.

Poprad-Tatry railway station railway station

Poprad-Tatry railway station is a break-of-gauge junction station serving the city of Poprad, in the Prešov Region, northeastern Slovakia.

Spišská Sobota part of Poprad

Spišská Sobota is a historic Slovak town that was absorbed in 1946 as a borough of the city of Poprad. It is located in the northeastern part of the city above the Poprad river. The population of Spišská Sobota was 2,909 as of June 2017.

HC Lev Poprad ice hockey team

This article is about the previous KHL team that existed from 2010 to 2012. For the current KHL franchise see HC Lev Praha.

References

  1. "Population and migration". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  2. "Memorial plaque for deported Jews at Poprad railway station". Holocaust Memorials: Monuments, Museums and Institutions in Commemoration of Nazi Victims. Berlin, Germany: Stiftung Topographie des Terrors. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on April 27, 2007. Retrieved May 3, 2007.
  4. "Weather Information for Poprad". July 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2009.
  5. "Poprad Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  6. LegendsofHockey.net. "NHL Legends of Hockey" . Retrieved June 14, 2015.
  7. "Prehľad základných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
  8. "Prehľad gymnázií v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
  9. "Prehľad stredných odborných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
  10. "Prehľad združených stredných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
  11. http://firmy.etrend.sk/firmy-nefinancny-sektor/lietat-z-popradu-do-londyna-sa-bude-uz-za-30-eur.html
  12. "Partnerské mestá" (in Slovak). Poprad. Retrieved September 2, 2019.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Poprad at Wikimedia Commons

Photos and videos